Food Stamp Act of 1964

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Food Stamp Act of 1964
Great Seal of the United States
Long title An Act to strengthen the agricultural economy to help to achieve a fuller and more effective use of food abundances to provide for improved levels of nutrition among economically needy households through a cooperative Federal-State program of food assistance to be operated through normal channels of trade; and for other purposes.
Acronyms (colloquial) FSA
Enacted by the 88th United States Congress
Effective August 31, 1964
Citations
Public law Pub.L. 88–525
Statutes at Large 78 Stat. 703
Codification
Titles amended 7 U.S.C.: Agriculture
U.S.C. sections created 7 U.S.C. ch. 51 § 2011 et seq.
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the House as H.R. 10222 by Leonor Sullivan (D-MO) on March 9, 1964
  • Committee consideration by House Agriculture, Senate Agriculture and Forestry
  • Passed the House on April 8, 1964 (229-189)
  • Passed the Senate on June 30, 1964 (Passed) with amendment
  • House agreed to Senate amendment on August 11, 1964 (Agreed)
  • Signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson on August 31, 1964
U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signing the Food Stamp Act of 1964

The Food Stamp Act (P.L. 88-525) provided permanent legislative authority to the Food Stamp Program, which had been administratively implemented on a pilot basis in 1962. On August 31, 1964 it was signed into law by President Lyndon B. Johnson.[1] It was later replaced and completely rewritten and revised by the food stamp provisions of the Food and Agriculture Act of 1977 (P.L. 95-113, Title XIII; 7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.), which eliminated the purchase requirement and simplified eligibility requirements. Amendments were made to this Act in 1981-82, 1984-85, 1988, 1990, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998 and 2002 (most recently by Title IV of the 2002 farm bill (P.L. 107-171, Sec. 4101-4126).

As of 2005, the current Food Stamp Act (7 U.S.C. 2011 et seq.) includes authority through FY2007 for the regular Food Stamp Program, for Nutrition Assistance Grants to Puerto Rico and American Samoa (in lieu of food stamps), for Food Distribution Program on Indian Reservations, and for commodity purchases for the Temporary Emergency Food Assistance Program.

Amendments to 1964 Act[edit]

Amendments and revisions to the Food Stamp Act.

Date of Enactment Public Law Number U.S. Statute Citation U.S. Legislative Bill U.S. Presidential Administration
September 27, 1967 P.L. 90-91 81 Stat. 228 S. 953 Lyndon B. Johnson
October 8, 1968 P.L. 90-552 82 Stat. 958 S. 3068 Lyndon B. Johnson
January 11, 1971 P.L. 91-671 84 Stat. 2048 H.R. 18582 Richard M. Nixon
July 12, 1974 P.L. 93-347 88 Stat. 340 S. 3458 Richard M. Nixon
February 20, 1975 P.L. 94-4 89 Stat. 6 H.R. 1589 Gerald R. Ford
July 5, 1976 P.L. 94-339 90 Stat. 799 S. 2853 Gerald R. Ford
September 29, 1977 P.L. 95–113 91 Stat. 913 S. 275 Jimmy E. Carter

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peters, Gerhard; Woolley, John T. "Lyndon B. Johnson: "Remarks Upon Signing the Food Stamp Act.," August 31, 1964". The American Presidency Project. University of California - Santa Barbara. 

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from the Congressional Research Service document "Report for Congress: Agriculture: A Glossary of Terms, Programs, and Laws, 2005 Edition" by Jasper Womach.