Ford Motor Company of Canada

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Ford Motor Company of Canada
Subsidiary of Ford Motor Company
Industry Automotive
Founded 1904
Founder Henry Ford
Headquarters Oakville, Ontario, Canada
Area served
Canada, United States
Products Mainstream/Performance vehicles
Automotive parts
Services Automotive finance, Vehicle leasing, Vehicle service
Revenue see Ford Motor Company for details
Owner Ford Motor Company
Parent Ford Motor Company
Slogan Drive one.
Have you driven a Ford lately?
Built Ford Tough
Powered by You
Feel the difference
Make Everyday Exciting
One Ford
Go Further
Website Ford Canada

Ford Motor Company of Canada, Limited (French: Ford du Canada Limitée) was founded on August 17, 1904 for the purpose of manufacturing and selling Ford automobiles in Canada and the British Empire. It was originally known as the Walkerville Wagon Works,[1] and was located in Walkerville, Ontario (now part of Windsor, Ontario). The founder, Gordon McGregor, convinced a group of investors to invest in Henry Ford's new automobile which was being produced across the river in Detroit.[2]

The firm sells automobiles in Canada, and manufactures automobiles, for sale in Canada, the United States and other countries.


The Ford Motor Company of Canada was not a subsidiary or a branch plant of Ford Motor Company - rather, it was a separate organization and had its own distinct group of shareholders.[3] At its formation, Ford Motor Company was not a shareholder of Ford Canada, but its twelve founding shareholders directly held 51% of Ford Canada's shares, and Henry Ford himself owned 13% of the new company.[2] The Company had gained all Ford patent rights and selling privileges to all parts of the British Empire, except Great Britain and Ireland.[4] It eventually established and managed the following subsidiaries:[5]

The Model C, the first car to be produced in Canada, rolled out of the factory in late September 1904. The Company could produce two cars at a time and in its first full year of production, the Company was able to produce 117 automobiles. The Company's first export sales were to Calcutta, India. Ford is still an important manufacturing enterprise in Windsor.

With the growth in car sales after World War II, together with the acquisition of majority control by Ford Motor Company, Ford of Canada decided to move its head office and build a new assembly plant in Oakville, Ontario. The new Oakville assembly plant was opened in 1953. In order to meet ever increasing demand, the Company opened another assembly plant in Talbotville, Ontario in 1967.

Historically Ford was one of the most powerful companies in Canada, and in the 1970s, Ford was the "largest" company in Canada.[6] Ford of Canada celebrated its Centennial in 2004, shortly after the Parent Company Ford in the United States did in 2003. That year also saw the compulsory acquisition by Ford Motor Company of the last of the shares held by minority shareholders, which had been originally proposed in 1995.[7]

In 2010, Ford was embroiled in a controversy surrounding a plan to construct a massive gas-fired power plant to be operated by TransCanada on a disused 13.5-acre (55,000 m2) portion of its Oakville assembly plant. Local residents and politicians pleaded with Ford not to continue with the plan, as residents believed it would negatively impact their health and safety. The province cancelled the generating station in October 2010 and both Ford and TransCanada withdrew their planned appeals to the Ontario Municipal Board the following January.[8] The plant was one of two involved in the Ontario power plant scandal, which contributed to the resignation of Premier Dalton McGuinty and Energy Minister Chris Bentley.

Key executives[edit]

Current CEO and president of Ford Motor Company of Canada is Dianne Craig who replaced David Mondragon effective November 1, 2011. Mondragon had served as president and CEO since September 1, 2008, when he replaced Barry Engle [9] who resigned to join New Holland America as its CEO. William H. Osborne had held the position since 2005 and was replaced by Engle in February 2008.[10]

Current facilities[edit]

Ford Oakville plant and Ford Canada Head Office
Plant Location Employees[11] Year opened Year closed Notes
Oakville Assembly Complex Oakville, Ontario 3,820 1953 Still active also Canadian Headquarters
Windsor Engine Plant Windsor, Ontario 1,850 1978 Will produce V8 5.8L engines at least till 2017 Produces Triton engines for Super Duty, Econoline, Expedition and Navigator
Essex Engine Plant Windsor, Ontario 542 1981; re-open late 2009 2007 Flexible engine plant produced engine for Mustang and F150
Windsor Aluminum Plant Windsor, Ontario 130 1992 Still active Produces Duratec block

Former facilities[edit]

Plant Location Year opened Year closed Notes
Windsor Casting Plant Windsor, Ontario 1934 May 30, 2007 Now Demolished
Essex Aluminum Plant Windsor, Ontario 1981 February 13, 2009 Built originally to make cylinder heads for Essex Engine Plant, later as joint venture with Alfa SA of Mexico subsidiary Nemak; once produced engines for Mustangs, E-series vans and F-series trucks
Ontario Truck Plant Oakville, Ontario 1965 2004 re-tooled and re-opened as part of Oakville Car Plant
Walkerville Plant Windsor, Ontario 1904 1953 near 3001 Riverside Drive East - former Canadian Headquarters and main assembly operations also known as Plant 1; demolished 1969 and now abandoned lands facing Fleming Channel
St. Thomas Assembly Plant Southwold, Ontario 1968 September 2011 Only production facility for the Crown Victoria Police Interceptor for fleet orders, Grand Marquis and Lincoln Town Car for limo operators

Vehicles produced[edit]

The Ford Edge, Ford Flex, Lincoln MKX and Lincoln MKT are currently manufactured in Oakville.

Ford Canada has also produced the following models over the years:

Model Oakville St. Thomas Walkerville
Canadian Military Pattern truck (World War II) Green tickY
Ford Crown Victoria[12] Green tickY
Ford Econoline Green tickY
Ford F-150 Green tickY
Ford Fairmont Green tickY
Ford Falcon Green tickY
Ford Freestar Green tickY
Ford SVT Lightning (2nd Generation) Green tickY
Ford Maverick Green tickY
Ford Model-A Green tickY
Ford Model-C Green tickY
Ford Model-K Green tickY
Ford Model-N Green tickY
Ford Model-T Green tickY
Ford Pinto/Mercury Bobcat Green tickY
Ford Tempo/Mercury Topaz Green tickY
Ford Torino Green tickY
Ford Windstar Green tickY
Lincoln Town Car[13] Green tickY
Mercury Grand Marquis Green tickY
Mercury Marauder[14] Green tickY
Mercury Meteor Green tickY Green tickY
Mercury Monarch Green tickY
Mercury Monterey (Minivan) Green tickY

Further reading[edit]

  • Anastakis, Dimitry (2004). "From Independence to Integration: The Corporate Evolution of the Ford Motor Company of Canada, 1904-2004". The Business History Review 78 (2): 213–253. JSTOR 25096866. 
  • Mays, James C. (2003). Ford and Canada : 100 years together. Montreal: Syam Publishing. ISBN 0-97338120-5. 


  1. ^ Anastakis 2004, p. 218.
  2. ^ a b Anastakis 2004, p. 219.
  3. ^ Anastakis 2004, p. 213.
  4. ^ Anastakis 2004, pp. 223–224.
  5. ^ Anastakis 2004, p. 221.
  6. ^ [1] Archived February 23, 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Proposed TransCanada Power Plant – Cancelled by the Province". 2014. Retrieved 2015-06-05. 
  9. ^ "General News » Ford of Canada names new president". CanadianDriver. 2008-09-01. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  10. ^ "Barry Engle, the new President of Ford Motor Company of Canada (video) - Car News | Page 1". Auto123. Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  11. ^ "Facilities | Ford Motor Company Newsroom". Retrieved 2009-09-23. 
  12. ^ Includes livery and Police Interceptor models
  13. ^ MY2008 to MY2011
  14. ^ MY2003 to MY2004

External links[edit]