Folsom, New Mexico
|Folsom, New Mexico|
Location of Folsom, New Mexico
|• Total||0.5 sq mi (1.4 km2)|
|• Land||0.5 sq mi (1.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||6,391 ft (1,948 m)|
|• Total||56 (2,010)|
|• Density||112/sq mi (40/km2)|
|Time zone||Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|GNIS feature ID||0902249|
Folsom is a village in Union County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 56 at the 2010 census, down from 75 in 2000. The town was named after Frances Folsom, the fiancee of President Grover Cleveland.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2), all of it land.
Folsom is situated in a wide valley near the headwaters of the Cimarron River, locally known as the Dry Cimarron as it runs underground during part of its course through eastern New Mexico. The village is ringed by buttes, mesas, and old volcanic cones and lava flows. Most of the valley is rich grassland with a pinyon pine and juniper forest found on slopes and in rocky areas. Ponderosa pines are found in canyons and at higher elevations. Large ranches and cattle grazing are typical of the area although some irrigated agriculture is found downstream from Folsom. Hunting for deer, bear, elk, pronghorn, and turkey is popular on local ranches.
Capulin Volcano National Monument is located seven miles (11 km) south of Folsom. Rising to 8,182 (2,494 m) feet above sea level, Capulin is the highest mountain near Folsom. Folsom Falls are five miles (8 km) east of the city. The Cimarron River, only a small stream a few feet wide here, is stocked with trout annually. Eight miles (13 km) west of the city below Johnson Mesa is Wild Horse Arroyo where in 1908 a cowboy named George McJunkin discovered the bones of an extinct bison. This was the archaeological find that later proved ancient man had been in the Americas at least 10,000 years, far longer than earlier believed. See Folsom Site.
Folsom is commonly called a “ghost town” as it has hardly any active businesses. Most community life centers around the Folsom Museum, established 1966 in the Doherty Mercantile building. The museum, with a large collection of local artifacts, sponsors several events each year. It is open seven days a week between Memorial Day and Labor Day.
Climate. Folsom’s elevation moderates summer temperatures. July is the warmest month with an average high temperature of 84 (28C) degrees and an average low of 56 (13C). January is the coldest month with an average high temperature of 45 (7C) and an average low of 17 (-8C). The highest recorded temperature is 99 (37C) degrees and the lowest was minus 28 (-33C). Folsom receives 18 inches (45mm) of precipitation per year, mostly as summer rainfall but with about 30 (76mm) inches of snow annually. July and August are the wettest months and January and February are the driest.
Folsom gives its name to the nearby type site for the Folsom Tradition, a Paleo-Indian cultural sequence dating to between 9000 BC and 8000 BC. The Folsom Site, about 8 miles west of the village, was excavated in 1926 and found to have been a marsh-side kill site or camp where 23 bison had been killed using distinctive tools, known as Folsom points.
In the first half of the 19th century, the region was a hunting ground for Comanche, Ute, and Jicarilla Apache Indians. The first White settlement near Folsom was Madison, settled in 1864 and named for its founder, Madison Emery. In 1877 a post office was established. Madison became a ghost town in 1888 when the Colorado and Southern Railroad was completed and Folsom was established nearby on the railroad line. The train was held up three times near Folsom by Black Jack Ketchum and his gang. The final robbery in 1899 led to the capture and hanging of Ketchum.
Folsom prospered in the early years with the largest stockyards west of Fort Worth. Homesteaders moved in and attempted to farm and the town reached a peak population of nearly 1,000. However, the area proved unsuitable for farming because of drought and large ranches soon replaced the small farms. The town suffered a blow from which it never recovered on August 27, 1908 when a massive rainstorm caused a devastating flood which nearly destroyed the town and killed 18 people. (Flash flooding from the same storm also uncovered the bison bones that George McJunkin found in Dead Horse Arroyo, which later became known as the Folsom Site.)
A high school operated briefly in Folsom. Its only graduates were three students in 1931. In 1966 the elementary school at Folsom closed and the students transferred to the school in Des Moines eight miles away. Folsom has a post office.
As of the census of 2000, there were 75 people, 31 households, and 19 families residing in the village. The population density was 139.1 people per square mile (53.6/km2). There were 44 housing units at an average density of 81.6 per square mile (31.5/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 73.33% White, 2.67% Native American, 21.33% from other races, and 2.67% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 34.67% of the population.
There were 31 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.4% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 3.15.
In the village, the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 4.0% from 18 to 24, 34.7% from 25 to 44, 14.7% from 45 to 64, and 17.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.8 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $17,083, and the median income for a family was $25,750. Males had a median income of $23,750 versus $16,000 for females. The per capita income for the village was $9,561. There were 32.0% of families and 35.4% of the population living below the poverty line, including 51.3% of under eighteens and none of those over 64.
- George McJunkin (1851–1922) African-American Black cowboy and finder of the Folsom site which revolutionized American archaeology
- Sally J. Rooke (1840–1908) Telephone operator who perished in the 1908 flood "while at her switchboard warning others of their danger."
In popular culture
- Folson, 1888-1988: Then and Now. Centennial Book Committee, 1988, p.1
- http://www.folsomvillage.com/, accessed Jan 5, 2011
- http://www.nmenv.state.nm.us/swqb/Surveys/DryCimarron2000.pdf, accessed Jan 5, 2011
- http://www.folsommuseum.org/, accessed Jan 5, 2011
- http://www.weather.com/outlook/recreation/outdoors/wxclimatology/monthly/USNM0114, Accessed Jan 5, 2011
- "Indians of North America" (map) National Geographic Society, 1990
- Folsom, 1888-1988, pp 11-12
- Folsom, 1888-1898, pp. 24-25
- Folsom, 1888-1898, pp. 31-42, 46
- Folsom, 1888-1988, p. 68-70
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Archived from the original on June 2, 2016. Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Folsom, 1888-1898, p. 34