Ford Maverick (Americas)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Ford Maverick (North America))
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Ford Maverick
'73 Ford Maverick Grabber (Sterling Ford).jpg
1973 Ford Maverick Grabber
Overview
Manufacturer Ford
Also called Ford Falcon Maverick
(Mexico)[1]
Production 1970–1977 (North America)
1973–1979 (Brazil)
Assembly Claycomo, Missouri, U.S.
Milpitas, California, U.S.
Wayne, Michigan, U.S.[2]
Talbotville, Ontario, Canada
Oakville, Ontario, Canada
São Bernardo do Campo,
São Paulo, Brazil[3]
Body and chassis
Class Compact
Body style 2-door sedan
4-door sedan
Layout FR layout
Related Ford Granada
Mercury Comet
Mercury Monarch
Powertrain
Engine 170 cu in (2.8 L)
Thriftpower Six I6
200 cu in (3.3 L)
Thriftpower Six I6
250 cu in (4.1 L)
Thriftpower Six I6
302 cu in (5.0L) V8
Transmission Ford C4 transmission in automatic models
Dimensions
Wheelbase 103 in (2.616 m) (2-Door)
109.9 in (2.791 m) (4-Door)
Length 179.4 in (4.557 m) (2-Door) (1970-1972)
187 in (4.750 m) (2-Door) (1974-1977)
193.9 in (4.925 m) (4-Door)
Width 70.5 in (1.791 m)
Height 53.5 in (1.359 m) (2-Door)
53.4 in (1.356 m) (4-Door)
Curb weight 2,909 lb (1,320 kg) (2-Door)
3,011 lb (1,366 kg) (sedan)
Chronology
Predecessor Ford Falcon (North American)
Successor Ford Granada (North America)
Ford Fairmont

The Ford Maverick is a compact car manufactured and marketed by Ford for model years 1969-1977 in the United States, originally as a two-door sedan employing a rear-wheel drive platform original to the 1960 Falcon — and subsequently as a four-door sedan on the same platform.

The Maverick was also manufactured in Venezuela, Canada, Mexico, and, from 1973 to 1979, in Brazil.

The name "maverick" was derived from the word for unbranded range animals, and the car's nameplate was stylized to resemble a longhorned cow head.

History[edit]

The Maverick was originally conceived and marketed as a subcompact "import fighter", intended to do battle with the Volkswagen Beetle and newer Japanese rivals for North America from Honda, Datsun, and Toyota. The Falcon, Ford's compact offering since 1960 and main rival to the Chevrolet Nova and Dodge Dart, had seen its sales decimated by the introduction of the Mustang in 1964, and despite a redesign in 1966, was unable to meet the then forthcoming U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration motor vehicle standards that would come into effect on January 1, 1970. Consequently, the Falcon was discontinued midway through the 1970 model year,[4] and the Maverick repositioned as Ford's compact entry, giving the Nova and Dart a new rival. A bigger Falcon was a rebranded low-trim version of the Fairlane for the second half of the model year,[5][6] then went away.

The Maverick's styling featured the long hood, fastback roof, and short deck popularized by the Mustang,[7] on a 103-inch (2.616 m) wheelbase — and featured pop-out rear side windows.

Nearly 579,000 Mavericks were produced in its first year,[8] approaching the record-setting first year of Mustang sales (nearly 619,000),[9] and easily outpaced the Mustang's sales of fewer than 200,000 in 1970.[10]

Trim packages and variants[edit]

Initially available only as a 2-door sedan, early models lacked a glove compartment, which was added for model year 1973. A 4-door sedan on a 109.9-inch (2.791 m) wheelbase was introduced in 1971.[11]

At introduction, exterior paint colors were named with puns, including Anti-Establish Mint, Hulla Blue, Original Cinnamon, Freudian Gilt, Thanks Vermillion — along with more typical names including Black Jade, Champagne Gold, Gulfstream Aqua, Meadowlark Yellow, Brittany Blue, Lime Gold, Dresden Blue, Raven Black, Wimbledon White, and Candyapple Red.

In the first half of production for the 1970 model, two engine options were available, a 105 hp (78 kW) 170 cu in (2,800 cc) straight 6 and a 120 hp (89 kW) 200 cu in (3,300 cc) straight 6. A 250 cu in (4,100 cc) straight 6 was added mid-year.

Commercials compared the Maverick to the smaller Volkswagen Beetle,[clarification needed][7][12] although the Pinto was later Ford's primary competitor in the subcompact class, while also competing in that segment with the Chevrolet Vega that came out at the same time.

The earliest Mavericks featured a two-spoke steering wheel with a partial horn ring, also found on other 1969 Fords, while the cars built in the 1970 model year had a revised steering wheel with no horn ring. Also, the early models featured the ignition switch in the instrument panel while the cars built after September 1, 1969 had the ignition switch mounted on a locking steering column, as did all other 1970 Fords in compliance with a new federal safety mandate that took effect with the 1970 model year.[citation needed]

A four-door model was introduced in 1971, available was a vinyl roof. Mercury also revived the Mercury Comet as a rebadged variant of the Maverick. A 210 hp (160 kW) 302 CID V8 was also introduced for both the Comet and the Maverick. The Comet featured a revised grille, taillights, trim, and hood.

The Maverick Grabber trim package was introduced in mid-1970. The package included graphics and trim, including a spoiler. It was offered from 1970 to 1975. In 1971 and 1972, the Grabber came with a special "Dual Dome" hood.

A Sprint package offered in 1972 featured red, white, and blue paint with matching[clarification needed] interior. This trim package acknowledged the 1972 Olympics and was available for only one year. U.S. versions were given a stylized U.S. flag made into a rear quarter panel decal.[citation needed]

A "Luxury Decor Option" (LDO) trim level introduced late in the 1972 model year included reclining bucket seats in a soft vinyl material, plush carpeting, woodgrained instrument panel trim, radial tires with body-color deluxe wheel covers, and a vinyl roof.[11] The Maverick LDO option was one of the first American compacts to be marketed as a lower-priced (and domestic) alternative to the more expensive European luxury/touring sedans from Mercedes-Benz, BMW, Audi, and other makes.[citation needed]

Minor changes were made from 1973 to 1975. For 1973, the 170 CID engine was dropped, making the 200 CID I6 the standard engine. Additionally, improved brakes and a previously optional chrome grille became standard. An AM/FM stereo, aluminum wheels, and a new slightly larger front bumper to comply with federal 5 MPH regulations. In 1974, the Maverick was unchanged except for new even larger federally required 5 MPH bumpers for both front and rear which required new rear quarter panel end caps. Jumping gas prices and increasing demand for smaller cars resulting from the Arab oil embargo did cause the Maverick to grow in popularity, selling 10,000 more units than the year before. Production of the Maverick dropped in 1975 with the release of the Granada as a more European-style luxury compact. The Maverick received minor trim changes for 1975 that included new grilles and the replacement of nameplates on the hood and trunklid with FORD nameplates, in block letters.

In 1976, the Grabber was dropped, and a Stallion package was introduced. The Stallion option came with special paint and trim. Standard Mavericks received another new grille and gained front disc brakes as standard equipment along with a new foot-operated parking brake that replaced the old under-dash T-handle unit. Sales continued to drop.[citation needed]

In its final year, the Maverick remained unchanged for 1977 except for a police package which was not sufficiently upgraded for police work and sold less than 400 units. The Maverick was produced in Brazil until 1979. Maverick's place in the North American Ford lineup was essentially taken by the 1978 Fairmont.

The Maverick had no significant changes towards the end of its lifespan, since it was originally meant to be replaced in 1975 by the Granada and Monarch. However, Ford decided to keep selling both lines until the 1978 model year introduction of the Fairmont.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "1971 Ford Falcon Maverick (Mexico) p1". Flickr.com. Retrieved 17 May 2014.
  2. ^ "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Media.ford.com. Archived from the original on 2009-07-22. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
  3. ^ "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Media.ford.com. Archived from the original on 2010-06-14. Retrieved 2010-08-28.
  4. ^ "Ford drops Falcon, keeps Maverick". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. Associated Press. September 4, 1969. p. 31.
  5. ^ "Ford models". Schenectady Gazette. (advertisement). February 23, 1970. p. 31.
  6. ^ "Ford to bring out bigger Falcon". Milwaukee Sentinel. December 9, 1969. p. 6, part 2.
  7. ^ a b "Ford Maverick". Toledo Blade. (advertisement). November 4, 1969. p. 9.
  8. ^ Fifty Years of American Automobiles. p. 189.
  9. ^ "Ford to Increase Mustang Production to Meet Consumer Demand". Archived from the original on 2008-01-03.
  10. ^ "Advance Auto Parts Mustang history page". Archived from the original on 2006-12-06.
  11. ^ a b "1973 Ford Maverick". Milwaukee Journal. (advertisement). September 21, 1972.
  12. ^ Anzia, Ronald (April 11, 1969). "Ford Maverick leaves tradition in its wake". Milwaukee Sentinel. p. 16, part 4.

External links[edit]