Flushing, Michigan

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City of Flushing
City
Downtown Flushing from the bridge looking east
Downtown Flushing from the bridge looking east
Location of Flushing within Genesee County, Michigan
Location of Flushing within Genesee County, Michigan
Coordinates: 43°3′47″N 83°51′4″W / 43.06306°N 83.85111°W / 43.06306; -83.85111
Country United States
State Michigan
County Genesee
Platted December 3, 1840
Incorporated village March 21, 1877
Incorporated city November 3, 1964
Government
 • Type Council-manager
 • Mayor Kevin Keane
 • Mayor Pro-Tem Richard Bade
 • City Manager Brad Barrett
Area[1]
 • Total 3.79 sq mi (9.82 km2)
 • Land 3.62 sq mi (9.38 km2)
 • Water 0.17 sq mi (0.44 km2)  4.49%
Elevation 699 ft (213 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 8,389
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 8,029
 • Density 2,200/sq mi (850/km2)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 48433
Area code(s) 810
FIPS code 26-29200[4]
GNIS feature ID 0626199[5]
Website www.flushingcity.com

Flushing is a city in Genesee County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 8,389 at the 2010 census. Flushing is considered a suburb of Flint. It is situated within the survey area of Flushing Charter Township, but is administratively autonomous.

The city was named after the township after the name Dover was turned down for the township by the state legislature as it was already being used by another township. Instead the legislature selected Flushing.[6]

History[edit]

The earliest known inhabitants of Flushing were the Sauk Indians.[7] Evidence suggest that the second battle of Skull Island was fought in Flushing including mass burial mounds were found along the Flint river near the Bailey farm; now the present day Flushing Valley Golf Club. Mounds were observed in 1833 or 1834 and about 20 mounds in total.[8][9]

In 1835, Charles Seymour Sr. from New York state came to the Flushing area after purchasing land there. He formed a partnership with Horace Jerome in 1836 who had purchased water rights in the vicinity. In their partnership, Seymour would provide pine timber while Jerome would build a mill. Jerome left Flushing after his wildcat bank, the Flint Rapids Bank failed in 1838. A village plat on sections 26 and 27, bearing the name of Flushing, named after the township in which it was located, was laid out December 3, 1840 by Charles Seymour Sr. In 1843 Charles sold out to his brother James Seymour. James then made an additional plat, 31, in 1847.[6][7]

On July 30, 1873, village women formed the Flushing Ladies' Association.[7]

In 1874, a subscription private fire department, the Wolverine Fire Company, was formed with 35 members and Arza N. Niles as first chief engineer. Wolverine paid for a small engine designed by Captain Haas of Flint of his own design and patent.[7]

Flushing was incorporated as a village on March 21, 1877 with its first election held on May 8, 1877. Oscar F. Clarke was elected as the first village president. After incorporation, the fire company turned over its equipment to the village. In 1878, the Haas engine was instrument in containing a major fire in the business district to just a saloon and hotel.[7]

The Flushing Patrol, the village's first professional newspaper, was founded on October 18, 1878 by D. C. Ashmun.[7] In 1880 the paper sold for $1.50 per year.[10]

The Flushing Observer published its first paper under that name on June 15, 1882 by A.E. Ransom.[11] The paper would cost 1 dollar per year. The paper touts "The Interests of Flushing and Vicinity Will Be Observed Herein".[12][self-published source?] On June 15, 1882, DeWitt C. Ashmun sold his paper, The Flushing Patrol, to Albert E. Ransom who changed its name to "The Flushing Observer".[13]

The railroad was first brought to Flushing in 1888. Headed by John Ashley, the Toledo and Ann Arbor Railroad connected Flushing to Durand and Saginaw. Construction reached Flushing in July 1888. On Monday, Dec. 17, 1888, the first passenger train arrived from Saginaw. The fair from Flushing to Saginaw was 80 cents.[14]

The Hart Flour Mill is destroyed in a fire on March 19, 1918. It was the 3rd Mill on the site and the 3rd to burn. The mill provided electricity when it burned in 1918 leaving the village without power for 14 months until a new power plant was built.[15]

In May 1922 the current bridge on Main Street over the Flint river is completed. The bridge is a traditionally composed earth-filled closed spandrel concrete arch bridge built by L. Smith, H. A. and M. C. Nichols of Hastings, Michigan. The bridge was rehabilitated in 1998 adding new walkways and updated guardrails.[16] The first wood bridge was built on this site in 1839. A second wood bridge in 1856. A third wood bridge in 1872 and a double span iron bridge in 1880.[7] The iron bridge was removed in 1921.[17]

Tucker Memorial Pool was dedicated on July 1, 1956. The pool was built with money donated to the City from the will of Max Dealton Tucker who was born in Flushing.[18]

A book by Edmund G Love titled The Situation in Flushing was published September 1, 1965. Edmund was born in Flushing and moved to Flint when he was 12. The book tells the account of his boyhood in the early 20th century.[19]

Completed in 1975 by Michigan Bell Telephone at a cost of 2.2 million the now AT&T building sits on the site of the former home of James Seymour, brother of Charles Seymour. The home was built in the 1850s and torn down prior to Bell selecting the site.[20]

On Monday November 27, 2017, the northern loop set of municipalities, including Flushing, began receiving water from the Karegnondi Water Authority pipeline and treated by Genesee County Drain Commission Water and Waste Division.[21]

Government and Politics[edit]

The city of Flushing is a Council-Manager form of government. The original city charter was adopted Nov 3, 1964 and updated Nov 2, 1993.[22] The Flushing Fire Department is on call fire fighting service for the city as well as Flushing Township. the command staff consists of a chief, an assistant chief, a battalion chief, two captains and three lieutenants for a total of 20 firefighters.[23] The City of Flushing Police Department provides police coverage 24 hours a day. The City of Flushing and Flushing township police regularly cooperate to improve services for both communities.[24] The township receives water from the Karegnondi Water Authority pipeline treated by Genesee County Drain Commission Water and Waste Division.[21]

Flushing is part of the following:[25]

  • Genesee County Commissioner District 7
  • Michigan House of Representatives District 49
  • State Senate District 32
  • 67th District Court Division 1
  • Michigan's 5th Congressional District
  • Genesee District Library[26]

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education are provided by Flushing Community Schools. Since 1954 Flushing is also home to Saint Robert Catholic School for Pre-K through 8th grade.[27]

Geography[edit]

The Flushing area is dominated by the Flint River Valley. The Flint River flows in a northerly direction along the southern and western portions of the city and continues north bisecting Flushing Township. The valley is characterized by rich sandy loam ideal for the growth of vegetation. As a result, the valley is characterized by dense woodlots containing many varieties of trees and providing scenic and natural settings for the area.[28]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.79 square miles (9.82 km2), of which 3.62 square miles (9.38 km2) is land and 0.17 square miles (0.44 km2) is water.[1]

Neighborhoods[edit]

The Main Street Historic District includes buildings on Main St from Maple to 628 (East) Main St and the Flushing Depot at 431 W Main St. Properties in this district are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. 82 structures located on 22.4 acres of land create the district with commercial buildings reflecting ornate Italianate and early twentieth century styles constructed between 1850 and 1918 and residences exhibiting a wide variety of Greek Revival, Italianate, Queen Anne, Colonial Revival, and Bungaloid styles and their vernacular derivatives built from 1850 to 1932.. Properties we added as part of the Main Street Historic Commercial District and the Genesee County MRA (Multiple Resource Area).[29][30]

Environment[edit]

Flushing's wastewater treatment includes an activated sludge treatment system installed in 1972 and a batch reactor treatment system that was added in 1988. Sewage is split between the two systems. Cleaned water is disinfected with UV light before being discharged into the Flint river. The plant is on 140 industrial drive and adjacent to the Riverview Trail.[31][32]

Pollution along the Flint river were once a problem but have vastly improved since the 1950s and 1960s after the Clean Water Act was enacted.[33] The river is a now popular place for fishing, canoeing and kayaking.[34]

The City of Flushing is supplied by surface water pumped from Lake Huron by the Great Lakes Water Authority (GLWA) and delivered by the Genesee County water supply system.[35][36]

Electricity and natural gas are provided by Consumers Energy.[37]

Parks and recreation[edit]

  • Flushing Riverview Trail is a city trail along the Flint River that connects to Flushing County Park
Bridge over Flint River from Flushing Trail
Bridge over Flint River from Flushing Trail

City parks[edit]

  • Riverview Park is a 7.4 acre city park located along the Flint river between the Main Street bridge and the DPW.[38]
  • Mutton (Bonnie View) Park is a 3.5 acre city park located on the corner of Coutant St and Chestnut St[38]
  • Waterworks Park is a 4-acre city park off of Sunnyside Dr.[38]
  • Eastview Veterans' Memorial Park is a 14.4 acres park located off of Coutant St near Elms Rd.[38]
  • River Road Park is a 4.6 acre city park located off of River Rd near Morrish Rd.[38]
  • Cornwell Park is a city park .2 acre park located downtown on the south west corner of Main St and Cherry St.[38]

Events[edit]

  • Cruise Nights - Third Saturday of the Month April through September at the Flushing A near Riverview park.[39]
  • Summer Festival - June. Starts with a parade and five days with a Carnival in Riverview park, music, food and other activities.[40]
  • Art in the Park - June. Art vendors at Riverview park.[41]
  • Concerts in the Park - Wednesday evenings June through August at Riverview Park.[42]
  • Movies in the Park - Saturday Evenings June through August at Riverview Park.[42]
  • Harvest Festival - September events downtown Flushing.[43]
  • Trail of Terror - October Flushing riverview trail.[44]
  • Candle Walk - December downtown Flushing.[45]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 406
1870 687 69.2%
1880 690 0.4%
1890 965 39.9%
1900 900 −6.7%
1910 938 4.2%
1920 1,169 24.6%
1930 1,723 47.4%
1940 1,806 4.8%
1950 2,226 23.3%
1960 3,761 69.0%
1970 7,190 91.2%
1980 8,624 19.9%
1990 8,542 −1.0%
2000 8,348 −2.3%
2010 8,389 0.5%
Est. 2016 8,029 [3] −4.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[46]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 8,389 people, 3,574 households, and 2,307 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,317.4 inhabitants per square mile (894.8/km2). There were 3,816 housing units at an average density of 1,054.1 per square mile (407.0/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 94.8% White, 2.4% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.2% of the population.

There were 3,574 households of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.5% were non-families. 32.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 45.1 years. 21.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 20.8% were from 25 to 44; 28.4% were from 45 to 64; and 21.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.1% male and 53.9% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 8,348 people, 3,435 households, and 2,366 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,936.7 per square mile (747.8/km²). There were 3,558 housing units at an average density of 825.4 per square mile (318.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.98% White, 0.63% African American, 0.32% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.37% from other races, and 1.26% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.61% of the population.

There were 3,435 households out of which 29.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.8% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 28.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.92.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.0% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 24.5% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 84.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $54,010, and the median income for a family was $64,726. Males had a median income of $52,794 versus $31,502 for females. The per capita income for the city was $24,697. About 4.4% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 6.9% of those age 65 or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-24. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b Romig, Walter (October 1, 1986) [1973]. Michigan Place Names: The History of the Founding and the Naming of More Than Five Thousand Past and Present Michigan Communities. Great Lakes Books Series (Paperback). Detroit, Michigan: Wayne State University Press. p. 201. ISBN 081431838X. ISBN 978-0814318386. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g Ellis, Franklin (1879). History of Genesee county, Michigan. With illustrations and biographical sketches of its prominent men and pioneers. Philadelphia, PA.: Everts & Abbott. pp. 273–276. 
  8. ^ Leeson, Michael A.; Clarke, Damon (1881). History of Saginaw County, Michigan ... ; History of Michigan ... Unigraphic. 
  9. ^ "Part of Chippewa-Sauk Indian battle waged near Flushing in 1600s". MLive.com. Retrieved 2017-09-11. 
  10. ^ N.W. Ayer & Son's American Newspaper Annual. N.W. Ayer and Son. 1880. 
  11. ^ "michigan newspaper history / Genesee County". michigannewspaperhistory.pbworks.com. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  12. ^ Ransom, A.E. (June 15, 1882). "The Observer". 
  13. ^ "The Flushing observer". ISSN 0747-1718. Retrieved 2017-09-13. 
  14. ^ Michigan's Historic Railroad Stations. Wayne State University Press. 2012. ISBN 0814334830. 
  15. ^ "Flushing's Hart Flour Mill". The Flushing Observer. July 18, 2004. 
  16. ^ "Flushing Bridge - HistoricBridges.org". historicbridges.org. Retrieved 2017-10-23. 
  17. ^ "Looking Back". Flushing Observer. November 30, 2003. 
  18. ^ Society, Genesee County Historical (2006-10-16). Genesee County: 1900-1960. Arcadia Publishing. ISBN 9781439616963. 
  19. ^ "Controversial Flushing memoir turns 50". MLive.com. Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  20. ^ "Bell Service Center On Historic Seymour Home Site". The Flushing Observer. September 25, 1974. 
  21. ^ a b Acosta, Roberto (November 26, 2017). "New Genesee County treatment plant to begin delivering water Monday". Retrieved November 27, 2017. 
  22. ^ "Municode Library". library.municode.com. Retrieved 2017-10-06. 
  23. ^ "Flushing Fire Department taming the flames for city and township". The Flushing View. March 23, 2017. Retrieved 2017-10-10. 
  24. ^ "Flushing Police Departments work together for a safe community". The Flushing View. February 16, 2017. Retrieved 2017-10-10. 
  25. ^ Genesee County Political District Map Book (PDF) (Map). Genesee County GIS Department. 2017. pp. 1, 11, 12. Retrieved October 10, 2017. 
  26. ^ Thorne, Blake (May 4, 2011). "Voters support new tax for Genesee District Library". Flint Journal. Mlive Media Group. Retrieved September 7, 2016. 
  27. ^ "St. Robert School in Flushing stays steady as two Catholic schools in Genesee County plan to close". MLive.com. Retrieved 2017-08-09. 
  28. ^ "Soil Surveys by State". NRCS Soils. Retrieved 2017-08-15. 
  29. ^ "Asset Detail". npgallery.nps.gov. Retrieved 2017-08-10. 
  30. ^ "Asset Detail". npgallery.nps.gov. Retrieved 2017-08-15. 
  31. ^ City, Flushing,. "Flushing, City > Departments > Waste Water Treatment". flushingcity.com. Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  32. ^ "City of Flushing considers a more green sewer treatment process". MLive.com. Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  33. ^ "Flint River: Good river, bad reputation | Mott Foundation". Mott Foundation. Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  34. ^ "The Flint River isn't what you think it is, and here's why you should check it out". MLive.com. Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  35. ^ "Flint water problems are not those of the county | January 15, 2015 | grandblancview.mihomepaper.com | The Grand Blanc View". Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  36. ^ City, Flushing,. "Flushing, City > Departments > Department of Public Works". www.flushingcity.com. Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  37. ^ "Electric and Natural Gas Service Territories | Consumers Energy". www.consumersenergy.com. Retrieved 2017-10-10. 
  38. ^ a b c d e f "Genesee County parks directory". MLive.com. Retrieved 2017-08-10. 
  39. ^ "Flushing A restaurant hosts 'Cruise-In' before Sloan Auto Fair in Flint". MLive.com. Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  40. ^ "Summerfest coming | June 1, 2017 | flushingview.mihomepaper.com | The Flushing View". Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  41. ^ "Art in the Park in town this weekend | June 1, 2017 | flushingview.mihomepaper.com | The Flushing View". Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  42. ^ a b "In brief | July 27, 2017 | flushingview.mihomepaper.com | The Flushing View". Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  43. ^ "Harvest Fest coming up | September 7, 2017 | flushingview.mihomepaper.com | The Flushing View". Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  44. ^ "Trail of Terror returns | October 20, 2016 | flushingview.mihomepaper.com | The Flushing View". Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  45. ^ "Candlewalk returning to downtown | December 1, 2016 | flushingview.mihomepaper.com | The Flushing View". Retrieved 2017-09-15. 
  46. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

External Links[edit]