Ford Cargo

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Ford Cargo
Caminhao.JPG
Overview
Also called Freightliner/Sterling Cargo
Ashok Leyland Stallion
Production 1981–present
Assembly Langley, Berkshire, UK[1]
Designer Patrick Le Quément
Body and chassis
Body style Cabover
Related Volvo FE
Volvo FM
Chronology
Predecessor Ford Transcontinental
Ford C-Series (North America)
Ford D-series (UK)
Ford N-Series (Australasia)
Successor Ford LCF (North America)
Iveco Eurocargo (Great Britain)

The Ford Cargo is a forward control (cab-over-engine) truck model that is manufactured by Ford. Designed by Ford of Britain as the successor to the larger Ford Transcontinental cabover, the Cargo entered production in 1981. In 1986, the Cargo entered the United States market as a successor to the long-running Ford C-Series.

Following the 1986 sale of the commercial vehicle division of Ford of Europe to Iveco, the Ford Cargo was sold in Europe as an Iveco Ford to 1991, when it was updated, becoming the Iveco Eurocargo.

Model overview[edit]

The 1981 Ford Cargo was styled by Patrick Le Quément, designer of the Ford Sierra and the later Renault Twingo. A distinguishing feature of the original design is quarter windows that extend down nearly to floor level (also seen in the Volvo FL) for drivers in urban locations, the design was intended to better show pathways and blindspots while parking.

Ford Cargo (Europe)[edit]

Ford Cargo 1830 (Turkey)

With the demise of the Ford Transcontinental heavy truck range in 1983, British Ford introduced a range of heavyweight Cargo tractor units ranging from 28- to 38-tonnes gcw. The 38-tonners were powered by the Cummins L10 while those at 28- and 32-tonnes had Perkins, Cummins, or air-cooled Deutz diesels. The 7.49 tonne Cargos had Dorset and Dover fours or sixes, starting with a 89 bhp (66 kW) unit in the 0809.[2] The Dover six-cylinder engines were mounted at a slant in the Cargo.[3]

In 1986, Ford sold its European truck operations to the Italian Iveco group and subsequent vehicles have been badged Iveco Ford. After the recession in the 1990s, Iveco rationalised its production operations, overlooked by Keith Stanley Jones (Production Engineering Manager). Its Langley plant closed in October 1997, bringing British Iveco/Ford truck production to an end.

The original lightweight Cargo was replaced in 1993 by the Iveco Eurocargo range, covering the 7.5-ton to 18-ton GVW range.

Pre-facelift Ford Cargo in Germany. (North American version is similar)
2012 Ford Cargo 2628

It was originally only built in Ford's Langley (Slough) plant, from which about a third of the production was exported to continental Europe. Cargos were also exported to Turkey and to Australia, while panels were supplied to Brazil for local assembly (these Brazilian trucks were also exported to the United States).[1]

Production has expanded since: the model is still made by Brazilian, Argentinian and Venezuelan (also known as the Ford Trader) Ford subsidiaries, Turkey's Ford Otosan, and India's Ashok Leyland (as the eComet and as the Stallion).

Ford Cargo (Americas)[edit]

In 1986, in the United States, Ford introduced the Cargo as part of its commercial truck range. Intended to replace the long-running C-Series cabover (largely unchanged since 1957) the Cargo was gradually phased in alongside its predecessor, slotted below the larger CL-9000 semitractor. For the first time, a commercial Ford truck sold in the United States was assembled outside of Louisville, Kentucky, with production sourced from Brazil.

It was also made by Freightliner Trucks and sold as the Sterling Cargo or the Freightliner Cargo in the United States before production ended and Sterling was shut down. Ford then sold the Ford LCF as a smaller cab-over alternative in the US to be more competitive with similar trucks, such as the Mitsubishi Fuso Canter and Isuzu Elf (N Series), but with poor sales.

Motorsport[edit]

Rod Chapman won the FIA European Truck Racing Championship in 1985 and 1987 using a modified Cargo, with Gérard Cuynet doing the same in 1988.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kent, Gordon (June 1986). "Intertruck: Britain". TRUCK. London, UK: FF Publishing Ltd: 39. 
  2. ^ Kennett, Pat, ed. (September 1983). "Win a Cargo fleet!". TRUCK. London, UK: FF Publishing Ltd: 5. 
  3. ^ Kennett, Pat (September 1983). "Flat Coke floats!". TRUCK: 54. 

External links[edit]