Fontenay-aux-Roses

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Fontenay-aux-Roses
The city hall
The city hall
Coat of arms of Fontenay-aux-Roses
Paris and inner ring départements
Paris and inner ring départements
Location of Fontenay-aux-Roses
Fontenay-aux-Roses is located in France
Fontenay-aux-Roses
Fontenay-aux-Roses
Fontenay-aux-Roses is located in Île-de-France (region)
Fontenay-aux-Roses
Fontenay-aux-Roses
Coordinates: 48°47′22″N 2°17′20″E / 48.78932°N 2.28877°E / 48.78932; 2.28877Coordinates: 48°47′22″N 2°17′20″E / 48.78932°N 2.28877°E / 48.78932; 2.28877
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentHauts-de-Seine
ArrondissementAntony
CantonChâtillon
IntercommunalityMétropole du Grand Paris
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Laurent Vastel[1]
Area
1
2.51 km2 (0.97 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2019)[2]
25,531
 • Density10,000/km2 (26,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
92032 /92260
Elevation60–160 m (200–520 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Fontenay-aux-Roses (French pronunciation: [fɔ̃tnɛ o ʁoz] (listen)) is a commune in the southwestern suburbs of Paris, France. It is located 8.6 km (5.3 mi) from the center of Paris.

In 1880 a girls school École Normale Supérieure was opened in the town. It was one of the most prestigious of Paris and even of whole France in term of scientific research. It became a mixed school in 1986, and was relocated to Lyon in 2000.

Fontenay is the location of the Commissariat à l'énergie atomique, and former location of the first French nuclear reactor, Zoé, and the first French tokamak fusion experiment, TFR.

Name[edit]

The commune name originates from a local spring-fed stream (Latin fons, French fontaine) in the hillside descending from the Châtillon plateau, with "of roses" added to distinguish this commune from numerous French communes named Fontenay.

Climate[edit]

The climate of Fontenay-aux-Roses is oceanic gradient. The observation stations used for the weather in Fontenay are at Orly and the airport of Velizy-Villacoublay, municipalities located not far from Fontenay. The climate is characterised by sunshine and fairly low rainfall. The average rainfall is about 650 mm per year, spread over 111 rainy days on average, including 16 days of heavy rainfall (10 mm). Temperatures are mild; the coldest month is January with an average temperature of 4.7° C and the hottest months are July and August with a mean temperature of 20° C.

Severe weather conditions are sometimes recorded:

  • Maximum Temperature : 42.0 °C in 2003;
  • Minimum Temperature : -16.0 °C in 1985;
  • Maximum rain in 24 hours: 100 mm from 6 p.m. on 30th to 6 p.m. on August 5, 1997;
  • High temperature days (> 25 °C) : 59.3;
  • Rain days: 120.
Climate data for Fontenay-aux-Roses (1981−2010 normals, extremes 1981−2009)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 16.5
(61.7)
20.0
(68.0)
25.0
(77.0)
31.0
(87.8)
32.0
(89.6)
36.5
(97.7)
37.5
(99.5)
40.0
(104.0)
34.0
(93.2)
29.0
(84.2)
21.0
(69.8)
16.5
(61.7)
40.0
(104.0)
Average high °C (°F) 7.0
(44.6)
8.2
(46.8)
12.2
(54.0)
15.6
(60.1)
19.8
(67.6)
23.1
(73.6)
25.7
(78.3)
25.6
(78.1)
21.4
(70.5)
16.5
(61.7)
10.8
(51.4)
7.6
(45.7)
16.2
(61.2)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
5.1
(41.2)
8.3
(46.9)
11.0
(51.8)
14.9
(58.8)
18.0
(64.4)
20.3
(68.5)
20.1
(68.2)
16.6
(61.9)
12.6
(54.7)
7.7
(45.9)
5.2
(41.4)
12.1
(53.8)
Average low °C (°F) 1.8
(35.2)
2.1
(35.8)
4.4
(39.9)
6.4
(43.5)
10.1
(50.2)
12.9
(55.2)
14.9
(58.8)
14.7
(58.5)
11.9
(53.4)
8.7
(47.7)
4.7
(40.5)
2.6
(36.7)
8.0
(46.4)
Record low °C (°F) −16.0
(3.2)
−11.0
(12.2)
−7.5
(18.5)
−2.0
(28.4)
1.5
(34.7)
5.0
(41.0)
6.5
(43.7)
6.0
(42.8)
5.0
(41.0)
−1.0
(30.2)
−7.0
(19.4)
−9.5
(14.9)
−16.0
(3.2)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 55.7
(2.19)
46.2
(1.82)
49.3
(1.94)
53.3
(2.10)
60.0
(2.36)
48.5
(1.91)
58.7
(2.31)
55.3
(2.18)
51.1
(2.01)
63.7
(2.51)
50.9
(2.00)
60.3
(2.37)
653.0
(25.71)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 11.5 9.9 11.2 10.3 10.6 8.7 8.6 7.7 8.5 10.6 10.8 11.6 120.0
Source: Météo-France[3]

Transport[edit]

Fontenay-aux-Roses is served by Fontenay-aux-Roses station on Paris RER line B and Tram line 6 from Chatillon Montrouge metro to Viroflay. In addition, several bus lines 194, 294, 394, 390, 162, 195... cross the city to Paris and other suburban cities.

Population[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 942—    
1800 722−3.73%
1806 877+3.29%
1821 804−0.58%
1831 1,021+2.42%
1836 967−1.08%
1841 1,092+2.46%
1846 1,076−0.29%
1851 1,176+1.79%
1856 1,669+7.25%
1861 2,157+5.26%
1866 2,386+2.04%
1872 2,362−0.17%
1876 2,924+5.48%
1881 2,849−0.52%
1886 2,935+0.60%
1891 2,652−2.01%
1896 3,343+4.74%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 3,402+0.35%
1906 4,082+3.71%
1911 4,463+1.80%
1921 5,202+1.54%
1926 5,943+2.70%
1931 6,870+2.94%
1936 7,197+0.93%
1946 7,455+0.35%
1954 8,626+1.84%
1962 20,237+11.25%
1968 23,355+2.42%
1975 25,596+1.32%
1982 23,915−0.97%
1990 23,322−0.31%
1999 23,537+0.10%
2007 24,066+0.28%
2012 22,866−1.02%
2017 24,564+1.44%
Source: EHESS[4] and INSEE (1968-2017)[5]

Education[edit]

Primary schools in the commune:[6]

  • Six public preschools (maternelles): La Roue, Les Ormeaux, Les Pervenches, Les Renards, Jean Macé, Scarron
  • Six public elementary schools: La Roue A, La Roue B, Le Parc, Les Ormeaux, Les Pervenches, Les Renards
  • One private preschool and elementary school: Maternelle et Elémentaire St-Vincent de Paul

There is a public junior high school, Collège les Ormeaux.[7]

Lycée professionnel privé Saint François d'Assise, a private vocational high school, is in the commune.[8]

Neighboring places[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

Links between Wiesloch and Fontenay-aux-Roses are very strong. Indeed, many school projects are organized each year.

Personalities[edit]

  • Paul Scarron (1610–1660) - writer, lived in Fontenay-aux-Roses.
  • Theresa Cabarrus (1773–1835) - Known as "Madame Tallien" whose residence has become the École Normale Supérieure de Fontenay-aux-Roses.
  • Aristide Boucicaut (1810–1877) - Founder of the Bon Marché and benefactor of the town, has long lived in Fontenay where he owned a large residence (known as the "castle Boucicaut and razed in 1954) it was also a member of the municipal council and was even elected mayor in 1871. However, he refused the post, and preferred to remain an alderman.
  • Joris-Karl Huysmans (1848–1907) - Worked in Fontenay in July 1881 on his novel À Rebours; it is the setting for the aesthetic experiments of the decadent aristocrat des Esseintes.
  • Ferdinand Lot (1866–1952) - medieval historian, lived in Fontenay-aux-Roses for a long time; he is buried in the family tomb.
  • Pierre Bonnard (1867–1947) - Born in Fontenay at the corner of d'Estienne d'Orves Neyts and André, near the College des Ormeaux, painter.
  • Paul Léautaud (1872–1956) - writer, lived in Fontenay (24, rue Guérard).
  • Jacques Déprats (1880–1935) - Born in Fontenay, geologist.
  • Valery Larbaud (1881–1957) - writer, lived in Fontenay-aux-Roses.
  • Mikhail Larionov (1881-1964) - Painter of the Russian avant-garde, died in Fontenay-aux-Roses.
  • Alexandra Exter (1882–1949) - Artist of the Russian avant-garde, died at Fontenay-aux-Roses.
  • René Barthélemy (1889–1954) - French physicist, lived in Fontenay and is based on communal cemetery.
  • René Letourneur (1898–1990) - Painter and sculptor, lived in Fontenay-aux-Roses.
  • Boris Vildé (1908–1942) - Resistance fighter executed by the Germans, lived in Fontenay-aux-Roses.
  • Yves Klein (1928–1962) - painter, lived in Fontenay-aux-Roses.
  • Dieudonné M'bala M'bala (born 1966) - comedian, born in Fontenay.
  • Laurent Aïello (born 1969) - Born in Fontenay, racing driver.
  • Kamsoo Queen (born 1982) - model, comedian, lives in Fontenay-aux-Roses.
  • Andrei Sinyavsky (1925–1997) - Russian writer, dissident, gulag survivor.
  • Ilona Mitrecey (born 1993) - French singer, born in Fontenay-aux-Roses.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
  3. ^ "Fiche Climatologique Statistiques 1991-2020 et records" (PDF). Météo-France. Retrieved August 24, 2022.
  4. ^ Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Fontenay-aux-Roses, EHESS. (in French)
  5. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  6. ^ "Ecoles de la ville et inscriptions." Fontenay-aux-Roses. Retrieved on September 9, 2016. Attendance boundary
  7. ^ Home. Collège les Ormeaux. Retrieved on September 9, 2016.
  8. ^ Home. Lycée professionnel privé Saint François d'Assise. Retrieved on September 9, 2016.

External links[edit]