Florida's 2nd congressional district

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Florida's 2nd congressional district
FL02 115.png
Florida's 2nd congressional district - since January 3, 2017.
U.S. RepresentativeNeal Dunn (RPanama City)
Area12,871[1] sq mi (33,340 km2)
Distribution
  • 51.34[2]% urban
  • 48.66% rural
Population (2016)720,418[3]
Median income34,718
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+18[4]

Florida's 2nd congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Florida. The district consists of the eastern part of the Florida Panhandle along with much of the Big Bend region along the Emerald Coast. It straddles both the Eastern and Central time zones. It is anchored in Panama City and includes many of the suburbs of Tallahassee, the state capital. With 49% of its residents living in rural areas, it is the least urbanized district in the state, and voters are generally conservative.

The district is represented by Republican Neal Dunn.

Characteristics[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District is the largest congressional district in Florida by land area and consists of all of Bay, Calhoun, Dixie, Franklin, Gilchrist, Gulf, Jackson, Lafayette, Levy, Liberty, Suwannee, Taylor, Wakulla and Washington counties, and portions of Columbia, Holmes, Jefferson, Leon and Marion counties.

For most of its existence, the 2nd and its predecessors were centered in Tallahassee, the state capital and county seat of Leon County. While the adjacent 1st and 3rd congressional districts are among the most conservative districts in the state, the 2nd District was historically more of a swing district. With a large population of students, government workers and university faculty, Tallahassee is far more liberal than the rest of the district. Democrat Barack Obama received 62 percent of the Leon County vote in the 2008 presidential election, but Republican John McCain received 54 percent of the 2nd district's vote overall.[5]

This changed as a result of a court-ordered redistricting that took effect for the 2016 election, following a lawsuit that challenged the district as gerrymandered, preventing African Americans from being able to elect representatives of their choice although they comprised a significant part of the population in the state. Under the new definition, most of Tallahassee, along with nearly all of the 2nd's black residents, were drawn into the 5th District.

To make up for the loss in population, the 2nd was shifted slightly to the south to take in territory previously in the nearby 3rd and 11th districts.

On paper, the redrawn 2nd (as it appeared in 2016) would have given Mitt Romney 64 percent of the vote in 2012, making it on paper the third-most Republican district in the state.[6] But the new 2nd was more than 12 points more Republican than its predecessor. Romney had carried the old 2nd in 2012 although he received only 52 percent of the vote.[7]

Voting[edit]

Election results from statewide races
Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 42.5 - 37.8%
Senator Graham 70.7 - 29.3%
1994 Senator Mack 68.6 - 31.4%
Governor Chiles 55.9 - 44.1%
1996 President Clinton 47.9 - 41.5%
1998 Senator Graham 70.9 - 29.1%
Governor Bush 52.5 - 47.5%
2000 President Bush 49.2 - 48.4%
Senator Nelson 56.7 - 43.3%
2004 President Bush 54 - 46%
2008 President McCain 54 - 45%
2012 President Romney 52 - 47%
2016 President Trump 66.2 - 30.2%
Senate Rubio 65.8 - 30.5%


Voter registration[8][edit]

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 18, 2016
Party Voters Percentage
Republican 204,440 43.39%
Democratic 183,134 38.86%
No Party Affiliation 71,374 15.14%

List of members representing the district[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
District created March 4, 1875
Walls josiah.jpg
Josiah T. Walls
Republican March 4, 1875 –
April 19, 1876
Redistricted from the at-large district.

Lost contested election
Jesse Finley - Brady-Handy.jpg
Jesse J. Finley
Democratic April 19, 1876 –
March 3, 1877
Won contested election
Bisbee.jpg
Horatio Bisbee Jr.
Republican March 4, 1877 –
February 20, 1879
Lost contested election
Jesse Finley - Brady-Handy.jpg
Jesse J. Finley
Democratic February 20, 1879 –
March 3, 1879
Won contested election
Noble A Hull.png
Noble A. Hull
Democratic March 4, 1879 –
January 22, 1881
Lost contested election
Bisbee.jpg
Horatio Bisbee Jr.
Republican January 22, 1881 –
March 3, 1881
Won contested election
Jesse Finley - Brady-Handy.jpg
Jesse J. Finley
Democratic March 4, 1881 –
June 1, 1882
Lost contested election
Bisbee.jpg
Horatio Bisbee Jr.
Republican June 1, 1882 –
March 3, 1885
Won contested election
Charles Dougherty.jpg
Charles Dougherty
Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1889
[Data unknown/missing.]
Robertbullock.jpg
Robert Bullock
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
[Data unknown/missing.]
Charles Merian Cooper.jpg
Charles M. Cooper
Democratic March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1897
[Data unknown/missing.]
Robert Wyche Davis.jpg
Robert W. Davis
Democratic March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1905
[Data unknown/missing.]
Frank Clark.jpg
Frank Clark
Democratic March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1925
[Data unknown/missing.]
RobertAGreen.jpg
Robert A. Green
Democratic March 4, 1925 –
January 3, 1943
Redistricted to the at-large district.
Emory H. Price.jpg
Emory H. Price
Democratic January 3, 1943 –
January 3, 1949
[Data unknown/missing.]
Charles E. Bennett.jpg
Charles E. Bennett
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1967
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
Don Fuqua 1961.jpg
Don Fuqua
Democratic January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1987
Redistricted from the 9th district.
Bill Grant.jpg
James W. Grant
Democratic January 3, 1987 –
February 21, 1989
Lost re-election.
Republican February 21, 1989 –
January 3, 1991
Petepeterson.jpg
Pete Peterson
Democratic January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1997
Retired.
Allen Boyd, official portrait, 111th Congress.jpg
Allen Boyd
Democratic January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2011
Lost re-election.
Steve Southerland, Official Portrait, 112th Congress.jpg
Steve Southerland
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2015
Lost re-election.
Official Congressional Portrait of Gwen Graham (FL-02).jpg
Gwen Graham
Democratic January 3, 2015 –
January 3, 2017
Retired.
Neal Dunn 115th Congress photo.jpg
Neal Dunn
Republican January 3, 2017 –
Present
Incumbent

Election results[edit]

2002[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District Election (2002)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Allen Boyd* 152,164 67%
Republican Tom McGurk 75,275 33%
Total votes 227,439 100%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2004[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District Election (2004)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Allen Boyd* 201,577 62%
Republican Bev Kilmer 125,399 38%
Total votes 326,976 100%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2006[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District Election (2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Allen Boyd* 100%
Total votes 100%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2008[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District Election (2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Allen Boyd* 216,804 62%
Republican Mark Mulligan 133,404 38%
No party Others 159 0.05%
Total votes 350,367 100%
Turnout  
Democratic hold

2010[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District Election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Steve Southerland 136,371 54%
Democratic Allen Boyd* 105,211 41%
Independent Paul Crandall McKain 7,135 3%
Independent Dianne J. Berryhill 5,705 2%
No party Others 16 0%
Total votes 254,438 100%
Turnout  
Republican gain from Democratic

2012[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District Election (2012)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Steve Southerland 175,856 53%
Democratic Alfred Lawson, Jr.* 157,634 47%
No party Floyd Patrick Miller 228 0.01%
Total votes 333,718 100%
Turnout  
Republican hold

2014[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District Election, (2014)[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Gwen Graham 126,096 50%
Republican Steve Southerland* 123,262 49%
Write-in Luther Lee 422 0.17%
Total votes 249,780 100%
Democratic gain from Republican

2016[edit]

Florida's 2nd Congressional District Election (2016)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Neal Dunn 231,163 67%
Democratic Walter Dartland 102,801 30%
Libertarian Rob Lapham 9,395 3%
No party Others 3 0%
Total votes 343,362 100%
Turnout  
Republican gain from Democratic

Living former representatives[edit]

As of January 2017, there are six former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida's 2nd congressional district who are currently living at this time.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Don Fuqua 1967–1987 (1933-08-20) August 20, 1933 (age 85)
James W. Grant 1987–1991 (1943-09-21) September 21, 1943 (age 75)
Pete Peterson 1991–1997 (1935-06-26) June 26, 1935 (age 83)
Allen Boyd 1997–2011 (1945-06-06) June 6, 1945 (age 73)
Steve Southerland 2011–2015 (1965-10-10) October 10, 1965 (age 53)
Gwen Graham 2015–2017 (1963-01-31) January 31, 1963 (age 55)

Historical district boundaries[edit]

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Congressional Plan--SC14-1905 (Ordered by The Florida Supreme Court, 2-December-2015)" (PDF). Florida Senate Committee on Reapportionment. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  2. ^ Geography, US Census Bureau. "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov.
  3. ^ Bureau, Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ "2008 Florida: Presidential County Results". The New York Times.
  6. ^ "Florida election results by 2016 congressional districts". google.com.
  7. ^ "Daily Kos Elections 2008 & 2012 presidential election results for congressional districts used in 2012 & 2014 elections". google.com.
  8. ^ "Bookclosing Reports - Regular - Division of Elections - Florida Department of State". dos.myflorida.com. Retrieved 2016-12-08.
  9. ^ "November 4, 2014 General Election Official Results". Florida Department of State Division of Elections. Retrieved 1 January 2015.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 30°16′58″N 84°43′49″W / 30.28278°N 84.73028°W / 30.28278; -84.73028