Florida's congressional districts
Florida is divided into 27 congressional districts, each represented by a member of the United States House of Representatives. After the 2010 Census, the number of Florida's seats was increased from 25 to 27 due to the state's increase in population, and subsequent reapportionment in 2012.
In 2010 more than 63 percent of Florida voters approved the initiated Amendments 5 and 6, known as the "Fair District Amendments," to the state constitution, over the objections of the Republican-controlled legislature. These are intended to promote fairness in congressional districts and "prohibit lawmakers from intentionally drawing districts that favor incumbents or political parties."
The legislature had adopted new districts in 2012 as a result of the 2010 census. Their product was soon challenged in early 2011 by groups who had worked for passage of the amendments, including the League of Women Voters and Common Cause. The trial revealed much secret dealings by party operatives and lawmakers; the court set a new legal standard. At one point the court excluded the press and shut down the TV feed in order to allow three hours of testimony by a political operative.
On July 9, 2014, a Florida judge ruled that state Republicans had illegally drawn the state's congressional districts. Judge Terry P. Lewis of Florida’s Second Judicial Circuit ordered that the 5th and 10th districts be redrawn. On appeal, the Florida Supreme Court ruled on July 9, 2015 that several more districts had to be redrawn, and that the legislature had unconstitutionally worked to benefit the Republican Party. The historic ruling was considered likely to affect most of the state's 27 districts.
Current districts and representatives
List of members of the Florida United States House delegation, their terms, their district boundaries, and the districts' political ratings according to the CPVI. The delegation has a total of 27 members, including 11 Democrats, and 16 Republicans.
|District||Representative||Party||CPVI||Incumbent time in office||District map|
|1st||Matt Gaetz (R-Fort Walton Beach)||Republican||R+22||January 3, 2017 – present|
|2nd||Neal Dunn (R-Panama City)||Republican||R+18||January 3, 2017 – present|
|3rd||Ted Yoho (R-Gainesville)||Republican||R+9||January 3, 2013 – present|
|4th||John Rutherford (R-Jacksonville)||Republican||R+17||January 3, 2017 – present|
|5th||Al Lawson (D-Tallahassee)||Democratic||D+12||January 3, 2017 – present|
|6th||Vacant (Palm Coast)||R+7||Vacant since September 10, 2018|
|7th||Stephanie Murphy (D-Winter Park)||Democratic||EVEN||January 3, 2017 – present|
|8th||Bill Posey (R-Rockledge)||Republican||R+9||January 3, 2009 – present|
|9th||Darren Soto (D-Orlando)||Democratic||D+5||January 3, 2017 – present|
|10th||Val Demings (D-Orlando)||Democratic||D+11||January 3, 2017 – present|
|11th||Daniel Webster (R-Winter Garden)||Republican||R+11||January 3, 2011 – present|
|12th||Gus Bilirakis (R-Palm Harbor)||Republican||R+8||January 3, 2007 – present|
|13th||Charlie Crist (D-St. Petersburg)||Democratic||D+2||January 3, 2017 – present|
|14th||Kathy Castor (D-Tampa)||Democratic||D+7||January 3, 2007 – present|
|15th||Dennis A. Ross (R-Lakeland)||Republican||R+6||January 3, 2011 – present|
|16th||Vern Buchanan (R-Longboat Key)||Republican||R+7||January 3, 2007 – present|
|17th||Tom Rooney (R-Okeechobee)||Republican||R+13||January 3, 2009 – present|
|18th||Brian Mast (R-Hutchinson Island)||Republican||R+5||January 3, 2017 – present|
|19th||Francis Rooney (R-Naples)||Republican||R+13||January 3, 2017 – present|
|20th||Alcee Hastings (D-Miramar)||Democratic||D+31||January 3, 1993 – present|
|21st||Lois Frankel (D-West Palm Beach)||Democratic||D+9||January 3, 2013 – present|
|22nd||Ted Deutch (D-Boca Raton)||Democratic||D+6||April 13, 2010 – present|
|23rd||Debbie Wasserman Schultz (D-Weston)||Democratic||D+11||January 3, 2005 – present|
|24th||Frederica Wilson (D-Miami Gardens)||Democratic||D+34||January 3, 2011 – present|
|25th||Mario Diaz-Balart (R-Miami)||Republican||R+4||January 3, 2003 – present|
|26th||Carlos Curbelo (R-Kendall)||Republican||D+6||January 3, 2015 – present|
|27th||Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-Miami)||Republican||D+5||August 29, 1989 – present|
Historical district boundaries
- Cordeiro, Monivette. "Florida Supreme Court picks congressional district map". Orlando Weekly. Retrieved 2017-02-05.
- "Florida Congressional District Boundaries, Amendment 6 (2010)", Ballopedia
- Mary Ellen Klas, "Florida Supreme Court orders new congressional map with eight districts to be redrawn", Tampa Bay Times, 9 July 2015, accessed 11 February 2016
- Alvarez, Lizette (2014-07-10). "Judge Rules G.O.P. Illegally Redrew Florida Districts". New York Times. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
- Madigan, Nick (2015-07-09). "Florida Court Finds Politics Determined District Lines". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
- Klas, Mary Ellen (2015-07-09). "Florida Supreme Court orders new congressional map with eight districts to be redrawn". Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
- Dixon, Matt (2015-12-02). "Siding with redistricting plaintiffs, top court upends political landscape". POLITICO Florida. Retrieved 2016-02-09.