Forçados

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Forçados is a small town in Burutu LGA of Delta State, Nigeria. It is most noted for the Forcados River which is a major navigable channel of the Niger Delta, southern Nigeria. The river start about 20 miles (32 km) downstream from Aboh and flows through zones of freshwater swamps, mangrove swamps, and coastal sand ridges before completing its 198-kilometre (123 mi) course to the Bight of Benin. History reveals that Forcados and neighbouring Burutu played significant role in slave trade era. The Portuguese built a slave dungeon in 1475 where slaves were kept before exported to Europe and America. The Forcados slave wharf is one of the longest in Africa built by the Portuguese in 1472 and Renovated by Royal Niger Company in 1886 when they took over the town. The Royal Niger Company built a prison in 1887 and it was the first in West Africa. The famous Forcados sea wall was built in 1616 by the Portuguese to protect their houses which were threatened by flood then. The Portuguese also built a windmill in 1472. The abandoned Burutu sea port was built by the Royal Niger Company in 1887, the first modern sea port in Africa.

The Forcados Infectious Diseases General Hospital was the first in Nigeria and West Africa built in 1890. According to lay down history newly trained medical personnel from abroad began their first medical work in Forcados, the hospital still functions partially,renovated by Delta State government.

All the structures discussed are just a few of the structures built by the portuguese and the British that settled in Forcados and Burutu to do business. The structures discussed above and many more are still visible, but are fast decaying away due to lack of maintenance by the government.

Forcados was the administrative headquarters that hosted the Portuguese and played a vital role in the colonial nigeria era The community has a total human population of approximately 2000 inhabitants predominantly Ijaws with fishing as their main source of livelihood.