Florida Airways

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Florida Airways
Florida Airways.jpg
Founded1923
Ceased operations1927
DestinationsMiami, Atlanta
Key peopleEddie Rickenbacker, Ray Brooks

Florida Airways was an American airline. Founded in part by Eddie Rickenbacker and based in the state of Florida, the airline served the southeastern United States during the mid-1920s.

History[edit]

Florida Airways was founded by Eddie Rickenbacker, Reed Chambers, and Virgil Chinea who later claimed "it was the worst investment he ever made".[1] Several outside investors were brought in including Richard F Hoyt, Anne Morgan, Percy Rockefeller, and Henry Ford who bought 3 of his own Stout 2AT's for the venture.[2] Florida Airways started service on Paxon field in 1923. Florida Airways started regularly scheduled passenger service on June 1, 1926 [3][4] The first service was from Tampa to Miami and Jacksonville[5]

Florida Airways was a pioneer airline operating on the CAM (Commercial Air Mail) routes that subsidized early air commerce through airmail contracts. Florida Airways secured the CAM-10 route between Miami and Atlanta. On September 15, 1926 a Florida Airways mail flight on the Tampa - Jacksonville - Atlanta route becomes the first commercial flight to land at Candler Field (forerunner to Atlanta International Airport).[6] Passenger revenue was too low or sparse to solely support an airline. Florida Airways charged $60 for a one way Miami to Jacksonville Ticket in 1926. The number of passengers for 1926 totaled 939. In order to increase revenue, wet letters or even bricks with stamps were mailed back and forth on the airline.[7]

By 1926, Florida Airways sought travel to Cuba to keep solvency. On a business trip to negotiate rights, it was discovered that Juan Trippe had already negotiated exclusive landing rights in Cuba for Pan American Airways a year earlier. Florida Airways ceased operations on 9 June 1927. Two months later, Harold Pitcairn founder of Pitcairn Aviation won the bid for the abandoned Miami-Atlanta airmail contract. Pitcairn Aviation would eventually become a part of Eastern Air Transport, later a part of North American Aviation Corporation, which in turn became Eastern Airlines.[8]

After Florida Airways stopped service, two Stout 2-AT's were purchased by Stout Air Services, which went on to become United Airlines.[9]

Destinations[edit]

Fleet[edit]

The Florida Airways fleet consists of the following aircraft as of 1926

Florida Airlines Fleet
Aircraft Total Routes Notes
Stout 2-AT Pullman 3
Travel Air 2
Curtiss Lark 1 Miss Tallahassee
Stinson Detroiter 1 Miss Atlanta

Incidents and accidents[edit]

1926 Miami Hurricane

On November 3, 1925 Henry Ford sent off 4 new Stout 2-AT's to Florida with an audience of 5000 spectators from Ford Airport (Dearborn). After a stop in Nashville, Tennessee, the first Stout on takeoff Miss Fort Myers fishtailed on its takeoff run and crashed into Miss Tampa and Miss Miami sparing only Miss St Petersburg. Only three aircraft made it to Florida for initial delivery.[8]

The 1926 Miami hurricane killed 400, and left 50,000 homeless. It blew away a Florida Airways Stout 2-AT Pullman tied down outside.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rosalie Schwartz. Flying down to Rio: Hollywood, tourists, and Yankee Clippers.
  2. ^ Roger D. Launius. Reconsidering a century of flight.
  3. ^ Joe Christy, LeRoy Cook. American Aviation.
  4. ^ Kevin M. McCarthy. Aviation in Florida.
  5. ^ "Florida Airways Timetable". Timetable Images. Retrieved 15 February 2011.
  6. ^ "Airport History". Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport. Archived from the original on 1 March 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2011.
  7. ^ David T. Courtwright. Sky as frontier: adventure, aviation, and empire.
  8. ^ a b Walter David Lewis. Eddie Rickenbacker: an American hero in the twentieth century.
  9. ^ American Aviation Historical Society. American Aviation Historical Society journal, Volumes 39-40. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  10. ^ Walter David Lewis. Eddie Rickenbacker: an American hero in the twentieth century.