Football Association of Indonesia
|Founded||19 April 1930|
The Football Association of Indonesia, commonly called PSSI (Indonesian: Persatuan Sepakbola Seluruh Indonesia) sometimes translated as All-Indonesian Football Association) is the governing body of football in Indonesia. It was founded on 19 April 1930, fifteen years before Indonesian independence. PSSI joined the Asian Football Confederation in 1954 and FIFA in 1952.
PSSI was established by Soeratin Sosrosoegondo, who graduated from Harvard and returned to Indonesia in 1928. He became the first Indonesian to work at his company, a Dutch enterprise in Yogyakarta. He later resigned from the company and became more active in the revolutionary movement.
To accomplish his mission, Soeratin held many meetings with Indonesian professional football players, mostly through personal contacts because they wanted to avoid the Dutch police. Later, at a meeting that was held in Jakarta with Soeratin, the head of Voetbalbond Indonesische Jakarta (VIJ), and other players, the group decided to establish a national football organisation. On 19 April 1930, almost all non-national organisations, such as VIJ Jakarta, BIVB Bandung, Perserikatan Sepakraga Mataram (PSM), IVBM Magelang, VVB Solo, MVB Madiun, and SIVB Surabaya gathered at the final meeting and established Persatoean Sepak Raga Seloeroeh Indonesia (Football Association of Indonesia or PSSI) with Soeratin as the first leader.[vague]
In PSSI's earlier years, football was used to resist the Dutch control of the colonies by gathering all the footballers. In 1936, when PSSI became stronger, NIVB was changed to Nederlandsh Indische Voetbal Unie (NIVU, meaning "Football Union of Dutch East Indies") and cooperation with the Dutch began. In 1938, with "Dutch East Indies national football team" as their name, NIVU sent their team to the 1938 FIFA World Cup at France. At the time, most of the players came from NIVU instead of PSSI, and there were nine players of Chinese origin. As a result, Soeratin expressed his protest since he wanted a match between NIVU and PSSI before the FIFA World Cup. In addition, he was also disgraced because the flag that was used at the World Cup matches involving the Dutch East Indies was the Dutch flag. Soeratin then cancelled the agreement with NIVU at the PSSI congress in 1939 in Solo.
Currently, Indonesia has the following football national teams:
- Indonesia national football team
- Indonesia national under-23 football team
- Indonesia national under-21 football team
- Indonesia national under-19 football team
- Indonesia national under-17 football team
- Indonesia national under-15 football team
- Indonesia national futsal team
- Indonesia women's national football team
There are other football competitions on national level, namely the National Youth League (U-15), Indonesian Women Football Tournament, Indonesian National Futsal League and Indonesia Super League U-21 which are held in similar esteem to the ISL.
Furthermore, each regional level (and lower) football associations in the country has its own annual amateur football competition structure involving local clubs.
Principal officials of PSSI
- Soeratin Sosrosoegondo (1930–1940)
- Artono Martosoewignyo (1941–1949)
- Maladi (1950–1959)
- Abdul Wahab Djojohadikusumo (1960–1964)
- Maulwi Saelan (1964–1967)
- Kosasih Poerwanegara (1967–1974)
- Bardosono (1975–1977)
- Moehono (ad interim) (1977)
- Ali Sadikin (1978–1981)
- Sjarnoebi Said (1982–1983)
- Kardono (1983–1991)
- Azwar Anas (1991–1999)
- Agum Gumelar (1999–2003)
- Nurdin Halid (2003–2011)
- Agum Gumelar (Normalization Committee chairman, ad interim, April - July 2011)
- Djohar Arifin Husin (2011–2015)
- La Nyalla Mattalitti (2015)
- Edy Rahmayadi (2016–2019)
- Joko Driyono (January 2019)
- Mochamad Iriawan (November 2019 - ...)
|Cucu Soemantri||1st Vice President|||
|Iwan Budianto||2nd Vice President|||
|Ratu Tisha Destria||General Secretary|||
|Husni Effendi Hasibuan||Treasurer|||
|Indra Sjafri||Technical Director|||
|Shin Tae-Yong||Team Coach (Men's)|||
|Rully Nere||Team Coach (Women's)|||
|Gatot Widakdo||Media/Communications Manager|||
|Edhi Winarno||Futsal Coordinator|||
|Efraim Ferdinand Bawole||Referee Coordinator|||
PSSI has 4 boards in its structure, namely: PT. Liga Indonesia Baru which is responsible for the Liga 1 and Liga 2, the Board for Amateur Leagues (BLAI) for Liga 3, Board for National Team (BTN) for national teams and Board for Futsal National Team (BFN) for national futsal teams.
Controversies and critics
Nurdin Halid corruption scandal
Former chairman of PSSI Nurdin Halid was sentenced to prison as a result of corruption. Although he was urged to resign his position, he was able to resist with the help of one of the political party leaders in the country. FIFA conducted an inspection into the claims but did not continue past this phase. The case was never investigated again.
2010 AFF Suzuki Cup
At the end of 2010, during the AFF Cup final between Indonesia and Malaysia, Nurdin Halid accepted a lunch invitation from Aburizal Bakrie, a wealthy businessman and owner of Pelita Jaya. At the time, the national team was preparing for the finals and the training was disrupted by the lunch invitation and another ceremony accepted by Nurdin Halid was unwelcome. This upset many in the country because it seemed that the national team was being used to propel Halid's image. Indonesia ended up losing to Malaysia with the aggregate 4-2.
In January 2011, someone named "Eli Cohen" had sent an e-mail to the President of Indonesia and several other Indonesian leaders indicating that the officers of PSSI had been involved in bribery for the 2010 AFF Cup final. He wrote that the officers gained billions of rupiah from the bet to prepare the campaign in the next PSSI congress. This case is under investigation.
Normalisation Committee and selection of new chairman
On 1 April 2011, FIFA Emergency Committee met and announced that, on 4 April, control of the PSSI would pass to a normalisation committee made up of personalities in Indonesian football to oversee presidential elections by 21 May. It also barred Halid, George Toisutta (the Indonesia Armed Forces general), Arifin Panigoro (founder of Liga Primer Indonesia and Nirwan Bakrie (Halid`s vice-president, and brother of Aburizal Bakrie) from contending for the presidency seat.
FIFA also rescinded the power of the current PSSI executive committee after FIFA's emergencies committee decreed it was "not in control of football in Indonesia" and had lost "all credibility." In a statement released on 4 April 2011, FIFA said that the current PSSI leadership's lack of control over Indonesian football was evidenced by "the failure to gain control of the run-away league (LPI) set up without the involvement of PSSI or by the fact it could not organise a congress whose sole goals were to adopt an electoral code and elect an electoral commission." It said that its emergency committee had concluded that the PSSI leadership "had lost all credibility" and was no longer "in a position anymore to lead the process to solve the current crisis."
The Normalisation Committee, made up of personalities in Indonesian football who are not seeking electoral office or a position on an electoral commission, led by famous public figure and former PSSI chairman, Agum Gumelar, is to take over running of Indonesian football until new leadership is elected by 21 May.
On 9 July 2011, Djohar Arifin Husin was elected chairman of the PSSI from 2011 to 2015 through an Extraordinary Congress of the PSSI held in 2011. Djohar was elected after defeating the other candidate, Agusman Effendi. His vice-chairman was Farid Rahman.
Row with Indonesian Government and Suspension of PSSI
|Indonesian Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
On 18 April 2015, PSSI was suspended by Ministry of Sports and Youth. PSSI did not comply with the government policy after disobeying three warning letters that sent by the ministry. Based on that, the Youth and Sports Minister provided administrative sanctions by not recognising all sports activities carried out by the PSSI. The decision applied since the letter was assigned. The warning letters was sent because of PSSI's decision to halt Indonesia Super League amidst the dispute between PSSI and government's Indonesian Professional Sports Agency (BOPI) over the eligibility of Arema Cronus F.C. and Persebaya Surabaya to play in the league. FIFA had threatened the country with a ban, but BOPI insisted that FIFA should understand that besides FIFA regulation, there are also laws that are applied and must be complied by all national football related parties as part of the Indonesian big family, so FIFA's warning to ban Indonesia is thought as an insult to the country's sovereignty. President of Indonesia, Joko Widodo had supported the Sport Minister decision to not to revoke the suspension as the President believed that there should be no problem for Indonesia to be absent from international competitions if the purpose is to improve the national football. According to the President, the improvement should be started by revamping the organisations.
FIFA had decided to suspend the PSSI during the FIFA Executive Committee meeting on Saturday, 30 May 2015, in Zurich, Switzerland. The Executive decided to suspend the PSSI with immediate effect and until the PSSI would be able to comply with its obligations under arts. 13 and 17 of the FIFA Statutes. The decision meant Indonesian sides would no longer be able to take part in world football, and came less than two weeks before the country was due to begin qualifying matches for the 2018 World Cup. However, the national team would still be able to participate in the football tournament at the 2015 Southeast Asian Games, which was just getting under way.
Finally, Indonesia State Minister for Youth and Sports Affairs lifted their suspension of the PSSI per 10 May 2016. And FIFA lifted their suspension at FIFA Congress, 12–13 May 2016 in Mexico.
- "History of PSSI".[permanent dead link]
- "PSSI's organization chart".
- "FIFA Swing Axe on Disgraced Indonesian Football Chief".
- Widiastuti, Rina (18 April 2015). "Sports Ministry Freezes PSSI". Retrieved 18 April 2015 – via Tempo.
- Kapa, Dennys (13 April 2015). "Indonesia refuses to buckle under FIFA threats". Retrieved 18 April 2015 – via Reuters.
- Sukmawijaya, Angga (31 May 2015). "FIFA Suspends PSSI". Retrieved 31 May 2015 – via Tempo.
- "Football: FIFA suspends Indonesia over long-running row". 30 May 2015. Retrieved 31 May 2015 – via Channel News Asia.
- "RESMI: Menpora Cabut Pembekuan PSSI". Goal Indonesia. 10 May 2016. Retrieved 10 May 2016.