Florida's at-large congressional district

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Florida's at-large congressional district may refer to a few different occasions when a statewide at-large district was used for elections to the United States House of Representatives from Florida. The district is obsolete.

Prior to Florida's admittance as a state of the Union in 1845, congressional delegates for Florida Territory were elected from Florida Territory's at-large congressional district. The first elected U.S. representative from the state was installed October 6, 1845.

A single representative was elected from the state from after statehood to 1873, when a second representative was elected for 1 term beginning in 1873. District representation began in 1875.

Subsequently, on occasion an at-large representative would be elected in addition to representatives being elected from districts. This would occur 1913-1915, 1933–1937, and 1943-1945.

The district became obsolete January 3, 1945.

List of members representing the district[edit]

After the 1870 census, a second seat was apportioned to Florida. Briefly, for the 43rd Congress, a second at-large seat was used. After that, there were two geographic districts created.

Years Cong
ress
Seat A Seat B
Member Party Electoral history Member Party Electoral history
October 6, 1845 –
January 24, 1846
29th Edward Carrington Cabell.jpg
Edward C. Cabell
Whig Lost contested election. Seat inactive
January 24, 1846 –
March 3, 1847
Brockenbrough.jpg
William H. Brockenbrough
Democratic Successfully contested election.
[data unknown/missing]
March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1853
30th
31st
32nd
Edward Carrington Cabell.jpg
Edward C. Cabell
Whig Elected in 1846.
Re-elected in 1848.
Re-elected in 1850.
Lost re-election.
March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1857
33rd
34th
Augustus Maxwell.jpg
Augustus Maxwell
Democratic Elected in 1852.
Re-elected in 1854.
Retired.
March 4, 1857 –
January 21, 1861
35th
36th
George Sydney Hawkins.jpg
George S. Hawkins
Democratic Elected in 1856.
Re-elected in 1858.
Re-elected in 1860.
Withdrew ahead of secession.
January 21, 1861 –
July 1, 1868
36th
37th
38th
39th
40th
Vacant U.S. Civil War
July 1, 1868 –
March 3, 1871
40th
41st
Charles Memorial Hamilton - Brady-Handy.jpg
Charles M. Hamilton
Republican Elected in 1868.
Lost renomination.
March 4, 1871 –
January 29, 1873
42nd Walls josiah.jpg
Josiah T. Walls
Republican Lost contested election.
January 29, 1873 –
March 3, 1873
Silas Leslie Niblack.jpg
Silas L. Niblack
Democratic Successfully contested election.
Lost re-election.
March 4, 1873 –
January 25, 1875
43rd William J. Purman.jpg
William J. Purman
Republican Elected in 1872.
Resigned.
Walls josiah.jpg
Josiah T. Walls
Republican Elected in 1872.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
January 25, 1875 –
March 3, 1875
Vacant
March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1913
44th
45th
46th
47th
48th
49th
50th
51st
52nd
53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
Seat inactive Seat inactive
March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
63rd Claude L'Engle.jpg
Claude L'Engle
Democratic Elected in 1912.
Lost renomination.
March 3, 1915 –
March 3, 1933
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Seat inactive
March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1937
73rd
74th
WilliamJSears.jpg
William J. Sears
Democratic Elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Lost renomination.
January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1943
75th
76th
77th
Seat inactive
January 3, 1943 –
November 25, 1944
78th RobertAGreen.jpg
Robert A. Green
Democratic Redistricted from the 2nd district and re-elected in 1942.
Resigned to join the U.S. Navy.
November 26, 1944 –
January 3, 1945
Vacant
January 3, 1945   Seats eliminated

References[edit]

  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

Coordinates: 30°N 83°W / 30°N 83°W / 30; -83