Ford E Series
|Ford E-150, E-250, E-350, E-450|
|Production||1960–2014 (limited beyond 2015, only stripped chassis and cutaway cab in production)|
|Model years||1961–2014 (limited beyond 2015, only stripped chassis and cutaway cab in production)|
|Assembly||Lorain, Ohio, United States|
Avon Lake, Ohio, United States
Oakville, Ontario, Canada
|Body and chassis|
|Predecessor||Ford F-series panel van|
|Successor||Ford Transit (For United States, Canada, and Mexico)|
The Ford E series (also known as the Ford Econoline and Ford Club Wagon throughout various stages of its production) is a range of full-size vans produced by the American automaker Ford since 1960. Introduced for the 1961 model year as the replacement for the Ford F-series panel van, four generations of the model line have been produced. In addition to cargo van and passenger van body styles, the Ford E-series has been produced as a cutaway van chassis and stripped chassis (a chassis without bodywork).
From 1980 to its 2015 discontinuation, the E-series van was the best-selling full-size van in the United States, holding a nearly 80% share of the segment. At the time of its final redesign, 95% of sales were to commercial or fleet users, with nearly half of production represented by cargo vans. For the 2015 model year, the Ford E-series cargo/passenger vans were replaced in North America by the Ford Transit; since then, only cutaway and stripped chassis configurations of the E-series are produced.
With a 59-year production run, the E-Series nameplate is outlasted only by the Ford F-Series (1948-present) in terms of longevity (for a Ford nameplate). From 1961 to 2005, Ford assembled the model line at Lorain Assembly (Lorain, Ohio); subsequent assembly has been located at Ohio Assembly (Avon Lake, Ohio).
- 1 First generation (1961–1967)
- 2 Second generation (1968–1974)
- 3 Third generation (1975–1991)
- 4 Fourth generation (1992–present)
- 5 Sales
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
First generation (1961–1967)
1961–1967 Ford Econoline (customized)
|Also called||Ford Falcon/Econoline Station Bus|
Ford Falcon Club Wagon
Mercury Econoline (Canada)
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||4-door panel van|
2-door pickup truck
|Engine||144 cu in (2.4 L) Falcon Six I6|
170 cu in (2.8 L) Thriftpower Six I6
240 cu in (3.9 L) Truck Six I6
3-speed Cruise-O-Matic automatic
|Wheelbase||90.0 in (2,286.0 mm)|
|Length||168.3 in (4,274.8 mm)|
186.3 in (4,732.0 mm) (Econoline Super Van)
|Width||75.0 in (1,905.0 mm)|
|Height||76.9 in (1,953.3 mm)|
The first generation of the Ford Econoline made its debut on September 21, 1960. Introduced for the 1961 model year as a cargo van, pickup truck, and a passenger van (Station Bus/Club Wagon), the Econoline began development based on design sketches that were dated 1957.
While introduced alongside the Chevrolet Corvair van for 1961, the Ford Econoline established many design precedents adopted by successive designs of American vans, including the Chevrolet Van and Dodge A100 (and the European Ford Transit). While remaining a forward-control vehicle, Ford adopted a mid-engine configuration. As the engine was placed between the front seats instead of behind the rear axle as on the Corvair, a larger rear door and flat load floor was created, allowing for additional load capacity.
The first-generation Ford Econoline was produced from 1961 to 1967.
In a similar fashion that the Volkswagen Bus (VW Type 2) derived its underpinnings from the Volkswagen Beetle, the first-generation Ford Econoline was based upon the Ford Falcon compact car range. To accommodate its 90-inch wheelbase (the shortest for a Ford since 1908), the Econoline adopted a mid-engine configuration, placing the engine behind the front axle; consequently, the layout precluded the use of a V8 engine.
Initially powered by the 85 hp (63 kW) 144 cubic-inch inline six that was the standard engine of the Falcon, the Econoline was offered with a 101 hp (75 kW) 170 cubic-inch inline-six as an option. In 1965, a 240 cubic-inch inline-six became the optional engine, with the 170 six becoming standard. A three-speed manual was standard, with a Dagenham four-speed manual introduced for 1963 and discontinued in 1964; the 170 cubic-inch engine was offered with a 3-speed automatic in 1964 and the larger two engines were both offered with a 3-speed automatic as an option thereafter. 
In contrast to the Falcon, the Econoline was fitted with a solid front axle and a solid rear axle suspension with leaf springs for all four wheels.
In its layout, the Ford Econoline adapted several elements of the Volkswagen Type 2, while making major departures with other design features, with many elements of its design derived from its mid-engine layout. In line with Volkswagen, the Econoline positioned the front seats above the front axle, making it a cabover-style configuration, similar to the Jeep Forward Control. Other elements of its design were borrowed loosely from the Ford Thames 400E produced by Ford of Britain (the predecessor of the Ford Transit), including its grille configuration.
The use of a mid-engine layout enlarged the cargo area, as the engine compartment was relocated forward of the load floor (which was flattened). While Volkswagen would market the Type 2 in the United States until 1979, the configuration of the Econoline was adopted by Chevrolet/GMC in 1964 (replacing the Corvair-based Greenbrier van) and the 1964 Dodge A100.
Through its production, the first-generation Ford Econoline was offered in several variants, with four versions of the cargo van. Along with the 6-door windowless cargo van, Ford introduced an 8-door cargo van in 1963, adding two doors to the driver side. In 1964, a panel van variant was introduced, deleting the side loading doors. Cargo vans (with the exception of the panel van) were offered with or without windows in several configurations.
In 1965, Ford introduced a "Super Van" variant of the Econoline, extending the body 18 inches behind the rear axle.
Alongside the Ford Falcon, the Ford Econoline was expanded into a product line including several vehicles. In Canada, the Econoline was marketed through both the sales networks of both Ford and Lincoln-Mercury (as a Mercury), to increase its presence outside of urban areas.
Introduced alongside the cargo van in 1961, Ford introduced two passenger variants of the Econoline (branded as part of the Falcon range). Alongside the Station Bus (branded as both a Falcon and Econoline), Ford marketed the Club Wagon. While the Station Bus was largely intended for commercial/fleet use, the Club Wagon was marketed as an alternative to station wagons. A five-seat configuration was standard, with an eight-seat configuration offered as an option.
Introduced as part of the Econoline model line for 1961, the Ford Econoline pickup truck was based upon the cargo van. Sharing the forward-control configuration of the Chevrolet Corvair pickup, through its mid-engine chassis, the Econoline pickup truck saw no engine intrusion into the cargo bed. Although, in 1965 with the offering of the larger 240 cubic-inch engine there was a slight intrusion into the cargo bed providing clearance for the larger transmission bellhousing. The Econoline pickup was offered in two window configurations: 3 windows and 5 windows with windows in the rear cab corners to provide better visibility. Early in 1965 the pickup was offered as a Spring Special with a special trim package. While far shorter than an F-100, the pickup was configured with a seven-foot long cargo bed.
The Econoline pickup was only produced during the first generation of production, ending production after the 1967 model year. In 1961, Ford projected the pickup leading the van in sales; however, buyer preferences weighed heavily towards the van configuration. The pickup accounted for only ten percent of 1961 Econoline production.
The first-generation Econoline was sold by Ford of Canada by both Ford and Mercury. Alongside the M-series truck line, the Mercury Econoline allowed for Ford of Canada to maximize its presence in rural areas served by either a Ford dealer or a Lincoln-Mercury dealer, but not both. Largely identical to its Ford counterpart with only minor exceptions of badging, the Mercury Econoline product line was sold as a pickup, cargo van, and passenger van.
In 1961, the pickup truck commenced production at Oakville Assembly in Canada; later that year, Mercury Econoline pickup production shifted to the Lorain, Ohio assembly plant. From 1962 to 1965, Mercury sourced Econoline vans and pickups from Oakville, with all later vehicles imported from the United States.
Production numbers of Mercury Econolines were low; for example, a total of 1,291 Mercury Econoline pickup trucks were built in 1965. During 1968, Mercury ended its sale of light trucks, discontinuing the M-series. Subsequently, the next van sold by Mercury was the 1993 Mercury Villager minivan.
Second generation (1968–1974)
This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (December 2011)
1972–1974 Ford Club Wagon
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||3-door van|
|Engine||240 cu in (3.9 L) I6
300 cu in (4.9 L) I6302 cu in (5.0) Windsor V8
3-speed Cruise-O-Matic automatic
|Wheelbase||SWB: 105.5 in (2,679.7 mm)|
LWB: 123.5 in (3,136.9 mm)
As the result of a lengthy United Auto Workers strike in 1967, the launch of the second-generation Econoline van was delayed almost four months until January 1968. Instead of calling it a 1968 or 1968.5 model, Ford decided to call it the 1969 model. Shedding its Falcon roots, the second-generation Econoline became a heavier-duty vehicle, sharing many of its underpinnings with the F-series full-size pickups.
While the unibody construction of the previous-generation van was carried over, a major change was made in the overall layout in the body and chassis of the Econoline. To build a heavier-duty chassis, the mid-engine forward-control layout was abandoned in favor of a front-engine layout with the axle placed forward; this also allowed the use of the "Twin I-Beam" front suspension used in the F-series trucks. The redesign in the configuration resulted in major growth; the Econoline grew 15 inches in wheelbase; an 18-inch longer long-wheelbase model became the largest full-size van offered in North America at the time.
As they had become introduced as options in Dodge and Chevrolet/GMC vans, Ford introduced a V8 engine option into the powertrain line.
With the change of chassis and axle configurations, the Econoline gained a conventional hood for engine access (though most engine access remained from the interior). To aid in engine compartment ventilation, the model was given a conventional grille, styled similar to the F series.
For 1971, the grille was redesigned to match the updated F series. For 1972, a sliding rear door became an option; introduced on a cutaway van chassis was the Hi-Cube van, a cab-chassis version of the Econoline with a box-van body. The introduction of the cab-chassis variant would become popular in the recreational-vehicle industry (a Class C RV), a segment still dominated by the E series in the 2010s.
Inside of the Econoline, the shift of the engine location moved the engine housing from between the seats to in front of the driver and front passenger, under the windshield. While the Econoline cargo van remained, it was joined by an Econoline passenger van (replacing the Falcon van). To attract more buyers to passenger vans, Ford introduced two new trims of the passenger van, the Ford Club Wagon and Ford Club Wagon Chateau. Based on the long-wheelbase version, the Chateau had air conditioning, houndstooth fabric on all seats, an AM/FM sound system, and the option of 12-passenger seating.
Third generation (1975–1991)
1983–1991 Ford Club Wagon
|Also called||Ford Club Wagon|
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||3-door van|
|Platform||Ford VN platform|
|Engine||240 cu in (3.9 L) I6 |
300 cu in (4.9 L) I6
302 cu in (4.9 L) Windsor V8
351 cu in (5.8 L) Windsor V8
460 cu in (7.5 L) 385 V8
6.9 L Navistar diesel V8
7.3 L Navistar diesel V8
For 1975, the Econoline/Club Wagon were given a complete redesign. Based on an all-new chassis, Ford became the first American manufacturer to adapt body-on-frame construction to a full-size van.
The new-generation Econoline would become common not only in its own right, but as the basis for other vehicles. With a full frame, the Econoline became popular as a cutaway van chassis; the design served as a basis for many ambulances, and various types of trucks and buses. The shared drivetrain with the F series marked the beginning of aftermarket four-wheel drive conversions. During the 1970s, the Econoline became popular as a basis for van conversions. Using the sparsely-equipped Econoline cargo van as a basis, a luxurious interior was fitted, along with extensive customization of the exterior.
A stillborn variant of the Econoline, the Ford Carousel, nearly reached production as the first American minivan. While a running prototype was produced and planned for a potential 1975–1976 introduction, lack of funding led to the discontinuation of the project.
To increase the versatility of the full-size van line, the Econoline was developed using body-on-frame construction for the first time. In addition to increasing the strength of the chassis, the configuration allowed more commonality with the F-series trucks. As before, the Twin I-Beam front suspension was used. In its new configuration, the engine was moved further forward and lowered, relative to the body. In a massive growth spurt, the short-wheelbase configuration was 0.5 inches longer than the previous long-wheelbase chassis; the new long-wheelbase chassis was 138 inches, the longest wheelbase full-size van sold until 1990. In 1988, the 124-inch wheelbase was discontinued, leaving the 138-inch wheelbase as standard.
In 1982, to increase the fuel economy of the Econoline without a major loss in engine output, Ford introduced the option of a 6.9-liter IDI diesel V8 produced by International Harvester; in 1988, this was enlarged to 7.3L. The diesel V8 engines were available only in Econoline 350s (or Club Wagons sold on the same chassis).
Due to the popularity of automatic transmissions in full-size vans, Ford discontinued the 3-speed manual and 4-speed manual transmissions after the 1987 model year.
Unlike its predecessors, Ford designed the 1975 Econoline with a true "two-box" layout. Similar to the Ford Transit of the time, the configuration moved the engine as far forward as possible and lower in the chassis than in its predecessor; although the hood was nearly twice as long, the hoodline was much lower. A higher degree of parts commonality with the F series made itself known in the bodystyling: the vent windows, taillights, bumpers, and wheels were common items between the two vehicles.
During its sixteen-year production run, the exterior of the Econoline/Club Wagon would remain nearly unaltered. In 1978, the Super Van/Super Wagon was introduced; based on the 138-inch wheelbase, it was a rear body extension allowing for extra cargo room or an extra row of seating (for up to 15 passengers). In 1979, a minor facelift updated the grille design; round headlights were replaced by rectangular units. In 1983, the Ford Blue Oval was added to the grille, replacing the "FORD" lettering on the hood.
Although the 1986 Ford Aerostar minivan would introduce styling far different from the Econoline, the basic styling of the full-size van would heavily influence the Ford Ranger (and its SUV offspring, the Ford Bronco II).
Inside, the redesign of the chassis expanded interior room, though the rear of the engine still remained between the front seats; an engine cover still provided access for servicing. Sharing many controls with the F series, the new design also improved interior ergonomics. In three body sizes, the Econoline was produced in a cargo van and passenger van, with the latter produced in three trim levels; base, Custom and Chateau. In addition, the Club Wagon was produced solely as a passenger van. After 1980, this was replaced by F-series nomenclature of XL and XLT. In line with the F series, the Econoline/Club Wagon was sold in 100/150/250/350 variants, with the Econoline 100 discontinued in 1983 (Club Wagon chassis variants were not denoted).
|1975–1991 Ford E-series dimensions|
|124" WB||138" WB (Standard Van)||138" WB (Super Van)|
|Length||186.8 in (4,745 mm)||206.8 in (5,253 mm)||226.8 in (5,761 mm)|
|Wheelbase||124 in (3,149.6 mm)||138 in (3,505.2 mm)|
|Height||79.1–79.9 in (2,009.1–2,029.5 mm)||79.2–84.4 in (2,011.7–2,143.8 mm)||80.9–84.8 in (2,054.9–2,153.9 mm)|
|Width||79.9 in (2,029 mm)|
Fourth generation (1992–present)
1997–2002 Ford Econoline
|Also called||Ford Econoline (until 2006; name still used in Mexico according to Ford Mexico's website)|
Ford Club Wagon (until 1998)
Ford Econoline Wagon (1999–2005)
|Production||1991–2014 (passenger/cargo van) |
1991–present (cutaway/stripped chassis)
|Model years||1992–2014 (passenger/cargo van) |
1992–present (cutaway/stripped chassis)
|Body and chassis|
|Body style||3/4-door van|
|Platform||Ford VN platform|
|Engine||4.9 L (300 cu in) Truck Six I6 |
4.9 L (302 cu in) Windsor V8
5.8 L (351 cu in) Windsor V8
7.5 L (460 cu in) 385/Lima V8
Navistar 7.3 L IH IDI Diesel V8
Navistar 7.3 L Power Stroke Diesel V8
4.2 L Essex V6
4.6 L Triton V8
5.4 L Triton V8
6.8 L Triton V10
Navistar 365 CID 6.0 L Power Stroke Diesel V8
6.2 L Boss V8
|Transmission||4-speed AOD automatic|
5-speed TorqShift automatic
6-speed TorqShift automatic
|Wheelbase||138 in (3,505 mm)|
Regular: 212 in (5,385 mm)
Extended: 232 in (5,893 mm)
Regular: 216.7 in (5,504 mm)
Extended: 236.7 in (6,012 mm)
|Width||79.3–79.9 in (2,014–2,029 mm)|
|Height||80.7–84.1 in (2,050–2,136 mm)|
|Curb weight||4,773 lb (2,165 kg)|
For the 1992 model year, Ford introduced the fourth generation of the Econoline/Club Wagon. While the third-generation chassis was largely carried over, the body and interior underwent a complete redesign. As with the smaller Ford Aerostar, the fourth-generation model line was offered two body lengths on a common wheelbase.
The fourth-generation Econoline/Club Wagon underwent several revisions during its production. For 1999, to adopt a nomenclature closer in line to that of Ford full-size trucks, the Econoline was renamed the E-Series.
In June 2014, production of E-Series passenger and cargo vans was discontinued as sales of the Ford Transit began in North America. From 2015 onward, the E-Series has remained in production solely for commercial markets in cutaway-cab and stripped chassis configurations. In 2019, Ford unveiled its first revision to the E-Series in its production as a commercial vehicle chassis, with revisions to its drivetrain, a new steering column, and wiring updates to improve functionality of equipment installed during manufacturing; it is announced for the 2021 model year.
The fourth-generation E-Series (Econoline/Club Wagon) shares the VN platform of the third-generation Econoline, introduced in 1975. Sharing many components with F-Series trucks, the E-Series retained the "Twin I-Beam" front suspension used by rear-wheel drive Ford trucks in North America from the 1960s to the early 1990s. The rear suspension was a live rear axle with rear leaf springs.
For the 2008 model year, the chassis underwent its largest revisions of the fourth generation. In an effort to improve handling and safety, larger brakes were added, improved steering, rollover stability control, and a higher GVWR. The twin I-beam layout was retained, making it the last Ford vehicle to use it.
At its 1992 launch, the fourth-generation E-Series (Econoline/Club Wagon) carried over its powertrain line from the third-generation model line (sharing it with the ninth-generation F-Series). A 4.9L inline-6 was standard, with a 4.9L V8, a 5.8L V8 offered as options. On 250 or 350-series vans, a 7.5L V8 and 7.3L Navistar diesel V8 were also optional; the diesel became turbocharged in 1993. During 1994, the IDI diesel was replaced by a 7.3L Ford Powerstroke diesel V8 (also sourced from Navistar).
For 1997, the E-Series underwent a revision of its engine lineup, retaining only the 7.3L diesel. Sharing its gasoline engines with the tenth-generation F-Series, a 4.2L V6 replaced the inline-6 and a 6.8L V10 replaced the 7.5L V8. The 4.9L I6 and the 5.8L V8 were replaced by 4.6L and 5.4L V8s, respectively.
For 2003, the 7.3L diesel was replaced by a 6.0L diesel from Navistar. While gaining an intercooler over its predecessor, due to the lack of airflow in the engine compartment (compared to Super Duty trucks), Ford had to detune the E-Series version of the 6.0L V8. For 2004, the 4.6L V8 became the standard engine (the first American full-size van with a standard V8 engine)
The 6.0L Power Stroke was offered until 2009 in the Ford Econoline vans (model year 2010), even though Ford Super Duty trucks were upgraded to the 6.4 version in 2007. Diesels were no longer offered after the 2010 model year. For 2009, the E-Series gained flexible-fuel capability with 4.6L and 5.4L engines (allowing them to use E85).
In May 2014, the final 4.6L V8 was produced for the E-Series, with the 5.4L V8 becoming the standard engine for 2015. For 2017, the 6.8L V10 replaced the 5.4L V8 as the standard engine, with a 6.2L V8 becoming the optional engine; along with flex-fuel capability, both engines were offered with options for conversion to CNG or LPG/propane. For its 2021 model year revision, the E-Series cutaway cab adopts the 7.3L V8 of the 2020 Super Duty trucks.
|1992–present Ford Econoline/Club Wagon/E-Series powertrain details|
|Ford Truck Six||4.9 L (300 cu in) OHV I6||1992–1996||Gasoline||4-speed AOD automatic
4-speed E4OD automatic
4-speed 4R100 automatic
5-speed 5R110W automatic (TorqShift)
6-speed automatic (TorqShift)
|Ford Windsor V8||4.9 L (302 cu in) OHV V8||1992–1996|
|5.8 L (351 cu in) OHV V8||1992–1996|
|Ford 385 Family V8||7.5 L (460 cu in) OHV V8||1992–1996|
|Navistar 7.3L IDI V8||7.3 L (444 cu in) OHV V8 diesel||1992||Diesel|
|7.3 L (444 cu in) OHV V8 turbodiesel||1993|
|Navistar T444E V8||7.3 L (444 cu in) OHV V8 turbodiesel||1994–2003|
|Navistar VT365 V8
|6.0 L (365 cu in) OHV 4V V8 turbodiesel||2004–2010|
|Ford Essex V6||4.2 L (256 cu in) OHV V6||1997–2003||Gasoline|
|Ford Triton V8||4.6 L (281 cu in) SOHC 2V V8||1997–2014||Gasoline
|5.4 L (330 cu in) SOHC 2V V8||1997–2016|
|Ford Triton V10||6.8 L (413 cu in) SOHC 2V V10||1997–||Gasoline
|Ford Boss V8||6.2 L (379 cu in) SOHC 2V V8||2017–|
During its production, the fourth-generation vans underwent minor revisions in 1997 and 2003, with a major revision in 2008; cutaway-chassis vans have undergone a revision for the 2021 model year. In line with the F-Series, the Econoline was sold in 150, 250, and 350 series, denoting ½, ¾, and 1-ton chassis (the Club Wagon was not designated by chassis size). The body was available in two lengths, with the extended-length version exclusive to the 350-series (1-ton) chassis for both cargo and passenger vans. The cargo van was sold as a two-passenger vehicle, with the passenger van sold in various configurations, including 5, 8, 9, 12, and 15 passengers.
For the 1992 model year, the body of the Econoline underwent a complete redesign. The two-box configuration made a return, although the hood was angled downward slightly and the windshield raked back; all window glass (if specified) was flush-mounted. Flush-mounted taillamp lenses were specific to the model line, along with flush-mounted headlamps (the latter were an option, standard on Club Wagons). For 1992, the Econoline/Club Wagon became the first full-size vans produced with a center-mounted brake light.
For 1995, the taillamps were revised, removing the amber turn signals.
When redesigning the interior of the E-series for 1992, Ford chose to modernize the driver compartment of the vehicle. Sharing its controls and components with the Ford F-series and Aerostar, the E-series/Club Wagon was notable for being the first full-size van equipped with a driver's side airbag as standard equipment (on all models except the Econoline 350). While space between the front seats was again dominated by the front engine cover, the redesign freed up additional passenger room. While the model line offered only analog instruments (and no tachometer), a 6-digit LCD odometer replaced the previous 5-digit analog odometer.
For 1994, CFC-free R134a air-conditioning refrigerant was adopted beginning with September 1993 production.
For 1997, the grille was redesigned. To bring the exterior of the Econoline in line with other Ford trucks, the egg-crate grille was replaced with an eight-hole oval-shaped cutout (matching the Ford Explorer and F-150). The interior saw a complete redesign of the dashboard, adopting dual airbags (for all models). The "brick"-style steering wheel was replaced with one using a horn mounted in the center; a double-DIN radio was added, along with an analog odometer.
For 2003, the entire E-Series adopted the grille of the E-550, shifting the Ford Blue Oval from the hood to the grille (for the first time since 1991). In another revision, the front turn signal lenses become amber in color. For 2004; the front bumper is revised with additional cooling slots.
For 2003, coinciding with the exterior facelift, the interior received a new engine cover with redesigned cup holders. For the first time since 1974, the E series was given a glove box, shared with the Super Duty trucks. For 2004, the instrument panel was given a digital odometer, last used in 1996, certain versions were available with a tachometer.
Ford E-550 Super Duty
For 2002, a heavy-duty E-550 variant was introduced. Sharing chassis components with the Super Duty, the E-550 was distinguished by a grille styled in line with Super Duty pickup trucks (with a three horizontal slots between two vertical openings). In addition, the heavier-duty front axle required the use of a larger front bumper and plastic fender flares (shared with the F-550 truck). Depending on trim, E-550s were fitted with either chrome grilles, chrome bumpers, and flush headlamps, or gray plastic grilles, bumpers, and sealed-beam headlamps. After the 2003 model year, the E-550 was discontinued.
For the 2008 model year, the E-Series underwent a major update. Largely concentrated forward of the windshield, the E-Series received new fenders, hood, and a larger grille.
For 2009, the dashboard was completely redesigned, with only the steering column carried over. Designed to share components with the Super Duty trucks, the E series now comes with the Ford Sync system, in-dash navigation as an option, and integrated auxiliary switches. The glovebox was relocated from the engine cover to forward of the passenger seat. Another option first introduced on the vehicle is a rear-view backup camera; widely available on smaller vehicles, it is the first in the full-size van segment.
During its production, the fourth-generation model line underwent several name changes. As with the previous generation, the Econoline was sold as both a cargo van and as a passenger van (Econoline Wagon) with the Ford Club Wagon sold only as a passenger van. For 1992, the luxury-oriented Chateau trim line of the Club Wagon made its return (dormant since 1980), slotted above the XL and XLT trims. For 1992, the Club Wagon Chateau was awarded Truck of the Year by Motor Trend.
Toward the end of the 1990s, Ford began to phase out the use of the Econoline and Club Wagon nameplates. For 1999, the Club Wagon nameplate was discontinued (in favor of Econoline Wagon). After the 2000 model year, the Econoline was renamed the Ford E-Series in the United States, in line with the Ford F-Series trucks (done by Ford Canada in 1995). For 2001, the Chateau was dropped, replaced by the E-150 Traveler; due to low sales, it was dropped after a single model year.
For 2011, to commemorate the 50th year of production, Ford offered a 50th Anniversary Edition of the E-Series. Offered on XLT Wagons, the option package was distinguished by blue metallic paint, embroidered seatbacks, and exterior badging.
Current production (2015-present)
For the 2015 model year, the E-Series passenger and cargo vans were discontinued, replaced by the fourth-generation Ford Transit. While the E-Series had remained the best-selling vehicle in the full-size van segment since 1980, the Transit was introduced to offer additional body configurations, cargo capacity, and increased fuel economy. Sold outside of North America since 1965, two generations of the Transit were co-developed by Ford in North America.
To accommodate demand for second-stage manufacturers, from the 2015 model year onward, the E-Series has continued production for commercial use solely in cutaway and stripped-chassis configuration. Initially planned to continue production through the 2010s, the lifespan of the E-Series was extended further in 2019 as Ford unveiled a 2021 update for the E-Series cutaway. While the exterior remains unchanged since its 2008 redesign, Ford announced an optional 7.3L V8, replacing the long-running 6.8L V10. The interior sees several revisions, with an all-new steering column (for the first time since 1997), a redesigned instrument cluster, and increased connectivity.
For 2019, the E-Series lineup has been reduced to offer Cutaway versions only, and buyers wanting a Chassis Cab will be required to purchase a Ford Transit Chassis Cab. The Transit 350 and 350HD are also sold as a cutaway-cab chassis.
In 2019, Ford unveiled a revised version of the Ford E-Series for 2021 production at the 2019 International Work Truck Show. Remaining in production solely as a cutaway-cab vehicle, the 2021 E-Series replaces the 6.8L Triton V10 with an all-new 7.3L V8 (no transmission selection is currently announced). The dashboard received a new instrument cluster (for the first time since 2009) and a new steering column (for the first time since 1997). While sharing the same dashboard layout to lower production costs, Ford added radios with Bluetooth compatibility, auxiliary and USB inputs, and steering wheel-mounted audio controls.
|Calendar year||US sales|
- "Plant Information: Oakville Assembly Complex". Media.ford.com. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
- "Key Milestones in 50-Year History of Ford E-Series, America's Favorite Full-size Van for 31 Years | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". web.archive.org. 2011-01-18. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
- "Crossovers, Lincoln highlight Ford's 2007 sales performance; further growth expected in 2008". Media.Ford.com. January 3, 2009. Archived from the original on May 25, 2011.
- "Ford Introduces The New 2008 E-Series Van". Blue Oval News. March 7, 2007. Archived from the original on 2007-10-08. Retrieved 2019-10-08.
- "1963 Ford Falcon Van brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- Lee, Peter (2015). Ford Transit: Fifty Years. Crowood. ISBN 9781847978745. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- Statham, Steve (1995). Ford Pickup Trucks. Motorbooks. pp. 71–72. ISBN 9780879389871. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- Gunnell, John (2005-10-25). American cars of the 1960s. 2005. p. 212. ISBN 9780896891319. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- "Econoline Transmissions". econoline.org.
- "Directory Index: FMC Trucks-Vans/1961_Trucks-Vans/1961_Ford_Econoline_Van_Brochure". www.oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
- "Directory Index: FMC Trucks-Vans/1963_Trucks-Vans/1963_Ford_Falcon_Van_Brochure". www.oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2018-04-17.
- Ernst, Kurt (19 January 2014). "Hemmings Find of the Day – 1961 Ford Econolpne pickup". Hemmings. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- Truesdell, Rich (November 3, 2014). "Mercury Trucks Dare to Be Different". Vintage truck magazine. Archived from the original on 17 April 2018. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- "1965 Mercury Econoline pickup truck for sale". American Dream Cars. Retrieved 29 February 2016.
- "1980 Ford Econolpne Van". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved February 6, 2014.
- Jonathon Ramsey (April 18, 2014). "Ford E-series chassis cabs and cutaways to survive mass transit onslaught". autoblog.com. Retrieved October 28, 2014.
- "New 2021 Ford E-Series Chassis Cab Debuts". Ford Authority. 2019-03-05. Retrieved 2019-03-07.
- "Ford Rolls Out Super Duty-Inspired 2008 E-Series Vans". Edmunds Inside Line. March 9, 2007. Archived from the original on March 20, 2007.
- "Ford's Twin I-Beam Front Suspension". www.hemmings.com. Retrieved 2019-03-07.
- "New ergonomic and tech options enhance 2017 Ford Transit lineup; new engine for E-series stripped chassis, cutaway". Ford Motor Company Media Center. March 1, 2016.
- "Ford's E-Series Vans Celebrate 50 Years of Success; 2011 lineup features special anniversary edition". Media.ford.com. September 13, 2010. Archived from the original on September 12, 2011. Retrieved May 31, 2011.
- "Ford's Transit Van continues E-Series' success". Detroit News.
- "Ford Will Continue E-Series Cutaway/Stripped Chassis – PickupTrucks.com News". news.pickuptrucks.com. Retrieved 2016-06-22.
- "New 2021 Ford E-Series Chassis Cab Debuts". Ford Authority. 2019-03-05. Retrieved 2019-12-28.
- "Ford Reports Detailed Sales Results". www.theautochannel.com. Retrieved 31 July 2017.
- Company, Ford Motor. "Ford Motor Company Topples December and Full Year U.S. Sales Records". www.prnewswire.com. Retrieved 31 July 2017.[better source needed]
- "Ford Motor Company Sets New Full Year U.S. Sales Record". Theautochannel.com. Retrieved April 28, 2009.
- "Ford's F-Series Truck Caps 22nd Year in a Row as America's Best-Selling Vehicle With a December Sales Record". Theautochannel.com. November 17, 2004. Retrieved April 28, 2009.
- "Ford Achieves First Car Sales Increase Since 1999". Theautochannel.com. November 17, 2004. Retrieved April 28, 2009.
- "Ford Motor Company Delivers Best Sales Year Since 2006; Ford Is Top Brand with Records for Fiesta, Fusion, Escape" (Press release). USA: Ford. January 3, 2014. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
- "Ford Posts Best U.S. December Sales Results since 2005; Ford Once Again Best-Selling Brand and Best-Selling Vehicle" (Press release). USA: Ford. January 5, 2015. Retrieved February 12, 2015.
- "Ford U.S. December Retail Sales up 5 Percent – a 12-Year High; Ford America's Best-Selling Brand for Seventh Year" (Press release). USA: Ford. January 4, 2017. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
- "Ford E-Series Sales Numbers, Figures, Results". Ford Authority.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ford E-Series.|
- Ford E-Series official websites: U.S.A. | Canada
- Ford E-Series Ambulance Packages official websites (U.S.A.): Van | Cutaway Chassis
- Vintage Truck Magazine 1962 Ford Econoline Van detailed article
- Ford Vans E series
- Mark's Econoline Page (Mainly about the 1961–1967 Econoline Pickups)
- Debut: 2008 Ford E-Series Vans (TheMustangNews.com – March 2007)
- 1968–74 Ford Van Site
- Ford Econoline in television and film
- camperize.com—info about converting the E series into a campervan
- ThorMotorCoach.com—Major converter of E-series chassis into motorhomes
|Van||Econoline||Econoline||Econoline / Club Wagon|
|Excursion||Expedition EL/Max||Expedition Max|
|Pickup truck||Coupé utility||Durango|
|Mid-size||Explorer Sport Trac||Explorer Sport Trac||Ranger|
|Full-size||F-Series (all)||F-Series (all)||F-Series (all)||F-150/F-250||F-150||F-150||F-150|
|SVT Lightning||SVT Lightning||SVT Raptor||Raptor|
|Super Duty||Super Duty||Super Duty||Super Duty|
|Van||Compact MPV||Transit Connect||Transit Connect|
|Full-size||Econoline/Club Wagon||Econoline/Club Wagon/E-Series||Transit|
|E-Series (cutaway chassis only)|