Jump to content


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Winkler as the Fonz in 1977
First appearance"All the Way" (1974)
Last appearance"Passages Part 2" (1984)
Portrayed byHenry Winkler
In-universe information
"The Fonz"
OccupationMechanic, co-owner of Arnold's Drive-In, high school teacher
  • Vito Fonzarelli (father, deceased)
  • Angela Fonzarelli (mother)
  • Arthur 'Artie' Fonzarelli (half-brother)
ChildrenDanny Corrigan Jr. (adoptive son)

Arthur Herbert Fonzarelli, better known as "Fonzie" or "The Fonz", is a fictional character played by Henry Winkler in the American sitcom Happy Days (1974–1984). He was originally a secondary character, but was soon positioned as a lead character when he began surpassing the other characters in popularity. The Fonzie character was so popular that in the second season producers considered renaming the show to "Fonzie's Happy Days."[1] Fonzie was seen by many as the epitome of coolness and a sex symbol.[2][3][4][5]

Happy Days producer and writer Bob Brunner created both Arthur Fonzarelli's "Fonzie" nickname, and the invented put-down, "Sit on it".[6][7][8] The character was a stereotypical greaser who was frequently seen on his motorcycle, wore a leather jacket, and typified the essence of cool, in contrast to his circle of friends.

On November 8, 1980, Hanna-Barbera Productions and Paramount Television produced the ABC Saturday morning The Fonz and the Happy Days Gang animated series during the Saturday morning schedule on ABC.

Fonzie is one of only two characters (along with Howard Cunningham) to appear in all 255 episodes of the series.

Character traits and development[edit]

The Fonz becomes a singing superstar. Pictured are Cindy Williams as Shirley Feeney, Ron Howard as Richie Cunningham, Henry Winkler as Fonzie, and Penny Marshall as Laverne DeFazio.
Potsie (Anson Williams), Richie (Ron Howard), Fonzie (Henry Winkler) and Ralph Malph (Donny Most) at Arnold's drive-in.
Marion (Marion Ross) feels life has passed her by; her children are growing up and she feels like she is not needed. Mrs. C turns to Fonzie (Henry Winkler), whose apartment is above the Cunningham's garage, for a sympathetic ear.
Arnold's wedding from Happy Days. Arnold, the original owner of Arnold's drive-in (Pat Morita), asks Fonzie to be his best man at his traditional Japanese wedding ceremony.

Arthur Fonzarelli was born to an Italian-American family. He and his mother were abandoned by his father when Arthur was 3, and Arthur holds few memories of him, but deep resentment toward him for the abandonment. In the Season 6 episode "Christmas Time", a sailor delivers a Christmas present ostensibly from his father (played by Eddie Fontaine). Fonzie is resentful, but at the end of the episode he opens his father's letter explaining why he left and reads it. He also learns that the sailor was his father, who admits in the letter that he doubted he would have the courage to reveal the truth to his son. Fonzie only relents when Howard Cunningham agrees with Fonzie that his father was irresponsible and in the wrong. In a later episode, Fonzie unexpectedly meets a woman he believes is his mother in a diner. She convinces him she is not, but in the end, she looks at a picture of Fonzie she had in her possession. In the final season, Fonzie meets his half-brother 'Arte' Fonzarelli, who informs him that their father has by then died. Fonzie has mixed emotions upon hearing this, as this left so many questions about his past unanswered, but Fonzie bonded with Arte, who helped him cope.

Grandma Nussbaum appears to have been a primary caregiver to Fonzie since the age of six. When he (instead of Grandma Nussbaum) moves into the Cunninghams' garage apartment—a plot development that helped precipitate his increased presence in the series—he turns his old apartment over to his grandmother. Grandma Nussbaum (and she alone) calls Fonzie "Skippy". She is also the grandmother of Fonzie's cousin Chachi Arcola (played by Scott Baio).

Fonzie's devotion to her foreshadows his ongoing devotion to mother figures throughout the show, particularly to Marion Cunningham, whom Fonzie affectionately calls "Mrs. C." Though at first looked down on and mistrusted (a result of his past and being a high school dropout), he eventually became accepted by the Cunninghams (his friend Richie's family), even more so after he rented an attic room over their garage. Even Richie's father, Howard ("Mr. C." to Fonzie and the most resistant to him living with them), a pillar of the community, came to regard Fonzie with affection and said "Ayyyy" when Fonzie moved into the garage.

Fonzie shares a very close relationship with his younger cousin Chachi. Fonzie was able to be the older brother figure that Chachi needed in his life. In having Chachi come to live and work with him, Fonzie grows too, becoming an overall better, more responsible and caring person. Fonzie serves as Chachi's best man when he marries Joanie. In the long shot at the end of Chachi and Joanie's wedding, Fonzie is the first person who comes to congratulate his younger cousin. He and Chachi embrace for several seconds. They share another hug at the end of Mr. C's toast. These are just a couple examples of Fonzie and Chachi's relationship. The last couple of seasons show how close Fonzie and Chachi really grew to be.

Civic involvement[edit]

Fonzie was involved in community projects. He endorses Republican Dwight D. Eisenhower's 1956 presidential campaign. At a rally Fonzie declares, "Ayyy, he won the war, didn't he!?" and "I like Ike! My bike likes Ike! Ayyy..." Eisenhower carried Wisconsin with 62% of the vote, easily defeating Adlai Stevenson (supported by Richie Cunningham's more-researched speech). In that election, Eisenhower got 457 electoral votes to 73 for Stevenson.[9]

Fonzie becomes involved with other issues. Highlighting actor Henry Winkler's off-camera work, several episodes dealt with civil rights of people with disabilities. Concerned that students with epilepsy were denied their chance to attend public school and play sports, he intervenes to resolve the issue; he also learns sign language to communicate with a woman working at the municipal power company. And he pushes Chachi to continue working with his disability when Chachi himself just wants to quit because things will be hard.[10] Such advocacy builds on the previous season's episode where Fonzie hired wheelchair-using Don King to work in his garage, promising to provide workplace accommodation for his employee.[11][12]

Concerned about equal opportunity, Fonz wants Milwaukee racially integrated. Personally friends with African Americans, he becomes upset when a party in which Richie welcomes Hawaii into the Union is boycotted because it will be racially integrated. Initially wanting to force people to attend, Fonzie learns from Howard that people cannot be forced to change their minds overnight.[13] In a later episode, Fonzie volunteers to go south with Al and a group of Freedom Riders to help integrate a segregated diner. Normally flirtatious with women, Fonzie is instead disgusted that the waitress does not serve black customers. At one point he tells her that he cannot date her because of her compliance with the diner policy.[14] Another episode that dealt with racial issues was where Fonzie was a juror in a trial of a black biker accused of robbery. The episode dealt with circumstantial evidence and jury nullification. Mr. Cunningham, who was on the same jury, went to bat for Fonzie, saying all jurors are permitted to present arguments and he took it very seriously about taking a man's freedom away, which he refused to do without proof of guilt. The episode was based on Twelve Angry Men. Fonzie was able to get the black biker acquitted, explaining that his English-made Triumph Grand Mark 2 had its accelerators on the left handlebar. The robber had snatched the purse of the woman with his left hand. Therefore, there is no way that the black biker could have sped off on his bike if the purse was in his left hand.


A campaign button for Gerald Ford's 1976 presidential campaign[15]

Micky Dolenz auditioned and was in the running to portray the Fonz, but the part ultimately was given to Henry Winkler.[16] Fonzie was originally envisioned as a tall blonde male character.[17]

Winkler received three Primetime Emmy nominations and two Golden Globe awards for his portrayal of Fonzie. In addition, the National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution asked him to donate one of Fonzie's leather jackets in 1980.[18][19][20] The Smithsonian curator Eric Jentsch added the following to the jacket description: "Fonzie was a representation of cool at a time when you were learning about what cool was."[19] Years later, NPR would make a similar assessment, stating that for "kids growing up in the 1970s, there was one, absolute model of cool — not James Dean or Marlon Brando, but The Fonz."[21] In 1999 TV Guide ranked Fonzie as number 4 on its 50 Greatest TV Characters of All Time list.[22] In a 2001 poll conducted by Channel 4 in the UK, the Fonz was ranked 13th on their list of the 100 Greatest TV Characters.[23] A few decades later, American artist Gerald P. Sawyer, unveiled the Bronze Fonz (a public artwork) on the Milwaukee Riverwalk in downtown Milwaukee, Wisconsin, on August 18, 2008.[24] In 2021, when asked which books influenced him in childhood, American journalist Anderson Cooper (who is also dyslexic) responded that, "I also loved the Fonz and read a book when I was around 8 called The Fonz: The Henry Winkler Story. I actually keep it in my office at CNN. Henry Winkler was very important to me when I was a child. Meeting him as an adult — and discovering what a kind and gracious person he is — was amazing."[25]

Winkler feared being typecast as a greaser after playing Fonzie (and for his previous role as a greaser in The Lords of Flatbush before Happy Days); to avoid this, he turned down the role of Danny Zuko in Grease.[26] He nonetheless had difficulty finding work in the 1980s after Happy Days ended because of his association with the Fonzie role; he would work mainly behind the camera in the 1980s, most notably as Executive Producer of the popular adventure TV series, MacGyver, and eventually begin getting other roles in the 1990s, prompting a career rejuvenation.[27]

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Ron Howard". Television Academy Interviews. October 23, 2017. Retrieved June 27, 2023.
  2. ^ Waters, Darren (August 12, 2004). "Remembering Happy Days". BBC News. (BBC). Retrieved August 28, 2011.
  3. ^ "From failure to Fonz – actor Winkler aims to inspire". Reuters. April 27, 2007. Retrieved August 16, 2010.
  4. ^ Haithman, Diane (January 4, 1991). "Is Uncool Urkel the '90s Answer to the Fonz?". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 7, 2010.
  5. ^ "Sex Symbol Henry Winkler, aka 'The Fonz,' Admits, "I Was Insecure" Growing Up". Closer Weekly. (Closer). March 5, 2014. Retrieved June 11, 2021.
  6. ^ "Bob Brunner, 'Happy Days' writer, dies". Variety. November 8, 2012. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
  7. ^ "Bob Brunner, 'Happy Days' writer and producer, dies aged 78". Digital Spy. November 7, 2012. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
  8. ^ Barnes, Mike (November 7, 2012). "'Happy Days' Writer-Producer Bob Brunner Dies at 78". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 27, 2012.
  9. ^ "Happy Days: Season 2 episode guide". Sitcomsonline.com. January 3, 1958. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
  10. ^ "Happy Days: Season 11 episode guide".
  11. ^ "Happy Days: Season 8 episode guide". Sitcomsonline.com. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
  12. ^ "Happy Days: Season 7 episode guide". Sitcomsonline.com. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
  13. ^ "Happy Days: Season 3 episode guide". Sitcomsonline.com. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
  14. ^ "Happy Days: Season 9 episode guide". Sitcomsonline.com. Retrieved March 30, 2012.
  15. ^ "Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum • Election Collection goes Pop Culture today! What..." Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum.
  16. ^ Greene, Andy (May 19, 2021). "Micky Dolenz on the Monkees' Farewell Tour, New LP 'Dolenz Sings Nesmith'". Rolling Stone.
  17. ^ Dorwart, Laura (January 17, 2021). "'Happy Days': Here's Why The Fonz Was Almost Never Seen Without His Motorcycle in the First Season".
  18. ^ "Henry Winkler Donates his Jacket, NMHT". National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
  19. ^ a b MacGregor, Jeff (September 2017). "Why 'Happy Days' — and the Fonz — Never Truly 'Jumped the Shark'". Smithsonian. Retrieved September 10, 2021.
  20. ^ Bumiller, Elizabeth (February 14, 1980). "Exhibit A-a-a-a-y: 'The Fonz'". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
  21. ^ "Actor Henry Winkler Plays Not My Job". NPR.
  22. ^ TV Guide Guide to TV. Barnes and Noble. 2004. p. 651. ISBN 0-7607-5634-1.
  23. ^ "100 Greatest TV Characters". Channel 4. Archived from the original on May 31, 2009. Retrieved May 26, 2019.
  24. ^ "The Fonz in bronze? Group hopes that's correctamundo, wants to put statue downtown". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. September 26, 2007. Archived from the original on October 12, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2010.
  25. ^ Clark, Rebecca (September 16, 2021). "Anderson Cooper Wishes His Parents and Truman Capote Could Reconcile Over Dinner". The New York Times. Retrieved September 17, 2021.
  26. ^ "Henry Winkler on 'Barry,' 'The French Dispatch' and some of his missed career chances". Newsweek. October 15, 2021.
  27. ^ Alter, Jonathon (June 24, 2021). "Ruminating with Henry Winkler". OldGoats.com. Archived from the original on September 27, 2021. Retrieved September 26, 2021.
  28. ^ a b "Tonight Show: Henry Winkler Kicks Off His Tonight Show Interview with "The Fonz" Dance". NBC. 2018. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
  29. ^ a b Dicker, Ron (February 6, 2019). "Henry Winkler Busts Out Strenuous Fonzie Dance On 'Tonight Show". Huffington Post. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
  30. ^ Duncan, Conrad (September 8, 2019). "Dominic Cummings: Boris Johnson's adviser 'quoted Pulp Fiction' by telling aides they need to be 'cool like Fonzies'". The Independent. Retrieved September 9, 2019.
  31. ^ Eisenberg, Eric (October 5, 2015). "The Martian: 5 Cool Little References The Movie Works In". Cinema Blend. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  32. ^ Hornaday, Ann (July 25, 2003). "A Few Pixels Short of a Personality". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 12, 2013.
  33. ^ Hollows, Joanne; Moseley, Rachel (2006). Feminism in Popular Culture. Berg Publishers. ISBN 1845202236.
  34. ^ McFedries, Paul (2008). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Weird Word Origins. Alpha Books. ISBN 978-1592577811.
  35. ^ Krautstrunk, Matt (May 17, 2011). "How To "Fonzie" Your Online Marketing Jukebox". Resource Nation. Retrieved August 6, 2011.
  36. ^ "Fonzie Flat" (PDF). Australian Oxford Dictionary. Retrieved February 19, 2019.