Florida's 5th congressional district

Coordinates: 29°23′07″N 81°45′04″W / 29.38528°N 81.75111°W / 29.38528; -81.75111
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Florida's 5th congressional district
Interactive map of district boundaries since January 3, 2023
  John Rutherford
Area3,911[1] sq mi (10,130 km2)
  • 83.37% urban[2]
  • 16.63% rural
Population (2022)801,685[3]
Median household
Cook PVIR+11[4]

Florida's 5th congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Florida. It includes the southeastern area of Jacksonville which comprises areas such as Arlington, East Arlington, Southside, Mandarin, San Jose, and the Beaches. It stretches south to St. Augustine in St. Johns County.

From 2002 to 2013 the district comprised all of Citrus, Hernando, and Sumter counties and most of Lake, Levy, and Pasco counties and portions of Marion and Polk counties. The district included northern exurbs of Tampa and western exurbs of Orlando within the high-growth Interstate 4 Corridor. This iteration of the 5th district is now largely contained in the 11th district.

As defined by the state legislature in 2013 (which lasted until 2017), the 5th district ran from Jacksonville to Orlando; it was considered one of the most-gerrymandered congressional districts in the country.[5] Before 2013, similar territory was included in the 3rd district.

After court-mandated redistricting, the district became a majority-minority district from 2017 to 2023. It extended along Florida's northern boundary from Jacksonville to Tallahassee and included all of Baker, Gadsden, Hamilton and Madison counties and portions of Columbia, Duval, Jefferson, and Leon counties.

The district is currently represented by Republican John Rutherford.


Florida's 3rd congressional district was renumbered to 5th congressional district but was little changed in the redistricting process in 2012, still winding from Orlando in the south to central Jacksonville in the north.[6]

From 1973 to 1993 the erstwhile 3rd district was based in Orange County, including Walt Disney World and most of Orlando. The peculiar shape of the 3rd (now 5th) congressional district dates from reapportionment done by the Florida Legislature after the 1990 U.S. census. The 1993–2012 3rd congressional district was geographically distinctive. Starting from the southern part of the district, it included the Pine Hills area of the Orlando-Kissimmee Metropolitan Area with small pockets of African-American neighborhoods in the cities of Sanford, Gainesville, Palatka, and finally the larger African American communities of Jacksonville.[7] Connecting these areas were regions which are sparsely populated—either expansive rural areas or narrow strips which are only a few miles wide.[8][9] Barack Obama received 73% of the vote in this district in the 2008 Presidential election.

Court-ordered changes[edit]

On July 11, 2014, Florida Circuit Court Judge Terry Lewis ruled that this district, along with the neighboring District 10, had been drawn to favor the Republican Party by packing black Democratic voters into District 5.[7][10] On August 1, Judge Lewis gave Florida's state legislature an Aug. 15 deadline to submit new congressional maps for those two districts.[11]

5th district Representative Corrine Brown issued a statement blasting Lewis's decision on the district map as "seriously flawed",[9] and Congressional Black Caucus Chairwoman Marcia Fudge sent a sharply worded letter to Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee Chairman Steve Israel complaining about the party's support for the lawsuit challenging Florida's district maps.[12]

Brown said that "we will go all the way to the United States Supreme Court, dealing with making sure that African Americans are not disenfranchised."[13] Florida House Redistricting Chairman Richard Corcoran, a Republican, said that "consideration of political data is legally required" to ensure that district boundaries would not be so shifted as to not allow African-Americans a chance to elect representatives of their choice.[14]

On appeal, the Florida Supreme Court approved a redrawn version of District 5 on December 2, 2015. That plan went into effect for the 2016 elections.[15] The new district had a dramatically different shape than its predecessor. It now stretched in an east-west configuration along the Georgia border from downtown Jacksonville to Tallahassee. However, it was no less Democratic than its predecessor, as noted in the Florida Supreme Court's final opinion:

With a black share of registered Democrats of 66.1%, the black candidate of choice is likely to win a contested Democratic primary, and with a Democratic registration advantage of 61.1% to 23.0% over Republicans, the Democratic candidate is likely to win the general election.


Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 42–34%
1996 President Clinton 50–37%
2000 President Gore 50–46%
2004 President Bush 58–41%
2008 President McCain 56–43%
2012 President Obama 63–35%
2016 President Clinton 61–35%
2020 President Biden 62–36%

List of members representing the district[edit]

Member Party Years Cong
Electoral history District location
District created January 3, 1937

Joe Hendricks
Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1949
Elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
[data missing]
[data missing]

Syd Herlong
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1967
Elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Redistricted to the 4th district.
[data missing]
[data missing]

Edward Gurney
(Winter Park)
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1969
90th Redistricted from the 11th district and re-elected in 1966.

Louis Frey Jr.
(Winter Park)
Republican January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1973
Elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Redistricted to the 9th district.

Bill Gunter
Democratic January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
93rd Elected in 1972.
Retired to run for U.S. senator.
[data missing]

Richard Kelly
Republican January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1981
Elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Lost renomination after involvement in the Abscam scandal.

Bill McCollum
Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1993
Elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 196.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
[data missing]

Karen Thurman
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2003
Elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Lost re-election.
[data missing]

Ginny Brown-Waite
Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2011
Elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Retired due to health problems.

Rich Nugent
(Spring Hill)
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
112th Elected in 2010.
Redistricted to the 11th district.

Corrine Brown
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2017
Redistricted from the 3rd district and re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Lost renomination after criminal indictment.

Al Lawson
Democratic January 3, 2017 –
January 3, 2023
Elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.
Redistricted to the 2nd district and lost re-election in 2022.

John Rutherford
Republican January 3, 2023 –
118th Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 2022. 2023–present:
Most of Jacksonville, along with parts of that city's southern and eastern suburbs and the city of St. Augustine

Election results[edit]


Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2002)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ginny Brown-Waite 121,998 47.90%
Democratic Karen L. Thurman (Incumbent) 117,758 46.24%
Independent Jack Gargan 8,639 3.39%
Independent Brian P. Moore 6,223 2.44%
No party Others 53 0.02%
Total votes 254,671 100.00%
Turnout {{{votes}}}
Republican gain from Democratic


Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2004)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ginny Brown-Waite (Incumbent) 240,315 65.93%
Democratic Robert G. Whittel 124,140 34.06%
No party Others 33 0.01%
Total votes 364,488 100.00%
Turnout {{{votes}}}
Republican hold


Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ginny Brown-Waite (Incumbent) 162,421 59.85%
Democratic John T. Russell 108,959 40.15%
Total votes 271,380 100.00%
Turnout {{{votes}}}
Republican hold


Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ginny Brown-Waite (Incumbent) 265,186 61.15%
Democratic John T. Russell 168,446 38.85%
Total votes 433,632 100.00%
Turnout {{{votes}}}
Republican hold


Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Rich Nugent 208,815 67.43%
Democratic Jim Piccillo 100,858 32.57%
Total votes 309,673
Turnout {{{votes}}} 100.0%
Republican hold


Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2012)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Corrine Brown 190,472 70.80%
Republican LeAnne Kolb 70,700 26.30%
No Party Affiliation Eileen Fleming 7,978 3.00%
Total votes 269,153
Turnout {{{votes}}} 100.0%
Democratic gain from Republican


Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2014)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Corrine Brown (Incumbent) 112,340 65.47%
Republican Glo Smith 59,237 34.53%
Total votes 171,577
Turnout {{{votes}}} 100.0%
Democratic hold


Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2016)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Al Lawson 194,549 64.2%
Republican Glo Smith 108,325 35.8%
Total votes 302,874
Turnout {{{votes}}} 100.0%
Democratic hold


Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2018)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Al Lawson (Incumbent) 180,527 66.78%
Republican Virginia Fuller 89,799 33.22%
Total votes 270,326 100.0%
Democratic hold


Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2020)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Al Lawson (Incumbent) 219,463 65.13%
Republican Gary Adler 117,510 34.87%
Total votes 336,973 100.0%
Democratic hold


  1. ^ "Congressional Plan--SC14-1905 (Ordered by The Florida Supreme Court, 2-December-2015)" (PDF). Florida Senate Committee on Reapportionment. Retrieved January 11, 2017.
  2. ^ "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (State-based)". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on April 2, 2013.
  3. ^ a b "My Congressional District".
  4. ^ "2022 Cook PVI: District Map and List". Cook Political Report. Retrieved January 10, 2023.
  5. ^ Ingraham, Christopher (May 15, 2014). "America's most gerrymandered congressional districts". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  6. ^ "Florida's 5th Congressional District". WJXT - Jacksonville. July 24, 2012. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
  7. ^ a b James, Frank (July 11, 2014). "Florida Ruling Is A Primer On Redistricting Chicanery". NPR.org. National Public Radio. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
  8. ^ Leary, Alex (May 14, 2011). "Democrat U.S. Rep. Corrine Brown again aligns with GOP in Florida redistricting battle". Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on October 7, 2017. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
  9. ^ a b Leary, Alex (July 10, 2012). "Corrine Brown calls redistricting decision 'seriously flawed'". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
  10. ^ "Judge strikes down GOP-drawn Florida congressional lines". July 10, 2014.
  11. ^ Cotterell, Bill (August 5, 2014). "Florida elections face uncertainty as congressional maps redrawn". Reuters. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
  12. ^ Isenstadt, Alex (August 4, 2014). "CBC, DCCC clash over Fla. redistricting suit". POLITICO.com. POLITICO LLC. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
  13. ^ Livingston, Abby (July 11, 2012). "Florida Redistricting Ruling Gets Mixed Reactions From Democrats". Rollcall.com. CQ-Roll Call. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
  14. ^ Deslatte, Aaron (August 5, 2014). "Florida Legislature: Don't talk to congressional members, political consultants". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
  15. ^ Dixon, Matt (December 2, 2015). "Siding with redistricting plaintiffs, top court upends political landscape". Politico Florida. Retrieved May 18, 2016.

29°23′07″N 81°45′04″W / 29.38528°N 81.75111°W / 29.38528; -81.75111