Fluminense FC

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Fluminense
Full nameFluminense Football Club
Nickname(s)Tricolor
Flu
Fluzão (Big Flu)
Nense
Pó de Arroz (Rice Powder)
Time de Guerreiros (Team of Warriors)
Founded21 July 1902; 121 years ago (1902-07-21)
StadiumMaracanã
Capacity78,838[1]
PresidentMário Bittencourt
Head coachFernando Diniz
LeagueCampeonato Brasileiro Série A
2023
2023
Série A, 7th of 20
Carioca, 1st of 12 (champions)
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Fluminense Football Club (Brazilian Portuguese: [flumiˈnẽsi futʃiˈbɔw ˈklubi]), known as Fluminense or more commonly as Flu, is a Brazilian sports club best known for its professional football team that competes in the Campeonato Brasileiro Serie A, the first tier of Brazilian football, and the Carioca Championship, the state league of Rio de Janeiro. The club is based in the neighbourhood of Laranjeiras since its foundation in 1902. Fluminense is the oldest football club in Rio de Janeiro.

Fluminense have been crowned national champions four times, most recently in the 2012 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A; the team have also won the 2007 Copa do Brasil and the 1952 Copa Rio. In 1949, Fluminense became the only football club in the world to receive the Olympic Cup, awarded annually by the International Olympic Committee to an institution or association with a record of merit and integrity in actively developing the Olympic Movement. Its best international performances are finishing champions of the 2023 Copa Libertadores, and reaching the 2008 Copa Libertadores finals.[2]

Fluminense is the gentilic given to people born in the state of Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil.

Fluminense's traditional home kit consists of an iconic combination of three colors: burgundy, white, and green, disposed in vertical stripes, since its adoption in 1904. White shorts and white socks, an outfit which has been in use since 1920, complement the home kit for O Tricolor.

The club holds several long-standing rivalries with other clubs, most notably with Flamengo (Clássico Fla-Flu), Botafogo (Clássico Vovô) and Vasco da Gama (Clássico dos Gigantes). The Clássico Fla-Flu in particular is widely considered one of the greatest football derbies in Brazil and South America, having eventually set the world record for the highest attendance in a match between football clubs (over 200.000 spectators in the stadium of Maracanã).

The club is the birthplace of the Brazil national football team, which played its first game amidst the club’s 12th anniversary celebrations. In Fluminense's ground, the Estádio de Laranjeiras, the “Canarinhos” held their first ever match, scored their first ever goal and lifted their first ever trophy. To this day, the club has contributed the fifth-most players to the national team among all Brazilian clubs.[3]

History[edit]

Oscar Cox, founder of Fluminense

Rio's football pioneering[edit]

Fluminense Football Club was founded on 21 July 1902, in the neighbourhood of Laranjeiras, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, by a group of young football enthusiasts led by Oscar Cox, an English citizen born in Brazil, who had come into contact with the sport whilst studying in Europe, and Cox was subsequently elected as the first president.[4] Therefore, it was the first football club to be founded in the city, whose most popular sport at the time was rowing.[5]

Preguinho, a notable Fluminense player

The first official match was played against now defunct Rio Football Club, and Fluminense won 8–0.[2] The club's first title came in 1906, when Fluminense won the state championship (Campeonato Carioca).[2]

In 1911, disagreement between Fluminense players led to the formation of Flamengo's football team.[2] The so-called Fla-Flu derby is considered one of the biggest in the history of Brazilian football.[6] Three years later, in Fluminense's stadium, the Brazil national football team debuted, against touring English club Exeter City.[2] It was also there that they won their debut title, in 1919.[7]

By 1922, Fluminense had 4,000 members, a stadium for 25,000 people, and facilities that impressed clubs in Europe.[8]

Construction of Maracanã[edit]

Goalkeeper Carlos Castilho, in 1956

The 1950 World Cup strengthened football in the country, and as a result, the country's biggest teams, which basically only competed in state tournaments, began to measure their strength in tournaments and matches against teams from other states. To hold the competition, the Maracanã was built, the largest stadium in the world at that time, and which became the main stadium for Fluminense's games.[9]

In the context of the World Cup held in the country in 1950, CBD, accompanied by FIFA and IFAB, decided to hold a competition that pitted the champion clubs from the main FIFA-affiliated countries against each other, thus creating the International Champions Club Tournament, better known as Copa Rio. The competition brought together the Champion clubs from countries in South America (Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) and Europe (Austria, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, Switzerland and Yugoslavia), its first edition was in 1951, being won by Palmeiras.[10]

In 1951, Fluminense won the Carioca championship, which meant that the team qualified for the 1952 Copa Rio. The team had great players who represented the Brazilian team, such as Carlos Castilho, Píndaro, Pinheiro, Didi, Orlando Pingo de Ouro and Telê Santana.

In the first phase of the competition, the teams were divided into two groups, the first played their matches at Maracanã, and the second played their matches at Pacaembu, Fluminense was in the first group and faced Grasshopper (Switzerland), Sporting Lisboa (Portugal) and Peñarol (Uruguay), and qualified in first place. In the semi final they beat Austria Wien (Austria), and in the final they defeated Corinthians.

From the 1950s, with the creation of the Rio-São Paulo Tournament, the forerunner of what eventually would become the national championship, Fluminense established itself regionally by winning the tournament title in 1957 and 1960.[2]

National Achievements[edit]

Fluminense team of 1960

From the 1960s onwards, the first national championships were played in Brazil, so that the country could send representatives to the Copa Libertadores. Fluminense's first national title came in 1970; At that time, Brazil had the best players in world football, and they all played for Brazilian clubs. Its squad was among the main candidates of the season in Brazil, Fluminense won the Brazilian Championship overcoming other major opponents of the season in Santos, Palmeiras and Cruzeiro.

In the 1970s, Fluminense signed several famous players such as Carlos Alberto Torres, Dirceu, Gil, Narciso Doval, Pintinho and Roberto Rivellino. This team, called "Tricolor Machine", won the state championship in 1975 and 1976. In the national championship, Fluminense lost in the semifinals to Internacional in 1975 and Corinthians in 1976.

Fluminense became Brazilian champions again in 1984, playing in the final against Rio rivals Vasco da Gama. During the decade, they also won three state championships in a row, in 1983, 1984 and 1985, defeating their main rival Flamengo, in the final of the first two. These titles were won by great players such as Branco, Delei, Edinho, Ricardo Gomes, Romerito and the “Casal Vinte”: Assis and Washington.

At the end of the 1980s, Copa do Brasil was created, inspired by the Cup tournaments played in European countries. Fluminense reached the final of the Copa do Brasil for the first time in 1992, but lost to Internacional in a penalty shootout, in a controversial match in Porto Alegre.

A disastrous campaign led to Fluminense's relegation from Brasileirão Série A in 1996. However, a set of off-field political manoeuvres not performed by the club allowed them to remain in Brazil's top domestic league,[11] only to be relegated the next year.[12] Completely out of control, the club was relegated from Série B to Série C in 1998.[13] In 1999, Fluminense won the Série C championship and were to be promoted to Série B when they were invited to take part in Copa João Havelange,[14] a championship that replaced the traditional Série A in 2000. In 2001, it was decided that all clubs which took part in Copa João Havelange's so-called Blue Group should be kept in Série A.[15]

2000s: Copa do Brasil title, first Libertadores final[edit]

President Lula with Fluminense players, champions of the 2007 Brazil Cup.

Fluminense had good campaigns in the 2000, 2001, and 2002 Serie A, finishing in the top four each of these times. Fluminense's first title of the 21st century was the 2002 Campeonato Carioca. In 2005, Fluminense won the Campeonato Caroica and the Taca Rio, and finished fifth in the Brasileirao. Later that year, they reached the final of the Copa do Brasil again, but lost to Serie B club Paulista 2–0, marking one of the few times that a Serie B club won the Copa do Brasil.

In 2007, Fluminense won the Copa do Brasil beating Figueirense in the final, and was admitted to the Copa Libertadores again after 23 years.[2][16][17] In the 2007 Serie A, the club finished fourth, and Thiago Neves won the Golden Ball for the league's best player.[17]

The club's 2008 Copa Libertadores campaign saw them reach the finals and included a remarkable 6–0 victory against Arsenal de Sarandí in the group stage,[18] winning both games against Colombian club Atlético Nacional in R16, a comeback against São Paulo in the QF,[19] and disposing of defending champions Boca Juniors in the SF with a 3–1 victory.[20] Fluminense eventually finished runner-up, losing the finals to LDU Quito on penalties after a 5–5 draw on aggregate, despite a hat-trick from Thiago Neves in the second leg.[21] Fluminense had already faced LDU in the group stage, winning 1-0 and drawing 0-0. The club finished fourteenth in the Serie A that season, and only finished one point away from relegation, but curiously still qualifying for the following years Copa Sudamericana.

Washington Cerqueira before the 2008 Copa Libertadores final

After signing 27 players and going through 5 different managers in 2009, Fluminense found themselves struggling to avoid another relegation from Série A.[22] With less than one-third of the championship left, the mathematical probability of the club's relegation was 98%.[23] At this point, manager Cuca decided to dispense with some of the more experienced players and gave Fluminense's youngsters a chance.[24][17] That, along with Fred's recovery from a serious injury and substantial support from the fans, allowed not only a sensational escape from relegation with five matches remaining, but also placed Fluminense in the Copa Sudamericana finals, having eliminated rivals Flamengo.[25][26] For the second year in a row, the club contested a continental cup. In a repeat of the previous year's Copa Libertadores, Fluminense lost the finals to LDU Quito.[27]

2010s: Two-time Brazilian championship[edit]

For 2010, manager Muricy Ramalho replaced Cuca. His first task was in the 2010 Copa do Brasil quarter-finals against Gremio, where Flumiense were eliminated 5–3 on aggregate. However, this elimination was not considered a "failure", in part because with this elimination the club was not participating in any other competitions and could fully focus on the Brasileirao.[17] Eventually, the elimination helped the club, and that year, with Ramalho's effective defensive block conceding the least amount of goals in the league, Fluminense won the Brazilian championship for the third time in their history after 26 years, securing it with a 1–0 victory at home to already relegated Guarani.[17] It was also the fourth title for coach Ramalho in a decade: Ramalho had won the title three times in a row with São Paulo from 2006 to 2008. Darío Conca was named the Brazilian Championship's Player of the Season, playing all 38 league matches,[17] while Fred, Washington, and Deco were decisive players in Fluminense's title-winning campaign.

For the 2011 season, the new manager was Abel Braga, who led the team to a third-placed finish in the Serie A and qualification for the following year's Copa Libertadores, despite being eliminated in the round of 16 of the aforementioned competition by Club Libertad. The club decided to keep coach Abel Braga for 2012, and made big investments for the squad, bringing back Thiago Neves and signing youngster Wellington Nem.[17] On 13 May 2012, Fluminense won the Campeonato Carioca, beating Rio rivals Botafogo 5–1 on aggregate for their first title of the 2012 season. In the Copa Libertadores, Fluminense was eliminated in the quarter-finals by powerhouse Boca Juniors, losing 2–1 on aggregate.[28] Later that year, on 11 November, they won their fourth Brazilian championship after defeating near-relegated Palmeiras 3–2, with three matchdays left.[29][30] Striker Fred was also the competition's top scorer, with 20 goals, and received the CBF Best Player award.[31] Goalkeeper Diego Cavalieri had a phenomenal season and won the Bola de Prata as the league's best goalkeeper, and Abel Braga was chosen as best coach.[32]

In 2013, the team was eliminated in the Copa Libertadores quarter finals again, this time to Olimpia. In the Serie A, the team began poorly, losing six of their first nine matches, which caused the sacking of coach Abel Braga.[33] Seven undefeated matches in September steered the club away from relegation, but an eight-match winless run put the club back into the relegation fight, mainly due to the absences of stars Deco, Fred, Thiago Neves, Carlinhos and Wellington Nem, and in December 2013, a 2–1 victory away to Bahia in the last round of the 2013 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A had Fluminense mathematically relegated to Série B. However, rule-breaking lineups by Portuguesa and Fluminense's main rivals Flamengo in their matches against Grêmio and Cruzeiro respectively caused Portuguesa and Flamengo to lose 4 points after a trial in STJD (Brazil's governing football jury). The points lost by Flamengo and Portuguesa allowed Fluminense to stay in Série A, with Portuguesa being relegated and Flamengo ending the championship as the lowest-ranked non-relegated club.

In 2014, Fluminense brought back club idol Conca among other signings such as Walter and Cícero. Coupled with Fred's and Carlinhos’ recoveries from injury, Fluminense spent the majority of the 2014 Série A in the top five and fighting for one of the berths at the 2015 Copa Libertadores, ultimately failing to reach its goal after an unstable final stretch and finishing 6th. In December, Fluminense ended its partnership with its main sponsor, Unimed. For fifteen years, the health insurance company was the main investor in signing players, especially after the team won the 2007 Copa do Brasil, bringing to the club athletes such as Darío Conca, Deco, Diego Cavalieri, Fred, Rafael Sóbis, Thiago Neves and Washington. From 2015 onwards, Fluminense underwent a remodeling, with the departure of some of its main players. The club's youth categories became fundamental for its maintenance in the first division in the following years, and the sale of young players became the club's main source of income.[34]

In 2019, the club hired Fernando Diniz, a young coach with innovative ideas within Brazilian football, but political conflicts within the club and a technically limited team caused the coach to be fired, with the team in the relegation zone, the team managed to escape relegation and reorganize. The following year the team brings back Fred, one of the greatest idols in the club's history, and in the 2020 season the team manages to qualify for the Copa Libertadores, with coach Odair Hellmann, but he leaves the team to coach Al Wasl, from the UAE.

2020s: Copa Libertadores title[edit]

The team returns to compete in the Copa Libertadores after eight years out of the competition, and with consistent campaigns in the Brazilian championship it manages to secure places in the competitions in consecutive editions of the Libertadores. However, after Odair's departure, the club has difficulty maintaining a coach, with Marcão, Roger Machado and Abel Braga taking over the position. In 2022, after winning the Campeonato Carioca against rivals Flu, their first trophy in a decade, with Argentine striker Germán Cano being the star of the team, and being eliminated from the Libertadores, Abel Braga retires from his coaching career, and Fluminense decides to give Fernando Diniz another chance.

In 2022, Fluminense achieves its best place in the Brazilian Championship in the last ten years, a third place, with an offensive team that is noted for its fluidity and ball possession, and the team qualifies for the group stage of the 2023 Copa Libertadores. In the beginning of the season, the football played by the team is considered by many to be the best in South America, and the team reaches the Campeonato Carioca finals against Flamengo; in the first match the red-black team wins 2–0, but in the second game Fluminense achieved a 4–1 victory, winning the Campeonato Carioca for a second year in a row against its main rival, and Diniz clinching his first trophy with the club.[35] In the 2023 Libertadores, Fluminense falls into group D, along with River Plate (Argentina), The Strongest (Bolivia) and Sporting Cristal (Peru), despite being considered one of the most difficult groups in the edition, Fluminense ranks first, inflicting the biggest defeat in River Plate's history in the competition, 5–1 at Maracanã. In the final stage of the dispute, the opponents were Argentinos Juniors, Olimpia (Paraguay) and Internacional, the team defeated all opponents without suffering any defeat.

Flu's home stadium, Maracanã, was previously chosen to be the stage for the final; on the other side the opponent would be Boca Juniors, who sought to become champions of the competition for the seventh time, and with this become the greatest champion of the competition, tied to Independiente. In the final, striker Germán Cano opened the scoring for Fluminense, but Peruvian right-back Luis Advíncula tied the match for Boca; the match then went into extra time, when youngster John Kennedy, coming from the youth team, came off the bench and scored the team's second goal. The match ended 2–1 for Fluminense, who lifted the Copa Libertadores trophy for the first time.

Season statistics[edit]

Fluminense home shirt (2022)
Fluminense reserve shirt (2022)
Fluminense alternative shirt (2022)

Fluminense have taken part in 57 of the 68 official Serie A championships organized in Brazil since 1959.[36]

Taça Brasil[edit]

Year Position Participants Year Position Participants
1959 - 16 1964 - 22
1960 17 1965 - 22
1961 - 18 1966 22
1962 - 18 1967 - 21
1963 - 20 1968 - 23

Roberto Gomes Pedrosa Tournament[edit]

Year Position Participants
1967 13º 15
1968 12º 17
1969 17
1970 17

Brazilian Championship[edit]

Year Position Participants Year Position Participants
1971 16º 20 1981 11º 44
1972 14º 26 1982 44
1973 23º 40 1983 18º 44
1974 24º 40 1984 41
1975 42 1985 22º 44
1976 54 1986 48
1977 26º 62 1987 16
1978 22º 74 1988 24
1979 52º 94 1989 15º 22
1980 11º 44 1990 15º 20
Year Position Participants Year Position Participants
1991 20 2001 28
1992 14º 20 2002 26
1993 28º 32 2003 19º 24
1994 15º 24 2004 24
1995 24 2005 22
1996 23º 24 2006 15º 20
1997 25ºDecrease 26 2007 20
1998 19ºDecrease (Série B) 24 2008 14º 20
1999 Increase (Série C) 36 2009 16º 20
2000 25 2010 20
Year Position Participants Year Position Participants
2011 20 2018 12º 20
2012 20 2019 14º 20
2013 15º 20 2020 20
2014 20 2021 20
2015 13º 20 2022 20
2016 13º 20 2023 20
2017 14º 20

Records[edit]

Fluminense fans display a luminous mosaic in Maracanã.
Fluminense supporters at the Maracanã

Highest attendances – Maracanã[edit]

According to the RSSSF, these were the highest attendances in Fluminense matches:[37]

  • 1. Fluminense 0-0 Flamengo (1963): 194,603[a]
  • 2. Fluminense 3–2 Flamengo (1969): 171,599
  • 3. Fluminense 1–0 Botafogo (1971): 160,000
  • 4. Fluminense 0–0 Flamengo (1976): 155,116
  • 5. Fluminense 1–0 Flamengo (1984): 153,520
  • 6. Fluminense 1–1 Corinthians (1976): 146,043

Highest average attendance at public competition for Fluminense[edit]

  • Largest average attendance in the Copa Libertadores (RJ): 59,759 (54,912 paying, 2023)
  • Largest average attendance in the Copa Sudamericana (RJ): 29,357 (27,318 paying, 2009)
  • Largest average attendance in international tournaments (RJ): 48,797 (37,541 paying, Copa Rio, 1952)
  • Largest average attendance in national championships (RJ): 43,541 paying (1976)
  • Largest average attendance in the Tournament Roberto Gomes Pedrosa (RJ): 40,408 paying (1970)
  • Largest average attendance in the Brazil Cup (RJ): 27,123 paying (2007)
  • Largest average attendance in the Rio-São Paulo Tournament (RJ): 33,018 paying (1960)
  • Largest average attendance in the state championship: 47,814 paying (1969, all stages)
  • Largest average attendance in the state championship in the Maracana Stadium: 93,560 paying (1969, 10 matches)

Support[edit]

Map of the largest concentrations of Fluminense supporters.

The supporters of Fluminense Football Club are usually related to the upper classes of Rio de Janeiro.[38] However, the popularity of the club reaches beyond the city limits. Recent polls have estimated the number of supporters to be between 1.3% and 3.7% of the Brazilian population, and between the 11th and 15th most popular club in the nation, falling behind Rio rivals Vasco, but slightly above Botafogo.[39] Considering a population of 203 million people,[40] that would account for numbers between 2.6 and 7.5 million. According to the club's official website, Flu has over 5 million supporters worldwide.[41]

The best attendance ever observed in a Fluminense match was registered on 15 December 1963 in a derby against Flamengo. On that day, an impressive number of 194,603 people showed up at Maracanã stadium.[42] This occasion remains as the stadium's record for a match between clubs.[43]

Notable supporters of Fluminense include composers Cartola and Chico Buarque,[44][45] musicians Elis Regina, Ivan Lins, Pixinguinha, Renato Russo and Tom Jobim,[46] actors Breno Mello, Chico Díaz, Dalton Vigh, Hugo Carvana, and Thiago Fragoso, and actresses Deborah Secco, Fernanda Torres, Leticia Spiller and Sheron Menezzes, poet Mário Lago,[47] journalist and songwriter Nelson Motta,[48] dramatist, journalist and writer Nelson Rodrigues,[48] modernist architect Oscar Niemeyer, FIFA president of honor João Havelange,[6] 1970 FIFA World Cup winners Gérson and Carlos Alberto Torres, Chelsea central defender Thiago Silva, Left-back legend Marcelo, racing driver Cacá Bueno, sailors Maertine Grael and Torben Grael, former Minister of Culture Gilberto Gil, inventor and aeronaut Santos Dumont, Silvio Santos, the owner of SBT, the second largest Brazilian television network,[49] and the Academy Award nominee Fernanda Montenegro.[50]

Honours[edit]

The cup won by Fluminense (team displayed below) exhibited at the club's hall of trophies.
Information on the Rio–São Paulo Tournament at the Fluminense Trophy Room
International
Competitions Titles Seasons
Copa Rio International 1 1952
Continental
Competitions Titles Seasons
Copa Libertadores 1 2023
National
Competitions Titles Seasons
Campeonato Brasileiro Série A[51] 4 1970, 1984, 2010, 2012
Copa do Brasil 1 2007
Campeonato Brasileiro Série C 1 1999
Inter-state
Competitions Titles Seasons
Torneio Rio – São Paulo[52] 2 1957, 1960
Taça Ioduran 1 1919
Primeira Liga 1 2016
State
Competitions Titles Seasons
Campeonato Carioca 33 1906, 1907, 1908, 1909, 1911, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1924, 1936, 1937, 1938, 1940, 1941, 1946, 1951, 1959, 1964, 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1976, 1980, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1995, 2002, 2005, 2012, 2022, 2023

Others[edit]

  • Olympic Cup (1): 1949
  • Carioca Champion of the 20th Century: 1906–2000
  • Copa Rio (1): 1998
  • Taça Guanabara (12): 1966, 1969, 1971, 1975, 1983, 1985, 1991, 1993, 2012, 2017, 2022, 2023
  • Taça Rio (4): 1990, 2005, 2018, 2020
  • Torneio Municipal (2): 1938, 1948
  • Torneio Extra (1): 1941
  • Torneio Aberto (1): 1935
  • Torneio Início (9): 1916, 1924, 1925, 1940, 1941, 1943, 1954, 1956, 1965
  • Other Campeonato Carioca rounds (6): 1970, 1972, 1973, 1976, 1980, 2012
  • Capital Championship (1): 1994
  • Taça Eficiência (14): 1935, 1941, 1948, 1951, 1952, 1953, 1957, 1959, 1963, 1964, 1969, 1970, 1976, 1984
  • Taça Disciplina (7): 1946, 1948, 1956, 1958, 1963, 1972, 1977

Chronology of main titles[edit]

The team that won its first Campeonato Carioca, in 1906
Ball used in the first-ever match of the Brazil national team at Fluminense
Trophy room at the Fluminense HQ
Competition Season N.º
Carioca Championship 1906
Carioca Championship 1907
Carioca Championship 1908
Carioca Championship 1909
Carioca Championship 1911
Carioca Championship 1917
Carioca Championship 1918
Carioca Championship 1919
Taça Ioduran 1919
Carioca Championship 1924 10º
Carioca Championship 1936 11º
Carioca Championship 1937 12º
Carioca Championship 1938 13º
Carioca Championship 1940 14º
Carioca Championship 1941 15º
Carioca Championship 1946 16º
Carioca Championship 1951 17º
Rio Cup (International) 1952 18º
Rio–São Paulo Tournament 1957 19º
Carioca Championship 1959 20º
Rio–São Paulo Tournament 1960 21º
Carioca Championship 1964 22º
Carioca Championship 1969 23º
Brazilian Championship 1970 24º
Carioca Championship 1971 25º
Carioca Championship 1973 26º
Carioca Championship 1975 27º
Carioca Championship 1976 28º
Carioca Championship 1980 29º
Carioca Championship 1983 30º
Brazilian Championship 1984 31º
Carioca Championship 1984 32º
Carioca Championship 1985 33º
Carioca Championship 1995 34º
Carioca Championship 2002 35º
Carioca Championship 2005 36º
Brazil Cup 2007 37º
Brazilian Championship 2010 38º
Carioca Championship 2012 39º
Brazilian Championship 2012 40º
First League (Brazil) 2016 41º
Carioca Championship 2022 42º
Carioca Championship 2023 43º
Copa Libertadores 2023 44º

Source:[53]

Rivalries[edit]

Leandro Guerreiro from Botafogo disputing for the ball with Washington from Fluminense.

According to the fluzao.info site, the average paying public at the principal classicos of Fluminense played in the Estádio do Maracanã is 60,107 against Flamengo, 43,735 against Vasco da Gama, 34,359 against Botafogo, 25,127 against America and 22,527 against Bangu (1950-2010). These statistics could be about 20% higher, given the issues of the distribution of gratuities at Maracanã.[54]

Grandpa Derby[edit]

Grandpa Derby or Grandfather Derby (Clássico Vovô), played with Botafogo. The name comes from being the two oldest practicing football clubs among the great clubs of Rio de Janeiro, and this is also the oldest classic in Brazil, because its first game was on October 22, 1905, friendly that Fluminense won by 6–0. Along with six other clubs, they were responsible for creating the Carioca Football Championship in 1906.

Fla-Flu[edit]

Fla-Flu Derby, also called Derby of Crowds (Clássico das Multidões), played with Flamengo. It is considered by football experts and much of the sports media as one of the greatest classics in the world. According to writer Nelson Rodrigues, the classic was generated by resentment. On the tricolor side, the fact that their starting players deserted and went to form Flamengo's football department, and on the red-black side, the fact that Fluminense still won the first match, circumstances that would have been fundamental in generating the derby mystique;[55][56]

Giants' Derby[edit]

Giants' Derby (Clássico dos Gigantes), played with Vasco da Gama. The derby gets its name because of the "giant" matches that have been played between the two, these being the final for the 1984 Campeonato Brasileiro Série A, which was won by Flumiense, and the 1985 Copa Libertadores, which had two draws, in addition to several decisions Carioca Championship: 1949, 1956, 1970, 1972, 1975, 1976, 1980, 1984, 1993, 1994 and 2003.

Corinthians vs. Fluminense, interstate derby[edit]

The derby against Corinthians is perhaps the most representative among the various confrontations with big Brazilian clubs played by Fluminense, given the fact that these clubs often intersect at decisive moments in their seasons.[57]

Statistics[edit]

Fluminense idols honored by the club (1902-2002)

This is a list of statistics and records of Fluminense.[58]

Players with most appearances[edit]

Name Matches
1st Brazil Castilho 699
2nd Brazil Pinheiro 603
3rd Brazil Telê Santana 556
4th Brazil Altair 549
5th Brazil Escurinho 490
6th Brazil Rubens Galaxe 462
7th Brazil Denílson 433
8th Brazil Gum 414
9th Brazil Assis 424
10th Brazil Waldo 403

Top goalscorers[edit]

Waldo, for Fluminense, against goalkeeper Barbosa, from Vasco da Gama, at the Maracanã Stadium.
Name Goals Years
1st Brazil Waldo 319 1954–61
2nd Brazil Fred 199 2009-16 / 2020-22
3rd Brazil Orlando Pingo de Ouro 184 1945-55
4th Brazil Hércules 165 1935–42
5th Brazil Telê Santana 164 1950–61
6th England Henry Welfare 163 1913–23
7th Argentina Russo 149 1933–44
8th Brazil Preguinho 128 1925–39
9th Brazil Washington César 124 1983–89
10th Brazil Magno Alves 121 1998–2002 / 2015-2016

Coaches with most games[edit]

Coaches featured at the Club Trophy Room
Name Matches
1st Brazil Zezé Moreira 467
2nd Brazil Abel Braga 354
3rd Uruguay Ondino Viera 300
4th Brazil Renato Gaúcho 202
5th Brazil Tim 166
6th Brazil Fernando Diniz 160
7th Brazil Nelsinho Rosa 156
8th Brazil Carlos Alberto Parreira 146
9th Brazil Sylvio Pirillo 138
10th Brazil Luís Vinhaes 137

Correct as of October 4, 2023

Sponsors[edit]

Companies that Fluminense Football Club currently has sponsorship deals with include:

Sports Equipment[edit]

Years Kit manufacturer
1976–1980 Germany Adidas

Brazil Rainha

1981–1985 France Le Coq Sportif
1985–1994 Brazil Penalty
1994–1996 United Kingdom Reebok
1996–2015 Germany Adidas
2016–2017 Canada Dryworld
2017–2019 United States Under Armour
2020– United Kingdom Umbro

Main Sponsor[edit]

Years Sponsor(s)
1984 Switzerland Mondaine

Brazil Banco Nacional

United States Kodak

1985 Brazil SulAmérica Seguros
1986 United States Heart Line
1987 Brazil 1001 Turismo
1987–1994 United States Coca-Cola
1995 Brazil Ame o Rio
1995–1996 South Korea Hyundai

Brazil SporTV

1997 Brazil SporTV
1997–1998 Brazil SporTV

Portugal Oceânica Seguros

Brazil MTV Brasil

1999 United Kingdom Sonrisal

Brazil MTV Brasil

1999–2014 Brazil Unimed
2015–2017 Brazil Viton 44
2017 United States Universal Orlando Resort
2018 Brazil Valle Express
2021– Greece Betano

Stadiums[edit]

Laranjeiras Stadium[edit]

Laranjeiras Stadium, in 1919.

The Manoel Schwartz Stadium is better known as the Laranjeiras Stadium, or also the Álvaro Chaves Street Stadium, due to the name of the street where its main entrance is located. It was the place where the Rio team played its games for decades, however, for security reasons, due to the high demand for attendance at its games, it no longer does so, currently playing at Maracanã.[59]

Flu's first match at the Laranjeiras Stadium was the 4–1 victory over Vila Isabel, in the 1919 Carioca Championship, with the Tricolor goals having been scored by Harry Welfare (3) and Machado. Opened in 1919 with a capacity for 18,000 people and having had its capacity expanded to 25,000 people since 1922, in some games this stadium had estimated audiences greater than its capacity.[60]

The record for paying audiences was in the Fluminense 3-1 Flamengo match, on June 14, 1925, when 25,718 spectators paid for tickets, although today the audience for Fluminense's match against Sporting, held on July 15, is unknown. 1928, in the Vulcain Cup dispute, with the stadium full and over 2,000 chairs being placed on the athletics track to accommodate the public present.

Stained glass windows in Fluminense's headquarters

Currently, Fluminense does not play its games at its stadium, at the club's option, as it would no longer have the security conditions and capacity to host large events, and is currently only used for training, small commemorative events, social and educational projects, games of the women's football team and the youth teams.[61] The last time an official match for Fluminense's main team took place at Laranjeiras Stadium was in 2003, where Flu drew 3–3 with Americano, in the Carioca Championship.[62]

The renovation of the stadium has been a long-standing demand of the club, however a series of problems make this difficult, such as technical issues linked to the historical preservation of the building, the small area for the construction of a modern stadium and the opposition of the surrounding residents. The current project, at a more advanced stage, foresees a revitalization of Laranjeiras, with the stadium remaining with a small audience capacity, being able to host lower demand games, such as the first phases of the state championship and women's football.[63]

Maracanã Stadium[edit]

Since its construction for the 1950 World Cup, the Maracanã has primarily served as the home ground for the four biggest Rio de Janeiro clubs.[64] The stadium was officially completed in 1965, 17 years after construction began. In 1963, more than 194,000 people attended a match between Flamengo and Fluminense at the Maracanã, Rio Championship final.[65]

At the stadium, Fluminense won some of the most important titles, such as the 1952 Copa Rio, for many the most important in its history, it won its first Brazilian Championship in 1970, the Tricolor Machine was twice champion of Carioca (1975–76), led by Roberto Rivellino, it was Brazilian champion over its rival Vasco da Gama, in 1984, was three-time Rio champion against Flamengo (1983–85), he was Carioca champion in 1995 with Renato Gaúcho's belly goal, against Romário's Flamengo (at the time named FIFA World Player of the Year). In this century he won the 2007 Brazil's Cup and the 2023 Copa Libertadores.[66]

Following its 50th anniversary and aiming to hold the 2000 FIFA Club World Cup in Brazil, the stadium underwent renovations which would increase its full capacity to around 103,000. After years of planning and nine months of closure between 2005 and 2006, the stadium was reopened in January 2007 with an all-seated capacity of 87,000. For the 2014 FIFA World Cup and the 2016 Olympics and Paralympics, a major expedition project was started in 2010. The original stand, with a two-level configuration, was demolished, making way for a new single-level stand, and the stadium had its capacity reduced to 78,838 seats.[64]

From 2013 onwards, the stadium was managed by the Brazilian conglomerate Odebrecht. Corruption scandals, the high rents charged by the company and the abandonment of the stadium, meant that Flamengo and Fluminense came together to manage it.[67] Although clubs have kept the stadium in good condition since 2016 and covered its maintenance costs, it was only in 2019 that the government canceled contracts with Odebrecht. Flamengo and Fluminense then created a joint company, "Fla-Flu S.A." opened especially to manage Maracanã and its entire sports complex.[64]

Fluminense supporters, at the Maracanã Stadium, during the match between Fluminense and Argentinos Juniors, in the round of 16 of the 2023 Copa Libertadores.

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

As of 15 February 2024[68]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
1 GK Brazil BRA Fábio
2 DF Brazil BRA Samuel Xavier
4 DF Brazil BRA Marlon (on loan from Shakhtar Donetsk)
5 MF Brazil BRA Alexsander
6 DF Brazil BRA Diogo Barbosa
7 MF Brazil BRA André
8 MF Brazil BRA Matheus Martinelli
9 FW Brazil BRA John Kennedy
10 MF Brazil BRA Ganso
11 FW Brazil BRA Keno
12 DF Brazil BRA Marcelo
14 FW Argentina ARG Germán Cano
15 FW Colombia COL Yony González
18 FW Brazil BRA Lelê
20 MF Brazil BRA Renato Augusto
No. Pos. Nation Player
21 FW Colombia COL Jhon Arias
22 MF Brazil BRA Gabriel Pires
23 DF Brazil BRA Guga
25 DF Brazil BRA Antônio Carlos
26 DF Brazil BRA Manoel
27 GK Brazil BRA Felipe Alves
29 MF Brazil BRA Thiago Santos
30 MF Brazil BRA Felipe Melo (Captain)
44 DF Brazil BRA David Braz
45 MF Brazil BRA Lima
80 MF Uruguay URU David Terans
77 FW Brazil BRA Marquinhos (on loan from Arsenal)
90 FW Brazil BRA Douglas Costa
98 GK Brazil BRA Vitor Eudes

Reserve team[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
13 DF Brazil BRA Felipe Andrade
19 FW Brazil BRA Alexandre Jesus
28 MF Brazil BRA Arthur
31 DF Brazil BRA Calegari
32 FW Brazil BRA Isaac
34 DF Brazil BRA Davi
35 FW Brazil BRA João Neto
36 DF Brazil BRA Júlio Fidelis
37 MF Brazil BRA Wallace
39 FW Brazil BRA Kauã Elias
41 DF Brazil BRA Kayke Almeida
42 DF Brazil BRA Jhonny
46 DF Brazil BRA Lucas Justen
No. Pos. Nation Player
47 DF Brazil BRA Rafael Monteiro
48 MF Brazil BRA Gustavo Apis
50 GK Brazil BRA Gustavo Ramalho
51 DF Brazil BRA Marcos Pedro
52 MF Brazil BRA Dohmann
53 MF Brazil BRA Thiago Henrique
GK Brazil BRA Kevyn
DF Brazil BRA Esquerdinha
MF Brazil BRA Freitas
MF Brazil BRA João Lourenço
FW Brazil BRA Matheus Reis
FW Brazil BRA Agner
FW Colombia COL Jan Lucumí (on loan from Boca Juniors de Cali)

Other players under contract[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
DF Brazil BRA Vitor Mendes (on loan from Atlético Mineiro)

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Pos. Nation Player
DF Brazil BRA Cipriano (on loan at APOEL until 30 June 2024)
DF Brazil BRA Jefté (on loan at APOEL until 31 May 2024)
DF Brazil BRA Luan Freitas (on loan at Paysandu until 30 November 2024)
MF Brazil BRA Daniel (on loan at Atlético Goianiense until 31 December 2024)
No. Pos. Nation Player
MF Brazil BRA Edinho (on loan at Azuriz until 30 April 2024)
MF Uruguay URU Michel Araújo (on loan at São Paulo until 31 December 2024)
FW Brazil BRA Samuel Granada (on loan at AVS until 30 June 2024)

Staff[edit]

Current staff[edit]

As of 25 February 2024
Position Name Nationality
Head coach Fernando Diniz  Brazilian
Assistant coaches Wagner Bertelli  Brazilian
Eduardo Barros  Brazilian
Marcão  Brazilian
Cadu Antunes  Brazilian
Technical assistant Marco Salgado  Brazilian
Fitness coaches Marcos Seixas  Brazilian
Flávio Vignoli  Brazilian
Igor Cotrim  Brazilian
Goalkeeper coach coordinator Flavio Tenius  Brazilian
Goalkeeper coaches André Carvalho  Brazilian
Josmiro de Góes  Brazilian

Head coaches[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 177,656 paying, a record for persons present at Maracanã stadium.

References[edit]

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External links[edit]