Florida's 1st congressional district

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Florida's 1st congressional district
Florida US Congressional District 1 (since 2013).tif
Florida's first congressional district. Since January 3, 2013.
U.S. RepresentativeMatt Gaetz (RFort Walton Beach)
Area4,759[1] sq mi (12,330 km2)
Distribution
  • 82.11[2]% urban
  • 17.89% rural
Population (2016)762,506[3]
Median income36,738
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+22[4]

Florida's 1st congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Florida, covering the state's western Panhandle. It includes all of Escambia, Okaloosa, Santa Rosa, and Walton counties and portions of Holmes county. The district is anchored in Pensacola and also includes the large military bedroom communities and tourist destinations of Navarre and Fort Walton Beach and stretches along the Emerald Coast. The district, as ranked by the Cook Partisan Voting Index, is the most Republican district in Florida and the 15th most in the United States.

The district is currently represented by Republican Matt Gaetz.

Characteristics[edit]

The district encompasses the western part of the Florida Panhandle, in the extreme western portion of the state, stretching from Pensacola and the Alabama border east to include Walton, Holmes, and Washington counties.

Most of the territory now in the 1st District had been the 3rd District from 1903 to 1963; however, it has been numbered as the 1st District since then. It cast aside its Democratic roots far sooner than most of the other areas of the state. It has not supported a Democrat for President since John F. Kennedy in 1960. In 1964, Republican Barry Goldwater carried the district by such a large margin that it nearly pushed Florida's electoral votes into the Republican column. It has continued to vote for Republicans by very wide margins, with the only exception being 1976, where Gerald Ford won a narrow 50-49 victory over Jimmy Carter. Nonetheless, it usually continued to elect conservative Democrats at the state and local level. In 1992, for instance, Bob Graham easily carried the district with 54 percent of the vote--more than double Bill Clinton's total in the district.

This changed with the Republican Revolution of 1994. That year, Joe Scarborough became the first Republican to represent the Panhandle since Reconstruction. This change was more a result of eight-term conservative Democrat Earl Hutto retiring than of a Republican upsurge. It had been taken for granted that Hutto would be succeeded by a Republican once he retired, particularly when he was nearly defeated in 1990 and 1992. Republicans also swept most of the district's seats in the legislature. Since then, the district has become arguably the most Republican district in Florida, with Republicans dominating every level of government; indeed, in much of the district, there are no elected Democrats above the county level. No Democratic candidate for the seat has tallied more than 40 percent of the vote since Hutto's retirement. John McCain received 67% of the vote in this district in 2008.

The area comprising the 1st District has maintained a large military presence ever since John Quincy Adams persuaded Spain to sell Florida to the United States in 1819, in part to gain a deepwater port at Pensacola. The U.S. Air Force also has a large presence in Eglin Air Force Base, which is economically important to the district. Slightly under 14,000 people are employed at the base, which is one of the largest air bases in the world and has approximately 100,000 square miles (260,000 km2) of airspace stretching over the Gulf of Mexico to the Florida Keys. Hurlburt Field is an auxiliary field at Eglin AFB and is the location of the Air Force Special Operations Command. Eglin AFB spreads over three counties. Pensacola Naval Air Station was the first Navy base devoted to the specific purpose of aviation, and is the home of the Blue Angels. Saufley Field, used for training, is slightly north of Pensacola NAS.

A large number of veterans who retire relocate to this district. Tourism, particularly in Navarre, Pensacola Beach, and Destin, is a major economic activity.

Voting[edit]

Election results from statewide races
Year Office Results
1992 President Bush 51.2 - 25.7%
Senator Graham 54.5 - 45.5%
1994 Senator Mack 80.9 - 19.1%
Governor Bush 60.8 - 39.2%
Secretary of State Mortham 64.1 - 35.9%
Attorney General Ferro 52.8 - 47.2%
Comptroller Milligan 59.1 - 40.9%
Treasurer Ireland 59.7 - 40.3%
Education Commissioner Brogan 64.1 - 35.9%
Agriculture Commissioner Smith 55.6 - 44.4%
1996 President Dole 59.2 - 31.0%
1998 Senator Crist 51.6 - 48.4%
Governor Bush 71.4 - 28.6%
Secretary of State Harris 65.0 - 35.0%
Attorney General Bludworth 57.0 - 43.0%
Comptroller Milligan 71.1 - 28.9%
Treasurer Ireland 58.8 - 41.2%
Education Commissioner Gallagher 67.2 - 32.8%
Agriculture Commissioner Faircloth 54.7 - 45.3%
2000 President Bush 67.7 - 29.8%
Senator McCollum 64.7 - 35.3%
Treasurer Gallagher 73.1 - 26.9%
Education Commissioner Crist 67.6 - 32.4%
2004 President Bush 72 - 28%
2008 President McCain 67 - 32%
2012 President Romney 69 - 31%
2016 President Trump 68 - 28%

Voter registration[edit]

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of May 4, 2017
Party Voters Percentage
Republican 285,314 52.80%
Democratic 139,194 25.70%
No Party Affiliation 114,431 21.20%

List of members representing the district[edit]

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history Geographical boundaries
District created March 4, 1875
William J. Purman.jpg
William J. Purman
Republican March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1877
44th [Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
Robert Hamilton McWhorta Davidson.jpg
Robert H. M. Davidson
Democratic March 4, 1877 –
March 3, 1891
45th
46th
47th
48th
49th
50th
51st
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
SRMalloryII.jpg
Stephen R. Mallory
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
52nd
53rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
Sparkman.jpg
Stephen M. Sparkman
Democratic March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1917
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
Herbert J. Drane.jpg
Herbert J. Drane
Democratic March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1933
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
JHardinPeterson.jpg
J. Hardin Peterson
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1951
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
[Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
CBMcMullen.jpg
Chester B. McMullen
Democratic January 3, 1951 –
January 3, 1953
82nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Courtneywcampbell.jpg
Courtney W. Campbell
Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1955
83rd [Data unknown/missing.] [Data unknown/missing.]
William Cato Cramer.jpg
William C. Cramer
Republican January 3, 1955 –
January 3, 1963
84th
85th
86th
87th
Redistricted to the 12th district
Robert L F Sikes.jpg
Bob Sikes
Democratic January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1979
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
Redistricted from the 3rd district.

Retired
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
Earl Dewitt Hutto.jpg
Earl Dewitt Hutto
Democratic January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1995
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
Retired
[Data unknown/missing.]
[Data unknown/missing.]
Joe congress.jpg
Joe Scarborough
Republican January 3, 1995 –
September 5, 2001
104th
105th
106th
107th
Resigned
Vacant September 5, 2001 –
October 16, 2001
107th
Jeff Miller Congress.JPG
Jeff Miller
Republican October 16, 2001 –
January 3, 2017
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
Elected to finish Scarborough's term.
Retired
United States House of Representatives, Florida District 1 map.png
See above
Matt Gaetz.png
Matt Gaetz
Republican January 3, 2017 –
Present
115th
116th
Incumbent

Election results[edit]

2001 (Special Election)[edit]

Florida's 1st congressional district special election, 2001[5]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeff Miller 53,547 65.68
Democratic Steve Briese 22,695 27.99
Independent John G. Ralls, Jr. 5,115 6.31
Write-ins 14 0.02
Total votes 81,071 100.00
Republican hold

2002[edit]

Florida's 1st Congressional District Election (2002)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeff Miller* 152,635 75%
Democratic Bert Oram 51,972 25%
No party Others 19 0.01%
Total votes 204,626 100%
Turnout  
Republican hold

2004[edit]

Florida's 1st Congressional District Election (2004)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeff Miller* 236,604 77%
Democratic Mark S. Coutu 72,506 23%
Total votes 309,110 100%
Turnout  
Republican hold

2006[edit]

Florida's 1st Congressional District Election (2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeff Miller* 135,786 69%
No party Joe Roberts 62,340 31%
Total votes 198,126 100%
Turnout  
Republican hold

2008[edit]

Florida's 1st Congressional District Election (2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeff Miller* 232,559 70%
Democratic James E. Bryan 98,797 30%
Total votes 331,356 100%
Turnout  
Republican hold

2010[edit]

Florida's 1st Congressional District Election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeff Miller* 170,821 80%
Independent Joe Cantrell 23,250 11%
Independent John E. Krause 18,253 9%
No party Others 1,202 0.56%%
Total votes 213,526 100%
Turnout  
Republican hold

2012[edit]

Florida's 1st Congressional District Election (2012)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeff Miller* 238,440 70%
Democratic James E. Bryan 92,961 27%
Libertarian Calen Fretts 11,176 3%
No party William Cleave Drummond II 17 0.0%%
Total votes 342,594 100%
Turnout  
Republican hold

2014[edit]

Florida's 1st Congressional District Election (2014)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Jeff Miller* 165,086 70%
Democratic James E. Bryan 54,976 23%
No party Mark Wichern 15,281 7%
Total votes 235,343 100%
Turnout  
Republican hold

2016[edit]

Florida's 1st Congressional District Election (2016)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Matt Gaetz 255,107 69%
Democratic Steven Specht 114,079 31%
Total votes 369,186 100%
Turnout  
Republican hold

2018[edit]

Florida's 1st Congressional District Election (2018)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Matt Gaetz (Incumbent) 216,189 67.06%
Democratic Jennifer M. Zimmerman 106,199 32.94%
Total votes 322,388 100%
Republican hold

Living former representatives[edit]

As of January 2018, there are three former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida's 1st congressional district who are currently living at this time.

Representative Term in office Date of birth (and age)
Earl Dewitt Hutto 1979–1995 (1926-05-12) May 12, 1926 (age 92)
Joe Scarborough 1995–2001 (1963-04-09) April 9, 1963 (age 55)
Jeff Miller 2001–2017 (1959-06-27) June 27, 1959 (age 59)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Congressional Plan--SC14-1905 (Ordered by The Florida Supreme Court, 2-December-2015)" (PDF). Florida Senate Committee on Reapportionment. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=12&cd=01
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ "October 16, 2001 Special General, Congress 1 & House 1". Florida Department of State Division of Elections. Retrieved May 15, 2017.

Coordinates: 30°39′46″N 86°39′45″W / 30.66278°N 86.66250°W / 30.66278; -86.66250