Fokker F.XIV

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
F.XIV
Role Cargo aircraft/airliner
National origin The Netherlands
Manufacturer Fokker
First flight 1929
Number built 1

The Fokker F.XIV was a cargo plane built in the Netherlands in the late 1920s by Fokker. It was a high-wing cantilever monoplane of conventional trimotor layout. The sole example was tested by KLM but never put into service.

Development and design[edit]

In early 1929, Fokker designed and built a prototype of a single-engine cargo aircraft, probably to meet a requirement from KLM. The F.XIV was a high-wing monoplane powered by a 450 horsepower (340 kW) Gnome-Rhône Jupiter VI radial engine and had a fixed tailwheel undercarriage. Two pilots sat in an enclosed cockpit forward of the wing's leading edge, while the aircraft's cabin could carry 1,240 kilograms (2,730 lb) in a 5 metres (16 ft) long cabin.[1]

There was little interest from airlines in a cargo aircraft, and in 1931 Fokker rebuilt the F.XIV as a three-engined passenger airliner, the F.XIV-3m. The Jupiter was replaced by three 370 horsepower (280 kW) Lorraine Algol radial engines, while the cabin had seats for eight passengers. Although tested by KLM, it was not purchased or operated by them, and ended its days as an exhibit in a pleasure garden.[2][3]

Specifications (F.XIV-3m)[edit]

Data from European Transport Aircraft since 1910[1]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 2
  • Capacity: 8 passengers
  • Length: 15.1 m (49 ft 6 in)
  • Wingspan: 20.9 m (68 ft 7 in)
  • Wing area: 62 m2 (670 sq ft)
  • Empty weight: 3,100 kg (6,834 lb)
  • Gross weight: 5,500 kg (12,125 lb)
  • Powerplant: 3 × Lorraine Algol 9-cylinder air-cooled radial engines, 280 kW (370 hp) each

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 234 km/h (145 mph; 126 kn)
  • Cruise speed: 197 km/h (122 mph; 106 kn)
  • Range: 1,180 km (733 mi; 637 nmi)
  • Service ceiling: 3,700 m (12,100 ft)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Stroud 1966, pp. 485–486.
  2. ^ Stroud 1966, p. 486.
  3. ^ van der Klaauw Flight 30 December 1960, p. 1015.