Ford Fiesta (second generation)

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Ford Fiesta Mk2
Ford Fiesta front 20070920.jpg
Overview
ManufacturerFord Europe
Production1983–1989
Assembly
Body and chassis
ClassSupermini (B)
Body style3-door hatchback
3-door panel van
PlatformFord B platform
Powertrain
Engine957 cc (58.4 cu in) Valencia I4
1,117 cc (68.2 cu in) Valencia I4
1,298 cc (79.2 cu in) Valencia I4
1,298 cc (79.2 cu in) CVH I4
1,392 cc (84.9 cu in) CVH I4
1,597 cc (97.5 cu in) CVH I4
1,608 cc (98.1 cu in) LT Diesel I4
Transmission4-speed BC4 manual
5-speed BC5 manual
CVT automatic
Dimensions
Wheelbase2,286 mm (90.0 in)
Length3,565 mm (140.4 in)
Width1,567 mm (61.7 in)
Height1,360 mm (54 in)
Chronology
PredecessorFord Fiesta (first generation) 1976-1983
SuccessorFord Fiesta (third generation) 1989-1997

The Ford Fiesta Mk2 was the second generation of the Ford Fiesta supermini built by Ford Europe. Originally introduced in 1983, it was a mild facelift of the original car, and it was available in 3-door hatchback and panel van styles. It was replaced by the heavily updated Fiesta Mk3 for 1989.

History[edit]

Initial development[edit]

The Ford Fiesta Mk2 appeared towards the end of summer 1983, with a revised front end and interior; the most notable change involved the new wraparound headlights.[1] The engine compartment was also wider, so as to accommodate a five-speed transmission and new engines. The front track accordingly increased by 33 mm (1.3 in) (the rear track remained as on the Mk1), while the brakes and steering were also altered.[2] The steering was a modified version of the Escort's setup, while the front brakes were updated with the Escorts' front discs.[3] At launch, the Mk2 Fiesta was only available with the familiar 957cc and 1117cc Kent Crossflow-based "Valencia" engine options, although they now featured variable venturi carburettors for improved fuel consumption.[2] The more bulbous bonnet line of the Mk2 was created largely due to the need to package the taller Ford CVH engine, a 1.3 L version of which followed in 1984, and this model also featured a five-speed manual transmission for the first time.[1] The 1.0 was only offered with the four-speed at first, while the five-speed was available as an option in the 1.1.

Two other versions of the Mk2 Fiesta appeared in 1984; there was an updated XR2 model with a 1.6–L version of the CVH engine: the second generation Fiesta XR2 model came with a larger bodykit. It also featured a 96 bhp (72 kW) 1.6 L CVH engine as previously seen in the Ford Escort XR3, and a five-speed manual gearbox.[4]

There was also a new 1.6 L diesel engined version of the Fiesta, making full advantage of the now wider engine compartment.[2] Diesel power units in this market segment were still unusual, and commentators found that the impressive fuel economy of the diesel powered Fiesta came at the expense of a power unit that was noisy and rough.[5] Even in West Germany, a market traditionally receptive to diesel powered passenger cars, the petrol/gasoline powered Fiesta was still outselling the diesel version by more than four to one in 1988.[6] This may also have been because the larger engine, shared with the Escort/Orion, offered only marginal fuel savings over that of the smallest petrol options and at a considerably higher purchase price. When installed in the lighter Fiesta, though, this engine provided considerably spritelier performance than in the Escort Diesel.[7] The Diesel Fiesta also had altered spring settings at the rear and received the Sierra's MacPherson struts up front to deal with the heavier engine.[8]

1986 upgrade[edit]

Ford Fiesta XR2

The XR2's engine was replaced by a lean-burn variant in November 1986 which featured a revised cylinder head and carburettor; this reduced emissions, but resulted in a small drop in power (although Ford still claimed the same maximum power output).[9] At this point the manufacturer also took the opportunity to offer the 5-speed manual transmission, already standard on the 1.3 L model, as an option with the upgraded 1.1 L car.[10]

The 1.3–L CVH was replaced by a 1.4–L lean burn version of the same power unit for 1986, whilst the other engines were modified in order to use unleaded petrol.[1] In February 1986 all models received the 40 litre fuel tank, previously reserved for the XR2 model, increasing fuel capacity and range by 17%.[11]

Fiesta automatic[edit]

In May 1987, Ford added the new CTX, incorporating continuously variable transmission, to the range, although it was only offered with the 1.1 engine,[1] and relatively few of these Fiesta CTXs were produced.[12]

Commercial[edit]

The Mk2 Fiesta, facing competition from the Vauxhall Nova and Austin Metro, was one of the UK's top superminis. In its best-ever year, 1987, over 150,000 Fiesta models were sold in the UK,[13] though it finished second in the sales charts to the Ford Escort.

In West Germany, then Europe's largest national car market, the Fiesta managed to outsell the Volkswagen Polo in 1984, 1985 and again in 1989, while the Polo narrowly outsold the Fiesta each year between 1986 and 1988.[6][14] Throughout this period, West German sales of the Opel Corsa trailed those of both the Fiesta and the Polo.[6]

By April 1989, when a new generation of Fiesta was launched, combined production and sales of the first two generations of Fiesta, produced between 1976 and 1989, had exceeded 4.5 million units.[12]

Specifications[edit]

References[edit]

Oswald, Werner (2003). Deutsche Autos 1945-1990, Band (vol) 3 (in German). Motorbuch Verlag, Stuttgart. ISBN 978-3-613-02116-7.

  1. ^ a b c d "History of the Fiesta 1983 to 1989". TheFiesta.com. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  2. ^ a b c De Leener, Philippe (1983-11-24). "Gedetailleerde Test: Ford Fiesta 1.1 L" [Detailed Test]. De AutoGids (in Flemish). 4 (109): 143.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  3. ^ Esmenard, Philippe (1985-01-24). "Ford Fiesta 1.6D". Le Moniteur de l'Automobile (in French). 36 (813): 43.
  4. ^ "Fiesta XR2 MkII". Auto Express. 17 November 2008. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  5. ^ Oswald, pp 444 & 447 "... recht läuft und unkultiviert lauft ..."
  6. ^ a b c Oswald, p 446
  7. ^ Esmenard, pp. 41-42
  8. ^ Esmenard, p. 45
  9. ^ "The History of the Mk2 XR2". Project Bobcat. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
  10. ^ Oswald, pp 444 & 447
  11. ^ Oswald, pp 444, 447 & 449
  12. ^ a b Oswald, p 444
  13. ^ "Still going strong, Ford's youthful spirited Fiesta is celebrating its 30th birthday". Media.Ford.com. 25 August 2006.
  14. ^ Note that the sales data for the Volkswagen Polo are aggregated here with those of the Volkswagen Derby which was a Polo with a boot/trunk. Opel Corsa sales quoted here also include the "booted" version of the car. There was never a second generation Fiesta with a boot/trunk
  15. ^ "1983 Ford Fiesta 1.0 (Popular) (model since September 1983 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  16. ^ "1986 Ford Fiesta 1.0 Festival (model since mid-year 1986 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  17. ^ "1983 Ford Fiesta 1.1 L (model since September 1983 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  18. ^ "1986 Ford Fiesta 1.1 Popular Plus (model since mid-year 1986 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  19. ^ "1986 Ford Fiesta 1.1 Festival cat (model since mid-year 1986 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  20. ^ "1984 Ford Fiesta 1.3 Ghia (for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  21. ^ "1986 Ford Fiesta 1.4 L (model since mid-year 1986 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  22. ^ "1986 Ford Fiesta 1.4 C cat (model since mid-year 1986 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  23. ^ "1987 Ford Fiesta 1.4i Festival cat (model since mid-year 1987 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  24. ^ "1984 Ford Fiesta 1.6 D (for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  25. ^ "1986 Ford Fiesta 1.6 D C (model since mid-year 1986 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  26. ^ "1984 Ford Fiesta XR-2 (model since February 1984 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  27. ^ "1986 Ford Fiesta XR-2 (model since mid-year 1984 for Europe ) specifications & performance data review". automobile-catalog.com. Retrieved 31 January 2015.
  28. ^ Büschi, Hans-Ulrich, ed. (6 March 1986). Automobil Revue 1986 (in German and French). 81. Berne, Switzerland: Hallwag AG. pp. 288–290. ISBN 978-3-444-00450-6.