Florida City, Florida
|City of Florida City|
|Nickname(s): Exit 1, The last bullet in the chamber, City of the dead|
|Motto: Gateway to Florida Keys and the Everglades|
Location in Miami-Dade County and the state of Florida
U.S. Census Bureau map showing city limits
|Country||United States of America|
|Incorporated||December 29, 1914|
|• Mayor||Otis T. Wallace|
|• Vice Mayor||R.S. Shiver|
|• Commissioners||Avis Brown, Sharon Butler, and Eugene D. Berry|
|• City Manager||Mayor Otis T. Wallace|
|• City Clerk||Jennifer A. Evelyn|
|• Total||3.2 sq mi (8.3 km2)|
|• Land||3.2 sq mi (8.3 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0.0 km2) 0%|
|Elevation||3 ft (1 m)|
|• Density||1,888.7/sq mi (729.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC-4)|
|ZIP codes||33034, 33035|
|Area code(s)||305, 786|
|GNIS feature ID||0282605|
Florida City is a city in Miami-Dade County, Florida, United States and is the southernmost municipality in the South Florida metropolitan area. Florida City is primarily a Miami suburb and a major agricultural area.
The city originated as a land promotion named Detroit. There were no buildings in the area when the first thirty families arrived in 1910, and they had to stay in Homestead until their houses could be built. The name was changed to Florida City when the town incorporated in 1914. It has a small historic area, but much of the city is hotels and other tourist facilities.
The city is at the eastern end of the only road running through the Everglades National Park, which terminates at Flamingo. Florida City is the southernmost city in the United States which is not on an island. It is also the last stop on the mainland north of the Florida Keys. The southern terminus of the Homestead Extension of Florida's Turnpike where it ends at its junction with U.S. 1 is located in Florida City. Homestead is immediately north and east of Florida City, and these two cities comprise the greater Homestead-Florida City area. Some of the notable unincorporated communities in the area are Redland, Leisure City, Naranja, and Princeton.
Physiography and natural history
Florida City is situated mostly atop a limestone ridge called the Miami Rock Ridge that extends south from present day North Miami Beach to a location in Everglades National Park. The ridge, consisting of Miami limestone, serves as the higher ground within the community. The ridge extended from northeast to southwest across the city. The old location of the Florida East Coast Railway track marks the approximate boundary of the location of the limestone ridge south of Davis Parkway. The range of elevation of the ridge is from 5 to 8 feet above sea level.
Prior to settlement, the ridge was vegetated by South Florida Slash Pine trees, which were alternatively known as "Dade County Pine" (Pinus elliottii var. densa). (Remnants of these pines can be seen today in local parks and in Everglades National Park at the Long Pine Key picnic area.) These pine rocklands were crushed by equipment and converted to farmland during the 1900s. Tomatoes, squash, and other truck crops were grown in the area during the winter months and packed at the Florida City State Farmers' Market near Krome Avenue and Palm Drive, driving the local economy throughout the 1900s.
East of the natural ridge was a broad area of marshlands surrounding the area. Old timers of Florida City called these coastal glades the "East Glade". This was an extension of Everglades that extended from areas west and south of Florida City to its east. East of the East Glade, marshlands gave way to mangrove swamp prior to reaching Biscayne Bay. Soils in the East Glade primarily consisted of a limey soil called Biscayne Marl.
Development schemes in the East Glade led to the construction of canals in the early 1900s. This led to a lowering of water tables. Although development the East Glade was not extensive prior to the 1980s, agricultural development did occur. Potatoes were the primary crop grown in the East Glade prior to the construction of extensive housing developments within the areas annexed by the City of Homestead in the late 1970s. Potatoes were mostly harvested from February to March.
Florida City was historically bisected by a slough. Sloughs were commonly found crossing the limestone ridge at a roughly perpendicular angle from Miami to Florida City. Florida City's slough (officially called "Long Slough" or "Long Glade Slough") entered the city near Redland Road and Lucy Street, and extended across the city to the southeast to a location near today's NW 3rd Street and NW 3rd Avenue. East of that point, the slough entered the East Glade.
Long Slough was a slow flowing body of water that originated in the Everglades just south of the Miami Homestead General Aviation Airport. As canals were constructed in the 1900s, and especially the 1960s, the slough was drained and became a low valley in the limestone ridge. Roadways (such as Redland Road near West Homestead Elementary School, NW 6th Avenue north of Davis Parkway, and NW 3rd Avenue about fifty feet north of NW 3rd Street) had culverts constructed under them to allow water to pass through the slough. NW 4th Street east of NW 5th Avenue dead ended near the approximate location where a fictional NW 4th Avenue would intersect that street. During the late 1980s the street was constructed to reach NW 3rd Avenue since water in the slough had been drained away. Eventually fill was added to the slough and it was destroyed.
Extensive filling operations were conducted in Long Slough near NW 3rd Avenue in the late 1970s. Fill was obtained as waste rock from a nearby rock cutting operation (utilizing Key Largo Limestone, a local coral rock) and was allowed to be dumped in the location by the landowners. Today, this portion of Long Slough serves as a housing development.
An additional natural feature existed along Davis Parkway, extending into the Florida City Camper Park. This feature was a live oak hammock. The understory of the hammock was cleared for the camper park, but much of the hammock remained undisturbed to the south of Davis Parkway and NW 1st Road prior to the late 1970s.
Florida City today serves as the southern terminus of the Florida Turnpike. Motels and eateries are located along US 1 prior to taking the highway south into the Florida Keys. Along with serving as the mainland entrance to the Florida Keys, Florida City also serves as the gateway to the main section of Everglades National Park.
Florida City is located at .
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.3 km2 (3.2 mi2), all land.
|Unincorporated Miami-Dade County||Homestead||Homestead|
|Unincorporated Miami-Dade County||Homestead|
|Unincorporated Miami-Dade County||Unincorporated Miami-Dade County||Unincorporated Miami-Dade County|
|Florida City Demographics|
|2010 Census||Florida City||Miami-Dade County||Florida|
|Population, percent change, 2000 to 2010||+43.4%||+10.8%||+17.6%|
|Population density||1,888.7/sq mi||1,315.5/sq mi||350.6/sq mi|
|White or Caucasian (including White Hispanic)||5.6%||?%||?%|
|(Non-Hispanic White or Caucasian)||5.6%||15.4%||57.9%|
|Black or African-American||52.4%||18.9%||16.0%|
|Hispanic or Latino (of any race)||42.4%||65.0%||22.5%|
|Native American or Native Alaskan||0.2%||0.2%||0.4%|
|Pacific Islander or Native Hawaiian||0.0%||0.0%||0.1%|
|Two or more races (Multiracial)||2.6%||2.4%||2.5%|
|Some Other Race||5.4%||3.2%||3.6%|
As of 2010, there were 3,792 households out of which 12.3% were vacant. In 2000, 46.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 35.6% were married couples living together, 34.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.1% were non-families. 18.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.48 and the average family size was 3.95.
In 2000, the city population was spread out with 39.7% under the age of 18, 11.0% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 15.8% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 94.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.7 males.
In 2000, the median income for a household in the city was $14,923, and the median income for a family was $18,777. Males had a median income of $23,622 versus $20,060 for females. The per capita income for the city was $8,270. 43.3% of the population and 41.7% of families were below the poverty line. 57.1% of those under the age of 18 and 25.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.
As of 2000, Florida City had the sixty-sixth highest percentage of Cuban residents in the US, with 5.06% of the populace, while it had the twenty-seventh highest percentage of Haitian residents in the US, at 6.70% of all the population (tied with North Lauderdale and Wilton Manors.)
Based on 2010 data, the ancestries of only the Hispanic and Latino population from highest to lowest were as follows: Mexicans made up the 42.52%, Cubans were at 19.13%, Central Americans accounted for 13.37%, Puerto Ricans totaled 12.87%, and South Americans were 3.74% of all residents.
Government and infrastructure
The Florida Department of Corrections operates the Dade Correctional Institution and the Homestead Correctional Institution in an unincorporated area near Florida City. The Dade CI was originally the Dade Correctional Institution Annex, and the Homestead CI was originally the Dade Correctional Institution; the two received their current names on July 1, 2003.
Florida City is a part of the Miami-Dade County Public Schools system.
Florida City is zoned to:
- Florida City Elementary School (Florida City)
- Homestead Middle School (Homestead)
- Homestead High School (Homestead)
Florida City also has the following Charter Schools:
- Lawrence Academy Charter
- Lincoln Marti International Campus
- Miami Community Charter
|Climate data for Florida City|
|Average high °C (°F)||26
|Average low °C (°F)||12
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||41
|Source: Weatherbase |
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Taylor, Jean. (1986) The Villages of South Dade. St. Petersburg, Florida: Byron Kennedy and Company. ISBN 0-04-107212-6. LCCN 88-132899. OCLC 18906834. pp. 203–5.
- City of North Miami Beach, Florida - North Miami Beach
- Everglades National Park (U.S. National Park Service)
- DRAM, FGS, Miami Limestone
- PowerPoint Presentation
- Florida City State Farmers' Market: Marketing Florida Agriculture
- Biscayne National Park (U.S. National Park Service)
- Detailed Soil Map Units (SS of Dade, Florida) | NRCS Soils
- PowerPoint Presentation
- City of Homestead - Online
- Homestead General
- Welcome to West Homestead Elementary
- DRAM, FGS, Key Largo Limestone
- Tropical Hammocks
- Florida's Turnpike - The Less Stressway
- The Official Tourism Council Web Site for the Florida Keys! Key Largo, Islamorada, Marathon, Lower Keys, Key West
- Everglades National Park (U.S. National Park Service)
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.[permanent dead link]
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 11, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "MLA Data Center Results of Florida City, Fla.". Modern Language Association. Retrieved 2007-11-03.
- "Ancestry Map of Cuban Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-03.
- "Ancestry Map of Haitian Communities". Epodunk.com. Retrieved 2007-11-03.
- "Florida City, FL Population and Races". usatoday.com. Retrieved 2015-01-16.
- "STATE'S PRISON INMATES SHUFFLED MOVES BENEFIT FEMALE PRISONERS." Miami Herald. August 12, 1999. B1. Broward. Retrieved on May 15, 2010. "Nearly 500 male youthful offenders at Dade Correctional Institution in Florida City..."
- "Dade Correctional Institution." Florida Department of Corrections. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
- "Homestead Correctional Institution." Florida Department of Corrections. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
- "THEFT CHARGE PUTS CORDES BACK IN COURT." Bradenton Herald. June 10, 2004. 1C Local & State. Retrieved on May 15, 2010. "Jackie Postma who was convicted of seconddegree murder is serving her sentence at Homestead Correctional Institution in Florida City just south of Miami."
- "FACILITIES ON JUNE 30, 2003." Florida Department of Corrections. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
- "Post Office Location - FLORIDA CITY." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on May 15, 2010.
- Climate Summary for Florida City, FL
- "Weatherbase.com". Weatherbase. 2013. Retrieved on August 2, 2013.