Foix–Alajouanine syndrome

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Foix–Alajouanine syndrome
Other namesFamilial osteosclerosis with abnormalities of the nervous system and meninges
SpecialtyNeurology Edit this on Wikidata

Foix–Alajouanine syndrome, also called subacute ascending necrotizing myelitis,[1] is a disease caused by an arteriovenous malformation of the spinal cord.[2] The patients present with symptoms indicating spinal cord involvement (paralysis of arms and legs, numbness and loss of sensation and sphincter dysfunction), and pathological examination reveals disseminated nerve cell death in the spinal cord and abnormally dilated and tortuous vessels situated on the surface of the spinal cord. Surgical treatment can be tried in some cases. If surgical intervention is contraindicated, corticosteroids may be used.

The condition is named after Charles Foix and Théophile Alajouanine.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Foix-Alajouanine syndrome". Orphanet.
  2. ^ Mishra R, Kaw R (May 2005). "Foix–Alajouanine syndrome: an uncommon cause of myelopathy from an anatomic variant circulation". South. Med. J. 98 (5): 567–9. doi:10.1097/01.SMJ.0000154409.48800.43. PMID 15954517.

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