Avia (under licence)
|First flight||23 August 1929|
|Primary users||Czechoslovakian Air Force
The Fokker F.IX was an airliner developed in the Netherlands in the late 1920s, intended to provide KLM with an aircraft suitable for regular services to the Dutch East Indies. When the onset of the Great Depression forced the postponement of those plans, the market for this aircraft disappeared as well, although it did see military service in Czechoslovakia as a bomber.
Design and development
The F.IX was a three-engine, high-wing monoplane of conventional configuration, equipped with tailskid undercarriage. The wings were made of wood, and the fuselage was welded steel tube with a fabric covering. When presented at the 1930 Paris Air Show, it won the Grand Prix de Comfort et d'Elegance d'Avions de Transport - the "beauty prize" as voted by the public.
Czech aircraft manufacturer Avia purchased a licence to produce the type in order to create a bomber for the Czechoslovakian Air Force, when it was decided that the Fokker F.VII that Avia was already producing under licence was too small for this role. By 1932, 12 were in service as the F.39. Yugoslavia also purchased two aircraft, as well as a licence to produce the type domestically, although this did not occur. The F.39s differed from their civil counterparts not only by the addition of bomb racks, but also with a defensive machine gun being fitted to either a ventral "step" or a turret. Avia also built two examples as airliners for Czechoslovakian Airlines as the F.IX D (Dopravni - "transport"). One of these survived into World War II, when it was impressed into Luftwaffe service (as TF+BO).
A further proposed military development by Avia, the twin-engine F.139, never left the drawing board.
Even though KLM directors had been talking in terms of ten or more aircraft in 1929, the worsening economic climate resulted in only two being purchased. Due to the logistics implications of stocking spare parts for only two aircraft, these were confined to European routes and the two F.IXs each made only one flight to the Indies. One (registration PH-AFK) was written off in a crash on 4 August 1931, and the other (De Adelaar, PH-AGA) was retired in 1936, and was subsequently acquired by clandestine means to serve as a bomber in the Spanish Republican Air Force during the civil war.
- Three-engined passenger airliner for KLM.
- Three-engined bomber aircraft for the Czechoslovakian Air Force.
- Proposed twin-engined version of the F.39. Not built.
- F-IX D
- Three-engined passenger airliner for Czechoslovakian Airlines.
- Luftwaffe operated one captured aircraft.
- KLM operated two aircraft.
Accidents and incidents
- On August 4, 1931 a KLM F.IX crashed on takeoff from Waalhaven Airport due to engine failure; all 15 passengers and crew survived, but the aircraft was written off.
Specifications (Fokker F.IX)
- Crew: two (pilot and co-pilot)
- Capacity: 20 passengers
- Length: 19.31 m (63 ft 4 in)
- Wingspan: 27.16 m (89 ft 1 in)
- Height: 4.572 m (15 ft 0 in)
- Empty weight: 5,450 kg (12,015 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 9,000 kg (19,842 lb)
- Powerplant: 3 × Gnome-Rhône 9A Jupiter 9-cyl. air-cooled radial piston engines, 360 kW (480 hp) each
- Maximum speed: 209 km/h; 113 kn (130 mph)
- Cruise speed: 172 km/h (107 mph; 93 kn)
- Range: 1,150 km (715 mi; 621 nmi)
- Taylor, John W. R., and Jean Alexander.Combat Aircraft of the World. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1969. ISBN 0-71810-564-8.
- Taylor, Michael J. H. Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions, 1989.
- Weale, Elke. Combat Aircraft of World War II. Simsbury, Connecticut: Bracken Books, 1985.
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