CP football

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Cerebal palsy football, also called 7-a-side football or Paralympic football, is an adaptation of association football for athletes with cerebral palsy and other neurological disorders, including stroke and traumatic brain injury. From 1978 to 2014, cerebral palsy football was governed by the Cerebral Palsy International Sports and Recreation Association (CPISRA). In January 2015, governance of the sport was taken over by the International Federation of Cerebral Palsy Football.

The sport is played with modified FIFA rules. Among the modifications are a reduced field of play, a reduction in the number of players, elimination of the offside rule, and permission for one-handed throw-ins. Matches consist of two thirty-minute halves, with a fifteen-minute half-time break. Teams must field at least one class C5 or C6 player at all times. No more than one players of class C8 are permitted to play at the same time.

International competition in 7-a-side football began at the 1978 CP-ISRA International Games in Edinburgh, Scotland. The sport was added to the Summer Paralympic Games at the 1984 Summer Paralympics in New York City, U.S., and has been played at every Summer Games since.

Governance[edit]

From 1978 to 2014, cerebral palsy football was governed by the Cerebral Palsy International Sports and Recreation Association (CPISRA). In January 2015, governance of the sport was taken over by the International Federation of Cerebral Palsy Football.[1]

Different organizations govern the sport on a national level. In Australia, the sport is governed by Football Federation Australia, with the sport also having state governing bodies in the country For New South Wales, this is Cerebral Palsy Sporting and Recreation Association NSW. In Queensland, it is Football Queensland. The sport is overseen by Football Federation South Australia in South Australia In Victoria, it is run by Disability Sport and Recreation. In Western Australia, the sport is governed by Football West. In the Australian Capital Territory, the sport is governed by Capital Football. In Tasmania, the sport is run by Disability Sport and Recreation.[2]

Rule modifications[edit]

While CP football generally follows many of the rules of association football, the sport includes a few modifications.[3][4] These rules include a lack of an offside rule, and players being allowed to throw in the ball using only one hand.[4][3][2] Throw-ins can be done using an underhand technique.[5]

The game is also shorter, featuring two 30-minute halves with a 15-minute halftime break.[4][3][2][6] It also includes only 7 players on the field for each team during play.[3][2] The goal and the field are also smaller than the non-disability association football game.[3][2][6] The field is 75 meters by 55 meters.[5]

In tournament competition, playoff and finals games that end in a draw following regulation time have extra time added. This extra time consists of two 10-minute periods, where the first goal scored wins the game. If there is still a draw following those 20 minutes of play, a penalty shoot out takes place. 5 players from each time attempt to score from the place where penalty kicks take place. The team with the most goals following 5 shots each wins.[4]

Classification[edit]

Four classes participate in the sport.[4] These classes are FT5, FT6, FT7 and FT8.[3][2][6] The type of disability for each class is:

  • FT5: Athletes with difficulties when walking and running, but not in standing or when kicking the ball.[2][6]
  • FT6: Athletes with control and co-ordination problems of their upper limbs, especially when running.[2][6]
  • FT7: Athletes with hemiplegia.[2][6]
  • FT8: Minimally disabled athletes; they must meet eligibility criteria and have an obvious impairment that has impact on the sport of football.[2][3][6]

Originally, classification for the sport was only open to people with cerebral palsy, but the classification system as later changed. This opened up the sport to people with brain injuries and other motor function disorders with functional participation similar to that of people with cerebral palsy.[2][5][6]

Teams must field at least one class C5 or C6 player at all times. No more than one players of class C8 are permitted to play at the same time.[5]

Spreading[edit]

The following nations have a football national team:[7]

Africa 
Ghana, Nigeria, South Africa, Tunisia
America 
Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Canada, Colombia, Mexico, USA, Venezuela
Asia 
China, India, Iran, Japan, Jordan, Korea, Macao, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand and the United Arab Emirates
Europe 
Belgium, Denmark, Germany, England, Finland, France, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Northern Ireland, Portugal, Austria, Russia, Scotland, Spain, Turkey, Ukraine and Wales

Competition[edit]

The sport has several major competitions. These include the Parapan American Games, Asian Para Games and the IFCPF CP Football World Championships, former the CPISRA Football-7-a-Side World Championships.[4] The first CPISRA World Championships took place in Denmark in 1982, four years after the first international competition for the sport took place in Scotland at the Cerebral Palsy International Games.[6]

7-a-side football was also played at the Paralympic Games, making its debut at the 1984 Summer Paralympics.[3][2][5][6][8] It was dropped from the Paralympic program for the 2020 Summer Paralympics.[3]

Results[edit]

World-wide tournaments[edit]

Summer-Paralympics

Year Host Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place Number of teams Ref.
1984
Details
United States
New York
Belgium
Belgium
1–0 Republic of Ireland
Ireland
United Kingdom
Great Britain
3–1 Portugal
Portugal
6 [9]
1988
Details
South Korea
Seoul
Netherlands
Netherlands
1 Belgium
Belgium
Republic of Ireland
Ireland
1 South Korea
South Korea
5 [9][10]
1992
Details
Spain
Barcelona
Netherlands
Netherlands
3–2 Portugal
Portugal
Republic of Ireland
Ireland
2–1 (a.e.t.) United Kingdom
Great Britain
8 [9][10]
1996
Details
United States
Atlanta
Netherlands
Netherlands
1–0 Russia
Russia
Spain
Spain
2–1 United Kingdom
Great Britain
8 [9][10]
2000
Details
Australia
Sydney
Russia
Russia
3–2 Ukraine
Ukraine
Brazil
Brazil
2–1 Portugal
Portugal
8 [9]
2004
Details
Greece
Athens
Ukraine
Ukraine
4–1 Brazil
Brazil
Russia
Russia
5–0 Argentina
Argentina
8 [9]
2008
Details
China
Beijing
Ukraine
Ukraine
2–1 (a.e.t.) Russia
Russia
Iran
Iran
4–0 Brazil
Brazil
8 [9]
2012
Details
United Kingdom
London
Russia
Russia
1–0 Ukraine
Ukraine
Iran
Iran
5–0 Brazil
Brazil
8 [9]
2016
Details
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro
Ukraine
Ukraine
2–1 (a.e.t.) Iran
Iran
Brazil
Brazil
3–1 Netherlands
Netherlands
8 [9][10]
2020 Japan
Tokyo
tournament is not discharged [11]
2024
Details
not forgiven Future events Future events
1 = The tournament was played in a group mode.
  • a.e.t.: after extra time
  • p: after penalty shoot-out

World Championships and International Cups

Year Host Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place Number of teams Ref.
1982
Details
Denmark
Greve (CPG)
Republic of Ireland
Ireland
2–0 Netherlands
Netherlands
Belgium
Belgium
no information available2 8 [9][10]
1986
Details
Belgium
Gits (CPG)
Netherlands
Netherlands
3–0 Belgium
Belgium
Republic of Ireland
Ireland
3 Portugal
Portugal
6 [9][10]
1990
Details
Netherlands
Assen (WC)
Netherlands
Netherlands
5–0 Republic of Ireland
Ireland
Belgium
Belgium
no information available2 5 [9][10]
1994
Details
Republic of Ireland
Dublin (WC)
Netherlands
Netherlands
2–0 Republic of Ireland
Ireland
Belgium
Belgium
3 Spain
Spain
[9][10]
1998
Details
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro (WC)
Russia
Russia
3–1 Ukraine
Ukraine
Brazil
Brazil
3–2 Spain
Spain
11 [9]
2001
Details
England
Nottingham (CPG)
Ukraine
Ukraine
3–1 Russia
Russia
Brazil
Brazil
2–0 Iran
Iran
13 [12]
2003
Details
Argentina
Buenos Aires (WC)
Ukraine
Ukraine
3–1 Brazil
Brazil
Russia
Russia
2–1 Argentina
Argentina
[9]
2005
Details
United States
New London (CPG)
Russia / Ukraine
Russia Ukraine
no score found Russia / Ukraine
Russia Ukraine
Iran
Iran
9–0 Netherlands
Netherlands
13 [10]
2007
Details
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro (WC)
Russia
Russia
2–1 Iran
Iran
Ukraine
Ukraine
2–0 Brazil
Brazil
16 [9][13]
2009
Details
Netherlands
Arnhem (IC)
Ukraine
Ukraine
0–0 (a.e.t.)
(9–8 p.)
Russia
Russia
Iran
Iran
1–0 Brazil
Brazil
12 [14]
2011
Details
Netherlands
Assen, Emmen, Hoogeveen (WC)
Russia
Russia
6–1 Iran
Iran
Ukraine
Ukraine
8–3 Brazil
Brazil
16 [9][15]
2013
Details
Spain
Sant Cugat del Vallès (Cup)
Ukraine
Ukraine
1–0 Brazil
Brazil
Russia
Russia
4–0 Republic of Ireland
Ireland
16 [16]
2015
Details
England
Burton-upon-Trent (WC)
Russia
Russia
1–0 Ukraine
Ukraine
Brazil
Brazil
6–0 Netherlands
Netherlands
16 [9][17]
2017
Details
Argentina
San Luis (WC)
Future events Future events 16 [18]
2019
Details
not forgiven (Cup) Future events Future events
2021
Details
not forgiven (WC) Future events Future events
2 = There is no information on the homepage of the IFCPF
3 = no score found
  • a.e.t.: after extra time
  • p: after penalty shoot-out

Regional tournament[edit]

African Championships

To date, there have been no international championships in Africa since there are too few teams.

American Championships

Year Host Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place Number of teams Ref.
1995
Details
Argentina
unknown (PSC)
United States
United States
4 Argentina
Argentina
Brazil
Brazil
4 Chile
Chile
4
1999
Details

unknown (PSC)
Argentina
Argentina
4 United States
United States
Brazil
Brazil
4 Chile
Chile
4
2002
Details
Chile
Santiago (PSC)
Brazil
Brazil
3–1 Argentina
Argentina
Chile/United States
Chile United States
5 Chile/United States
Chile United States
4 [19]
2003
 
Argentina
Mar del Plata (PG)
no football 7-a-side tournament at the Parapan American Games [20]
2006
 
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro (AC)
In 2006 a CPISRA America Cup was planned in Rio de Janeiro. But this was not done since 2007 the Parapan America Games and the CPISRA World Championship is carried out.
2007
Details
Brazil
Rio de Janeiro (PG)
Brazil
Brazil
5–0 Argentina
Argentina
Canada
Canada
1–0 United States
United States
6 [21][22]
2010
Details
Argentina
Buenos Aires (AC)
Brazil
Brazil
4 United States
United States
Argentina
Argentina
4 Canada
Canada
6 [23][24]
2011
 
Mexico
Guadalajara (PG)
no football 7-a-side tournament at the Parapan American Games [25]
2014
Details
Canada
Toronto (AC)
Brazil
Brazil
3–0 Argentina
Argentina
United States
United States
3–0 Canada
Canada
6 [26]
2015
Details
Canada
Toronto (PG)
Brazil
Brazil
3–1 Argentina
Argentina
Venezuela
Venezuela
2–1 Canada
Canada
5 [27]
2018
Details
'Peru
Lima (AC)
Future events Future events
2019
Details
Peru
Lima (PG)
Future events Future events
4 = The tournament was played in a group mode.
5 = no score found
  • a.e.t.: after extra time
  • p: after penalty shoot-out

Asian Championships

Year Host Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place Number of teams Ref.
2002
Details
South Korea
Busan (FG)
no information available no information available [28]
2006
Details
Malaysia
Kuala Lumpur (FG)
Iran
Iran
5–0 Australia
Australia
China
China
4–0 Japan
Japan
6 [29]
2010
Details
China
Guangzhou (AsianG)
Iran
Iran
7–0 China
China
Japan
Japan
2–0 South Korea
South Korea
4 [30]
2014
Details
South Korea
Incheon (AsianG)
Iran
Iran
5–0 Japan
Japan
South Korea
South Korea
3–0 Singapore
Singapore
4 [31]
2018
Details
Indonesia
Jakarta (AsianG)
Future events Future events
2022
Details
China
Hangzhou (AsianG)
Future events Future events
2026
Details
Japan
Nagoya (AsianG)
Future events Future events
  • a.e.t.: after extra time
  • p: after penalty shoot-out

Oceanian Championships

To date there have been no international championships in Oceania as there are too few teams. There are only two members of the IFCPF in Oceania: Australia and New Zealand. Australia has participated in the European World Cup 2010 except for competition.

European Championships

Year Host Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place Number of teams Ref.
1991
Details
England
Nottingham (ESC)
Netherlands
Netherlands
3–0 England & Wales
England Wales
Republic of Ireland / France
Ireland France
6 Republic of Ireland / France
Ireland France
4 [10]
1995
Details
England
Nottingham (ESC)
Netherlands
Netherlands
0–0(a.e.t.)
(– p.)
Russia
Russia
England & Wales /  
England Wales unknown
6 England & Wales /  
England Wales unknown
[10]
1999
Details
Belgium
Brasschaat (ESC)
Ukraine
Ukraine
4–2 Netherlands
Netherlands
no information available [10]
2002
Details
Ukraine
Kiev (ESC)
Ukraine
Ukraine
6–1 Russia
Russia
Netherlands
Netherlands
1–0 Portugal
Portugal
7 [10][19]
2006
Details
Republic of Ireland
Dublin (EC)
Ukraine
Ukraine
5–2 Russia
Russia
Netherlands
Netherlands
2–1 Republic of Ireland
Ireland
8 [10][32]
2010
Details
Scotland
Glasgow (EC)
Ukraine
Ukraine
1–1 (a.e.t.) (9–8p) Russia
Russia
Republic of Ireland
Ireland
2–0 Netherlands
Netherlands
10 [10][33]
2014
Details
Portugal
Maia (EC)
Ukraine
Ukraine
3–0 Netherlands
Netherlands
Russia
Russia
3–0 Republic of Ireland
Ireland
11 [10][34]
2018
Details
not forgiven (EC) Future events Future events
6 = no score found
  • a.e.t.: after extra time
  • p: after penalty shoot-out

Southeast Asian Championships

Year Host Winner Score Runner-up Third place Score Fourth place Number of teams Ref.
2014
Details
Myanmar
Naypyidaw (ASEANG)
Myanmar
Myanmar
7 Singapore
Singapore
Thailand
Thailand
7 Malaysia
Malaysia
4 [35]
2015
Details
Singapore
Singapore (ASEANG)
Thailand
Thailand
3–0 Myanmar
Myanmar
Singapore
Singapore
2–1 Malaysia
Malaysia
5 [36]
2017
Details
Malaysia
Kuala Lumpur (ASEANG)
Future events Future events
2019
Details
Philippines
Davao City (ASEANG)
Future events Future events
2021
Details
not forgiven (ASEANG) Future events Future events
7 = The tournament was played in a group mode.
  • a.e.t.: after extra time
  • p: after penalty shoot-out

References[edit]

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External links[edit]