Flueggea

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Bushweeds
Flueggea leucopyrus Bra54.png
Flueggea leucopyrus[1]
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Phyllanthaceae
Tribe: Phyllantheae
Subtribe: Flueggeinae
Genus: Flueggea
Willd. 1806 not Rich. 1807 (Asparagaceae)
Synonyms[2]
  • Bessera Spreng., illegitimate homonym, not Schult. 1809 nor Schult. f. 1829 nor Vell. 1825
  • Colmeiroa Reut.
  • Coilmeroa Endl.
  • Geblera Fisch. & C.A.Mey.
  • Neowawraea Rock
  • Pleiostemon Sond.
  • Villanova Pourr. ex Cutanda 1861, illegitimate homonym, not Ortega 1797 nor Lag. 1816 (both of the latter Asteraceae)
  • Acidoton P.Browne 1856, rejected name, now Sw. 1788
  • Fluggea Willd. spelling variant

Flueggea, the bushweeds, is a genus of shrubs and trees in the family Phyllanthaceae first described as a genus in 1806.[3][4][5] It is widespread across much of Asia, Africa, and various oceanic islands, with a few species in South America in on the Iberian Peninsula.[2][6][7][8][9][10]

The genus is named after John Fluegge, a German cryptogamic botanist.

Members of this genus all have entire ovate leaves and minute green flowers that form at the leaf axils in the form of fascicles or cymes. The fruits are berries, of the size of peas.[8]

Many members of the genus were formerly classified under the genus Securinega.

Species[2]
  1. Flueggea acicularis - S China
  2. Flueggea acidoton - West Indies
  3. Flueggea anatolica - S Turkey
  4. Flueggea elliptica - Ecuador
  5. Flueggea flexuosa - Philippines, Maluku, New Guinea, SW Pacific
  6. Flueggea gracilis - Hainan, Palawan, Borneo, Malaysia, S Thailand
  7. Flueggea jullienii - Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam
  8. Flueggea leucopyrus - Socotra, Sajid Island, S India, Sri Lanka, Sichuan, Yunnan
  9. Flueggea monticola - Sichuan, Yunnan
  10. Flueggea neowawraea - Hawaii
  11. Flueggea schuechiana - Pernambuco
  12. Flueggea spirei - Laos
  13. Flueggea suffruticosa - Siberia, Mongolia, China, Korea, Japan
  14. Flueggea tinctoria - Spain, Portugal
  15. Flueggea verrucosa - Cape Province, KwaZulu-Natal
  16. Flueggea virosa - Africa, Madagascar, SW + S + SE Asia, Mascarenes, N Australia
formerly included[2]

moved to other genera (Leptopus Margaritaria Meineckia Ophiopogon )

  1. F. anceps - Ophiopogon japonicus
  2. F. angulata Raf. 1838 not (Schumach. & Thonn.) Schrank 1828 - Ophiopogon japonicus
  3. F. bailloniana - Margaritaria discoidea var. triplosphaera
  4. F. capillipes - Leptopus chinensis
  5. F. dracaenoides - Ophiopogon dracaenoides
  6. F. dubia - Ophiopogon intermedius
  7. F. eglandulosa - Margaritaria anomala
  8. F. fagifolia - Margaritaria discoidea var. fagifolia
  9. F. griffithii - Ophiopogon intermedius
  10. F. hilariana - Meineckia neogranatensis subsp. hilariana
  11. F. intermedia - Ophiopogon intermedius
  12. F. jaburan - Ophiopogon jaburan
  13. F. jacquemontiana - Ophiopogon intermedius
  14. F. japonica (Thunb.) Rich. not 1807 (Miq.) Pax 1890 - Ophiopogon japonicus
  15. F. major - Margaritaria anomala
  16. F. meineckia - Meineckia phyllanthoides
  17. F. nitida - Margaritaria discoidea var. nitida
  18. F. obovata Baill. 1861 not (Willd.) Wall. ex Fern.-Vill. 1880 - Margaritaria discoidea var. triplosphaera
  19. F. prolifera - Ophiopogon caulescens
  20. F. trichogynis - Meineckia trichogynis
  21. F. wallichiana Kunth 1825 not Baill. 1858 - Ophiopogon intermedius

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1874 illustration from tab. 54 of D. Brandis, Illustrations of the Forest Flora of North-West and Central India, 1874
  2. ^ a b c d Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  3. ^ Willdenow, Carl Ludwig von. 1806. Species Plantarum. Editio quarta 4(2): 637
  4. ^ Willdenow, Carl Ludwig von. 1806. Species Plantarum. Editio quarta 4(2): 757–758
  5. ^ Tropicos, genus Flueggea Willd.
  6. ^ Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Radcliffe-Smith, A. (2000). World Checklist and Bibliography of Euphorbiaceae (and Pandaceae) 1-4: 1-1622. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  7. ^ Barker, C. & van Welzen, P.C. (2010). Flueggea (Euphorbiaceae s. l. or Phyllanthaceae) in Malesia. Systematic Botany 35: 541-551.
  8. ^ a b Flora of China Vol. 11 Page 177 白饭树属 bai fan shu shu Flueggea Willdenow, Sp. Pl. 4: 637, 757. 1805.
  9. ^ Schatz, G. E., S. Andriambololonera, Andrianarivelo, M. W. Callmander, Faranirina, P. P. Lowry, P. B. Phillipson, Rabarimanarivo, J. I. Raharilala, Rajaonary, Rakotonirina, R. H. Ramananjanahary, B. Ramandimbisoa, A. Randrianasolo, N. Ravololomanana, Z.S. Rogers, C.M. Taylor & G. A. Wahlert. 2011. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Madagascar. Monographs in systematic botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden
  10. ^ Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980-2005. Flora of Pakistan University. of Karachi, Karachi.