Florey, Australian Capital Territory
Canberra, Australian Capital Territory
|Population||4,764 (2016 census)|
|• Density||1,701/km2 (4,410/sq mi)|
|Area||2.8 km2 (1.1 sq mi)|
Florey (//) is a residential suburb of the Belconnen district of Canberra, located within the Australian Capital Territory, Australia. Florey was gazetted on 5 August 1975 and most houses were constructed in the mid-1980s.
The suburb itself is named after Howard Florey, Baron Florey, who shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1945 for his role in the extraction of penicillin. The streets of Florey are named after Australian scientists.
Florey is one of the closest suburb to the Belconnen Town Centre (other than the suburb of Belconnen itself), and has its own shopping centre, on the corner of Kesteven Street and Ratcliffe Crescent. The shopping centre displays a bronze plaque explaining the significance of Lord Florey's life and work.
Original Land Use
Before housing commenced, Florey was approximately 250 hectares of undulating open paddocks with very few trees. Much of the area was used for sheep agistment. The area drains into and faces Ginninderra Creek to the north. At time of housing development, there was pine plantation in the north-east corner and a line of eucalypts in the south-east corner.
It was proposed that Florey would have predominantly medium density housing.The first section of housing was in the south-west area and completed in 1979. In 1984, construction started on 571 sites in Florey, 120 were proposed be set aside for construction workers coming to work in Canberra and another 130 sites would be for first-homebuyers and low-income earners. The majority of housing was completed by end of 1987. Government housing is located throughout the suburb including two small developments for older residents.
In 2018, the ACT Healthy Waterways Project, a joint initiative of the Commonwealth and ACT governments as part of the Murray-Darling Basin Plan, undertook waterway restoration work along Tattersall Cres that resulted in parts of a concrete drainage channel in returned to a more natural creek-like state, helping to slow and clean stormwater that flows into Ginninderra Creek.
St Francis Xavier High School located on Barnard Circuit was founded in 1976 and operated in the Florey building at Girls High School Braddon, now Merici College until 1977 when it moved to its permanent site in Florey. The Foundation principal was Mr Jim Smythe and it was the first lay-run Catholic High School in Canberra. In 1997, it was renamed St Francis Xavier College after it decided accept taking Years 11 and 12 students.
St John the Apostle Primary School located on Pawsey Circuit was opened in 1979. The school was blessed by Roman Catholic Archbishop of Canberra and Goulburn, the Most Reverend Edward Clancy, with Father Pat Power in 1979.
Florey Primary School, Preschool and Child Health Clinic plan was developed by Ken Maher & Partners in 1987. The design plan was based on 'school as village' concept that was at the time used for Chisholm Primary School. The school was opened in January 1989 with Narelle Hargreaves as the founding principal. The classrooms were" grouped into four separate cottages, each with four open-plan classrooms, a wet area for art and craft, a reading recovery room and a staff room.The school hall is kid-sized, with a glass tower which cries out for a school bell. Small courtyards connect the buildings and add to the village atmosphere". A new multi-purpose building was constructed as part of Rudd Government's Building the Education Revolution and its design was awarded Australian Institute of Architects – Public Architecture Commendation. There is an oval adjacent to the school and in 2020 it is not used by sporting groups due to lack of regular maintenance.
Florey Shopping Centre (Florey Shops)
The suburb has a shopping centre with medium size supermarket, pharmacy, bakery, butcher, hairdresser, takeway food, pizza franchises, two restaurants, bicycle repair shop, two real estate agents. One of the original shops the Florey Newsagency closed in 2018 and was replaced by an educational service. A take away coffee shop has operated since 2016.
Florey Medical Centre located in Kestevan Street was opened in March 1988 and was Canberra's first private medical centre to open 24 hours a day. The centre was the brainchild of Mr Robertson and Dr George Szmcrler, a medical practitioner at the government-run Scullin Health Centre. When it was opened it had an "elegant foyer is decorated with marble, mirrors, leather lounge chairs and restful pink/peach colours". The Centre no longer operates 24 hours a day but is open seven days a week. Florey Pharmacy is located in the shopping centre and operates 7 days a week. In 2020, there are dental, podiatry and chirpractic/massage businesses operating in the shopping centre.
Hindu Temple and Cultural Centre
The Hindu Temple and Cultural Centre (HTCC) is located on Ratcliffe Crescent, Florey Canberra and it is the one of the first temples to be built in Canberra.
Florey Neighbourhood Watch has operated at times during the suburb's existence and was reactivated in March 2018. It holds regular community forums and has organised several Clean Up Days and Fabulous Florey Community Fair in 2019. 
Going from the north east corner to the south west, bands of the following rocks, all of Silurian age, make up the geology of Florey:
- Green grey dacite and quartz andesite of the Hawkins Volcanics
- The Deakin Fault
- Calcareous shale from the Yass Subgroup
- green grey and purple rhyodacite
- purple rhyodacite
- pink rhyolite
- purple-pink rhyolite
- Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Florey (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
- "Place name search". ACT Environment and Sustainable Development. Retrieved 11 January 2013. (not possible to link directly to search results)
- District plan for Florey Neighbourhood Belconnen. Canberra: National Capital Development Commission. 1976.
- Floret Landscape Master Plan : a report to the National Capital Development Commission. Canberra: D.J. Dwyer & Associates. 1977.
- "Work has begun on Florey". The Canberra Times. 59 (17, 967). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 7 December 1984. p. 6. Retrieved 20 November 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Waterway restoration – Florey (West Belconnen Catchment)". ACT Healthy Waterways. 9 October 2019. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
- "History". St Francis Xavier College. Retrieved 20 November 2020.
- "Roman Catholic Archbishop of Canberra and Goulburn, the Most Reverend Edward Clancy, with Father Pat Power blesses the new St John the Apostle school Roman Catholic Archbishop of Canberra and Goulburn, the Most Reverend Edward Clancy, with Father Pat Power blesses the new St John the Apostle school". ACT Heritage Library. 1979. Retrieved 20 November 2020.
- Florey Primary School, Preschool and Child Health Clinic : final sketch plan report. Canberra: Ken Maher & Partners. 1987.
- "Home away from home at friendly Florey". The Canberra Times. 63 (19, 474). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 31 January 1989. p. 3. Retrieved 20 November 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Multi-Purpose Building Florey Primary School". Australian Institute of Architects. Retrieved 20 November 2020.
- "Question in notice – Elizabeth Kikkert" (PDF). ACT Legislative Assembly. Retrieved 20 November 2020.
- "a feature of The Canberra Times Medical attention provided 24 hours a day". The Canberra Times. 62 (19, 146). Australian Capital Territory, Australia. 7 March 1988. p. 21. Retrieved 20 November 2020 – via National Library of Australia.
- "Florey flourishes as neighbours start talking". City News. 26 November 2019. Retrieved 20 November 2020.
- "Profile of the electoral division of Fenner (ACT)". Current federal electoral divisions. Australian Electoral Commission. 8 February 2016. Retrieved 29 May 2016.
- "Electorates 2012 election". Electorates. ACT Electoral Commission. 5 July 2012. Retrieved 17 December 2013.
- Henderson G A M and Matveev G, Geology of Canberra, Queanbeyan and Environs 1:50000 1980.