|Volvo P1/Mazda BK/Ford C1 platform|
|Body and chassis|
|Related||Ford EUCD platform|
|Predecessor||Ford C170 platform|
|Successor||Ford C2 platform|
The Volvo P1/Mazda BK/Ford Global C-car Platform is Ford's global compact car automobile platform. It replaces the Ford C170 platform and Mazda B platform (BJ). The C1 platform debuted with the European Ford Focus C-Max compact MPV in early 2004. The platform is designed for either front- or all-wheel drive.
First called the C1 platform, it was designed in Ford's European development center in Cologne, Germany, as the "C Technologies Program". It was said to be one of the largest platform programs in history at that time. The Ford Focus, Volvo S40 and V50, and Mazda3 (BK and BL) share about 60% of their parts and components. Thirty engineers each from Ford, Mazda, and Volvo worked in Cologne for two years to combine the compact-car engineering for all three automakers under the direction of Ford Director of C Technologies Derrick Kuzak, Ford of Europe vice president of product development.
Vehicles using this first iteration of the platform include:
- 2003–2008 Mazda Axela/Mazda 3 (BK) (Note: production continued in China through 2013)
- 2003–2010 Ford Focus C-Max (first generation) (C214), first European vehicle on this platform
- 2004–2010 Ford Focus (second generation, Europe) (C307), (Note: the Ford Focus (North America) continued on the C170 platform through 2011)
- 2004–2012 Volvo S40 II (P11)
- 2004–2012 Volvo V50 (P12)
- 2005–2010 Mazda Premacy/Mazda 5 (CR) (and related Ford i-Max)
- 2006–2013 Volvo C70 II (P15)
- 2007–2013 Volvo C30 (P14)
- 2008–2012 Ford Kuga (C394)
- 2008–2013 Mazda Biante
- 2006-2012 Mazda CX-7
Ford global C platform vehicles:
- 2011–2019 Ford C-Max (second generation) (C344) and Grand C-Max
- 2012–2018 Ford Focus (C346)
- 2013–2019 Ford Escape / Ford Kuga (C520)
- 2015–2019 Lincoln MKC
- 2013–present Ford Transit Connect
- 2015–present Ford Escort (China)
Vehicles partially based on global C platform:
- 2009–2013 Mazda Axela/Mazda3 (J68/BL)
- 2010–2018 Mazda Premacy/Mazda5 (CW)
- 2013–2019 Volvo V40 II/V40 Cross Country (Y555/Y556)
- Bradford Wernle (24 March 2003). "C Technologies: Common parts mean compromise for Ford, Volvo, Mazda". autoweek.com. Automotive News Europe. Archived from the original on 6 November 2016. Retrieved 25 May 2003.
- theshadow27 (30 May 2016). "Volvo P1 CEM Teardown". www.skbowe.com. Archived from the original on 4 January 2018. Retrieved 6 November 2017.
- Paul Horrell (5 November 2010). "Big 10: Ford's Global C-Car Platform". Motor Trend. Archived from the original on 26 May 2016. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Joseph B. White (1 November 2012). "Ford CEO Mulally to Stay "Through At Least 2014."". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on 17 March 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
- Matthew Hayward (9 April 2013). "2013 Ford Kuga 2.0 TDCI Powershift review". Evo Magazine. Archived from the original on 4 January 2018. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- Alexander Stoklosa (September 2012). "2014 Ford Transit Connect Unveiled in Europe, Arrives Here Next Year". Car & Driver. Archived from the original on 21 June 2017. Retrieved 17 April 2013.
- "Volvo V40 Review". Auto Express. 30 November 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2018.