Football in Uruguay

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Football in Uruguay
Country Uruguay
Governing body Uruguayan Football Association
National team Uruguay
First played 1867
National competitions
Club competitions
International competitions
The team that won its second FIFA World Cup in 1950 beating Brazil at the final.

Football is the most popular sport in Uruguay.[1] The Uruguay national football team has won two FIFA World Cup titles and reached three additional semifinals. The national team won the first edition of the tournament in 1930, and won it again in 1950.

Also, the Uruguayan national football team won the football olympics games twice, in 1924 and 1928, the Copa América in 15 times and the Copa de Oro de Campeones Mundiales in 1980-1981.

History[edit]

The sport was first introduced by British immigrants and expatriates in the 19th century. Some references say that the game had been introduced in 1880, at the English High School by Henry Castle Ayre.[2] Henry Castle Ayre was born in Bedminster in March 1852.[3] The first Uruguayan club team (Albion FC) was established at Montevideo, by an English teacher at the William Leslie Poole School in 1882.[4][5]

Uruguay is a country with a population that currently (2016) does not exceed more than three and a half million,[6] and features a large concentration of professional football teams in the city of Montevideo. The two biggest club teams in the country's Primera División are Peñarol, which was established in 1891 (as Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club -CURCC-, until 1913, when changed to the present name), and Nacional, founded in 1899.

National team[edit]

Diego Forlán of Uruguay, the best players in 2010

The Uruguay national team have won more international tournaments than any other country. In the Copa América, they are the most successful team, having won 15 titles. Uruguay won the first FIFA World Cup in 1930, defeating fierce rivals Argentina in the final.[7][8] In 1950, they won their second World Cup, defeating Brazil in the Maracanã in the final.[9] They have also won two Olympic gold medals in 1924 and 1928.[10] Finally, they also won the 1980 Mundialito, a competition in Montevideo for all of the countries that had ever won the World Cup.

Between 1970 and 2010, they failed to reach the semi-finals of the World Cup[11] until 2010, when they finished fourth.

Club football[edit]

Club football in Uruguay is dominated by two big Montevideo clubs, Peñarol/CURCC and Nacional, which compete in the AUF Championships (Uruguayan Primera División).[12] Peñarol (combined with CURCC) won the tournament in 48 times, and Nacional 45 times, since it began in 1900. The Uruguayan Primera División has 112 editions, the others titles was reparted: Danubio (4 times), Defensor Sporting (4 times), River Plate F.C. (4 times), Montevideo Wanderers (3 times), Rampla Juniors (1 time), Bella Vista (1 time), Progreso (1 time), Central Español (1 time). Also, during 1923 and 1924, existed other Uruguayan football league, the FUF (Uruguayan Football Federation). Only had two tournaments, obtained by Atlético Wanderers and Peñarol (was expulsed from AUF in 1922 and reincorporated in 1926, during the Torneo del Consejo Provisorio, won by Peñarol.

Nacional and Peñarol have each won three times the Intercontinental Cup also been successful in South American competition, with Nacional having won the Copa Interamericana twice, the Recopa Sudamericana one time and Copa Libertadores three times, and Peñarol having conquered Copa Libertadores five times. Recently; 2011 Peñarol reached to the finals, and fell against Brazilian side Santos.

Matches between Peñarol and Nacional are termed the Uruguayan Clásico, the longest running football derby outside Great Britain.

Most other clubs in top division are also from Montevideo. In the 2015–16 Uruguayan Primera División season, only two clubs, Plaza Colonia and Juventud de Las Piedras, came from outside the capital. Nowadays (2015–16) Colonia and Canelones are the only departments that are represented in Uruguay's First Division.

Many Uruguayan footballers have been successful in European football, including current players Luis Suárez, Edinson Cavani and Diego Forlán. Forlán has had a successful career in Spain with Atlético Madrid, where he won both the European Golden Shoe and Pichichi Trophy twice. Suárez has had a successful career in England (with Liverpool) and Spain (with Barcelona), where he won the European Golden Shoe twice and the Pichichi Trophy.

Remarkable players[edit]

  • Alcides Ghiggia – played in the 1950 World Cup, perhaps most remembered for having scored the second goal at the 34th minute of the second half in the tournament final against Brazil, known as the "Maracanazo".

Women's national team[edit]

The women's football national team of the AUF started in 1996 and the first official competition of the national team took place in 1998. They have played against national teams of South America and teams of other continents. There were won and lost matches, but they never missed the partnership spirit and the fair play. The most remarkable matches were against teams like Argentina, Peru, Ecuador, China and other teams. They never participed in a World cup, but they could achieve to participe in a Southamerican championship. This great team is made up of players aged 16 to 30 years. Its more recent games were against Brazil, on March 8, Colombia on March 10 and Venezuela on March 12, all in the same year.

Other notable first Division teams[edit]

Danubio Football Club is a club of professional football of the Montevieo-Uruguay. It was founded on March 1, 1932 and it plays in the First Division. It obtained four Uruguayan Championships at The First Division in 1988, 2004, 2006, 2007, 2013 and 2014. At international competitions it reached the semi-final in the Copa Libertadores in 1989. In addition to that, according to the IFFHS Danubio is the third best Uruguayan club of the 20th century,just behind the two big Uruguayan teams. Its debut was in the Plaza de deportes en La Unión, which finished with a defeat scoring 1-0, but they did not give up themselves and it managed to turn itself a great club of the Uruguayan football. The team has 17 national titles and 17 official. Its stadium was inaugurated on August 25, 1957.

Other notable first division team is Defensor Sporting Club, a professional club of Montevideo, Uruguay. It won four Uruguayan Championships, in 1976, 1987, 1991 and 2007-08. At international competitions it reached the semi-final in the Copa Libertadores in 2014. In addition to that, according to the IFFHS, Defensor Sporting was the best club of the world during September 2007.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Uruguay, soccer crazy nation - The Herald". Herald.co.nz. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ "FreeBMD District Info". Freebmd.org.uk. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  4. ^ Football: The first Hundred Years. The Untold Story. Adrian Harvey. Routledge 2005
  5. ^ The Cambridge Companion to Football. Books.google.co.uk. p. 33. Retrieved 2017-03-04. 
  6. ^ "UNdata - country profile - Uruguay". Data.un.org. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  7. ^ Felipe Arocena; Kirk Bowman. Lessons from Latin America: Innovations in Politics, Culture, and Development. Books.google.co.uk. p. 169. Retrieved 2017-03-04. 
  8. ^ Williams, Richard (5 July 2010). "World Cup 2010: Uruguay is a small nation with a great football history". Theguardian.com. Retrieved 4 March 2017 – via The Guardian. 
  9. ^ "How did Uruguay lose status as world's best?". Bbc.co.uk. 11 March 2013. Retrieved 4 March 2017 – via www.bbc.co.uk. 
  10. ^ "Football's Greatest Rivalries: Argentina v Uruguay". Worldsoccer.com. 31 December 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2017. 
  11. ^ Fletcher, Paul. Uruguay 1-1 Ghana (aet). BBC. 2 July 2010.
  12. ^ "Exploring Uruguay, the world's most successful footballing nation". Independent.co.uk. 7 July 2016. Retrieved 4 March 2017.