Florvil Hyppolite

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Florvil Hyppolite
Florvil Hyppolite portrait.jpg
15th President of Haiti
In office
October 17, 1889 – March 24, 1896
Preceded by François Denys Légitime
Succeeded by Tirésias Simon Sam
Minister of Agriculture and Police
In office
September 1, 1888 – October 5, 1888
President Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
Preceded by Morin Montasse
Succeeded by François Denys Légitime
Member of the Provisional Government of Haiti
In office
August 24, 1888 – October 5, 1888
President Pierre Théoma Boisrond-Canal
President of the Provisional Government of Haiti
In office
October 3, 1879 – October 26, 1879
Preceded by Joseph Lamothe
Succeeded by Lysius Salomon
Personal details
Born Louis Mondestin Florvil Hyppolite
(1828-05-26)May 26, 1828
Cap-Haïtien, Haiti
Died March 24, 1896(1896-03-24) (aged 67)
Port-au-Prince, Haiti
Nationality Haitian
Political party National Party

Louis Mondestin Florvil Hyppolite (1828–1896) was the President of Haiti from 17 October 1889 to 24 March 1896. He was a career soldier, a general. He was installed as president by a constitutional council. He was reportedly under the influence of Victoire Jean-Baptiste, mistress of his successor Tirésias Simon Sam.

Hyppolite died of a heart attack while in office, on a trip to address a civilian revolt in the city of Jacmel. A tale of Haitian folklore describes how Hyppolite's hat fell off his head before arriving to Jacmel that day, something that was considered a bad omen among everyday Haitians. The incident is remembered in the Haitian children song "Panama M' Tombé", which is still sung to this day.

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Political offices
Preceded by
Monpoint Jeune
(Provisional)
President of Haiti
1889–1896
Succeeded by
Tirésias Simon Sam