Flower Mound, Texas
Flower Mound, Texas
FloMo, The Mound
|Incorporated||February 25, 1961|
|• Town Council||
|• Town Manager||James Childers|
|• Town||44.48 sq mi (115.20 km2)|
|• Land||41.96 sq mi (108.67 km2)|
|• Water||2.52 sq mi (6.53 km2)|
|Elevation||604 ft (184 m)|
|• Density||1,810.20/sq mi (698.96/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (Central)|
75022, 75028, 75027
|Area code(s)||214, 469, 972, 682, 817|
|GNIS feature ID||1335983|
Flower Mound is an incorporated town[Note 1] located in Denton and Tarrant counties in the U.S. state of Texas. Located northwest of Dallas and northeast of Fort Worth adjacent to Grapevine Lake, the town derives its name from a prominent 12.5-acre (5.1 ha) mound located in the center of town.
After settlers used the site for religious camps during the 1840s, the area around Flower Mound was first permanently inhabited in the 1850s; however, residents did not incorporate until 1961. Although an effort to create a planned community failed in the early 1970s, Flower Mound's population increased substantially when Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport opened to the south in 1974. As of the 2020 United States Census, the population was 75,956, reflecting a 17% increase over the 64,669 counted in the 2010 Census. Of the Texas municipalities that label themselves "towns", Flower Mound has the largest population. Flower Mound was the only town with a population greater than 20,000 in the 2020 Census.
Flower Mound's municipal government, operating under a council–manager system, has invested in a public park system highlighted by an extensive network of trails. The town's public schools comprise part of the Lewisville Independent School District. With its moderately affluent population and proximity to the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex, Flower Mound has used a smart growth system for urban planning, and has recently experienced more rapid light industrial growth to match the growing needs of the primarily residential community.
Settlement in the area around Flower Mound began when the Presbyterians established a camp in the area in the 1840s. A log cabin, dated around 1850, was discovered preserved within the walls of a home near Liberty Elementary in 2016, providing further proof of settlement. At first, the group held religious camps for two to three weeks at a time. By 1854, residents had established the Flower Mound Presbyterian Church southwest of Lewisville in an area commonly referred to as "Long Prairie". By 1920, the church had 126 members, and the pine-framed building was expanded in 1937. Early settlers such as Andrew Morriss and David Kirkpatrick are memorialized with street names in the town. The area remained sparsely populated for many decades after its initial settlement.
On February 25, 1961, the town voted to incorporate to avoid annexation by the City of Irving. William Wilkerson, who became the town's second mayor, led the incorporation effort and helped improve the town's phone service and water supply. In 1970, when Flower Mound had 1,685 residents, Edward S. Marcus and Raymond Nasher began a planned community project with $18 million in loan guarantees from the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development through their New Community program. Called "Flower Mound New Town", the project included elements of the new towns movement, including collaboration with North Texas State University (now the University of North Texas) to move the school's administrative offices to Flower Mound and conduct all research for the project. The project was featured in advertisements as late as 1974, but it was abandoned after residents threatened to disannex a portion of the town to thwart the development. The disannexation effort sharply divided the town, and led to a number of strongly contested elections between 1971 and 1976. In 1976, Texas Monthly awarded the project its "Bum Steer Award" after the project lost its federal loan guarantees.
The construction of Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport 4 miles (6.4 km) south of the town in 1974 sparked a period of rapid growth. Between 1980 and 1990, Flower Mound's population increased from 4,402 to 15,896. It reached 50,702 in 2000, an average annual increase of nearly 13 percent per year during the 1990s, making it the nation's tenth fastest-growing community. Between 2000 and 2002, Flower Mound was the ninth fastest-growing municipality in the United States with a population of more than 50,000, and its population continued to increase by approximately five percent each year between 2000 and 2005. Controlled growth continues in central and western Flower Mound.
Flower Mound is located approximately 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Dallas and 25 miles (40 km) northeast of Fort Worth on the border between Denton and Tarrant counties. The town is located almost entirely in Denton County, however it has areas that extend into Tarrant County. It is situated on the basin of the Trinity River in the Eastern Cross Timbers subregion in Texas. The town borders Lewisville to the east and a number of cities and towns to the north, including Highland Village, Double Oak, and Bartonville. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 43.4 square miles (112 km2). Land comprises 41.39 square miles (107.2 km2) (95.37%) of the total area; Denton County soils include the Silawa, Nawo, Gasil series. Water comprises 2.5 square miles (6.5 km2) (5.76%) of the total area; Grapevine Lake and Marshall Creek form much of the town's southern boundary. Flower Mound's climate is classified as humid subtropical; the town averages 233 sunny days per year and 79 days of precipitation.
The town encourages conservation development projects to protect and preserve existing open space, vistas, and natural habitats while allowing for controlled growth. Much of the town is located on the Barnett Shale, and drilling for shale gas in close proximity to residential neighborhoods has sharply divided parts of the community. In 1994, amateur fossil collector Gary Byrd discovered a fossilized example of a Hadrosaurid dinosaur among black shale rock formations in the southwest edge of the town near Grapevine Lake. The fossilized creature from the Cenomanian age was named "Protohadros byrdi" in Byrd's honor.
Flower Mound was named for a 12.5-acre (5.1 ha) hill approximately 50 feet (15 m) in height located close to the intersection of FM 3040 and FM 2499. The formation attracted the attention of early settlers to the area, and is often simply referred to as "The Mound". Part of the Texas blackland prairies, The Mound is typically covered by big bluestem, little bluestem, and Indian grasses. During blooming seasons, dozens of varieties of flowers can grow on its slopes, often aided by the water retained by gilgai formations. Though surrounded by commercial and residential development, The Mound is owned and maintained by The Mound Foundation, a non-profit private–public partnership. The group has advocated for a controlled burn on The Mound for many years, and it expressed relief when an accidental New Year's Eve fire in late 2011 spurred the growth of wildflowers for the first time in years.
|Climate data for Flower Mound, Texas|
|Record high °F (°C)||90
|Average high °F (°C)||54
|Average low °F (°C)||31
|Record low °F (°C)||−3
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||1.92
|Average snowfall inches (cm)||0.6
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American (NH)||2,560||3.37%|
|Native American or Alaska Native (NH)||290||0.38%|
|Pacific Islander (NH)||30||0.04%|
|Some Other Race (NH)||317||0.42%|
|Hispanic or Latino||8,441||11.11%|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 75,956 people, 26,233 households, and 21,954 families residing in the town.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 64,669 people and 14,269 families residing in 21,570 housing units in Flower Mound. The population density was 1,562 inhabitants per square mile (603/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 83.9% White, 3.2% African American, 0.1% Native American, 8.6% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.4% of the population. The average household size was 3.072 persons. According to a 2011 American Community Survey estimate, the median income for a household was $118,763, and the median income for a family was $126,336. Males had a median income of $95,284 versus $56,692 for females. The per capita income for the town was $44,042. About 2% of families and 3.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.5% of those under age 18 and 1.1% of those age 65 or over.
The town's population is often noted for its moderately affluent, yet relatively transient residents. Although Flower Mound has the second-highest percentage of residents making over $100,000 in the nation, Journalist Peter T. Kilborn named Flower Mound a "Reloville", a title used to describe suburban communities where management employees often relocate frequently; as of 2006, 57% of residents were born in another state or country.
Due to the town's proximity to the DFW Airport and many various major highways, a great number of businesses have recently moved some of their local operations into the town, including such businesses as: Best Buy and Stryker. The Lewisville Independent School District is the largest employer in the town, employing 1,647 (4.8% of the town's total employment). The Town of Flower Mound employs 455. Between January 1, 2000 and December 31, 2009, the town experienced job growth of 26.53%.
Lakeside Business District
The town of Flower Mound recognizes two major areas of current economic development: the Lakeside Business District and the Denton Creek District. The 265-acre (107 ha) Lakeside Business District includes plots of land zoned for various commercial and residential uses at the southern edge of town near the Grapevine Lake. The project filed for bankruptcy in the year 2010, but in February of the year 2012, the company Realty Capital unveiled a $1 billion and two dollar plan for a mixed-use development project within the district. The members of the Flower Mound town council voted to approve the project in November of the year 2012, and development of the 150-acre (61 ha) project was scheduled in six phases. Construction on the first phase, which includes 45,000 square feet (4,200 m2) of commercial space, 170 loft apartments, and 170 home lots, began in April 2013.
Denton Creek District
In 2006, the town began to consider mixed-use development plans for the 1,500-acre (610 ha) Denton Creek District at the western edge of the town. In 2010, the town began to provide infrastructural support to the area. Additionally, developers broke ground on a 158-acre (64 ha) mixed-use riverwalk project in August 2013. Residents were scheduled to vote on whether to approve public funding for the district for the 2013 general election.
The University of Las Colinas (2020) filmed at a shopping mall, the 2003 Society of American Registered Architects Design Award winning, David M. Schwarz Architects, Inc. designed, Parker Square, "a compact neighborhood center" "inspired by the traditional developments of American “main streets” and Texas small towns".
According to Flower Mound's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the town are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|2||Texas Health Presbyterian Hospital||603|
|3||Communications Test Design, Inc. (CTDI)||562|
|4||Town of Flower Mound||460|
|8||Best Buy Distribution Center||185|
|9||Ivie & Associates||160|
|10||Premier Nationwide Lending||140|
Parks and recreation
The Town of Flower Mound operates 54 public parks and recreation facilities on 693 acres (280 ha) of space, nine of which (comprising 70 acres [28 ha]) are undeveloped as of 2012. In June 2008, the town held the grand opening for its new $13.825 million community activity center, which includes meeting rooms, a day care facility, weight lifting equipment, an outdoor pool, and a 30-by-30-yard (25 m × 22.86 m) competition indoor pool. In honor of Lance Corporal Jacob Lugo, the first military serviceman from Flower Mound to die in the line of duty, the town renamed Hilltop Park to Jake's Hilltop Park in 2008.
In 2016 Flower Mound completed and opened its first dog park, a 5-acre Hound Mound Dog Park, costing over $1 million. In 2018 the Town of Flower Mound opened a 2000 sq. ft. splash pad as part of an addition to Heritage Park.
In 1976, in response to environmental concerns and automobile traffic congestion, Flower Mound residents proposed adding a system of recreational bike paths around the town. Initially, funding proved elusive, but by 1989 the first 1.3 miles (2.1 km) of multi-use trails had been constructed, partly funded by a grant from the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. In 2010, the town maintained 33 miles (53 km) of paved hiking and bicycling paths and 2 miles (3.2 km) of equestrian trails. The Purple Cone Flower trail starts in Stone Creek Park and is used by runners, walkers and dog walkers.
Additionally, the United States Army Corps of Engineers maintains 14 miles (23 km) of natural surface trails and 9 miles (14 km) of equestrian trails within the town limits, most of which are located around Grapevine Lake. The North Shore trail starts at Rock Ledge Park and travels west through Murrell Park and Twin Coves Park. A dirt and rock surface trail used predominantly by mountain bikers, hikers, trail runners and dog walkers.
The Town of Flower Mound has been a home rule municipality since 1981, and it has operated under a council–manager type of municipal government since 1989. Residents elect five at-large members to the Flower Mound Town Council and one mayor. Members serve two-year terms. In 1999, the town adopted a Strategically Managed And Responsible Town (SMART) Growth Program to manage both the rate and character of development in the community, and in 2000, the town officially adopted its SMARTGrowth management plan. The program's goal was to create environmentally sensitive development and to mitigate the effects of urban sprawl.[Note 2] Political scientist Allan Saxe and attorney Terrence S. Welch have used Flower Mound's program as an example of a municipality attempting to slow growth. In 2013, the town amended the portion of the plan pertaining to public schools; the changes spurred public debate between candidates for town council.
According to the town's 2013–2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the town's various funds had $114.6 million in revenues, $101.8 million in expenditures, $513.3 million in total assets, $155.9 million in total liabilities, and $68.1 million in cash and investments.
The structure of the management and coordination of town services is led by a town manager, deputy town manager and other roles.
The town is mostly served by the Lewisville Independent School District. The western portion of the town of Flower Mound is located in the Argyle Independent School District. The town is home to three separate high schools, Edward S. Marcus High School, Flower Mound High School, (both part of the Lewisville district) and Argyle ISDs new Argyle High School campus.
Private schools in the town include such educational facilities as:
- Coram Deo Academy
- Explorations Preparatory School
- Lewisville Christian School
- Grace Christian Academy
- Temple Christian Academy
ResponsiveEd, the Lewisville-based charter school operator, operates a Founders Classical Academy in Flower Mound; the company is building a new facility in west Flower Mound at FM1171 (Cross Timbers) and Flower Mound Road.
North Central Texas College has a community college branch campus within Parker Square in the town of Flower Mound. Midwestern State University has a branch facility, in conjunction with NCTC in the Parker Square location, which will offer master's degree programs amongst other services.
At the western edge of the town, U.S. Route 377 extends north–south parallel to Interstate 35W towards Denton and Fort Worth. Two of the major thoroughfares in the town of Flower Mound are farm-to-market roads: FM 1171, known in Flower Mound as the Cross Timbers Road, which runs east–west across the entire town towards Interstate 35E to the east and Interstate 35W to the west. FM 2499 (which is known locally as Long Prairie) runs north–south and furnishes access to State Highway 121 and Interstate 635, north of DFW Airport.
In the June 2012, the members of the Flower Mound Town Council approved a plan to develop and regulate a series of various bike lanes around the town.
- Kennedy Baker
- Chris Brown, hockey player
- Colleen Clinkenbeard
- Jameson Hannah
- Sarah Huffman
- Brandon Jefferson
- Moira Kelly
- Samuel LeComte
- Emma Malabuyo
- Jane Nelson
- Ryan Pace
- Rod Pampling
- Tan Parker
- Colin Poche, MLB pitcher
- Chris Sanders, quarterback
- Brighton Sharbino
- Marcus Smart, NBA Player
- Kaden Smith
- Paul Stankowski
- Nick Stephens
- Flower Mound refers to itself as the "Town of Flower Mound", with a "Town Hall" and a "Town Council", rather than the customary "city" label. However, under Texas law, all incorporated municipalities are considered to be cities.
- In November 1999, then Texas Attorney General John Cornyn advised Texas House of Representatives member Bill G. Carter that under the SMARTGrowth program, the town could "cap" the number of building plans the town approves.
- "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
- Census 2010.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Flower Mound
- County Information 2014.
- "Population of Texas Cities and Towns Sorted by County". county.org. The County Information Project Texas Association of Counties. Retrieved 9 July 2015.
- "Quick Facts Flower Mound, Texas". Census.gov. Retrieved February 8, 2022.
- Bates 1918, p. 31.
- Cannon 2004, p. 7.
- Hervey 2002, p. 16.
- Greene 1973.
- Thompson 1920. sfn error: no target: CITEREFThompson1920 (help)
- Jordan 1976, p. 147.
- FMHC 1995, pp. 55–56.
- Ackerman 2006.
- New Town Report 1970, p. 1.
- Rogers 2002, p. 509.
- Texas Monthly 1974, p. 34.
- New Town Report 1970, p. 5.
- Minor 2011.
- FMHC 1995, p. 63–66.
- West 1976, p. 73.
- SMARTgrowth 2012.
- TPWD 2009.
- Marks 1980, pp. 66–76.
- Sperling & Sander 2006, p. 97.
- Hawes 2010.
- Hundley 2010.
- Maxwell 2009.
- FWMSH 2012.
- Head 1998, p. 713.
- Bowman 2004, pp. 101–103.
- Bowman 2004, p. 33.
- Bowman 2004, p. 31.
- Hundley 2012a.
- "Zipcode 75022". www.plantmaps.com. Retrieved May 12, 2021.
- "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved 2022-05-22.
- https://www.census.gov/[not specific enough to verify]
- "About the Hispanic Population and its Origin". www.census.gov. Retrieved 18 May 2022.
- ACS 2012.
- Raghavan 2013.
- Kilborn 2009, p. 232.
- Springer 2012, p. 120.
- Money 2010.
- Daniel Salazar (25 June 2014). "Lewisville-based emergency room provider has steady IPO Wednesday". Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 1 September 2014.
- Carlisle 2012b.
- Roark 2012a.
- Carlisle 2012a.
- Hundley 2012b.
- Roark 2013.
- Brown 2013a.
- Estridge 2006.
- Taylor 2006.
- O'Flinn et al. 2010, p. 19.
- Brown 2013b.
- Pry 2013c.
- "Parker Square". David M. Schwarz Architects, Inc. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- Gibbins, Greg Jake; Kordsmeier, Rich; Stanley, Larry. "The University of Las Colinas (2020)". IMDb. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- "555 Parker Square Rd Flower Mound, Texas". Maps. Google. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- "Parker Square Park". Cultural Landscape Foundation. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- Olivier, Madi. "Local spots for your prom photo shoot". The Marquee. Edward S. Marcus High School. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
Parker Square has older (sic) buildings and independent businesses, giving it a charming, small-town feel. What makes Parker Square special is its white gazebo, which is the perfect place for you to pose with your date and friends.
- "Parker Square filling back up". Cross Timbers Gazette. Miller Media Holdings LLC. 19 December 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- "Cruise on the Square Car Show". North Texas Mustang Club. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- "Parker Square Car & Truck Show". Car Show Radar. 5 June 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- "Parker Square Car Show". AARP. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- "Free Yoga Parker Square". Family eGuide. 28 July 2018. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- Masker, Stephen (16 August 2010). "Gazebo, Parker Square, Flower Mound, Texas". flickr. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- Gulley, Gary (18 March 2017). "Farmers Market, Parker Square, Flower Mound, Texas". flickr. Retrieved 6 July 2021.
- "CAFR - Flower Mound, TX - Official Website". www.flower-mound.com.
- Payne 2008.
- O'Flinn et al. 2012, pp. 6.
- Roark 2008.
- Jones, Caitlyn (17 Aug 2018). "Denton City Council, public get first look at new dog park designs". Denton Record Chronicle. Retrieved 7 October 2019.
- "Heritage Springs Splash Pad". flower-mound.com. Retrieved 8 October 2019.
- Walker 1976, p. 2.
- O'Flinn et al. 2010, p. 152.
- http://www.dorba.org DORBA.org
- Almanac 1996, p. 513.
- Council 2012.
- Pry 2013b.
- Cornyn et al. 1999, p. 9.
- Saxe 2009, p. 405.
- Welch 2007, pp. 144–150.
- Pry 2013a.
- Town of Flower Mound 2013-14 CAFR Retrieved 2015-07-02
- Town of Flower Mound FY2014-15 Budget Retrieved 2015-07-02
- Explorations Preparatory School
- Lewisville Christian School
- Grace Christian Academy
- Temple Christian Academy
- Roark 2011.
- Map Book 2010.
- O'Flinn et al. 2010, pp. 14–15.
- Roark 2012b.
- Bowman 2012.
- Head, Jordan (1998). "A New Species of Basal Hadrosaurid (Dinosauria, Ornithischia) from the Cenomanian of Texas". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 18 (4): 713–738. doi:10.1080/02724634.1998.10011101.
- Jordan, Terry (October 1976). "Forest Folk, Prairie Folk: Rural Religious Culture in North Texas". The Southwestern Historical Quarterly. 80 (2): 135–162. JSTOR 30236822.
- Maxwell, Billie Ann (2009). "Texas Tug of War: A Survey of Urban Drilling and the Issues an Operator Will Face". Texas Journal of Oil, Gas, & Energy Law. 4: 337. Retrieved 2013-04-07.
Texas confers broader authority to home rule cities than general law cities to regulate oil and gas activities within its jurisdiction. Examples of home rule cities include Fort Worth and Flower Mound.
- Welch, Terrence S. (2007). "Containing Urban Sprawl: Is Reinvigoration of Home Rule the Answer?" (PDF). Vermont Journal of Environmental Law. 9 (2): 131–153. JSTOR vermjenvilaw.9.2.131. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 8, 2013. Retrieved 2013-04-08.
- Bates, Edward (1918). History and Reminiscences of Denton County. Denton, Texas: McNitzky Printing Company. LCCN 19004337. OCLC 2133818. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
- Bowman, Alton (2004-12-01). The Flower Mound, Flower Mound, Texas: A History and Field Guide to the Flowers and Grasses (Softcover ed.). Virginia Beach, Virginia: Donning Company Publishers. ISBN 9781578642908. OCLC 56591979. Retrieved 2012-11-30.
- Cannon, Bill (2004). "Forgotten Footnotes to Texas History". Texas: Land of Legend and Lore. ISBN 9781556229497. OCLC 54454988.
- Flower Mound Historical Commission (April 1995). Ross, Elwood; Strobel, Jack; Bradford, Bill; Johns, Helen (eds.). Sweet Flower Mound Land. Andre Gerault, consultant; Doyle Ferguson, pictures; Frankie Spralbary, research. Wolfe City, Texas: Henington Publishing Company. LCCN 95204319. OCLC 33028214. OL 909524M. Retrieved 2012-11-30.
- Hervey, Hollace (2002). Historic Denton County: An Illustrated History. San Antonio, Texas: Historical Pub Network. ISBN 978-1-893619-07-4. LCCN 2002101353. OCLC 52948987. OL 3572319M. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
- Kilborn, Peter (2009-07-07). Next Stop, Reloville: Life Inside America's New Rootless Professional Class. Macmillan. ISBN 9780805083088. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- Rogers, James Lloyd (2002-05-01). "Expanding the University". The Story of North Texas: From Texas Normal College, 1890, to the University of North Texas System, 2001. University of North Texas Press. ISBN 9781574411287. OCLC 49935959. Retrieved 2012-11-29.
- Saxe, Allan (2009-01-16). "Cities Defining their Future". In Maxwell, William Earl; Crain, Ernest; Santos, Adolfo (eds.). Texas Politics Today. Cengage Learning. ISBN 9780495570257. OCLC 237881512. Retrieved 2012-11-29.
- Sperling, Bert; Sander, Peter (2006-05-08). "Flower Mound, TX". Best Places to Raise Your Family: The Top 100 Affordable Communities in the U.S. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 9780471746997. OCLC 68621941. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- Ramos, Mary G.; Plocheck, Robert, eds. (1995). "Home-Rule Cities". Texas Almanac, 1996–1997. Texas Almanac. The Dallas Morning News. pp. 512–515. ISSN 0363-4248. OCLC 2418737. Retrieved 2012-11-29.
- "Best Places to Live 2010". Money. Flower Mound, TX. August 2010. Archived from the original on 2013-03-14. Retrieved 2012-11-30.
- Communications, Emmis (October 1974). "'Perfect' is Too Strong a Word for Any Community, Even This One". Texas Monthly. 2 (10). ISSN 0148-7736. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- West, Richard (February 1976). Broyles, William (ed.). "Bum Steer Awards 1976". Texas Monthly. 4 (2): 71–79. ISSN 0148-7736. Retrieved 2012-11-29.
- Texas County Map Book (PDF) (Map) (2010 ed.). 1:120,000. Cartography by Transportation Planning and Programming Division. Texas Department of Transportation. 2010. p. 451. Retrieved 2012-12-07.
- Natural Subregions of Texas (PDF) (Map). Cartography by Texas Natural Resources Information System. Texas Parks and Wildlife Department. 2009. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
- Ackerman, Stefanie (2006-09-26). "Doc Honored for Service to Flower Mound -- William Wilkerson Served as Second Mayor FM". Flower Mound Leader. Archived from the original on 2013-02-02. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- Brown, Steve (2013-04-17). "Groundbreaking Set for First Phase of $1 Billion Flower Mound Project". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 2013-04-17.
- ——— (2013-08-13). "Groundbreaking for Long Delayed Flower Mound Mixed-use Project This Week". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- Carlisle, Candace (2012-02-23). "Plans for $1B Flower Mound Lakeside Project Unveiled". Dallas Business Journal. American City Business Journals.
- ——— (2012-10-29). "California Investment Group Buys Tract in Flower Mound". Dallas Business Journal. American City Business Journals.
- Estridge, Holli (2006-04-09). "Partners Plot Future of Canyon Falls Project". Dallas Business Journal. American City Business Journals. Retrieved 2013-04-17.
- Hundley, Wendy (2010-07-10). "Flower Mound Gas Drilling Plan Pits Property Rights Against Safety Concerns". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 2012-11-30.
- ——— (2012-01-10). "Fire on Flower Mound Expected to Spark Profusion of Wildflowers". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- ——— (2012-11-20). "Lakeside DFW Approved as Flower Mound's First Mixed-use Project". The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved 2012-11-30.
- Pry, Lyn Rejahl (2013-04-07). "Flower Mound Council Candidates Talk SMARTGrowth". Cross Timbers Gazette. Flower Mound, Texas. Archived from the original on 2013-04-08. Retrieved 2013-04-08.
- ——— (2013-04-08). "SMARTGrowth and the LISD". Cross Timbers Gazette. Flower Mound, Texas. Archived from the original on 2014-06-25. Retrieved 2013-04-08.
- ——— (2013-08-19). "Flower Mound Voters to Decide Fate of River Walk Improvements". Cross Timbers Gazette. Flower Mound, Texas. Archived from the original on 2013-10-21. Retrieved 2013-09-02.
- Roark, Chris (2008-08-23). "Flower Mound: Celebration of Life Sunday for Fallen Soldier". Flower Mound Leader. Archived from the original on 2013-02-02. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- ——— (2011-01-07). "Flower Mound Welcomes NCTC". Flower Mound Leader. Retrieved 2012-11-29.
- ——— (2012-03-21). "Council Argues Over Lakeside DFW Financial Disclosure". Flower Mound Leader. Archived from the original on 2013-02-02. Retrieved 2012-11-30.
- ——— (2012-06-20). "Council OK's Bike Lane Plan, Land Tracking System". Flower Mound Leader. Retrieved 2012-12-09.
- ——— (2013-04-16). "Lakeside DFW in Partnership with Event Planner". Archived from the original on 2013-06-16. Retrieved 2013-04-17.
- Taylor, Linda (2006-11-24). "Mixed-use Possible Solution for Denton Creek District". Flower Mound Leader. Retrieved 2013-04-17.
- Cornyn, John; Taylor, Andy; Ervin, Clark Kent; Robinson, Elizabeth; Oltrogge, Kymberly (1999). Texas Attorney General Opinion (Legal opinion). Texas Attorney-General's Office. JC-142. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
A home-rule municipality may implement a growth-management plan that apportions, or 'caps', the number of building permits the municipality will issue in a given time period even in the absence of an emergency.
- Flower Mound New Town (PDF) (Executive summary). 1970-12-22. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-08-24. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- Marks, George C. (1980). Soil Survey of Denton County, Texas (Soil survey). Retrieved 2012-11-30.
- O'Flinn, Larry; Hudson, Barry; Alves, Tom; Thompson, Janel; Hadden, Eric (2010-05-03). Town of Flower Mound Parks and Trails Master Plan Update (PDF) (Master plan). Graphic design by Jay Tobias. Dunaway Associates. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
- ———; et al. (2012). Parks and Trails Plan (PDF) (Master plan update). Town of Flower Mound. Retrieved 2012-12-08.
- Springer, Chuck (2012). Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for the Fiscal Year Ended September 30, 2011 (PDF) (Financial report). Retrieved 2012-11-29.
- Report of the Board of Home Missions of the Presbyterian Church of the United States of America (Annual report) (One Hundred Eighteenth ed.). Philadelphia. 1920-05-20. p. 86. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- Walker, Jacilyn G. (1976). Bikeways for Flower Mound: A Proposed System of Recreational and Commuter Bikeways for the Town of Flower Mound, Texas (Consultant analysis). University of Texas at Arlington: Institute for Urban Studies. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
- Bowman, John (2012-08-28). "Nationwide Poll Reveals Top U.S. and Canadian Speed Traps" (PDF) (Press release). National Motorists Association. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-10-19. Retrieved 2013-06-14.
- "Flower Mound". LoneStarDinosaurs.org. Fort Worth Museum of Science and History. Archived from the original on 2010-12-19. Retrieved 2012-11-30.
- "Flower Mound (town), Texas". United States Census Bureau. 2012-01-31. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
- Greene, A.C. (1973). Cochran, Mike (ed.). "A Brief History of Flower Mound". Dentonhistory.net. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- Hawes, Chris (2010-01-22). "Intense, Emotional Debate Over Gas Drilling in Flower Mound". WFAA. Archived from the original on 2012-03-01. Retrieved 2012-06-05.
- Minor, David (2011). "Flower Mound, TX". Texas State Historical Association. Archived from the original on 2011-07-15. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- Payne, Minnie (2008-06-10). "Flower Mound Opens Doors to New Community Activity Center Saturday, with Grand Opening June 21". PegasusNews.com. Archived from the original on 2014-08-20. Retrieved 2012-11-28.
- Raghavan, Divya (2013-04-29). "The 100K Club: America's Highest-Earning Cities". NerdWallet.com. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
- "Selected Economic Characteristics — 2009–2011 American Community Survey 3-Year Estimates". American Fact Finder. United States Census Bureau. Income and Benefits. Archived from the original on 2020-02-12. Retrieved 2012-12-28.
- "Denton County Elections Official Results - 2012 General Election November 6, 2012". Clarity e-Election Platform. 2012. Retrieved 2015-01-15.
- "Population of Texas Cities and Towns Sorted by County". The County Information Project Texas Association of Counties. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
- "SMARTGrowth". Flower-Mound.com. Town of Flower Mound. 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-24.
- "Town Council". Flower-Mound.com. Town of Flower Mound. 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-06-06. Retrieved 2012-06-04.
- Bolz, Jim; Bolz, Tricia (2010). Denton County. Postcard History. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 978-0-7385-8452-2. OCLC 620741494. Retrieved 2011-10-26.
- Martin, Jimmy Ruth Hillard (2012-10-22). Flower Mound. Images of America Series. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9780738595832. LCCN 2012947540. OCLC 794708051. Retrieved 2012-11-24.