as Jersey European Airways
|Company slogan||The Fastest Way From A to Flybe.... Faster than road or rail|
|Headquarters||Exeter International Airport
|Revenue|| £620.5 million
(12 months to 31 March 2014)
|Operating income|| £8.1 million
(12 months to 31 March 2014)
|Net income|| £8.0 million
(12 months to 31 March 2014)
Flybe (pronounced //) is the largest independent regional airline in Europe, based in Exeter, operating more UK domestic flights than any other airline. It flies 7 million passengers a year on 149 routes, from 62 destinations in 9 countries, connecting to long-haul hubs in Manchester, Birmingham, Paris, Dublin and Amsterdam. It is a member of the European Regions Airline Association. Flybe's parent company Flybe Group PLC (formerly known as Walker Aviation Limited) is listed on the London Stock Exchange.
The airline launched in 1979 as Jersey European Airways following the merger of Intra Airways and Express Air Services. In 1983 the airline was sold to Walker Steel Group, which also owned Spacegrand Aviation, and the two airlines were merged under the Jersey European name in 1985. Jersey European was renamed British European in 2000 (shortened to "BE"), and received its current name in 2002.
- 1 History
- 2 Corporate affairs
- 3 Destinations
- 4 Loyalty programme
- 5 Fleet
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Flybe started operations on 1 November 1979 as Jersey European Airways as a result of a merger of Jersey-based Intra Airways and Bournemouth-based Express Air Services, and was founded by John Habin, a resident of Jersey and the majority investor. After selling Aviation Beauport and other business interests, Habin established some key routes from Jersey to the UK, before selling the airline in November 1983 to Jack Walker's Walker Steel Group, which already owned Blackpool-based charter airline Spacegrand Aviation. The two airlines were then run separately, with partially shared management, until 1985 when they amalgamated under the Jersey European name, with the airline's headquarters moving to Exeter.
On 3 November 2006 it was announced that Flybe would buy BA Connect, except for that airline's services out of London City Airport. The takeover was complete in March 2007. The expanded airline's owners were Rosedale Aviation Holdings (69%), Flybe staff (16%) and – as a result of the BA Connect takeover – International Airlines Group (15%). The acquisition increased Flybe's route network in both the UK and continental Europe, making Flybe Europe's largest regional airline.
On 14 January 2008 it was announced that Flybe had signed a franchise agreement with Scottish airline Loganair, to commence on 26 October 2008 following the termination of Loganair's franchise agreement with British Airways on 25 October 2008. The agreement would see Loganair aircraft flying in Flybe colours on 55 routes from Scotland.
In 2008, in order to avoid losing a £280,000 rebate from Norwich Airport, Flybe hired 172 actors as "fake passengers" on 11 flights to Dublin. As a result, the environmental group Friends of the Earth called on the government to launch an investigation into the aviation industry.
Development since 2010
On 10 December 2010, Flybe floated an IPO on the London Stock Exchange, with trading in shares commencing on the same day. Full public release of shares followed on 15 December 2010. The share price was set at 295p, valuing the company at approximately £215 million, and raising £66 million for the company, half of which was to pay for fleet expansion.
By November 2013, Hammad had shaken up the operation, requesting the resignations of three top managers within six weeks of his arrival. Out of 158 routes flown at the time, over 60 did not cover their direct operating expenses and the costs of crew and aircraft.
On 23 April 2014, Flybe announced that it will launch domestic and international flights from London City from 27 October 2014 after signing a five-year deal with the Docklands Airport. The airline is expecting to carry around 500,000 passengers a year, with all 5 allocated aircraft being based around the Flybe network overnight.
In March 2014, it was announced that Flybe would undergo a major brand refresh. This new scheme included a new purple aircraft livery and new interior features. The first aircraft in the new livery will be the Spirit of Liberum, registered "G-JECY".  The aircraft carried the baton into Cardiff Airport for the Queen's Baton Relay in the buildup to the Glasgow 2014 Commonwealth Games on 24 May 2014.
British Airways sold most of its remaining stake in the airline in June 2014. It had been reduced to 5% by share issues.
On 4 March 2015, Flybe announced new routes from Cardiff Airport bringing the number of routes to eleven. Flybe also stated its intention to create a new base at Cardiff Airport by Summer 2015.
On 10 November 2015, Flybe announced that it would base two Embraer 195 aircraft at Doncaster's Robin Hood Airport, starting new routes to Amsterdam, Berlin, Paris, Jersey, Alicante, Málaga, Faro and Newquay as of 27 March 2016. This announcement came on the same day that Flybe announced that they would be pulling flights from Bournemouth. Dublin was added in October 2016, taking over where Stobart Air pulled out.
On October 26, 2016, it was announced that Hammad would be standing down as CEO with immediate effect, and that consequently Flybe were beginning the process of finding a replacement.
On November 21, 2016, Flybe announced to open its first European base in Düsseldorf in February 2017 commencing with two aircraft and 60 pilots, flight attendants and engineers as recruiting is yet in progress.
Flybe announced its partnership with Loganair would terminate in October 2017. A further programme for Scotland is yet TBC.
Ownership and structure
Flybe is a public company, listed on the London Stock Exchange (LSE: FLYB). Until November 2013, the main shareholder, with 48.1% of the shares, was Rosedale Aviation Holdings Limited, the corporate representative of the trustee of the Jack Walker 1987 Settlement, which was established by the late Jack Walker, who was involved in Flybe's early development.
In the UK, Flybe's largest base is at Birmingham Airport and it has other large bases at Belfast, Manchester and Southampton airports, with a total of 14 crew and aircraft bases across the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. The company holds a United Kingdom Civil Aviation Authority Type A Operating Licence permitting it to carry passengers, cargo and mail on aircraft with 20 or more seats. The Flybe Group includes Flybe Aviation Services (engineering and maintenance), Flybe Training Academy (engineering and flight crew training), Flybe UK (airline operations) and Flybe Europe, the holding company for all European operations, which previously consisted of Flybe Nordic.
The trends for Flybe Group over recent years are shown below (as at year ending 31 March):
|Group turnover (total, less JV) (£m)||367.5||535.9||572.4||570.5||595.5||615.3||614.3||620.5|
|Profit/Loss (earnings before tax & adjustments) (£m)||−16.2||30.4||0.1||5.7||7.6||−7.1||−23.2||8.1|
|Profit/Loss after (*before) tax (£m)||−19.9||34.9||4.1||6.7||3.8||−6.4||−41.8||8.0|
|Number of employees (average)||1,931||3,197||2,860||2,798||2,949||2,781||2,667||2,650|
|Number of passengers (scheduled) (m)||5.2||7.0||7.3||7.2||7.2||7.6||7.2||7.7|
|Passenger load factor (schedule) (%)||n/a||n/a||65.4||63.5||61.7||61.9||62.6||69.5|
|Number of aircraft (average) (*year end)||81*||80*||68||67||68||84||81||97|
Flybe employs allocated seating on all flights and passengers have the option to choose a seat online in advance. "All In" ticket holders receive a complimentary drink and snack, access to Flybe Executive Lounges, free prebooked seating and priority check-in. For Economy passengers, the airline operates a buy on board programme, called "Café Flybe", offering food and drinks for purchase and have the biggest and broadest range of buy on board products of any airline in the market. Onboard sales are an important part of the airline's ancillary revenue.
Joint ventures and franchises
Loganair have operated a number of flights in Scotland and Ireland for Flybe under a franchise agreement since 2008. The franchise has been criticised by residents in the Scottish islands for what they perceive to be excessively high fares, and a Facebook campaign set up in June 2015 to highlight the issue attracted over 7,400 "likes" over the course of its first weekend. Flybe have however stated that Loganair -their franchise partner- is responsible for setting the fares.
On 11 January 2016, Flybe announced its third franchise deal with the Guernsey based airline, Blue Islands. This would see all Blue Islands flights operated under the Flybe name, and the Blue Islands aircraft livery replaced with the current Flybe livery from May 2016. This deal is however under investigation and could be potentially breaking local competition laws.
Flybe purchased Finncomm Airlines with Finnair in July 2011, and on 30 October 2011 rebranded the airline as Flybe Nordic. The joint venture operates its own routes along with franchise routes under a codeshare agreement for Finnair, operating under Flybe's BE-code. Flybe agreed to sell its 60% stake in Flybe Nordic in November 2014 for €1, in an attempt to reduce group costs. On 1 May 2015, Flybe Nordic began operating solely for Finnair as it is no longer a part of Flybe. Flybe Nordic is now known as Nordic Regional Airlines - Norra.
On 24 April 2006 Flybe announced a 3-year deal with Southampton Football Club for sponsorship of the main club and shirt. On 11 December 2008, it was announced that Flybe had extended the deal by an extra year. However, this sponsorship deal has now ended with the club's decision to keep the club's shirts free of sponsorship for its 125th anniversary. Flybe are also the main and shirt sponsor of Exeter City Football Club. Flybe also sponsors the weather bulletins on ITV Meridian, STV, ITV West Country, Channel Television, UTV, ITV Wales with Cardiff Airport and the sport sections of the Manchester Evening News, the Express & Echo (Exeter), the South Wales Echo (Cardiff), the Isle of Man Courier and the Isle of Man Examiner.
Flybe operates a mixed fleet of turboprop and jet airliners, the majority being Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 turboprops. Flybe is the world's largest operator of the Q400.
The airline placed an order for 14 Embraer E-195 aircraft in June 2005, plus options on an additional 12 aircraft, making it the type's worldwide launch customer. This was followed by the conversion of 4 existing Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 options into firm orders, bringing its fleet of Q400s to 45 when delivered.
Flybe received its first 118-seat Embraer 195 in September 2006, and the aircraft began to replace its existing BAe 146s, completing the fleet rationalisation started in 2003. The E-195s were fitted with a Head-up Guidance System (HGS) and configured to offer single-class service.
In May 2007, the airline signed a deal for a further 15 Bombardier Dash 8 Q400 aircraft valued at $394 million, with options for a further 15, increasing its fleet of the type to 60.
On 20 July 2010, Flybe placed an order for 35 Embraer E-175 aircraft worth $1.3bn, with options for 65 more (value $2.3bn) and purchase rights for a further 40 (value $1.4bn). The 88-seat aircraft was originally planned to be delivered between July 2011 and March 2017, with the first two aircraft actually arriving in November 2011.
In September 2014 Flybe reached an agreement with Embraer to cancel 20 orders for E-175 jets, and defer delivery of the outstanding 4 until 2018. Simultaneously Republic Airways placed an order for 50 E-175 jets, and agreed to lease 24 of their Q400 aircraft to Flybe.
As of January 2017, the Flybe fleet includes the following aircraft:
|ATR 72-600||5||2||70||70||Operated for Scandinavian Airlines.|
|Bombardier Dash 8 Q400||57||4||78||78||Deliveries second-hand from Republic Airlines; 2 operated for Brussels Airlines.|
|Embraer 175||11||4||88||88||Deliveries from 2019.|
- BAe 146
- Bombardier CRJ200
- Britten-Norman Islander
- de Havilland Canada DHC-6 Twin Otter
- Douglas DC-3 - two inherited from Intra Airways in 1979, both sold in 1980.
- Embraer EMB 110 Bandeirante
- Embraer ERJ 145
- Fokker F27
- Handley Page Dart Herald - inherited from Express Air Services in 1979 and returned to Express Air Services in 1980 when it left the partnership.
- Short 330
- Short 360
- Bombardier Dash 8 300
- Vickers Viscount
- Boeing 737
- "IATA - Airline and Airport Code Search". iata.org. Retrieved 13 April 2015.
- Flybe Announces Opening of First European Base in Dusseldorf 21 November 2016
- Thomas, Nathalie (2013-11-05). "Flybe appoints City veteran Simon Laffin as chairman - Yahoo Finance UK". Uk.finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
- "Annual Report 2013-4" (PDF). Flybe Group plc. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-11.
- "Flybe joins ERA, the voice of European regional aviation" (PDF) (Press release). European Regions Airline Association. 13 October 2015.
- "Flybe Group PLC". London Stock Exchange. Retrieved 6 June 2015.
- "World airline directory: Jersey European Airways". Flight International, 26 July 1980, p. 323.
- Wright 2001, p. 48.
- Wright 2001, p. 49.
- Wright 2001, p. 52.
- "Directory: World Airlines". Flight International. 3 April 2007. p. 83.
- announced Archived 25 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine. that they had completed the acquisition of BA Connect
- "Flybe signs historic franchise deal with Loganair". Flybe Press Office. Archived from the original on 17 January 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-14.
- "Airline asks actors to fill bogus flights in bid to win £280,000 bonus". Daily Mail. London. 30 March 2008.
- Budget airline Flybe asks actors to fill seats to avoid penalties. This is Money (31 March 2008). Retrieved on 2010-12-14.
- "Airline sought actors for flights". BBC News. 30 March 2008. Retrieved 2 April 2010.
- Friends of the Earth: Archived press release: Government must urgently investigate aviation industry. Foe.co.uk (1 April 2008). Retrieved on 2010-12-14.
- "HM The Queen's 2009 Birthday Honours List" (PDF). Retrieved 2014-01-07.
- Dan Milmo. "Regional airline Flybe raised £66m from stock market flotation". Guardian. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
- Press Association. Press Association (14 November 2010). Retrieved on 2010-12-14.
- "BBC News - Flybe ends Channel Islands' Gatwick routes". bbc.co.uk. 2013-05-14. Retrieved 2013-05-23.
- telegraph.co.uk: "Flybe cuts another 500 jobs to 'secure future'", 11 Nov 2013
- "BBC News - Flybe in London City Airport deal". bbc.co.uk. 2014-04-23. Retrieved 2014-04-23.
- "Flybe". Airliner World: 5. February 2015.
- "Flybe confirms new 11 route network and base at Cardiff Airport". Flybe. 2015-03-05. Retrieved 2015-03-14.
- Flybe Announces Opening of First European Base in Dusseldorf 21 November 2016
- Flybe Current Vacancies - Cabin Crew DUS 27 October 2016
- Stobart Group RNS (2016-12-22). "Further update on new routes Airport". Retrieved 2016-12-22.
- "The London Stock Exchange welcomes Flybe to the Main Market". Londonstockexchange.com. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
- "Annual Report 2013" (PDF). Flybe Group plc. 20 June 2013. Retrieved 2013-06-21.
- "Operating Licence". Caa.co.uk. Archived from the original on 11 March 2007. Retrieved 2014-01-07.
- "Annual Report 2008" (PDF). Flybe Group plc. 3 September 2008. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
- "Annual Report 2009" (PDF). Flybe Group plc. 29 January 2010. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
- "Annual Report 2010" (PDF). Flybe Group plc. 8 July 2010. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
- "Annual Report 2011" (PDF). Flybe Group plc. 29 June 2011. Retrieved 2013-06-23.
- "Flybe signs historic franchise deal with Loganair". Flybe Press Office. Archived from the original on 17 January 2008. Retrieved 14 January 2008.
- "FLYBE – Is it fleece me?". South of Scotland Liberal Democrats. 23 May 2009. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Shetland MSP calls for lower airfares in the face of falling oil prices". Deadline News. 6 January 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Islanders mount campaign against Flybe and Loganair prices". The Shetland Times. 8 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
- "Flybe Nordic. A challenge to the Skyways-Cimber venture?". AirlineHunter. Retrieved 4 July 2011.
- White, Anna (12 November 2014). "Flybe sells its Finnish business for €1". The Telegraph. Retrieved 18 November 2014.
- "The Shirt Is Yours". saintsfc.co.uk. Archived from the original on 4 February 2010.
- "Profile on Flybe". CAPA. Centre for Aviation. Archived from the original on 2016-10-30. Retrieved 2016-10-30.
- "Collect and spend Avios with Flybe". Flybe. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
- "About Avios". Avios. Retrieved 16 January 2017.
- Air International, July 2005
- Air Transport World 9 May 2007
- "Flybe announces a deal for up to 140 Embraer E Series Aircraft". Flybe Press Office. Retrieved 20 July 2010.
- "Flybe celebrates arrival of new jets with a soaking!". Flybe. 28 November 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2014.
- Wild, Jane (17 September 2014). "Flybe reconfigures its fleet by leasing smaller aircraft". Financial Times. Retrieved 6 March 2016.
- "GINFO Search Results Summary". Civil Aviation Authority. 12 January 2017. Retrieved 13 January 2017.
- "Republic to take 50 E-175s as Q400s head for Flybe". Flight Global. Retrieved 2014-09-17.
- "Flybe Share Issue Prospectus" (PDF). Flybe. Retrieved 2014-02-22.
- Gould, Ian (13 November 1982). "Channel Islands aviation: Jersey Europeans claims leading regional role". Flight International. Vol. 122 no. 3836. pp. 1451–1452.
- Wickstead 2014, pp.126-128
- "Jersey European buys more 360s". Flight International. Vol. 130 no. 4042. 20 December 1986. p. 5.
- Wright, Alan J. "Independent Survivor". Air International, July 2001. Vol 61 No 1. pp. 48–52.
- Wickstead, Maurice J (2014). Airlines of the British Isles since 1919. Air-Britain. ISBN 978-0-85130-456-4.
Media related to Flybe at Wikimedia Commons