Ford F-150 Lightning

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ford F-150 Lightning
2023 Ford F-150 Lightning.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerFord
ProductionApril 2022 – present[1]
Model years2022–present[2]
AssemblyUnited States: Dearborn, Michigan (Ford River Rouge Complex)
DesignerLinda Zhang (chief engineer)[3]
Raleigh Haire, Josh Henry (exterior)
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size pickup truck
LayoutDual-motor, four-wheel-drive
RelatedFord F-Series (fourteenth generation)
Powertrain
Electric motorDual permanent magnet motors
Power output
  • 452 hp (337 kW; 458 PS) (standard battery)
  • 580 hp (433 kW; 588 PS) (extended battery)
Battery98.0 or 131.0 kWh[2] pouch-style Li-ion battery packs
Electric range230 mi (370 km) (standard range)
320 mi (510 km) (extended range)
300 mi (480 km) (Platinum trim)[4]

The Ford F-150 Lightning is a battery electric full-size light duty truck unveiled by Ford in May 2021 as part of the fourteenth generation Ford F-Series. Four models have been announced, and all models initially will be dual-motor, four-wheel-drive, with EPA range estimates of 230–300 mi (370–480 km). The base price of the commercial-grade version all-wheel drive (AWD) truck in the United States was announced to be US$39,974, with higher-power/trim/range models priced all the way up to US$90,000.[5] The F-150 Lightning began production on 26 April 2022.[6]

History[edit]

Rear view

In January 2019, Ford announced the intention to produce a fully-electric light pickup at the 2019 Detroit Auto Show.[7]

In July 2019, Ford tested prototype electric test mules on existing F-150 chassis. This culminated in a record-setting demonstration test tow of 1,250,000 pounds (570,000 kg) on rails.[8] Chief engineer for the F-150, Linda Zhang, emphasized at the time that Ford intended to take the "built Ford tough [characteristics of] durability, capability, and productivity and [extend that into] a whole new arena" of electric trucks.[8]

Ford unveiled the truck, and released the model name on 19 May 2021,[9] with production planned for spring of 2022.[5][10] Ford received 69,500 refundable-deposit orders in the first four days after the announcement.[11]

By late May 2021, Ford had begun discussing other electric trucks beyond the F-series, such as the Expedition and Navigator, which are intended to be underpinned by their full-size EV truck chassis, as well as a smaller chassis which will be used for the Bronco, Explorer, and Aviator.[12]

By June 11, 2021, over 100,000 reservations were made, and Ford announced that the company would offer digital services for subscription revenue that will change car sales from a single-time transaction process.[13]

Ford had received more than 200,000 Lightning reservations for a 3-year backlog by the end of 2021.[14][15]

The first pickup was manufactured on 18 April 2022, with first delivery on 26 May.[16]

In June 2022, Ford announced its intention to restructure its dealership model, including building an e-commerce platform where customers can buy EVs at non-negotiable prices in an effort to match Tesla’s profit margins.[17] Ford also stated that it would spend $3.7 billion to hire 6,200 union workers to staff several assembly plants in Michigan, Ohio and Missouri in a bid to sell 2 million EVs a year by 2026.[17]

Since launching in May 2021, the 2023 Base Lightning Pro model jumped in price from $41,669 to $48,769 (including a $1,795 destination fee) whereas the top Platinum grades increased $6,100 to $98,669. [18]

Description[edit]

The base configuration has 452 hp (337 kW), 230 mi (370 km) range, and its smaller battery supports a 2,000 lb (910 kg) payload. The high-end configuration has 580 hp (430 kW), 300 mi (480 km) EPA range, 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) times in the mid-four-second range, and a towing capacity of 10,000 lb (4,500 kg). All models have 775 lb⋅ft (1,051 N⋅m) of torque, full-time 4wd, independent rear suspension, and will initially come in a crew-cab configuration only, with a 5.5 ft (1.7 m) bed.[5] The active suspension provides real-time load weighing function. Like Tesla, the Ford F-150 Lightning is announced to include over-the-air software updates, and a significant software driving aids which will allow limited hands-off highway driving, but fall short of full self-driving.[5] The F-150 Lightning in some trim packages, in concert with the "80A Ford Charge Station pro with Ford Intelligent Backup Power capability," can provide household-oriented V2G power, which can meet the electrical needs of a typical American home for three to ten days.[19] The truck can also supply up to 9.6 kW of power through up to eleven 120V and 240V electrical outlets distributed around the truck.[19]

This electric truck has a standard battery and can travel 230 mi (370 km) on a single charge. EPA range estimates of 230–300 mi (370–480 km)[5] produced by Ford in May 2021 were based on 1,000 lb (450 kg) of cargo carried in the truck. Electrek reported that the range with no load, just a driver and the truck, appeared to be closer to 400 mi (640 km).[20]

The Ford F-150 Lightning was also evaluated to reach 62 mph (100 km/h) in 4.5 seconds.[21] Maximum available payload is 2,235 pounds (1,014 kg), which includes the 400-pound (180 kg) payload of the front trunk (called a "frunk" by Ford). The new Lighting can tow up to 10,000 pounds (4,500 kg).[22]

Starting price is US$39,974 for the "commercial-grade Lightning Pro" fleet version while the "mid-series" XLT model starts at US$52,974. Higher priced Lariat and Platinum models are priced up to US$90,000.[5]

In MotorTrend testing of an F-150 Lightning Platinum without a trailer and only the driver, the Platinum attained a range of 255 miles (410 km). When towing a 7,218-pound (3,274 kg), 33 ft 11 in (10.34 m) camper, the F-150 Platinum was only able to reach 90 miles (140 km). The test was over a 80-mile (130 km) route with average highway speeds between 64 and 67 mph (103 and 108 km/h), and with the headlights and audio system on and the automatic climate control set to 72 °F (22 °C).[23]

The F-150 Lightning is produced at the new Ford Rouge Electric Vehicle Center in Michigan,[9] and involves two other plants: the Van Dyke Electric Powertrain Center in Sterling Heights, Michigan which will assemble the electric motors and the Rawsonville Components Plant in Ypsilanti, Michigan will produce the batteries.[24]

Trim levels[edit]

For the 2022 model year, the F-150 Lightning is available in four trim levels: Pro, XLT, Lariat, and Platinum. The Pro trim will only be available with the smaller-capacity battery, and the Platinum will only offer the higher-capacity battery, although all other trims will include the smaller-capacity battery as standard equipment, but will also offer the higher-capacity battery as an option.

The base Pro trim is comparable to the XL trim of the regular F-150. Standard equipment includes a vinyl-trimmed interior, vinyl flooring, a 12-inch Ford SYNC 4A touchscreen infotainment system, eighteen-inch on/off-road all-terrain tires and machined-face aluminum-alloy wheels, a keyless entry keypad on the front driver's door, and full power equipment.

The mid-level XLT trim adds comfort and convenience features onto the base Pro trim, such as cloth seating surfaces, carpeted flooring with front and rear floor mats, a center LED light bar above the front "grille", and integrated side steps.

The luxury-oriented Lariat trim adds luxury amenities onto the mid-level XLT trim, such as twenty-inch on/off-road all-terrain tires and machined-face aluminum-alloy wheels, perforated luxury leather-trimmed seating surfaces, a 15.5-inch tablet-style Ford SYNC 4A touchscreen infotainment system, a Bang and Olufsen eight-speaker audio system, dual heated and ventilated front bucket seats, a heated leather-wrapped steering wheel, and color-keyed exterior door handles and side mirror caps.

The top-tier Platinum trim adds features onto the luxury-oriented Lariat trim, such as a higher-capacity battery, an upgraded front "grille", 22-inch all-season tires and machined-face aluminum-alloy wheels, the Tow Technology Package, the Max Trailer Tow Package, the Ford BlueCruise semi-autonomous driving system, "Nirvana" perforated luxury leather-trimmed seating surfaces, a twin-panel panoramic moonroof, and a Bang and Olufsen Unleashed eighteen-speaker amplified surround sound audio system.

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Ford begins production of the electric F-150 Lightning".
  2. ^ a b Hoffman, Connor (17 December 2021). "Ford Confirms 2022 F-150 Lightning EV Battery Specs". Car and Driver. Retrieved 17 December 2021.
  3. ^ de la Garza, Alejandro (28 October 2021). "The Engineer Who Made Electric Vehicles Palatable for the Pickup-Truck Set". Time. Retrieved 28 July 2022.
  4. ^ Eisenstein, Paul A. (21 March 2022). "Ford F-150 Lightning Beats Forecast — Delivers Up to 320 Miles Range". The Detroit Bureau. Retrieved 21 March 2022.
  5. ^ a b c d e f Bartlett, Jeff S. (19 May 2021). "Ford F-150 Lightning EV Has a 300-Mile Range and Could Power Your Home". consumerreports.org. Consumer Reports. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  6. ^ "Ford Begins Production Of The F-150 Lightning At Historic Rouge Plant". Carscoops. 27 April 2022. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  7. ^ "PickupTrucks: News".
  8. ^ a b Ruffo, Gustavo Henrique (23 July 2019). "Ford F-150 Electric Pickup Truck Tows 1 Million Pounds: Video". InsideEVs. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  9. ^ a b Wayland, Michael (21 May 2021). "From anti-Tesla design to huge frunk: 5 things to know about the electric Ford F-150 Lightning". Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  10. ^ "Ford to Reveal All-Electric F-150 Lightning May 19 with Livestreamed Event at Ford HQ" (Press release). Dearborn, Michigan. 10 May 2021. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  11. ^ Szymkowski, Sean (26 May 2021). "2022 Ford F-150 Lightning electric pickup hits 70,000 reservations". msn.com. MSN Road Show. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  12. ^ Priddle, Alisa; Gillie, Mark (27 May 2021). "Ford Has Bronco, Explorer, Ranger, Lincoln Aviator EVs in the Works". automobilemag.com. Automobile Magazine. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  13. ^ "Interest in Ford's electric pickup soars". Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. 11 June 2021. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  14. ^ "More than 120,000 Ford F-150 Lightning reservations on the books". MSN Autos. 29 July 2021. Retrieved 30 July 2021.
  15. ^ "Ford says it now has nearly 200,000 reservations for F-150 Lightning, or 3 years of backlog". 7 December 2021.
  16. ^ Ford F-150 Lightning Reaches Its First Customers, CleanTechnica, Jo Borrás, May 31, 2022
  17. ^ a b Jaclyn Trop (2 June 2022). "Ford wants to restructure its dealership model to boost EV sales". Tech Crunch.
  18. ^ Robert Duffer (9 August 2022). "2023 Ford F-150 Lightning price increases $7,000, tops out near $100,000". Car Connection.
  19. ^ a b Kane, Mark (21 May 2021). "Ford F-150 Lightning Power Export Outlets And Home Backup Power". InsideEVs. Retrieved 13 June 2021.
  20. ^ Lambert, Fred (28 May 2021). "Ford F-150 Lightning's 300-mile range is with 1,000 lbs of cargo, actual range could be over 400 miles". Electrek. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  21. ^ Alice, Charlotte (30 November 2021). "Don't Miss Out: All-New Update Ford F-150 Preview". FordTrend. Retrieved 13 December 2021.
  22. ^ Priddle, Alisa (20 May 2021). "2022 Ford F-150 Lightning First Look: The Electric Pickup Has a Shockingly Low Price, Mega Specs". MotorTrend. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  23. ^ Tingwall, Eric. "Tow No! The Ford F-150 Lightning Struggled in Our Towing Test". motortrend.com. MOTOR TREND GROUP, LLC. Retrieved 5 August 2022.
  24. ^ Segura, Elenor (16 September 2021). "Ford Starts Pre-Production of the 2022 F-150 Lightning Electric Truck". MotorTrend. Retrieved 17 September 2021.