Football in Portugal
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Association football (Portuguese: futebol) has a long and storied history in Portugal, following its 1875 introduction. The country's top domestic league, the Primeira Liga, was founded in 1934 and is home to internationally successful clubs such as S.L. Benfica, FC Porto and Sporting CP, the "Big Three" who usually dominate the league. In total, Portuguese clubs have won the UEFA Champions League (the most prestigious club competition in European football) four times, the UEFA Europa League (UEFA Cup) twice, the UEFA Cup Winners' Cup (European Cup Winners' Cup) once, the UEFA Intertoto Cup once, the UEFA Super Cup (European Super Cup) once and the Intercontinental Cup twice.
Football is the most popular sport in Portugal and in the 2011–12 Primeira Liga season Benfica had an average attendance of 38,029 people, Porto 34,843 and Sporting 30,638 with the season overall having an average attendance of 10,958 and a total attendance of 2,629,950.
Internationally lauded players such as Eusébio, Luís Figo, Rui Costa and Cristiano Ronaldo have played for the Portugal national football team. They were third in the FIFA 1966 World Cup and fourth in the 2006 World Cup. The country hosted the UEFA Euro 2004, where they were runners-up to Greece. Then, A Selecção were semi-finalists in Euro 1984, Euro 2000 and Euro 2012. Twelve years later, Portugal won their first major title, the Euro 2016, beating host nation France.
The first organized game in the country took place in 1875 in Camacha, Madeira, organized by Madeira-born Harry Hinton, who brought a football from England where he was studying. Popularity quickly spread across the island. Harry would go on to become Honorary President of CS Marítimo. 
The person responsible for its spread in mainland Portugal, was Guilherme Pinto Basto (according to some people, his brothers Eduardo and Frederico brought the ball from England). He organized an exhibition in October 1888 and a match on in January the following year. The match, played where today's Campo Pequeno bullring is located, involved opposing teams from Portugal and England. Portugal won the game 2–1. Consequently, football started attracting the attention of high society, distinguished by the Luso-British rivalry.
The game reached colleges and led to clubs across the country. By century's end, associations such as Clube Lisbonense, Carcavelos Sport Club, Braço de Prata, Real Ginásio Clube Português, Estrela Futebol Clube, Futebol Académico, Campo de Ourique, Oporto Cricket, and Sport Clube Vianense had been founded.
On 31 March 1914, the 3 regional associations that existed in Portugal (Lisbon, Portalegre and Porto), merged to create a national association called "a União Portuguesa de Futebol" the ancestor of the current national association "Federação Portuguesa de Futebol" which was formed on 28 May 1926.
The oldest team is Académica, which was founded in 1876. Futebol Clube do Porto, after an unsuccessful attempt in 1893 (the current foundation date), reappeared in 1906. Boavista FC was founded in 1903. Sport Lisboa e Benfica was born as the result of the fusion in 1908 between Sport Lisboa, founded in 1904, and Grupo Sport Benfica, founded in 1906; the club maintained the foundation date of Sport Lisboa. Sporting Clube de Portugal was founded in 1906. Belenenses was founded in 1919. These clubs sponsor several sports activities, but give great emphasis to football, making use of teams of professional players, which frequently participate in European competitions.
List of teams (2015–16 season)
|Conventional name||UEFA short name||Official name||Location|
|Académica de Coimbra||A.Académica de Coimbra||Associação Académica de Coimbra||Coimbra|
|Arouca||FC Arouca||Futebol Clube de Arouca||Arouca|
|Belenenses||CF Os Belenenses||Clube de Futebol Os Belenenses||Lisbon|
|Benfica||S.L. Benfica||Sport Lisboa e Benfica||Lisbon|
|Boavista||Boavista F.C.||Boavista Futebol Clube||Porto|
Sporting de Braga
|SC Braga||Sporting Clube de Braga||Braga|
|GD Estoril-Praia||Grupo Desportivo Estoril-Praia||Estoril|
|Marítimo||CS Marítimo||Club Sport Marítimo||Funchal,
|Moreirense||Moreirense FC||Moreirense Futebol Clube||Moreira de Cónegos|
Nacional da Madeira
|CD Nacional||Clube Desportivo Nacional||Funchal,
|Paços de Ferreira||F.C. Paços de Ferreira||Futebol Clube Paços de Ferreira||Paços de Ferreira|
|Porto||F.C. Porto||Futebol Clube do Porto||Porto|
|Rio Ave||Rio Ave F.C.||Rio Ave Futebol Clube||Vila do Conde|
Clube de Portugal
|Sporting Clube de Portugal||Lisbon|
|Tondela||CD Tondela||Clube Desportivo de Tondela||Tondela|
União da Madeira
|CF União||Clube de Futebol União||Funchal,
|Vitória de Setúbal or
|Vitória FC||Vitória Futebol Clube||Setúbal|
|Vitória de Guimarães or
|Vitória SC||Vitória Sport Clube||Guimarães|
List of teams by major honours
Portugal hosted UEFA Euro 2004, but were upset by champions Greece in the final. Portugal reached the semi-finals of the FIFA World Cup twice; in 1966, when Eusébio was the top scorer, with nine goals, and also in 2006, led by Cristiano Ronaldo and Luís Figo. This was the first time since 1966 that Portugal had advanced this far in a World Cup tournament.
All players of the "golden generation" have retired, except Cristiano Ronaldo, who became team captain. Led by manager Fernando Santos, Portugal won the UEFA Euro 2016, beating hosts France in the final 1–0.
|Stadiums in Portugal|
- "www.love-madeira.com". Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- "Camacha". Retrieved 2013-05-24.
- Portugal Football Guide. (2012). Portuguese Football. Retrieved December 10, 2012, from Football Bible website: http://www.football-bible.com/soccer-info/portugal-football.html
- ESPN FC. (2012). Portuguese Liga Clubs. Retrieved December 11, 2012, from Portuguese Liga website: http://soccernet.espn.go.com/clubs/_/league/por.1/portuguese-liga?cc=5901 This article written by the staff at ESPN FC, an organization that delivers in-depth coverage of soccer around the world, is a compiled list of all the football clubs in Portugal. This article has information about each roster of the clubs, their stats and news about each team. It provides a neat compiled list for easy access to information about the clubs.
- Carcavelinhos is an extinct club. It merged with União de Lisboa in 1942, resulting in Atlético de Portugal.
- From 1922 to 1938, the Portuguese champion was determined in a knock-out competition called Campeonato de Portugal (Championship of Portugal).