Force protection

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This article is about the military concept. For the military contractor, see Force Protection Inc.
A US Navy sailor on force protection duties aboard the USS Coronado in San Diego Harbor on 12 September 2001

Force protection (FP): Preventive measures taken to mitigate hostile actions against Department of Defense and U.S. Coast Guard personnel (to include family members), resources, facilities, and critical information.[1] The concept of Force Protection was initially created after the Beirut barrack bombings in Lebanon in 1983. With its Cold War focus towards potential adversaries employing large conventional military forces at the time (e.g., the Soviet Union, etc.), the U.S. Military had become complacent and predictable with regard to asymmetric attacks by state and non-state actors employing terrorist and guerilla methodologies. As a result, during what were ostensibly peacekeeping operations by a U.S. Marine Corps landing force ashore in Lebanon in 1983, it allowed two civilian trucks to breach the perimeter of the Marines' cantonment area and detonate their load of explosives as suicide vehicles adjacent to the Marines' billeting areas.

Force Protection was subsequently implemented DoD-wide (and late adopted by the Coast Guard) as a way to ensure that such a scenario never happened to U.S. forces again. Force Protection itself is characterized by changing protective tactics to avoid becoming predictable.[2]

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