Fluminense FC

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"Fluminense" redirects here. For the gentilic, see Rio de Janeiro (state).
Fluminense fc logo.svg
Full name Fluminense Football Club
Nickname(s) Flu
Guerreiros (Warriors)
Founded July 21, 1902; 114 years ago (1902-07-21)
Stadium Estádio Giulite Coutinho
President Pedro Abad
Current coach Abel Braga
League Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Campeonato Carioca
Primeira Liga do Brasil
Copa Sul-Americana
Copa do Brasil
Brasileirão, 13th
Cariocão, 3th
Primeira Liga, 1st
Copa do Brasil, 9th
Website Club home page

Fluminense Football Club (Brazilian Portuguese: [flumiˈnẽsi ˈfu̇t-ˌbȯl ˈkləb]), known simply as Fluminense or The Institution, is a Brazilian sports club best known for its football team that plays in the Campeonato Brasileiro Série A[nb 1], the top tier of Brazilian football and the Campeonato Carioca,[nb 2] the state league of Rio de Janeiro. The club is based in the Laranjeiras neighbourhood of Rio de Janeiro. Fluminense play their home games at the Estádio Giulite Coutinho currently holds up to 13,544 [1] spectators.

The club was founded on July 21, 1902 by the sons of Carioca aristocrats, being led by Oscar Cox, a Brazilian sportsman, in the bairro of Flamengo, a direct contrast between the aristocratic founders and the modest ground it was founded on. Cox was elected as the club's first president. Fluminense has been state champions on 31 occasions, second only to Flamengo with 33. The team has been national champions four times, most recently in 2012, and won the Copa do Brasil in 2007.

Fluminense is a demonym for people who reside in the State of Rio de Janeiro. Although football is the club's original endeavor, the club is today an umbrella organization for several teams in more than 16 different sport activities. Fluminense's home kit is dark red-and-green vertical striped shirts, with white shorts, accompanied by white socks; this combination has been used since 1920. Dryworld are the kit manufacturers. Fluminense holds many long-standing rivalries, most notably against Flamengo (Fla-Flu), as well as with Botafogo and Vasco da Gama. It has contributed the fifth-most players to Brazil's national football team.


Oscar Cox, founder of Fluminense.
The team that won its first Campeonato Carioca, in 1906.
Laranjeiras Stadium, the Brazilian national team's first ground.
The Fluminense team in 1908, posing with the trophies won.

Fluminense Football Club was founded on July 21, 1902 in Rio de Janeiro by Oscar Cox, a Brazilian of English heritage,[2] in the then aristocratic neighborhood of Laranjeiras.[3] Fluminense was formed by sons of the elite who had come into contact with football while studying in Europe.[4]

The first official match was played against now defunct Rio FC, and ended 8–0 to Fluminense.[2] The club's first title came in 1906, when Fluminense won the Campeonato Carioca.[2]

In 1911, disagreement between Fluminense players led to the formation of Flamengo's football team.[2] The so-called Fla-Flu derby is considered one of the biggest in the history of Brazilian football.[5] Three years later, in Fluminense's stadium, the Brazilian national football team debuted, against touring English club Exeter City.[2] It was also there that they won their first title, in the 1919.[6]

Preguinho, a Fluminense notable player.

By 1924, Fluminense had 4,000 members, a stadium for 25,000 people, and facilities that impressed clubs in Europe.,[7]

In an unfortunate event in 1914, Carlos Alberto, a mulatto playing for Fluminense, decided to cover himself in face powder to disguise the color of his skin. This ultimately led to one of the club's nicknames, pó de arroz, which is the Portuguese for 'white powder'.[8][9] Although, like almost all football teams in Brazil at the time, racism was common among Fluminense supporters, Fluminense has a long history of black players even before the football became a professional sport.[10] [11] [12]

The following years saw an expansion of the club's hegemony in Rio. Fluminense would remain unsurpassed in terms of state championships until 2009.[13] International acclaim came in 1949 with the awarding of the Olympic Cup, and was further fostered in 1952 with Fluminense's first intercontinental honor, the Copa Rio.[2][14] The club established itself regionally with victory in two Torneio Rio-São Paulo cups in 1957 and 1960.[2] National honors followed in 1970, 1984, 2010 and 2012 with Taça de Prata and Série A cups, respectively.,[2] also taking the Cup in Brazil in 2007.

From the 1950s, with the creation of the Rio-São Paulo Tournament, the forerunner of what eventually would become the national championship, Fluminense established itself regionally by winning the tournament title in the years of 1957 and 1960.

From the 1960s, the first national championships began to be played in Brazil. Fluminense's first national title came in 1970, in that time, Brazil had the best players in world football, and all of them played in Brazilians clubs. Although not counted in its squad with the main players of the season in Brazil, Fluminense won the Brazilian champion surpassing the great strengths of the time in Santos, Palmeiras and Cruzeiro.

In the 1970s, Fluminense signed up several famous players like Roberto Rivellino. This time, called as "maquina tricolor", it won the state championship in the years of 1975 and 1976. In the national championship, Fluminense lost in the semifinal matches to Internacional in 1975 and Corinthians in 1976.

Fluminense again became the Brazilian champion in 1984. This time, they won the state Championship in the years of 1983, 1984 and 1985 with players like Romerito, Ricardo Gomes, Deley, and the "Casal Vinte": Assis and Washington.

At the end of the 1980s, Copa do Brasil was created, inspired by the Cups tournament played in European countries. Fluminense reached the final of the Copa do Brasil for the first time in 1992, losing the final match to Internacional de Porto Alegre.

Stained glass windows in Fluminense's headquarters

A disastrous campaign led to the club's relegation from Série A in 1996. A set of off-field political maneuvers (cheats), however, not performed by Fluminense, allowed Fluminense to remain in Brazil's top domestic league,[15] only to be relegated the next year.[16] Completely out of control, the club was relegated from Série B to Série C in 1998.[17] In 1999, Fluminense won the Série C championship and was to be promoted to Série B when it was invited to take part in Copa João Havelange,[18] a championship that replaced the traditional Série A in 2000. In 2001, it was decided that all clubs which took part in Copa João Havelange's so-called Blue Group should be kept in Série A,[19]

In 2002, 2005 and 2012, Fluminense won again the Campeonato Carioca. In 2005 Fluminense reached the final of the Copa do Brasil again, having lost the final match to Paulista Futebol Clube.

In 2007, Fluminense won the Copa do Brasil, after beating Figueirense in the final match, and was admitted in the Copa Libertadores again after 23 years.[2][20] The club's campaign led it into the finals and included remarkable matches against Arsenal de Sarandí, São Paulo and Boca Juniors.[21][22][23] Fluminense lost the cup to LDU Quito in a penalty shootout.[24]

After signing up 27 players and going through 5 different managers in 2009, Fluminense found itself struggling to avoid another relegation from Série A.[25] With less than one-third of the championship left, the mathematical probability of the club's relegation was of 98%.[26] At this point, manager Cuca decided to sack some of the more experienced players and gave Fluminense's youngsters a chance.[27] That, along with Fred's recovery from a serious injury and substantial support from the fans, allowed not only a sensational escape from relegation, but also placed Fluminense in the final of the Copa Sudamericana.[28][29] For the second year in a row, the club contested a continental cup. In a repeat of the previous year's Copa Libertadores, Fluminense lost the cup to LDU Quito.[30]

The Flu players before playing the 2008 Copa Libertadores final match.

In 2010, Fluminense won the Brazilian championship for the third time in its history, marking their third national championship after 1970 and 1984). It was also the fourth title for coach Muricy Ramalho in a decade: Ramalho had won the title three times in a row with São Paulo from 2006 to 2008. Darío Conca was named the Brazilian Championship's Player of Season, while Fred and Washington were decisive players in Fluminense's winning campaign.

On May 23, 2012, Fluminense lost the semifinal qualification match to Boca Juniors from Argentina, for the continental club football cup, Copa Libertadores.[31] Later that year, on November 11, they won their fourth Brazilian championship after defeating the near-relegated Palmeiras 3–2.[32] Fluminense won the Série A for the fourth time on November 11, 2012.[33]

In December 2013, a tie with Bahia in the last round of the 2013 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A had Fluminense mathematically relegated to the Série B. However, an irregular lineup by Portuguesa in the match against Grêmio in the previous round, which included midfielder Héverton, suspended for the affair, caused the Sâo Paulo side to lose 4 points after a trial in STJD (Brazil's governing football jury). That allowed Fluminense to stay in Série A, with Portuguesa being relegated instead. The move was widely criticized by fans and reporters alike, mainly because it marked the second time in 15 years that Fluminense was relegated but did not play the following year's Série B due to a legal decision.


Fluminense has taken part in 36 of the 38 official Serie A championships organized in Brazil since 1971.[34]

Year Position Participants Year Position Participants
1971 16 20 1981 11 44
1972 14 26 1982 5 44
1973 23 40 1983 18 44
1974 24 40 1984 1 41
1975 3 42 1985 22 44
1976 4 54 1986 6 48
1977 26 62 1987 7 16
1978 22 74 1988 3 24
1979 52 94 1989 15 22
1980 11 44 1990 15 20
Year Position Participants Year Position Participants
1991 4 20 2001 3 28
1992 14 20 2002 4 26
1993 28 32 2003 19 24
1994 15 24 2004 9 24
1995 4 24 2005 5 22
1996 23 24 2006 15 20
1997 25 26 2007 4 20
1998 Série B 2008 14 20
1999 Série C 2009 16 20
2000 3 25 2010 1 20
Year Position Participants Year Position Participants
2011 3 20
2012 1 20
2013 15 20
2014 6 20
2015 13 20
2016 13 20


Companies that Fluminense Football Club currently has sponsorship deals with include:

  • Adidas – kit supplier from 1996 until 2015.
  • Under Armour – kit supplier since Feb 2017.


Fans of Fluminense at the Maracanã
Fluminense luminous mosaic arises, by fans in Maracanã.

Highest attendances – Maracanã[35][edit]

  • 1. Fluminense 0–0 Flamengo, 1963 194,603 ¹
  • 2. Fluminense 3–2 Flamengo, 1969 171,599
  • 3. Fluminense 1–0 Botafogo, 1971 160,000
  • 4. Fluminense 0–0 Flamengo, 1976 155,116
  • 5. Fluminense 1–0 Flamengo, 1984 153,520
  • 6. Fluminense 1–1 Corinthians, 1976 146,043

¹: paying 177,656, a record of persons present at Maracanã stadium.

Highest means of public competition for Fluminense[edit]

  • Largest average attendance in the Copa Libertadores (RJ): 52,801 (49,011 pags., 2008)
  • Largest average attendance in the Copa Sudamericana (RJ): 29,357 (27,318 pags., 2009)
  • Largest average attendance in international tournaments (RJ): 48,797 (37,541 pags., Copa Rio, 1952)
  • Largest average attendance in national championships (RJ): 43,541 pags. (1976)
  • Largest average attendance in the Tournament Roberto Gomes Pedrosa (RJ): 40,408 pags. (1970)
  • Largest average attendance in the Brazil Cup (RJ): 27,123 pags. (2007)
  • Largest average attendance in the Rio-São Paulo Tournament (RJ): 33,018 pags. (1960)
  • Largest average attendance in the state championship: 47,814 pags. (1969, all stages)
  • Largest average attendance in the state championship in the Maracana Stadium: 93,560 pags. (1969, 10 Matches)


The supporters of Fluminense Football Club are usually related to the upper classes of Rio de Janeiro.[36] However, the popularity of the club reaches beyond the city limits. Recent polls have estimated the number of supporters to be between 1.3% and 3.7% of the Brazilian population.[37] Considering a population of 185 million people,[38] that would account for numbers between 2.73 and 6.84 million.

The best attendance ever observed in a match of Fluminense was registered on December 15, 1963 in a rally against Flamengo. On that day, an impressive amount of 194,000 people showed up at the Maracanã stadium.[39] This occasion remains as the stadium's record for a match between clubs.[40]

Notable supporters of Fluminense include composers Cartola and Chico Buarque,[41][42] FIFA president of honor João Havelange,[5] musician Ivan Lins,[43] poet and actor Mário Lago,[44] journalist and songwriter Nelson Motta[45] and dramatist, journalist and writer Nelson Rodrigues.,[45] 1970 FIFA World Cup winner Gérson, Paris Saint-Germain's top defense player Thiago Silva, former Minister of Culture and international artist Gilberto Gil,[46] Silvio Santos, the owner of SBT, the second largest Brazilian television network,[47] and the Academy Award nomenee Fernanda Montenegro.[48]


Some of the trophies won by Fluminense, exhibited at the club: (left): Campeonato Brasileiro Série A and Copa Rio amongst others; (right) The Copa do Brasil won in 2007.





  • Campeonato Carioca: (31) 1906, 1907¹, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1924, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1940, 1941, 1946, 1951, 1959, 1964, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1980, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1995, 2002, 2005, 2012

Fluminense main derbies[edit]

According to the fluzao.info site, the average public paying the principal classics of Fluminense played in the Estádio do Maracanã is 60,107 against Flamengo, Vasco against the 43,735 of 34,359 against Botafogo of 25,127 against America and of 22,527 against Bangu, medium plus the public that these gifts could be about 20% higher, given the issues of the distribution of gratuities in the Maracanã .[50]

Corinthians vs Fluminense, the great Fluminense interstate derby

Considering the interstate clashes, the derby against Corinthians is perhaps the most representative among the various confrontations with big Brazilian clubs played by Fluminense, given the fact that these clubs often intersect at decisive moments in their stories, either by the end Rio Cup, the direct contest in several Tournaments Rio-São Paulo since 1940, or by the qualifying rounds of the Championship or Cup of Brazil,[51][52] in the great struggle of the 2010 Série A when the two clubs contending for the title from the early stages of the championship with Corinthians been beaten for the Championship by Fluminense in the final round, as was the case in 2011, when Corinthians were crowned champions and the Tricolor, considered the best team during second round of the league, were placed third after the final match day.


Current squad[edit]

As of 8 February 2017[53]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Brazil GK Marcos Felipe
2 Brazil DF Lucas (on loan from Palmeiras)
3 Brazil DF Gum (captain)
4 Brazil DF Renato Chaves
5 Brazil MF Pierre
7 Brazil MF Marquinho
8 Brazil MF Douglas
9 Brazil FW Henrique Dourado
10 Brazil MF Gustavo Scarpa
11 Brazil FW Wellington
12 Brazil GK Diego Cavalieri
13 Brazil DF Frazan
15 Brazil DF Léo
16 Brazil DF Renato
17 Brazil FW Osvaldo
18 Ecuador MF Jefferson Orejuela
20 Ecuador MF Junior Sornoza
21 Brazil MF Danilinho
No. Position Player
22 Brazil GK Júlio César
25 Brazil MF Maranhão
26 Brazil MF Mateus Norton
28 Brazil FW Matheus Alessandro
29 Brazil MF Luiz Fernando
30 Brazil FW Marquinhos Calazans
31 Brazil FW Patrick Luan
32 Brazil FW Pedro
33 Brazil DF Henrique
34 Brazil GK Matheus
35 Brazil FW Marcos Júnior
36 Brazil MF Daniel
40 Brazil DF Reginaldo
44 Brazil DF Nogueira
70 Brazil FW Richarlison
77 Brazil FW Lucas Fernandes
Brazil FW Michael

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil DF Ailton (on loan at Portugal Estoril Praia)
Brazil DF Alan Fialho (on loan at Slovakia Flu Šamorín)
Brazil DF Artur (on loan at Parana Clube)
Brazil DF Ayrton (on loan at Londrina)
Brazil DF Elivelton (on loan at Tupi)
Brazil DF Giovanni (on loan at Náutico)
Brazil DF Igor Julião (on loan at United States Sporting Kansas City)
Brazil DF Wellington Silva (on loan at Bahia)
Brazil MF Bonilha (on loan at Tupi)
Brazil MF Dudu (on loan at Náutico)
Brazil MF Edson (on loan at Bahia)
Brazil MF Eduardo (on loan at Portugal Estoril Praia)
Brazil MF Felipe Amorim (on loan at América-MG)
Brazil MF Fernando Neto (on loan at Santo André)
Brazil MF Higor Leite (on loan at Volta Redonda)
Brazil MF Kassiano (on loan at Inter de Lages)
Brazil MF Levi (on loan at Slovakia Flu Šamorín)
Brazil MF Luquinha (on loan at Slovakia Flu Šamorín)
Brazil MF Marlon Freitas (on loan at Slovakia Flu Šamorín)
No. Position Player
Brazil MF Pablo Dyego (on loan at United States San Francisco Deltas)
Brazil MF Robert (on loan at Boavista-RJ)
Brazil MF William Henrique (on loan at Slovakia Flu Šamorín U19)
Brazil MF Willian (on loan at Mirassol)
Brazil FW Danilo Mariotto (on loan at Portuguesa)
Brazil FW Douglas (on loan at Inter de Lages)
Brazil FW Estevão (on loan at Slovakia Flu Šamorín U19)
Brazil FW Euller (on loan at Londrina)
Brazil FW Fernando (on loan at PSTC)
Argentina FW Leonel (on loan at Slovakia Flu Šamorín)
Brazil FW Matheus Alves (on loan at Malaysia Pahang FA)
Brazil FW Matheus Pato (on loan at Tupi)
Brazil FW Patrick (on loan at Nova Iguaçu)
Brazil FW Peu (on loan at Slovakia Flu Šamorín)
Brazil FW Samuel (on loan at United Arab Emirates Hatta Club)
Brazil FW Thiago André (on loan at Tupi)
Brazil FW Wellington Paulista (on loan at Chapecoense)
Brazil FW Zé Lucas (on loan at Poland Stal Mielec)

Youth team[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Brazil GK Hans
Brazil GK Leo Lang
Brazil DF Breno Caetano
Brazil DF Diogo
Brazil DF Eduardo
Brazil DF Guilherme Crepaldi
Brazil DF Kadu
Brazil DF Mascarenhas
Brazil DF Renner
Brazil MF Guilherme
Brazil MF Hernandes
No. Position Player
Brazil MF Nascimento
Brazil MF Paulinho
Brazil MF Pedrinho
Brazil MF Rafael Resende
Brazil MF Romûlo
Brazil MF Ruan
Brazil MF Vinícius
Brazil MF Wendel
Brazil FW Evanilson
Brazil FW Schutz
Brazil FW Talles

First-team staff[edit]

As of June 2014.
Position Name Nationality
Head coach Marcão  Brazilian
Assistant coach Matheus Costa  Brazilian
Fitness coaches Flávio Vignoli  Brazilian
Jefferson Souza  Brazilian

Head coaches[edit]


Players with most appearances[edit]

Name Matches
Brazil Castilho 699
Brazil Pinheiro 603
Brazil Telê Santana 556
Brazil Altair 549
Brazil Escurinho 490
Brazil Rubens Galaxe 462
Brazil Denílson 433
Brazil Assis (Defender) 424
Brazil Waldo 403
10º Brazil Marcão (Midfielder) 397

Top goalscorers[edit]

Name Goals Years
Brazil Waldo 319 1954–61
Brazil Orlando Pingo de Ouro 188 1945–55
Brazil Fred 172 2009–16
Brazil Hércules 165 1935–42
Brazil Telê Santana 164 1950–61
England Welfare 163 1913–23
Russia Russo 149 1933–44
Brazil Preguinho 128 1925–39
Brazil Washington 124 1983–89
10º Brazil Magno Alves 121 1998–2002 / 2015-

Coaches with most appearances[edit]

Name Matches
Brazil Zezé Moreira 467
Uruguay Ondino Viera 300
Brazil Abel Braga 202
Brazil Renato Gaúcho 178
Brazil Tim 166
Brazil Nelsinho Rosa 156
Brazil Carlos Alberto Parreira 146
Brazil Sylvio Pirillo 138
Brazil Luís Vinhaes 137
10º Brazil Paulo Emílio 126


  1. ^ Also known by its nickname Brasileirão.
  2. ^ Also known by its nickname Cariocão.


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External links[edit]