Football League Trophy
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2010)|
|Number of teams||48|
|Current champions||Crewe Alexandra (1st title)|
|Most successful club(s)||Birmingham City
(2 titles each)
|2013–14 Football League Trophy|
The Football League Trophy, also known as the Johnstone's Paint Trophy is an annual English association football knock-out competition open to the 48 clubs in Football League One and Football League Two, the bottom two divisions in the four (mainly) professional top divisions of English league football.
The competition began in the 1983–84 season as the Associate Members' Cup but, from 1992, it has been named the Football League Trophy, after the lower-division clubs became full members of the Football League. The competition replaced the short-lived Football League Group Cup, a competition which was only played in 1981/82 and 1982/83 (although confusingly, in the second year it was also called the Football League Trophy). The competition has been associated with a title sponsor since its second edition.
The first draws are made in August, then the competition runs as two parallel north and south area competitions, before the two winners meet in late March or early April in the final at England's national stadium, Wembley. The basic north/south format of the competition has existed since its beginnings, although other details have varied over the years, including in some years inviting clubs from the semi-professional Conference Premier, and holding a round-robin group stage prior to moving into knock-out rounds.
The competition was inaugurated as the Associate Members' Cup in the 1983–84 season and followed on from the short-lived Football League Group Cup. The competition was renamed the Football League Trophy in 1992. This was in the same year of the reorganisation that followed after Division One broke away to form the Premier League and the Football League became responsible for just the lower three professional divisions.
48 teams enter from League One and League Two.
Clubs are assigned to one of four areas for the purposes of the cup draws: Northern Section – East and West, Southern Section – East and West
- Round One, 16 games – 16 teams receive a bye to Round Two, while the remaining 32 play single game ties
- Round Two, 16 games – 32 teams play another single game tie
The cup draw pots are now merged, leaving just a Northern and Southern section
- Area Quarter Finals, 8 games – 16 teams play a single game tie
- Area Semi-Finals, 4 games – 8 teams play a single game tie
Drawing is no longer necessary for the final 4 teams
- Area finals – effectively the competition's semi-finals, the two remaining teams in each section play each other in two-legged game ties, home and away
- Final – between the Northern and Southern area winners
In the first year of the tournament the 48 eligible Third and Fourth Division clubs were split into North and South sections of 24 teams each. The first round had 12 knockout ties in each section, and the second had six. The two losers with the 'narrowest' defeat were reprieved and joined the six other clubs in the regional quarter finals.
A major change was introduced for the 1985–86 tournament, with 8 three-team groups being set up in each of the two sections. Teams played one home and one away game and the group winners proceeded to the regional knockout stages. This format was tweaked the following season, with two teams qualifying from each group, resulting in an additional 'round of 16' knockout stage in each section.
For a number of seasons in the early to mid-1990s the competition ran with only seven three-team groups with two teams in each section getting a bye to the knockout stages. This was necessary due to League reorganisation and the demise of Aldershot and Maidstone United, which resulted in there being fewer than 48 teams in the 3rd and 4th levels.
The group phase was abolished for the 1996–97 tournament, with 8 teams in each section getting a bye to the second round, where they were joined by the 8 winners of the first round ties.
For the 2000–01 edition, 8 Football Conference sides also played in the tournament, resulting in 12 ties in each of the north/south sections in the 1st round, with only four teams in each section gaining a bye into the second round. The number of Conference entrants was increased to 12 starting in 2002–03, resulting in 14 1st round ties, and two teams in each regional section gaining a bye straight to the second round.
The competition has always been contested by all teams at Levels Three and Four of the English football league system. However, between 2000/01 and 2005/06 the event was also open to a certain number of Football Conference sides, and these are listed by season below:
2005–06: Accrington Stanley, Aldershot Town, Cambridge United, Crawley Town, Dagenham & Redbridge, Exeter City, Halifax Town, Hereford United, Kidderminster Harriers, Morecambe, Stevenage Borough, Woking
The League Trophy final is held at the 90,000-seat Wembley Stadium in London, the English national football stadium. The first final in 1984 was to have been played at Wembley, but due to damage to the pitch caused during the Horse of the Year show it was moved to Hull. From 2001 to 2007 when the 1923 built Wembley was being rebuilt, the Football League Trophy finals were played at the Millennium Stadium, Cardiff.
Wins by club
Eight clubs share the record for most wins in the competition with two successes apiece. Carlisle United have reached the final the greatest number of times (6), but have so far only won 2, 1997 and 2011. Wolves are the only former English football champions to win the Trophy; Burnley and Huddersfield Town have been finalists once each.
|Rank||Club||Wins||Last win||Runner-up||Last losing final|
|Milton Keynes Dons||2008||–|
- (1983–1984) Associate Members Cup (no sponsor)
- (1984–1987) Freight Rover Trophy
- (1987–1989) Sherpa Vans Trophy
- (1989–1991) Leyland DAF Cup
- (1991–1994) Autoglass Trophy
- (1994–2000) Auto Windscreens Shield
- (2000–2006) LDV Vans Trophy
- (2006–) Johnstone's Paint Trophy
- 1983–84 Southern 2nd Rnd results, with links to other stages – statto.com
- 1985–86 Northern 1st Rnd Group 1 results and table, with links to other groups/stages – statto.com
- 1986–87 Southern 1st Rnd results, with links to other stages – statto.com
- 1993–94 Northern 1st Rnd Group 1 results and table, with links to other groups/stages – statto.com
- 2002–03 Northern 1st rnd results, with links to other stages, and other seasons – statto.com
- 2004–05 Southern 1st Rnd results, and links to other rounds/seasons – statto.com
- "Previous Winners Of The Johnstone's Paint Trophy". Previous Winners Of Major Domestic Football Cup Competitions. napit.co.uk. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
- "Coventry 0–3 Crewe". BBC Sport. 2013-05-02. Retrieved 2013-05-02.
- "English Johnstone's Paint Trophy : Honours". Statto.com. Retrieved 25 September 2012.