Folate receptor

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Folate receptor family
Symbol Folate_rec
Pfam PF03024
InterPro IPR004269

Folate receptors bind folate and reduced folic acid derivatives and mediates delivery of tetrahydrofolate to the interior of cells. It is then converted from monoglutamate to polyglutamate forms - such as 5- methyltetrahydrofolate - as only monoglutamate forms can be transported across cell membranes. Polyglutamate forms are biologically active enzymatic cofactors required for many folate-dependent processes such as folate-dependent one-carbon metabolism. These proteins are attached to the membrane by a GPI anchor. A riboflavin-binding protein required for the transport of riboflavin to the developing oocyte in chicken also belong to this family.

Human proteins from this family include folate receptor 1 (adult), folate receptor 2 (fetal), and folate receptor gamma.

This article incorporates text from the public domain Pfam and InterPro IPR004269