In queueing theory, a discipline within the mathematical theory of probability, a fluid limit, fluid approximation or fluid analysis of a stochastic model is a deterministic real-valued process which approximates the evolution of a given stochastic process, usually subject to some scaling or limiting criteria.
^Pakdaman, K.; Thieullen, M.; Wainrib, G. (2010). "Fluid limit theorems for stochastic hybrid systems with application to neuron models". Advances in Applied Probability42 (3): 761. arXiv:1001.2474. doi:10.1239/aap/1282924062.
^Kurtz, T. G. (1971). "Limit Theorems for Sequences of Jump Markov Processes Approximating Ordinary Differential Processes". Journal of Applied Probability (Applied Probability Trust) 8 (2): 344–356. JSTOR3211904.edit