Football in North Korea
Association football in North Korea is governed by the DPR Korea Football Association (KFA), which was established in 1945. Due to the state's secrecy, attendances and popularity for club matches in the country are hard to gauge.
The KFA oversees the North Korea national football team, the North Korea women's national football team and the North Korean football league system, including the DPR Korea League. The body became an AFC affiliate in 1954 and a FIFA affiliate in 1958. Its chairman is Mun Jae Chol.
Teams and competitions
The DPR Korea League is the highest league in the Korean football league system. Below it comes the DPR K-League 2 and the Amateur DPR K-League 3. The DPR Korea League consists of three leagues which are played at different times of the year. Due to this and the general unwillingness of the North Korean football system to follow general world player transfer rules due to the political system of the country, the DPR Korea League winners are generally not eligible for any Asian Football Confederation club competition. Were they eligible they would be ranked for entry into the AFC President's Cup. The main cup competition is the DPR Korean Cup, sometimes known as the Open Cup.
Men's national team
The North Korea national football team are ranked 110th in the world. They consist of North Koreans and Chongryon-affiliated Koreans born in Japan. In 1966, the team managed to make up for a 3–0 loss to the Soviet Union in the first match of the group stages to qualify for the next round in second. In the group stage of the 1966 World Cup, North Korea surprisingly beat Italy 1–0 in the group stage to clinch the second place, thus qualifying for the quarter-finals. Whilst there, Korea DPR lost 5–3 to Portugal thanks to four goals from Eusébio, after being 3–0 up on 25 minutes. In 2010, the North Korea team failed to get past the group stages, finishing bottom of the group and losing all three matches. Subsequently, the team also failed to qualify for the 2014 FIFA World Cup, held in Brazil.
Women's national team
Unlike the men's team, the women's squad consists entirely of North Korea-born Koreans. It is much more successful than its male counterpart, reaching the quarter-finals of the FIFA Women's World Cup in 2007 and winning the AFC Women's Asian Cup in 2008. They were also disqualified for the 2015 FIFA Women's World Cup, due to using illegal drugs.
- Sport in North Korea
- North Korea national football team
- North Korea women's national football team
- DPR Korean Cup
- DPR Korea League
- Lacey, David (20 July 1966). "North Koreans profit by Italy's misfortune". The Guardian. p. 15.
- "When Middlesbrough hosted the 1966 World Cup Koreans". BBC. 15 June 2010. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- "Fifa investigates North Korea World Cup abuse claims". BBC. 11 August 2010. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- "Women's World Cup results". BBC. 30 September 2007. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- "Kim commends Korean spirit". AFC official website. 9 June 2008. Retrieved 20 September 2010.
- Podoler, Guy (2007). "Nation, State and Football: The Korean Case". The International Journal of the History of Sport. 25 (1): 1–17. ISSN 0952-3367. doi:10.1080/09523360701701614.