Ford F-Series (second generation)

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Second generation
1956 Ford F-100 in Bright Red.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerFord
Also calledMercury M-Series
Production1952–1956[1]
1957–1962 (Brazil)
AssemblyChester, Pennsylvania, USA
Dearborn, Michigan, USA
Edison, New Jersey, USA
Long Beach, California, USA
Norfolk, Virginia, USA
St. Paul, Minnesota, USA
St. Louis, Missouri, USA
São Paulo, Brazil (Ford Brazil)
Hapeville, Georgia, USA
Louisville, Kentucky, USA
San Jose, California, USA
Highland Park, Michigan, USA
Body and chassis
ClassFull-size pickup truck
Body style2-door pickup
4-door panel truck
LayoutFront engine, rear-wheel drive / four-wheel drive
Powertrain
Engine215 CID (3.5 L) I6
223 CID (3.7 L) Mileage Maker I6
239 CID (3.9 L) Flathead V8
239 CID (3.9 L) Y-block V8
256 CID (4.2 L) Y-block V8
279 CID (4.6 L) Lincoln Y-block V8
317 CID (5.2 L) Lincoln Y-block V8
390 CID (5.9 L) Lincoln Y-block V8
TransmissionHeavy-duty 3-speed manual[2]
3-speed automatic[3]
4-speed manual
Ford-O-Matic[3]
Dimensions
Wheelbase110.0 in (2,794 mm) (F-100)
118.0 in (2,997 mm) (F-250)[3]
130.0 in (3,302 mm) (F-350)
Length189.1 in (4,803 mm) (F-100)[3]
Chronology
PredecessorFord F-Series first generation (1948–1952)
SuccessorFord F-Series third generation (1957–1960)

The second generation of the Ford F-Series is a series of trucks that was produced by Ford from the 1953 to 1956 model years. In line with the previous generation, the F-Series encompassed a wide range of vehicles, ranging from light-duty pickup trucks to heavy-duty commercial vehicles.[4] In place of the previous "Bonus-Built" series, Ford now marketed its truck range as the "Triple Economy" series.[5]

To further emphasize the model update, Ford changed the F-Series model nomenclature from a single number to three numbers; subsequently, this system has remained in use on all Ford F-Series trucks to the present day.

Alongside the naming change, this generation marked several firsts for the F-Series, including an adjustable seat (wide enough for 3 people),[6] power brakes,[7][8] and the introduction of the Ford-O-Matic automatic transmission as an option. In line with Ford cars, seat belts were introduced as an option for 1956.[3]

The second-generation F-Series was produced by Ford at eleven facilities across the United States; Ford Canada marketed the model line under both the F-Series and the Mercury M-Series nameplates. Ford of Brazil inaugurated local production with the model line, producing it from 1957 to 1962.

Model overview[edit]

1956 update[edit]

The 1956 F-100 is a one-year only body style. The 1956 F-100 is easily identified as it has vertical windshield pillars and a wrap around windshield as opposed to the sloped pillars and angled windshield of the 1953-55. The 1956 model also offered a larger wraparound back window as an option.

Powertrain details[edit]

The 1954 F-100 was the last year for the flathead engine in the US. Models in Canada, however, (Mercury M-Series), retained the flathead. 1954-55 saw the introduction of the new 239 CID overhead valve Y-block V8, dubbed "Power King." The six-cylinder engine's displacement was also increased from 215 to 223 CID and power steering was introduced as an option. In the succeeding years the 239 Y-block was replaced with the 256, 272 and 312.

Engine Years Power
215 cu in (3,520 cm3) Straight-6 1953 101 hp (75 kW)
239 cu in (3,920 cm3) Flathead V8 1953 100 hp (75 kW)
223 cu in (3,650 cm3) Mileage Maker I6 1954–55 115 hp (86 kW)
239 cu in (3,920 cm3) Y-block V8 1954–55 130 hp (97 kW)
223 cu in (3,650 cm3) Mileage Maker I6 1956 137 hp (102 kW)
256 cu in (4,200 cm3) Y-block V8 1955 140 hp (104 kW)
272 cu in (4,460 cm3) Truck 2V Y-block V8 1956 172 hp (128 kW)
279 cu in (4,570 cm3) Lincoln Y-block V8 1954-56 152 hp (113 kW)
317 cu in (5,190 cm3) Lincoln Y-block V8 1954-56 170 hp (127 kW)
368 cu in (6,030 cm3) Lincoln Y-block V8 1956 300 hp (224 kW)

Models[edit]

As part of the model change from the first generation, the model nomenclature for the F-Series was changed from a single number denoting each model series to a three-digit model number; this system remains in use today.

The 12-ton F-1 became the F-100, the F-2 and F-3 were consolidated into the 34-ton F-250, with the F-4 becoming the F-350. The medium-duty F-5 (1+12-ton) and F-6 (2-ton) became the F-500 and F-600, respectively. The heavy-duty F-7, F-8, and F-9 "Big Job" trucks became the F-700, F-750, F-800, and F-900 series.

For 1956, lower GVWR versions of the F-100 and the F-250 were introduced (under the F-110 and F-260 model codes).[3]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bunn, Don. Classic Ford F-Series Pickup Trucks, 1948-1956. ISBN 9781610608800.
  2. ^ "Directory Index: FMC Trucks-Vans/1955_Trucks_and_Vans/1955_Ford_F-100_Truck_Brochure". Oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2012-03-03.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Gunnell, John A. (1993). Standard Catalog of American Light-Duty Trucks. krause Publications. ISBN 0-87341-238-9.
  4. ^ "1954 Ford Trucks Full Line Brochure". www.oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2020-07-17.
  5. ^ "1954 Ford Trucks Full Line Brochure". www.oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2020-07-17.
  6. ^ "1954 Ford Trucks Full Line Brochure". www.oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2020-07-17.
  7. ^ "1954 Ford F100 Truck Brochure". www.oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2020-07-17.
  8. ^ "1954 Ford Trucks Full Line Brochure". www.oldcarbrochures.com. Retrieved 2020-07-17.