Focke-Wulf Fw 44
|Fw 44 Stieglitz|
|A Focke-Wulf Fw 44J in 2008.|
|First flight||Late summer 1932|
The Focke-Wulf Fw 44 is a 1930s German two-seat biplane known as the Stieglitz ("Goldfinch"). It was produced by the Focke-Wulf company as a pilot training and sport flying aircraft. It was also eventually built under license in several other countries.
Design and development
The Fw 44 was designed as a biplane with conventional layout and straight, untapered wings. Its two open cockpits were arranged in tandem, and both cockpits were equipped with flight controls and instruments. The Fw 44 had fixed tailwheel landing gear. It employed ailerons on both upper and lower wings. It did not use flaps. It was flown with a Siemens-Halske Sh 14 radial engine.
A second version of the Fw 44 was the Fw 44B, which had an Argus As 8 four-cylinder inverted inline air-cooled engine of 90 kW (120 hp). The cowling for this engine gave the plane a more slender, aerodynamic nose.
The last series version was the Fw 44J, which was sold or built under license in several countries around the world. It was equipped with a seven-cylinder Siemens-Halske Sh 14 radial engine.
- Fw 44B
- Fw 44C
- Main production version with minor equipment changes, powered by a seven-cylinder Siemens-Halske Sh 14a radial piston engine.
- Fw 44D
- Fw 44E
- Fw 44F
- Fw 44J
- Final production model, powered by a seven-cylinder Siemens-Halske Sh 14a radial piston engine.
The aircraft was produced under license in 1937–1942 period
- Austrian Air Force (1927-1938) – license production
– license production
- Bulgarian Air Force – license production
- Czechoslovakian Air Force (Postwar)
- SFR Yugoslav Air Force – Postwar.
Data from Holmes, 2005. p. 79.
- Crew: two, student and instructor
- Length: 7.30 m (23 ft 11 in)
- Wingspan: 9.0 m (29 ft 6 in)
- Height: 2.80 m (9 ft 2 in)
- Wing area: 20 m² (215.2 ft²)
- Empty weight: 565 kg (1,243 lb)
- Loaded weight: 770 kg (1,694 lb)
- Max. takeoff weight: 785 kg (1,727 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Siemens Sh 14 A-4 7-cylinder radial engine, 118 kW at 2,100 rpm (160 hp)
- Holmes, Tony (2005). Jane's Vintage Aircraft Recognition Guide. London: Harper Collins. ISBN 0-00-719292-4.
- Ketley, Barry; Rolfe, Mark (1996). Luftwaffe Fledglings, 1935-1945: Luftwaffe Training Units and Their Aircraft. Hikoki. ISBN 9780951989920.
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