Florida's 5th congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Florida. It stretches from Jacksonville to Orlando. It is one of the most- gerrymandered congressional districts in the country. 
From 2002 to 2013 the district comprised all of
Citrus, Hernando, and Sumter counties and most of Lake, Levy, and Pasco counties and portions of Marion and Polk counties. The district included northern exurbs of Tampa and western exurbs of Orlando within the high-growth Interstate 4 Corridor.
The district is currently represented by
Democrat Al Lawson.
Historical district boundaries [ edit ]
Florida's 3rd Congressional District was renumbered to 5th Congressional District but was little changed in the redistricting process in 2012, still winding from Orlando in the south to central Jacksonville in the north.
From 1973 to 1993 the erstwhile 3rd district was based in
Orange County, including Walt Disney World and most of Orlando. The peculiar shape of the 3rd (now 5th) Congressional District dates from reapportionment done by the Florida Legislature after the 1990 U.S. Census. The 1993–2012 3rd Congressional District was geographically distinctive. Starting from the southern part of the district, it included the Pine Hills area of the Orlando-Kissimmee Metropolitan Area with small pockets of African-American neighborhoods in the cities of Sanford, Gainesville, Palatka, and finally the larger African American communities of Jacksonville. Connecting these areas were regions which are sparsely populated—either expansive rural areas or narrow strips which are only a few miles wide.    Barack Obama received 73% of the vote in this district in the 2008 Presidential election.
Court-ordered changes [ edit ]
On July 11, 2014, Florida Circuit Court Judge
Terry Lewis ruled that this district, along with the neighboring District 10, had been drawn to favor the Republican party by packing black Democratic voters into District 5.  On August 1, Judge Lewis gave Florida's state legislature an Aug. 15 deadline to submit new congressional maps for those two districts.  
5th District Representative
Corrine Brown issued a statement blasting Lewis's decision on the district map as "seriously flawed," and  Congressional Black Caucus Chairwoman Marcia Fudge sent a sharply worded letter to Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee Chairman Steve Israel complaining about the party’s support for the lawsuit challenging Florida's district maps. 
Brown said that "we will go all the way to the United States Supreme Court, dealing with making sure that African Americans are not disenfranchised."
Florida House Redistricting Chairman Richard Corcoran, a Republican, said that "consideration of political data is legally required" to ensure that district boundaries would not be so shifted as to not allow African-Americans a chance to elect representatives of their choice.  
On appeal, the Florida Supreme Court approved a redrawn version of District 5 on December 2, 2015. That plan will go into effect for the 2016 elections.
List of representatives [ edit ]
District created January 3, 1937
Democratic January 3, 1937 – January 3, 1949
Albert S. Herlong, Jr.
Democratic January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1967
Redistricted to the 4th district
Republican January 3, 1967 – January 3, 1969
Redistricted from the 11th district
Louis Frey, Jr.
Republican January 3, 1969 – January 3, 1973
Redistricted to the 9th district
Democratic January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1975
Republican January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1981
Republican January 3, 1981 – January 3, 1993
Redistricted to the 8th district
Democratic January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2003
Republican January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2011
Republican January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2013
Redistricted to the 11th district
Democratic January 3, 2013 – January 3, 2017
Redistricted from the 3rd district
Democratic January 3, 2017 – Present
Election Results [ edit ]
Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2004)
Robert G. Whittel
No party Others
Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2010)
Democratic Jim Piccillo
Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2012)
Republican LeAnne Kolb
No Party Affiliation
Democratic gain from Republican
Living former Representatives [ edit ]
As of January 2017
, there are five former members of the U.S. House of Representatives from Florida's 5th congressional district who are currently living at this time.
References [ edit ]
^ "Congressional Plan--SC14-1905 (Ordered by The Florida Supreme Court, 2-December-2015)" (PDF). Florida Senate Committee on Reapportionment . Retrieved . 11 January 2017
^ Ingraham, Christopher (May 15, 2014). "America's most gerrymandered congressional districts". washingtonpost.com . Retrieved . May 21, 2014
^ "Florida's 5th Congressional District". WJXT - Jacksonville. 24 July 2012 . Retrieved . 5 August 2014
^ a b James, Frank (11 July 2014). "Florida Ruling Is A Primer On Redistricting Chicanery". NPR.org. National Public Radio . Retrieved . 5 August 2014
^ Leary, Alex (14 May 2011). "Democrat U.S. Rep. Corrine Brown again aligns with GOP in Florida redistricting battle". Tampa Bay Times . Retrieved . 5 August 2014
^ a b Leary, Alex (10 July 2012). "Corrine Brown calls redistricting decision 'seriously flawed. Tampa Bay Times '" . Retrieved . 5 August 2014
^ Cotterell, Bill (5 August 2014). "Florida elections face uncertainty as congressional maps redrawn". Thomson Reuters. Reuters . Retrieved . 5 August 2014
^ Isenstadt, Alex (4 August 2014). "CBC, DCCC clash over Fla. redistricting suit". POLITICO.com. POLITICO LLC . Retrieved . 5 August 2014
^ Livingston, Abby (11 July 2012). "Florida Redistricting Ruling Gets Mixed Reactions From Democrats". Rollcall.com. CQ-Roll Call . Retrieved . 5 August 2014
^ Deslatte, Aaron (5 August 2014). "Florida Legislature: Don't talk to congressional members, political consultants". Orlando Sentinel . Retrieved . 5 August 2014
^ Dixon, Matt (December 2, 2015). "Siding with redistricting plaintiffs, top court upends political landscape". Politico Florida . Retrieved . May 18, 2016
Coordinates: 29°23′07″N 81°45′04″W / 29.38528°N 81.75111°W