Football in Slovenia

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Football in Slovenia is governed by the Football Association of Slovenia (Nogometna zveza Slovenije).[1] Slovenia is participating in the international football as an independent nation since 1991, when the country gained independence from SFR Yugoslavia. Slovenia national football team has qualified for three major tournaments (UEFA Euro 2000, 2002 FIFA World Cup and 2010 FIFA World Cup).[2][3]

History[edit]

Football came to the territories that are today part of Slovenia in the late 19th century from Vienna. First football club was founded by Germans in Ljubljana in 1900 and they were soon followed by Hungarians in Lendava (Nafta in 1903) and Germans in Celje (Athletik SK in 1906). The game soon spread among Slovenian high school' students, who founded their own teams in most Slovenian bigger cities, most notable being Hermes in Ljubljana and Jugoslavija in Gorica. In 1911 first Slovenian citizen's football club Ilirija was founded in Ljubljana, which was followed by Slovan two years later.

After the World War I Ilirija, Slovan and German teams from Maribor founded Ljubljana Football Subassociation (forerunner of today's Football Association of Slovenia) in 1920. Ljubljana subassociation formed Slovenian national team, which played its first game against France in 1921, while Slovenian clubs competed in their own league from 1920 on. League champion had the opportunity of competing for the Yugoslav Championship and the most successful teams were Ilirija, Primorje and I. SSK Maribor. Most of the competitions were suspended in 1941 with the beginning of World War II.

In Socialist Yugoslavia Slovenian clubs joined Yugoslav football league system, while Slovenian team continued playing as a regional amateur selection. First postwar champion Nafta competed in Yugoslav First League 1946/47, a success that was later repeated only by Olimpija and Maribor. Olimpija from Ljubljana was the most successful team in the period, playing 22 seasons in Yugoslav top flight, reaching Yugoslav Cup final in 1970 and also competing in European competitions on three occasions. Most of Slovenian clubs usually played in third level Slovenian Republic Football League, where the most successful teams were Maribor and Ljubljana with five titles each. During the period 1945-1990 only a handful of Slovenian players managed to get into the Yugoslavia national football team with Branko Oblak, Srečko Katanec and Danilo Popivoda being the famous three.

After the Independence of Slovenia in 1991 national League and Cup competitions were formed on the basis of old republic structures, with first Slovenian PrvaLiga season therefore including 21 teams. In the same year SR Slovenia regional selection reformed as Slovenia national football team and played their first official match in Estonia in 1992.

League system[edit]

Level League/Division
1 Slovenian PrvaLiga
10 clubs
2 Slovenian Second League
10 clubs
3 Slovenian Third League
4 groups of total 52 clubs
4 Slovenian Regional Leagues
8 divisions of total 83 clubs
5 Slovenian Intercommunal Leagues
5 divisions
6 Slovenian Intercommunal Leagues
2 divisions

References[edit]