A forced rider in economics is a person who is required, by government or other collective, to share in the costs of goods or services without desiring them or valuing them at their price. Such goods are typically non-excludable and non-rivalrous.
Public goods are non-excludable. As a result, some people may be required to contribute to the cost of public goods they would prefer not to support. An example is compulsory tax payments, where the payees have no control on the usage of the taxes. This is called the "forced rider problem".
Forced riders in taxation
The forced rider has been cited in various authors' views concerning taxation.
- Pacifists are required to pay for national defense[page needed].
- Environmentalists may be required to pay for public works projects, such as dams, which they feel destroy natural habitats in ways they do not condone.
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