Font, Switzerland

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Font
Former municipality of Switzerland
Font 2013.JPG
Coat of arms of Font
Coat of arms
Font is located in Switzerland
Font
Font
Font is located in Canton of Fribourg
Font
Font
Coordinates: 46°50′N 6°49′E / 46.833°N 6.817°E / 46.833; 6.817Coordinates: 46°50′N 6°49′E / 46.833°N 6.817°E / 46.833; 6.817
Country Switzerland
Canton Fribourg
District Broye
Area
 • Total 2.52 km2 (0.97 sq mi)
Elevation 462 m (1,516 ft)
Population (December 2015)
 • Total 359
 • Density 140/km2 (370/sq mi)
Postal code 1473
SFOS number 2017
Surrounded by Bollion, Châbles, Châtillon, Estavayer-le-Lac, Lully, Seiry, Vaumarcus (NE)
Website www.font.ch
SFSO statistics

Font is a former municipality in the district of Broye, in the canton of Fribourg, Switzerland. The municipality of Font merged on 1 January 2012 into the municipality of Estavayer-le-Lac.[1]

History[edit]

Font is first mentioned in 1011.[2]

Geography[edit]

Font has an area, as of 2009, of 2.5 square kilometers (0.97 sq mi). Of this area, 1.3 km2 (0.50 sq mi) or 52.0% is used for agricultural purposes, while 0.67 km2 (0.26 sq mi) or 26.8% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.37 km2 (0.14 sq mi) or 14.8% is settled (buildings or roads), 0.01 km2 (2.5 acres) or 0.4% is either rivers or lakes and 0.16 km2 (0.062 sq mi) or 6.4% is unproductive land.[3]

Of the built up area, housing and buildings made up 6.0% and transportation infrastructure made up 8.0%. Out of the forested land, 24.8% of the total land area is heavily forested and 2.0% is covered with orchards or small clusters of trees. Of the agricultural land, 39.2% is used for growing crops and 10.4% is pastures, while 2.4% is used for orchards or vine crops. All the water in the municipality is in lakes.[3]

The municipality is located in the Broye district, in the Estavayer-le-Lac exclave. It lies on the southern shore area of Lake Neuchâtel, and borders the municipalities of Châtillon coming from center onto the west, Châbles to the west, Estavayer-le-Lac to the east, and Lully to the south and southeast. The town's main road is the Yverdon-les-Bains Route and the A1 motorway which travels south of the city through Châtillon.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Gules, a Mullet Argent pierced.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Font has a population (as of December 2015) of 359.[5] As of 2008, 7.0% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years (2000–2010) the population has changed at a rate of 31%. Migration accounted for 23.5%, while births and deaths accounted for 5.6%.[7]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks French (253 or 94.8%) as their first language, German is the second most common (13 or 4.9%) and Italian is the third (1 or 0.4%).[8]

As of 2008, the population was 52.8% male and 47.2% female. The population was made up of 168 Swiss men (49.6% of the population) and 11 (3.2%) non-Swiss men. There were 150 Swiss women (44.2%) and 10 (2.9%) non-Swiss women.[9] Of the population in the municipality, 99 or about 37.1% were born in Font and lived there in 2000. There were 93 or 34.8% who were born in the same canton, while 63 or 23.6% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 7 or 2.6% were born outside of Switzerland.[8]

The age distribution, as of 2000, in Font is; 38 children or 14.2% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old and 26 teenagers or 9.7% are between 10 and 19. Of the adult population, 25 people or 9.4% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 45 people or 16.9% are between 30 and 39, 50 people or 18.7% are between 40 and 49, and 33 people or 12.4% are between 50 and 59. The senior population distribution is 22 people or 8.2% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 19 people or 7.1% are between 70 and 79, there are 8 people or 3.0% who are between 80 and 89, and there is 1 person who is 90 and older.[9]

As of 2000, there were 90 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 147 married individuals, 18 widows or widowers and 12 individuals who are divorced.[8]

As of 2000, there were 103 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.6 persons per household.[7] There were 26 households that consist of only one person and 9 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 96 apartments (55.8% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 64 apartments (37.2%) were seasonally occupied and 12 apartments (7.0%) were empty.[10] As of 2009, the construction rate of new housing units was 2.8 new units per 1000 residents.[7] The vacancy rate for the municipality, in 2010, was 0.52%.[7]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1811 207 —    
1850 233 +0.30%
1860 262 +1.18%
1870 227 −1.42%
1880 222 −0.22%
1888 231 +0.50%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1900 206 −0.95%
1910 218 +0.57%
1920 219 +0.05%
1930 208 −0.51%
1941 228 +0.84%
1950 237 +0.43%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1960 219 −0.79%
1970 203 −0.76%
1980 192 −0.56%
1990 231 +1.87%
2000 267 +1.46%
Source: [2][11]

Heritage sites of national significance[edit]

The Gallo-Roman villa at La Vuardaz is listed as a Swiss heritage site of national significance. The entire Font area (shared between Châbles and Font) is part of the Inventory of Swiss Heritage Sites.[12]

Politics[edit]

In the 2011 federal election the most popular party was the SP which received 36.9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the CVP (32.2%), the SVP (19.0%) and the FDP (3.8%).[13]

The SPS gained an additional 8.0% of the vote from the 2007 Federal election. The CVP retained about the same popularity (28.7% in 2007), the SVP retained about the same popularity (20.0% in 2007) and the FDP lost popularity (10.2% in 2007). A total of 164 votes were cast in this election, of which 1 or 0.6% was invalid.[14]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, Font had an unemployment rate of 1.6%. As of 2008, there were 11 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 5 businesses involved in this sector. 3 people were employed in the secondary sector and there were 2 businesses in this sector. 30 people were employed in the tertiary sector, with 9 businesses in this sector.[7] There were 138 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 40.6% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 31. The number of jobs in the primary sector was 7, of which 6 were in agriculture and 1 was in fishing or fisheries. The number of jobs in the secondary sector was 3, all of which were in construction. The number of jobs in the tertiary sector was 21. In the tertiary sector; 2 or 9.5% were in the sale or repair of motor vehicles, 2 or 9.5% were in a hotel or restaurant, 5 or 23.8% were in the information industry, 2 or 9.5% were in education.[15]

In 2000, there were 8 workers who commuted into the municipality and 109 workers who commuted away. The municipality is a net exporter of workers, with about 13.6 workers leaving the municipality for every one entering.[16] Of the working population, 3.6% used public transportation to get to work, and 75.4% used a private car.[7]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 198 or 74.2% were Roman Catholic, while 35 or 13.1% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there was 1 individual who belongs to another Christian church. 25 (or about 9.36% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist, and 8 individuals (or about 3.00% of the population) did not answer the question.[8]

Education[edit]

In Font about 99 or (37.1%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 39 or (14.6%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 39 who completed tertiary schooling, 64.1% were Swiss men, 35.9% were Swiss women.[8]

The Canton of Fribourg school system provides one year of non-obligatory Kindergarten, followed by six years of Primary school. This is followed by three years of obligatory lower Secondary school where the students are separated according to ability and aptitude. Following the lower Secondary students may attend a three or four year optional upper Secondary school. The upper Secondary school is divided into gymnasium (university preparatory) and vocational programs. After they finish the upper Secondary program, students may choose to attend a Tertiary school or continue their apprenticeship.[17]

During the 2010-11 school year, there were a total of 46 students attending 2 classes in Font. A total of 62 students from the municipality attended any school, either in the municipality or outside of it. There were no kindergarten classes in the municipality, but 10 students attended kindergarten in a neighboring municipality. The municipality had 2 primary classes and 46 students. During the same year, there were no lower secondary classes in the municipality, but 14 students attended lower secondary school in a neighboring municipality. There were no upper Secondary classes or vocational classes, but there was one upper Secondary student and 4 upper Secondary vocational students who attended classes in another municipality. The municipality had no non-university Tertiary classes, but there was one specialized Tertiary student who attended classes in another municipality.[9]

As of 2000, there were 38 students in Font who came from another municipality, while 34 residents attended schools outside the municipality.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 17 February 2011
  2. ^ a b Font in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office-Land Use Statistics 2009 data (German) accessed 25 March 2010
  4. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 8 November 2011
  5. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  6. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 Archived 28 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  7. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 16 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 8 November 2011
  8. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 Archived 9 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  9. ^ a b c Canton of Fribourg Statistics (German) accessed 3 November 2011
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen Archived 7 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  11. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived 30 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  12. ^ "Kantonsliste A-Objekte". KGS Inventar (in German). Federal Office of Civil Protection. 2009. Archived from the original on 28 June 2010. Retrieved 25 April 2011. 
  13. ^ Canton of Fribourg National Council Election of 23 October 2011 Statistics (German) (French) accessed 3 November 2011
  14. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton Archived 14 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  15. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 Archived 25 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  16. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb[permanent dead link] (German) accessed 24 June 2010
  17. ^ Chart of the education system in Canton Fribourg (German)

External links[edit]