Florimond de Raemond

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Florimond de Raemond 3ème seigneur de Suquet, seigneur de La Combe et de La Rivallerie, sieur des Cheminées, as a contemporary engraving

Florimond de Raemond (1540– 17 November 1601)[1] was a French jurist and antiquary. He is now known for a multi-volume history of recent events in France, written from a Roman Catholic point of view, and other popular works promoting the Counter-Reformation perspective against Protestant arguments. De Raemond was born in Agen and died in Bordeaux.[2]


His father was Robert Ier de Raymond, 2ème seigneur de Subsequent (died in 1605) and his mother, née Marie de Saint-Gilis. De Raemond was a pupil of Petrus Ramus and a Protestant convert, but later reverted to Catholicism.[3] He was a friend of Montaigne and Blaise de Monluc.


He published a popular work on Pope Joan in 1587, L'Erreur populaire de la papesse Jeanne, in which he argued, following Onofrio Panvinio, that the story was a myth, and the references in the chronicle of Martinus Polonus were later interpolations.[4] In 1597 his L'Anti-Christ was an exposition in French of the Catholic arguments against the Pope as Antichrist, following Robert Bellarmine and Nicholas Sanders at an accessible level. The primacy of the apostle Peter over the other eleven was referred to Tertullian;[5] the Primacy of Simon Peter is a basic Catholic argument for Papal Primacy. The work is a bitter polemic against Protestants, and defends the role of the Papacy in the Church.[6] His Histoire[7] attributed the impact in France of the Protestant Reformation to Marguerite de Navarre and Gérard Roussel.[8] It appeared posthumously in 1605, in eight books, of which the sixth has been attributed to his son François.[9]

External links[edit]


  1. ^ Genealogy of the family
  2. ^ Jean Marie Arnoult (Hrsg.): Catalogues régionaux des incunables des bibliothèques publiques de France. Band 3 Librairie Droz, Genève 1979, ISBN 2-9045-3200-5, S. 121–131
  3. ^ Robert Benedetto, The New Westminster Dictionary of Church History: The early, medieval, and Reformation eras (2008), p. 249; Google Books.
  4. ^ Alain Boureau, The Myth of Pope Joan (2000), p. 249.
  5. ^ Barbara Sher Tinsley, History and Polemics in the French Reformation: Florimond de Raemond, defender of the Church (1992), p. 81; Google Books.
  6. ^ Jennifer Robin Perlmutter (editor), Relations and Relationships in Seventeenth-century French Literature (2006), p. 134; Google Books.
  7. ^ Modern spelling L'histoire de la naissance, progrès et decadence de l’herésie de ce siècle.
  8. ^ Jonathan A. Reid; King's Sister—Queen of Dissent: Marguerite of Navarre (1492-1549) and her evangelical network, Volume 1 (2009), p. 567; Google Books.
  9. ^ Anthony Raspa, Pseudo-Martyr: wherein out of certaine propositions and gradations, this conclusion is evicted that those which are of the Romane religion in this kingdome, may and ought to take the oath of allegiance (1993 edition), p. 280; Google Books.