The Flying Lesbians were a seven-woman German music group that existed from 1974 to 1977 and released an eponymous album in 1975. The album was successful, with about 17,000 LPs sold. They were one of the first women's rock groups in Europe.
The Flying Lesbians functioned as a co-operative, wrote lyrics in German and English, and composed all songs by themselves. They also did all their own set up and transported all the equipment for their shows, part of their goal of "being liberated from male assistance." For copyright purposes they worked under the joint pseudonym of "Emily Pankhurst." Their logo was a labrys, a double-headed axe. Their website explains that this is an ancient symbol of women's power throughout Europe.
After forming "over night," according to keyboardist Cillie Rentmeister, they rehearsed twice before they performed their first show to an audience of 2,000 at the first German women's festival in Berlin in 1974:
On May 11, 1974, the Berlin Women's Center organized the first public women's festival in West Germany. The Rockfete im Rock (Rock Party in a Skirt, in German, the word Rock also means skirt) was a politically significant event at the time, and men were not admitted. A popular UK band cancelled its performance, and a newcomer band played in its place: The Flying Lesbians had formed a few days earlier and consisted of seven women from the amateur music scene. Their performance was a hit.
The Flying Lesbians produced an LP and toured West Germany and Europe in the years that followed. They rocked fiercely through the summer of 1974 - for women only - including a show at the legendary women's camp on the Danish Island of Femø. The band became a role model for several other women bands, including Lysistrara, UnterRock, Schneewittchen, Les-Be-Ton, and Ausserhalb."
This 1974 international women's camp on the Danish island of Femø - with participants from Europe and the US, including Diana E.H. Russell - and the adjoining, big open air women's festival in the Danish Capital Copenhagen were a milestone for the European women's movement. It was here that the impetus and concepts were created for the first "International Tribunal on Crimes against Women" following the "International Women's Year" in Brussels, Belgium in 1976. The Flying Lesbians actively engaged and played in both events, in Copenhagen they played in front of 30,000 festival visitors - this only three months after their founding as a band in Berlin.
During the International Tribunal in Brussels in March 1976, the Flying Lesbians performed twice. Diana E.H. Russell describes the special social function and atmospheric effects of their music for the Tribunal:
For many women the most enjoyable events of the Tribunal were two parties on Saturday and Sunday nights. Some coordinating committee members felt that it was important to have some good social times together, and so we had invited The Flying Lesbians, an extremely popular feminist seven-piece rock band from Germany, to play once or twice during the Tribunal. While they were willing to play for free, as they always do for feminist events, they did need their transport costs. Because of our financial situation, we had delayed too long to rent a large enough hail for a party. So we ended up having two parties over the weekend in the far too small women’s center, Maison des Femmes. Hundreds of women, gay and straight, danced exuberantly to The Flying Lesbians’ music, and the crushed conditions didn't seem to bother anyone. In situations where language and cultural differences can so obstruct communication and feelings of solidarity, music, singing, and dance can be much more effective. The Matson [sic; i. e. Maison] des Femmes will never be the same after its first all women dance, and the same is true for some of the partying women.
In the years from 1974 until 1977 the Flying Lesbians became the musical "voice of the women's movement". In 1977, Miriam Frank stated in "off our backs":
Flying Lesbians is wonderful German, women-made music… The Flying Lesbians are the German women’s movement expressed in music. Each song reflects an important idea, criticism or problem that is being worked out now in the project collectives and women’s centers of West Germany, or that is being argued about in women’s Kneipes (bars) and around communal tables. The record is alive…not only because it is popularly distributed and widely played, but also because it successfully synthesizes ideas and action through music – Rock music… The blatantly lesbian songs by the Flying Lesbians are surely different from the cozy sweetness of the last few years in American Lesbian music. They’re refreshingly aggressive and controversial. The first song, I’m a Lesbian, How About You is a tight boogy woogy, very danceable, with especially nice piano and guitar work. It’s a lot of fun, and then come the two hard ones... The Flying Lesbians really take off with Frauen kommt her. This song, Women, come on, let’s get it together, united we are strong (transl.) has been sung in the women’s movement for years now, in small groups, at demonstrations, in ever-widening circles, and the Rock setting gives the song a special richness, openness and happiness. It’s the showpiece of the record...
Cillie Rentmeister in several essays reflects on the Flying Lesbians and the function of women's festivals for the women's movement as "Rite of passage" and as "coming out party". Bassist Monika Savier has been quoted as saying that most of the band openly identified as lesbians, which helped fans to feel comfortable coming out, but the band never distanced themselves from heterosexual women. The Flying Lesbians performed in a stage revival in autumn 2007.
The Flying Lesbians were also represented at exhibitions such as "Homosexualitaet_en" (Homosexualities), a double exhibition in the Schwules Museum "Gay Museum" and the "Deutsches Historisches Museum" in Berlin 2015, - the first representative exhibition in Germany also in relation to the prominent official locations as well as the comprehensive claim and content: "Covering a total area of 1600 square meters, “Homosexuality_ies” documents 150 years of the history, politics and culture of homosexual women and men in Germany..." An audio station for songs of the Flying Lesbians was also set up at the exhibition.
The seven members of the band were:
- Danielle de Baat: guitar, bass guitar, vocals
- Monika Jaeckel: vocals, percussion († 2009)
- Gigi (Christa) Lansch: drums 1975 ff. († 2002)
- Monika Mengel: vocals, percussion
- Cillie Rentmeister: piano, vocals, harmonica, synthesizer
- Monika Savier: bass guitar, percussion
- Christel Wachowski: guitar, percussion
- Swetlana Freifrau von dem Bottlenberg: vocals, drums 1974-1975 (Swetlana became a member of the NDW band Cora with Cora Von Dem Bottlenberg in the 1980s)
|1.||"Battered Wife"||Emily Pankhurst (collective pseudonym of the band, for copyright purposes)||3:02|
|4.||"für frau doktor a."||C. Rentmeister||4:14|
|5.||"frauen kommt her" & "frauen erhebt euch"||R. Stefan, E. Pankhurst & Emily Pankhurst||5:49|
|1.||"l'm a lesbian, how about you?"||emily pankhurst||3:55|
|2.||"die bisexualität"||e.pankhurst / s.weyrich||3:31|
|3.||"wir sind die homosexuellen frauen. Music video with lyrics in English"||text und melodie: frauen aus der lesbencamp Sanguinet||3:35|
|5.||"shake it off"||emily pankhurst||6:04|
- Kramarae, Cheris; Spender, Dale (2004). "Lesbian Popular Music". Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women: Global Women's Issues and Knowledge. p. 1209. ISBN 9781135963156. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
- "Flying Lesbians s/t LP". Continuo. 23 June 2011.
- "German Lesbian Bands: Flying Lesbians, Lysistrara, Witch Is Witch + solo artist Carolina Brauckmann". Queer Music Heritage.
- cf. Flying Lesbians in German Wikipedia
- "1974 Flying Lesbians, Feminist Festivals | Berlin Goes Feminist". 23 January 2015. Retrieved 2020-03-27.
- "(Text seen when hovering over logo)". Flying Lesbians. Retrieved 15 June 2016.
die doppelaxt, das zeichen des matriarchalischen weltmacht...
- cf. German Wikipedia, Chapter: Public appearances de:Frauenzentrum Westberlin#Öffentliche Auftritte Andrei S. Markovits and Philip S. Gorski: The New Women’s Movement, in: Michael G. Huelshoff, Andrei S. Markovits, Simon Reich (Eds.): From Bundesrepublik to Deutschland: German Politics After Unification, Michigan 1993, p.140; Birgit Bosold, Dorothee Brill, Detlev Weitz (Eds. on behalf of the German Historical Museum and The Schwules Museum): Homosexualität_en, Catalogue (German Edition) to the eponymous exhibition, Berlin 2015, p.150.
- Birgit Bosold, Dorothée Brill, Detlev Weitz (Eds.): Homosexualiy_ies. English Booklet to the eponymous exhibition of the Deutsches Historisches Museum (German Historical Museum) and Schwules Museum*, Berlin 2015, p.13
- For Femø pictures, documents and videos cf.  Archived 2018-04-04 at the Wayback Machine and ; for the first International Tribunal on Crimes against Women in Brussels 1976 cf. the documentation by Diana E.H. Russell
- Russell,Diana E. H., Van de Ven, Nicole (Compilors, Editors): Crimes Against Women: Proceedings of the International Tribunal. Originalausgabe Print: 1976; Kostenlos Online: RUSSELL PUBLICATIONS, Berkeley, California 94703. USA, 3rd Edition 1990, http://www.dianarussell.com/f/Crimes_Against_Women_Tribunal.pdf, p.12
- Miriam Frank, off our backs periodical, Sept. 1977, p. 15.
- Cf. several essays by Cillie Rentmeister about the Flying Lesbians and the function of women's festivals, e.g. "Sounds of Women’s Movement", The Finland Lectures – held at Helsinki, Sibelius Academy and at University of Jyväskylä, Dept. of Music, Art and Culture Studies, 1985 full illustrated version; further on feministberlin1968ff (historical website on the German women's movement in Berlin, by Cristina Perincioli, English version) with Rentmeisters essay 1974 - Flying Lesbians, Feminist Festivals, Women's Festivals", shortened English version, with illustrations 
- stage Revival 2007 Berlin in Youtube: "Flying Lesbians fliegen noch einmal!" - "The Flying Lesbians fly again!"
-  Flying Lesbians see Catalogue Page 150f. English introduction to the exhibition on Website of Deutsches Historisches Museum. Retrieved on 2 April 2018.
- cf. German Wikipedia for Swetlana Freifrau von dem Bottlenberg's professional Pop-Duo "Cora" de:Cora (Band)[circular reference]
- "all lyrics and songs of the Flying Lesbians". on Homepage of Flying Lesbians. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Frauencamp Femø". Feministische Projekte in Berlin 1974-78. Archived from the original on 25 March 2019. Retrieved 24 February 2022.
- English section of official website Includes text of Cillie Rentmeister's 1985 lecture "The Sounds of the Women’s Movement - Women’s Rock Bands in Germany (1974 – 1985)" describing history of the band
- Official website Includes biographies of members, under "die band"