Florida's 5th congressional district

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Florida's 5th congressional district
FL05 115.png
Florida's 5th congressional district - since January 3, 2017
U.S. RepresentativeAl Lawson (DTallahassee)
Area3,911[1] sq mi (10,130 km2)
Distribution
  • 83.37[2]% urban
  • 16.63% rural
Population (2016)728,346[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+12[4]

Florida's 5th congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Florida. It extends along Florida's northern boundary from Jacksonville to Tallahassee. The district includes all of Baker, Gadsden, Hamilton, Madison counties and portions of Columbia, Duval, Jefferson, and Leon counties. It is a minority-majority district.

As defined by the state legislature in 2013 (which lasted until 2017), the 5th district ran from Jacksonville to Orlando; it was considered one of the most-gerrymandered congressional districts in the country.[5] Before 2013, similar territory was included the 3rd district.

From 2002 to 2013 the district comprised all of Citrus, Hernando, and Sumter counties and most of Lake, Levy, and Pasco counties and portions of Marion and Polk counties. The district included northern exurbs of Tampa and western exurbs of Orlando within the high-growth Interstate 4 Corridor. This iteration of the 5th district is now largely contained in the 11th district.

The district is currently represented by Democrat Al Lawson.

Historical district boundaries[edit]

Prior district number 5

Florida's 3rd Congressional District was renumbered to 5th Congressional District but was little changed in the redistricting process in 2012, still winding from Orlando in the south to central Jacksonville in the north.[6]

From 1973 to 1993 the erstwhile 3rd district was based in Orange County, including Walt Disney World and most of Orlando. The peculiar shape of the 3rd (now 5th) Congressional District dates from reapportionment done by the Florida Legislature after the 1990 U.S. Census. The 1993–2012 3rd Congressional District was geographically distinctive. Starting from the southern part of the district, it included the Pine Hills area of the Orlando-Kissimmee Metropolitan Area with small pockets of African-American neighborhoods in the cities of Sanford, Gainesville, Palatka, and finally the larger African American communities of Jacksonville.[7] Connecting these areas were regions which are sparsely populated—either expansive rural areas or narrow strips which are only a few miles wide.[8][9] Barack Obama received 73% of the vote in this district in the 2008 Presidential election.

Court-ordered changes[edit]

On July 11, 2014, Florida Circuit Court Judge Terry Lewis ruled that this district, along with the neighboring District 10, had been drawn to favor the Republican party by packing black Democratic voters into District 5.[7][10] On August 1, Judge Lewis gave Florida's state legislature an Aug. 15 deadline to submit new congressional maps for those two districts.[11]

5th District Representative Corrine Brown issued a statement blasting Lewis's decision on the district map as "seriously flawed,"[9] and Congressional Black Caucus Chairwoman Marcia Fudge sent a sharply worded letter to Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee Chairman Steve Israel complaining about the party’s support for the lawsuit challenging Florida's district maps.[12]

Brown said that "we will go all the way to the United States Supreme Court, dealing with making sure that African Americans are not disenfranchised."[13] Florida House Redistricting Chairman Richard Corcoran, a Republican, said that "consideration of political data is legally required" to ensure that district boundaries would not be so shifted as to not allow African-Americans a chance to elect representatives of their choice.[14]

On appeal, the Florida Supreme Court approved a redrawn version of District 5 on December 2, 2015. That plan went into effect for the 2016 elections.[15] The Florida Supreme Court states in its final opinion:

"With a black share of registered Democrats of 66.1%, the black candidate of choice is likely to win a contested Democratic primary, and with a Democratic registration advantage of 61.1% to 23.0% over Republicans, the Democratic candidate is likely to win the general election."

Voting[edit]

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 42–34%
1996 President Clinton 50–37%
2000 President Gore 50–46%
2004 President Bush 58–41%
2008 President McCain 56–43%
2012 President Obama 63-35%
2016 President Clinton 61–35%

List of members representing the district[edit]

Representative Party Years Electoral history
District created January 3, 1937
Joe Hendricks.jpg
Joe Hendricks
Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1949
[Data unknown/missing.]
AS Herlong.jpg
Syd Herlong
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1967
Redistricted to the 4th district
Edward J Gurney.jpg
Edward Gurney
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1969
Redistricted from the 11th district
Louis Frey.jpg
Louis Frey Jr.
Republican January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1973
Redistricted to the 9th district
Bill Gunter.jpg
Bill Gunter
Democratic January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
[Data unknown/missing.]
Congressman Richard Kelly.jpg
Richard Kelly
Republican January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1981
[Data unknown/missing.]
1981 Bill McCollum p27.jpg
Bill McCollum
Republican January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1993
Redistricted to the 8th district
Karen Thurman.jpg
Karen Thurman
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2003
[Data unknown/missing.]
Ginny Waite-Brown.jpg
Ginny Brown-Waite
Republican January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2011
[Data unknown/missing.]
Nugent Official Photo - 112th.JPG
Rich Nugent
Republican January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
Redistricted to the 11th district
Corrinebrown.jpeg
Corrine Brown
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2017
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Al Lawson 115th Congress photo (cropped).jpg
Al Lawson
Democratic January 3, 2017 –
Present
[Data unknown/missing.]

Election results[edit]

2002[edit]

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2002)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ginny Brown-Waite 121,998 47.90
Democratic Karen L. Thurman* 117,758 46.24
Independent Jack Gargan 8,639 3.39
Independent Brian P. Moore 6,223 2.44
No party Others 53 0.02%
Total votes 254,671 100.00
Turnout  
Republican gain from Democratic

2004[edit]

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2004)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ginny Brown-Waite* 240,315 65.93
Democratic Robert G. Whittel 124,140 34.06
No party Others 33 0.01%
Total votes 364,488 100.00
Turnout  
Republican hold

2006[edit]

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2006)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ginny Brown-Waite* 162,421 59.85
Democratic John T. Russell 108,959 40.15
Total votes 271,380 100.00
Turnout  
Republican hold

2008[edit]

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2008)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Ginny Brown-Waite* 265,186 61.15
Democratic John T. Russell 168,446 38.85
Total votes 433,632 100.00
Turnout  
Republican hold

2010[edit]

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2010)
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Rich Nugent 208,815 67.43
Democratic Jim Piccillo 100,858 32.57
Total votes 309,673
Turnout   100.0
Republican hold

2012[edit]

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2012)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Corrine Brown 190,472 70.80
Republican LeAnne Kolb 70,700 26.30
No Party Affiliation Eileen Fleming 7,978 3.00
Total votes 269,153
Turnout   100.0
Democratic gain from Republican

2014[edit]

Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2014)
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Corrine Brown 112,340 65.47
Republican Glo Smith 59.237 34.53
Total votes 171,577
Turnout   100.0
Democratic hold

Living former Representatives[edit]

As of January 2017, there are five former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida's 5th congressional district who are currently living at this time.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Louis Frey, Jr. 1969–1973 (1934-01-11) January 11, 1934 (age 84)
Karen Thurman 1993–2003 (1951-01-12) January 12, 1951 (age 67)
Ginny Brown-Waite 2003–2011 (1943-10-05) October 5, 1943 (age 75)
Rich Nugent 2011–2013 (1951-05-26) May 26, 1951 (age 67)
Corrine Brown 2013–2017 (1946-11-11) November 11, 1946 (age 72)

Historical district boundaries[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Congressional Plan--SC14-1905 (Ordered by The Florida Supreme Court, 2-December-2015)" (PDF). Florida Senate Committee on Reapportionment. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=12&cd=05
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ Ingraham, Christopher (May 15, 2014). "America's most gerrymandered congressional districts". washingtonpost.com. Retrieved May 21, 2014.
  6. ^ "Florida's 5th Congressional District". WJXT - Jacksonville. 24 July 2012. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  7. ^ a b James, Frank (11 July 2014). "Florida Ruling Is A Primer On Redistricting Chicanery". NPR.org. National Public Radio. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  8. ^ Leary, Alex (14 May 2011). "Democrat U.S. Rep. Corrine Brown again aligns with GOP in Florida redistricting battle". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  9. ^ a b Leary, Alex (10 July 2012). "Corrine Brown calls redistricting decision 'seriously flawed'". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  10. ^ http://thehill.com/blogs/ballot-box/house-races/211930-judge-strikes-down-florida-congressional-lines
  11. ^ Cotterell, Bill (5 August 2014). "Florida elections face uncertainty as congressional maps redrawn". Thomson Reuters. Reuters. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  12. ^ Isenstadt, Alex (4 August 2014). "CBC, DCCC clash over Fla. redistricting suit". POLITICO.com. POLITICO LLC. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  13. ^ Livingston, Abby (11 July 2012). "Florida Redistricting Ruling Gets Mixed Reactions From Democrats". Rollcall.com. CQ-Roll Call. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  14. ^ Deslatte, Aaron (5 August 2014). "Florida Legislature: Don't talk to congressional members, political consultants". Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved 5 August 2014.
  15. ^ Dixon, Matt (December 2, 2015). "Siding with redistricting plaintiffs, top court upends political landscape". Politico Florida. Retrieved May 18, 2016.

Coordinates: 29°23′07″N 81°45′04″W / 29.38528°N 81.75111°W / 29.38528; -81.75111