Football in Hungary

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Football in Hungary
CountryHungary
Governing bodyHungarian Football Federation (Hungarian: Magyar Labdarúgó Szövetség
National team(s)Hungary
First played1863
National competitions
Club competitions
International competitions

Football is the most popular sport in Hungary.[1] The Hungarian Football Federation is the highest body of professional football in Hungary and was founded in 1901. The Hungarian national team has played numerous international tournaments, including the first football tournament in the Olympic Games (Stockholm 1912, nine World Cups and two European Championships). greatest achievement are the three gold medals in the 1952, 1964 and 1968 Olympic Games, and the runner-up in the 1938 and 1954 World Cups. The team known as the Mighty Magyars was also the first non-British team to defeat England, 6-3 at Wembley in 1953. Months later, they defeated the English by a convincing 7-1 in Budapest in 1954, the worst defeat in the history of the English team.[2][3]

History[edit]

The Hungarian Football Federation (Hungarian: Magyar Labdarúgó Szövetség or MLSZ), the sport's national governing body, was founded in 1901. Hungary were regular features at major tournaments, such as the first Olympic Football Tournament (Stockholm 1912) and many FIFA World Cup.[4] They were the first non-UK team to beat England at Wembley Stadium with their 6-3 victory in 1953.[5][6][7] The golden age of Hungarian football took place in the 1950s, with the emergence of players of the caliber of Ferenc Puskás, Laszlo Kubala, Zoltán Czibor, Sándor Kocsis, Nándor Hidegkuti, Ferenc Szusza, József Bozsik & Gyula Grosics. This team (with the exception of Kubala, who only played 3 games with Hungary before playing for Spain) was known as the Golden Team and remained undefeated for 32 consecutive games, winning the gold medal in the Games Helsinki Olympics 52 'and reaching the final World Cup in 1954, always with Ferenc Puskas as a star (84 goals in 85 matches playing for the Hungarian national football team). The twilight of this team that marveled the world came with the Hungarian Revolution of 1956, and after a match of the European Champion's Cup Budapest Honvéd in Bilbao, many of the stars like Czibor, Kocsis and Puskás decided not to return to their country and sign for teams from Western Europe, meaning his retirement from the national team. Puskás joined Real Madrid in 1958, winning three European Cups and debuting with the Spanish national team in 1961, while Czibor and Kocsis joined FC Barcelona.[8] In 1967, the Ferencváros T.C. Flórián Albert became the first Hungarian to win the Golden Ball, surpassing the second place achieved by Puskás seven years before.

Domestic football[edit]

Hungary's capital Budapest has seven professional football teams, six of them have won the Hungarian 1st division. Until July 2012 teams based in Budapest have won the Hungarian Championship 96 times and teams from other cities have won it 14 times.

The Hungarian football clubs have several international successes.[9][10][11][12] Ferencvárosi TC won the 1964–65 edition of the Inter-Cities Fairs Cup and was runner-up in the European Cup Winners' Cup in 1974–75 season and the Cup of Fairs in 1968, while Újpest FC reached the final of the Fair Cup in 1969, Videoton FC UEFA Cup in 1985, and the MTK Budapest to that of the Recopa in 1964.[13]

[14]

Domestic tournaments[edit]

Clubs[edit]

The table below lists all Budapest clubs in the top three tiers of the Hungarian football league system: from the top division (the Nemzeti Bajnokság I), down to the Nemzeti Bajnokság III. League status is correct for the 2012–13 season.

Club Stadium Capacity Founded
Nemzeti Bajnokság I (1)
Újpest FC Szusza Ferenc Stadium 13,501 1885
Ferencvárosi TC Groupama Arena 23,700 1899
MTK Budapest Hidegkuti Nándor Stadium 7,515 1887
Budapest Honvéd Bozsik Stadion 9,500 1909
Nemzeti Bajnokság II (2)
Vasas SC Stadion Rudolf Illovszky 9,000 1911
Újpest FC "B" Szusza Ferenc Stadium 13,501 1885
Ferencvárosi TC "II" Stadion Albert Flórián 15,804 2014
Budapest Honvéd FC-MFA Bozsik Stadion, Műfüves Pálya 700 1909
BKV Előre SC Sport utcai Stadion 2,500 1912
Nemzeti Bajnokság III (3)
Soroksár SC Szamosi Mihály Sporttelep 5,000 1999
Újbuda TC Sportmax pálya 500 2007
Pénzügyőr SE Pasaréti út 3,000 1950
III. Kerületi TVE Hévízi út 3,000 1887
Rákosszentmihályi AFC Pirosrózsa utca 2,500 1913
Rákosmenti TK Péceli út 2,500 1912
Erzsébeti Spartacus MTK Ady Endre utca 5,000 1909
Csepel SC Béke téri stadion 12,000 1912
Budafoki LC Promontor utcai stadion 4,000 1912
Rákospalotai EAC Budai II László stadion 7,500 1912
Rákosment Községi SK RKSK-pálya 1,000 1949

Administration[edit]

Budapest is the location of the headquarters of the Hungarian Football Federation.

National team[edit]

The Hungarian national team, in its different categories, is controlled by the Hungarian Football Federation.

The Hungarian team played their first official game on October 12, 1902 in Vienna against Austria, a match that was resolved with 5-0 for the Austrians. Hungary has played nine FIFA World Cups and two European Cups. The best result of Hungary national team reached the FIFA World Cup final twice; lost to Italy in 1938, and lost again to West Germany in 1954.[15] Since then, Hungary's performance has diminished.[16][17][18][19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Racz, Gergo (7 September 2011). "Hungarian Soccer Fans Long for Glory Days". wsj.com. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  2. ^ Glanville, Brian (16 May 2009). "Seven deadly sins of football: The Hungarian disasters - England v Hungary, 1953-4". Retrieved 17 November 2017 – via www.theguardian.com.
  3. ^ Ward-Thomas, Pat (26 November 1953). "Hungary's Famous Victory". Retrieved 17 November 2017 – via www.theguardian.com.
  4. ^ Bevan, Chris (24 November 2013). "Jimmy Hogan: The Englishman who inspired the Magical Magyars". bbc.com. Retrieved 13 December 2013.
  5. ^ Slater, Matt (2013-11-25). "BBC Sport - England v Hungary 60 years on: What lessons have been learned?". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
  6. ^ "BBC News - England v Hungary - a football match that started a revolution". Bbc.co.uk. 2013-11-23. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
  7. ^ Fazekas, Zoltan (2013-11-22). "FEATURE-Soccer-Magical Magyars coach wrote off 1953 England side | Reuters". In.reuters.com. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
  8. ^ FIFA.com (18 May 2012). "Hungarians facing future with confidence". Retrieved 17 November 2017.
  9. ^ "Clubs in Budapest have been in free fall in recent years « World Soccer World Soccer". Worldsoccer.com. 2011-08-29. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
  10. ^ "When Saturday Comes - Hungarian football in the doldrums". Wsc.co.uk. 2009-11-06. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
  11. ^ "When Saturday Comes - Cluj, a city divided by football". Wsc.co.uk. 2012-07-09. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
  12. ^ "Hope for Hungary? Domestic revival targeted by Prime Minister World Soccer". Worldsoccer.com. 2013-10-30. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
  13. ^ "When Saturday Comes - Hungary – The financial decline of the most popular club". Wsc.co.uk. 2012-07-09. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
  14. ^ "FEATURE-Soccer-Ferencvaros a symbol of Hungary's sad decline - sports - ESPN". Sports.espn.go.com. 2006-07-27. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
  15. ^ Harvey, Randy (1994-06-12). "Inoffensive U.S. Blanked by Hungary - Los Angeles Times". Articles.latimes.com. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
  16. ^ Neil Clarke (2003-11-30). "Do you remember when Hungary ruled the world? | Football | The Observer". Theguardian.com. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
  17. ^ Peterjon Cresswell (2006-10-18). "The not-so-Magnificent Magyars | Football". theguardian.com. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
  18. ^ "When Saturday Comes - Hungary – Revival may be a long way off". Wsc.co.uk. 2012-07-09. Retrieved 2013-12-02.
  19. ^ "When Saturday Comes - Hungary for success". Wsc.co.uk. 1957-06-12. Retrieved 2013-12-02.