Football in Bolivia
Football is the most popular sport in Bolivia, where the first modern set of rules for the sport were established in 1923, which were a major influence on the development of the modern laws of the game. Bolivia has over 2,000 football clubs.
Bolivia is home to, amongst others, one of the oldest football clubs (Oruro Royal) in South America. Today top domestic league, the Liga Professional de Futbol Bolivia, is one of the most important leagues in South America.
It has traditionally been a male-dominated sport, but women's football has become increasingly prominent in recent years.
Defunct cup competitions
Defunct cup competitions include:
Qualification for CONMEBOL competitions
Clubs who do well in either the La Liga, Copa Aerosur or Copa Simon Bolivar can qualify to compete in various CONMEBOL-organised South America-wide competitions in the following season. The number of Bolivian clubs playing in South America in any one season can range from six to eight, depending on the qualification scenarios or one of the Bolivian team who wins the Copa Libertadores or Copa Sudamericana.
|Copa Libertadores||Torneo Apertura Champion|
|Torneo Clausura Champion|
|Copa Libertadores First Stage||Club finishing 2nd in the Torneo Clausura.|
|Copa Sudamericana Second Stage||Club finishing 2nd in the Torneo Apertura.|
|Copa Sudamericana First Stage||Torneo de Invierno winners (English: Winter Tournament)|
|Club finishing 3rd in the Torneo Clausura.|
Bolivian football league system
The La Liga was founded in 1977 after Copa Simón Bolívar's top clubs broke away from the Football League in a successful effort aimed at increasing their income at the expense of clubs in the lower divisions. Links with the La Liga were maintained, and each season the bottom each two clubs are relegated the bottom club directly and the second last plays a play-off against the runner-up of the second division. La Liga is contested between 12 clubs each season (there was 16 club between 1977-1991). The current champions are Club Oriente Petrolero. Each club in La Liga in any given season owns one twentieth of a share in the league itself, meaning that they are all supposedly equal owners with equal rights and responsibilities.
Copa Simon Bolivar
Although the oldest league in Bolivia, Copa Simón Bolívar now ranks second in the hierarchy of Bolivian football since the split of Bolivia's top clubs in 1977 to form the La Liga. The Copa Simon Bolivar has 18 member clubs evenly divided among three groups, to qualify for this cup club from Primera A (champions and runner-up). Despite the organisational split, promotion and relegation of clubs still takes place between the Primera A and the Primera B.
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- Nathaniel C. Nash (1993-08-23). "SOCCER; Soccer Success Forges New Bolivia Optimism - New York Times". Bolivia: Nytimes.com. Retrieved 2014-06-23.
- "Week in Review". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-03-11.