Football Supporters Europe
|UEFA member countries|
Football Supporters Europe (FSE) is a football fan network formally established as a non-profit member association and claiming to have members from more than 48 UEFA member countries. Founded in July 2008 at the first European Football Fans Congress, it is considered as a legitimate partner for fan issues by institutions like the UEFA, the Council of Europe or European Professional Football Leagues.
- 1 History
- 2 Structure
- 3 Core principles
- 4 Examples of activities
- 5 Publications
- 6 See also
- 7 External links
- 8 References
FSE can trace its history back to the international collaboration by fans’ organisations under the former name of Football Supporters International to provide “Fans’ Embassy” advice, information and support services to fans of national teams at international tournaments.
The London meeting, held at Arsenal’s Emirates Stadium, discussed the issues which concerned fans across Europe, and gave a great impetus to the development of the network. The following year, in Hamburg, the second European Football Fans’ Congress (EFFC) was held, and alongside the workshops on issues such as discrimination, policing, ticket pricing and commercialisation, the decision was taken to adopt statutes and formally establish the network.
The FSE member basis consists of individual football supporters as well as locally, nationally and transnationally active fan groups and initiatives members (allegedly from more than 48 UEFA member countries). FSE claims to represent around 3 million football fans overall and therefore to be the world’s biggest fan organisation.
The highest body of the organisation is the “Bi-Annual General Meeting” (BGM) of Football Supporters Europe (FSE). The BGM is held every two years during the EFFC and it is here that the members decide with their vote about the aims, objectives and future actions of the network, approve changes to its statutes and elect the members of the FSE Committee from within the FSE membership for the following two years.
The FSE Committee is the main management board of the network, consisting of the FSE Coordination, the directors of the on-topic divisions and the elected members. Its members are responsible for the overall running of the European football fans’ network. The FSE Committee members take the most important decisions, develop activities together with the wider membership and represent FSE at various activities, events and meetings such as the Annual Meeting with the UEFA President in Nyon / Switzerland.
The elected FSE Committee members for the seasons 2017/2018 and 2018/2019 are:
- Pierre Barthélemy, Association Nationale des Supporters, France.
- Kevin Miles, Football Supporters Federation (FSF), England.
- Robert Ustian, CSKA Fans Against Racism, Russia.
- Stefanie Dilba, Bündnis Aktiver Fußballfans, Germany.
- Hüseyin Emre Ballı, 1907 ÜNIFEB, Turkey.
- Paul Corkrey, Fans Embassy Wales, Wales.
- Herjan Pullen, Supportersvereniging Ajax, The Netherlands.
- Jim Spratt, Amalgamation of Official Northern Ireland Supporter clubs, Northern Ireland.
The Committee further consists of:
- Ronan Evain, Football Supporters Europe (FSE) – Coordination
- Michael Gabriel,KOS, Germany - Director FSE Fans' Embassy Division
- Mark Doidge, England - Director Anti-Discrimination Division
The FSE coordination office is based in Hamburg (Germany). Its employees and interns coordinate the different initiatives and divisions and are responsible for the background administration and management of the organisation (i.e. accountancy, legal issues, internal and external communication etc.). The FSE Coordination is appointed by the FSE Committee.
The on-topic FSE divisions (such as fans' embassies or the anti-discrimination division) focus on particular themes. They are semi-autonomous networks or bodies providing particular services relevant for football fans and develop their work under the umbrella of the European fans´ network. Each on-topic division appoints a director who represents the on-topic division within the FSE-Committee.
All FSE members sign up to “proactively support” the four so-called core principles of the organization:
- Opposition to any form of discrimination (based on grounds such as ethnic origin, ability, religion and belief, gender, sexual orientation and age).
- Rejection of violence (both physical and verbal).
- Empowerment of grassroots football supporters.
- Promotion of a positive football and supporters' culture, including values such as fair play and good governance.
Examples of activities
The European Football Fan Congress is organized on a yearly basis by Football Supporters Europe in collaboration with local fan groups from the FSE membership and other fan organisations from the host city and country. It is aimed at tackling fan issues and encouraging fan dialogue, fan self-regulation and fan culture through workshops, discussion panels and other debates between football fans and representatives of European football governing bodies and political institutions. It takes place each year in a different city: 2008 in London, 2009 in Hamburg, 2010 in Barcelona, 2011 in Copenhagen, 2012 in Istanbul and 2013 in Amsterdam with the participation of Gianni Infantino, UEFA General Secretary. Further European Fan Congresses took place near Bologna (2014) and in Belfast (2015), where the FSE membership decided to switch from annual to bi-annual EFFCs. The next EFFC will take place in the Belgian cities of Gent and Lokeren from 6 to 9 July 2017.
Handbook on Supporters Charters
Supporters Charters are defined by institutions like the European Commission and the Council of Europe as a joint agreement between clubs/FAs and their fans, where they develop each other's rights and obligations in a negotiation/mediation process, the results of which are put down in a so-called Supporters Charter which is reviewed on a regular basis after its adoption. It should therewith serve as a major tool for the establishment of a social dialogue with the overall objective of preventing tensions between clubs and fans as well as anti-social fans’ behaviour.
Upon initiative of FSE,a European Supporters Charter Handbook was elaborated in consultation with European football governing bodies such as UEFA and the European Professional Football Leagues (EPFL), national associations and leagues, the world players’ union FIFPro, fans’ representatives from the FSE membership and representatives of institutions such as the European Commission and the Council of Europe. According to the chair of the Standing Committee on Spectator Violence of the Council of Europe, Jo Vanhecke, the “process to produce this handbook was in itself a breakthrough. All relevant stakeholders have had an input and discussed the content in an open dialogue, based on principles of mutual respect and equal status". The final document was designed as a practical tool kit to serve clubs and fans and was endorsed by the EU Commissioner for Education and Culture, Androulla Vassiliou and UEFA President Michel Platini.
The handbook was launched on 3 June 2013 in Vienna as part of the "ProSupporters Seminar and Round Table". Promoted by the European institutions, it is available in 5 languages as hard copy edition and for download via the FSE-website.
Fans’ Action Fund
Fans’ Embassies at international matches
The Fans’ Embassy concept dates back to services provided for supporters of the England and Germany teams at the 1990 World Cup in Italy, and has evolved through subsequent tournaments. After EURO 2016, Fans' Embassies may be seen as an established and successful part of fan hosting at major football tournaments. According to the FSE website, “the essential features of a Fans' Embassy service are the provision of accurate, reliable, up-to-date, independent and objective information on any matters of interest to football fans, by fans for fans”. The FSE Fans’ Embassy Division developed a Smartphone App to provide travelling fans with such information whilst all club and city info is put together via other football fans themselves.
Stadium Action Days
FSE initiated two European stadium action days on topics that were considered relevant to football supporters across Europe – the first ones were organised under the motto “Our Game – Our Time” and called for fans across Europe to organise visibility events such as stadium choreographies to demonstrate solidarity of fans for so-called “fan-friendly” kick-off times . They took place in 2010.
The second European stadium action days were organised in May 2011 under the motto “Save Fan Culture” and mainly addressed the issue of safety and security measures that fans across Europe, from the perspective of FSE representatives, often consider overzealous and too restrictive.
Each of the European stadium action days facilitated by FSE was formally endorsed by different fans groups and initiatives from more than 10 countries who put their names on the list of supporters and organised respective visibility activities on matchdays.
In 2010, in Sweden, the “Our Game – Our Time” campaign was highly supported by Swedish fans and ultimately lead to the supporting Swedish fans being offered by their national Football Association to be consulted on the arrangement of kick-off times in Swedish professional football.
Fanzine – Revive the Roar!
FSE is producing a yearly fanzine called Revive the Roar!. Until 2016 six issues have been published, including a media guide for fans and legal advice for supporters compiled by lawyers for 10 different countries.
Institutional lobbying work
FSE engages with various institutions to provide the fans’ perspective in the framework of institutional decision-making processes affecting fans, mainly at European level.
Since 2009, FSE holds an Observer Seat in the Standing Committee of the European Convention on Spectator Violence and Misbehaviour at Sports Events (T-RV) of the Council of Europe. In 2012, FSE was invited by the European Commission as an observer to the EU Expert Group on Good Governance.
Other institutional platforms have also consulted FSE and sought the support or expert input of the fan organisation, mainly on matters related to safety and security, such as the EU Football Experts Think Tank on a European training project of football police officers to foster innovative policing strategies of football matches with a focus on de-escalation and communication.
As part of their work in this area, FSE also holds meetings and seeks support and visibility for its European or its members activities at local level from national Football Associations and local authorities and football clubs and media, e.g. in the context of the organisation of the European Football Fans’ Congresses or in the area of individual case work on member enquiries.
- REVIVE THE ROAR! special edition – The vision of Football Supporters Europe
- REVIVE THE ROAR! No 2 – The FSE Media guide
- REVIVE THE ROAR! No 3 – KNOW YOUR RIGHTS! Vol.1
- Supporters Charters in Europe – A Handbook for Supporters, Clubs Associations and Leagues (2013)
- Fans’ Embassies – A Handbook
- EFFC 2008 Report
- EFFC 2009 Report
- EFFC 2010 Report
- EFFC 2011 Report
- EFFC 2012 Report
- "Structure & FAQs". Football Supporters Europe.
- "History and Mission". Football Supporters Europe.
- "Supporters". UEFA.
- See also "Wie Fans für ihre Rechte kämpfen (How fans fight for their rights)". Westdeutsche Allgemeine Zeitung.
- As an example, the standing committee on dialogue and interactions with fans explained in January 2012 that “Advice and consultation […] could be given notably by Football Supporters Europe (FSE) which represents a trans-national organisation of fan experts and representatives in this field in Europe” - cf. "Recommendation Rec (2012) 1 of the Standing Committee on dialogue and interaction with fans" (PDF). Council of Europe.
- cf. "The EPFL was invited for the 4th European Fans Congress". EPFL.
- cf. "European Football Fans' Congress launched at the Emirates Stadium". Football Supporters Federation.
- "History and Mission". Football Supporters Europe.
- cf."Watching Football is not a Crime!". Football Supporters Europe.
- cf."Annual General Meeting". Football Supporters Europe.
- cf."Structure of FSE - Who is Who and Who does What?". Football Supporters Europe.
- "The FSE Committee". Football Supporters Europe.
- cf."Divisions". Football Supporters Europe.
- "FSE Core Principles". Football Supporters Europe.
- For example, FSE advocates the "50+1 property rule" according to which only 49% of a club’s shares can belong to private investors like backers and sponsors, which make football fans the majority shareholders. Cf."Fútbol para el pueblo, pero sin el pueblo (Football for people, but without people)". El Mundo.
- Cf. "Fanvertreter aus ganz Europa trafen sich in Barcelona (Fan representatives across Europe came together in Barcelona)". Faszination Fankurve.
- "Gianni Infantino: Fans' voices must be heard". UEFA.
- "Recommendation Rec (2010) 1 of the Standing Committee on supporters' charters" (PDF). Council of Europe.
- "Supporter Charters". Football For Equality. Archived from the original on 2013-09-22.
- cf."Fans and European football institutions to launch a handbook on fan dialogue in Vienna". Football Supporters Europe.
- "The FSE Fans' Action Fund". Football Supporters Europe.
- "FSE Fans' Action Shop". Football Supporters Europe. Archived from the original on 2013-09-22.
- "FSE Fans' Embassies". Football Supporters Europe.
- Cf. the presentation video
- "Our Game - Our Time!". Football Supporters Europe.
- ""Es geht immer um Repression und Gewalt" ("It's always all about repression and violence")". 11 Freunde.
- "Rückblick auf FSE-Aktion am 29.4.2011 (A look back at the FSE action on 29 June 2011)". Harlekins Berlin 98.
- "Our Game, our Time". Ultra Rossobianco.
- "Save Fan Culture! Action Days". Football Supporters Europe. Archived from the original on 2013-09-22.
- "Revive the Roar! - the FSE fanzine". Football Supporters Europe.
- "Spectator Violence - Standing Committee". Council of Europe.
- "Expert Group 'Good Governance' - Report from the 4th meeting (13 December 2012)" (PDF). Council of Europe. Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 September 2013.
- "Note 15027/1/10 REV 1" (PDF). Council of the European Union.
- "UEFA/EU police training bears fruit". UEFA.
- In this regard, some examples in Turkey (see here or here), Russia and the Netherlands can be mentioned.